Government of National Accord (GNA) حكومة الوفاق الوطني
The UN Proposed Government of National Accord (GNA)
The following lists of the PC (the Presidency Council) and the National
Accord Members are only a proposal put forward by the UN. They are not
the final lists representing the GNA. The GNA will be formed by the PC
and presented to the HoR for approval. However, most western sources
refer to the PC as the GNA, and the president of the
PC (Mr. Sarraj) as the prime minister of the GNA. So far the PC had presented
two GNA governments, both of which were rejected by the HoR, and currently
its third and last attempt. As of July 2017 still there is no sign of
the third government either being formed or rejected. This means that
the current GNA ministers are operating illegally and unconstitutionally.
This page will be updated when the final list is approved (see Ministries
tab, in the above menu, for the proposed lists of GNA ministers).
UN Proposed GNA President (رئيس الحكومة)
PC President: Fayez Mustafa Fouzi Alsarraj
رئيس حكومة الوفاق الوطني :فائز مصطفى فوزي السراج
Mr. Alsarraj is a member of the House of Representatives
Representing Hay Alanduls area in Tripoli (دائرة حي الأندلس)
Voting number : 35
Number of HoR election winners list: 98
BSC (Architecture and Urban Planning), Tripoli University (1982)
MBA1999 (ماجستير في إدارة الأعمال)
Born: 1960 in Tripoli
UN Proposed GNA President Deputies (نواب رئيس الحكومة)
Fathi Almajberi (الدكتور فتحي المجبري)
Musa Alkouni (موسى الكوني)
Ahmed Meitig (أحمد امعيتيق)
UN Proposed GNA Ministers (الوزراء)
Fathi Bashagha (فتحي باشأغا HoR boycotting member) – National Defence
& Security Council
Abdulrahman Alsweihli (عبد الرحمن السويحلي)
President of the State
Council (Presidency Council, or Presidential Council)
UN Proposed National Accord Members
Source of list: http://unsmil.unmissions.org/Default.aspx?tabid=5120&ctl=Details&mid=8563&ItemID=2099279
Mahmoud Ben Shaban
Iman Ben Younis
Abouajila Sayf Alnaser
هذه القائمة هي اقتراح فقط وليست التشكيلة الرسمية لحكومة
The fire gets bigger and bigger the
more firemen are sent to deal with it!
Criticism of The UN Proposed PC/GNA
8 October 2015
The UN's envoy to Libya, Mr. Bernardino Leon, had supervised peace talks
between the elected government (HoR) and its defunct rival (GNC) in various
countries without achieving anything but further discord. To use Richard
Galustian's words, "This peace process has drifted into farce
as Leon has unveiled draft after draft of a peace plan, each one more
complicated and ridiculous than the last" [59, 63]
source adds that in trying to broker a deal between the elected
government and the militia that captured Tripoli Mr. Leon has
abandoned the commitment to democracy, "forgetting that an
elected government cuts its own throat when it agrees to cut a deal
with armed militias".
Putting the core violations aside, having brushed the war-crimes under
the carpet, the UN (through its envoy) had further violated the signed
agreement when it proposed a government of its own accord. Many analysts
now agree that ignoring the
4th draft agreement and then continuing with more agreements was a big
mistake imposed by the UN, or else, an intentional violation to fail
the GNA, others say, as was the fate of the helpless NTC,
the GNC and the HoR.
One of the main violations eventually endorsed via the so-called LPA
is the UN-imposed PC President Mr. Sarraj. The HoR
nominated a list
of 14 people for the PC presidency and thus the prime minister
of the GNA on the
2nd of September 2015, but unfortunately the UN ignored the entire list
and went ahead with imposing its own president - a president that many
Libyans consider no more than a "soft spoken" that
can easily be manipulated to effect desired objectives (as we shall see
across this page). The List presented by the HoR includes the following
names (13 men and 1 woman):
Mustafa Alsalheen Alhouni
Mhemed Abida Attargi
Nabeel Hemmadi Alghadamsi
Mhemed Younis Lemnefi
Dow Abdullah Bodawya
Jadalla Azouz Attelhi
Amal Attaher Alhaj
As you can see the name Fayez Mustafa Alsarraj is
not in the list. Similarly, the latest UN's proposed National
Accord Government, according to a GNC member , was assembled from
those who were taking part in the negotiations before the GNC presented
its list of candidates. Probably as a disclaimer the website of the United
Nations Support Mission in Libya  has confirmed this by stating
that, "The GNC as you know decided yesterday not to propose
names and to ask for more changes in the text."
This means that neither the HoR's nor the GNC's lists were included,
and yet, ironically, media outlets and other obscure websites
reported the PC being an agreement struck by the Libyans
and mediated by the UN.
also say the UN (via Mr. Leon) imposed council members who are known
for their connection with the Brotherhood, and who do not recognise the
HoR's fight against terror in Cyrenaica. [Six months later it
became apparent, most Libyans say, that the international community is
backing the minority Brotherhood in Libya; probably because such minority
has no public support in the country and therefore backing it would keep
the balance of conflict so that there will be no winner - many Libyans
And the fact that the proposed
Presidency Council includes some members reportedly known for their ties
to terror groups may even make matters worse – after all the UN has done
it before when they helped transform Libya into a "state
of disrepair" (as noted by former prime minster Mr. el-Keib
in 2012) and, to use Rand Paul words, a "jihadist
wonderland" infested with chaos and terror,
in the name of protection that allegedly turned out to be no
more than "unintentional mistake" - even though
they rejected the exit strategy proposed by a British-led
team during the so-called Contact Group talks in Istanbul (which automatically
excludes the possibility of any mistakes being made).
Speaking to Libya's Channel , GNC member Mr. Abdulqader Alhaweili
revealed that the GNC had requested from the UN's Secretary to remove
Mr. Bernardino Leon from his post. He said they requested this from the
UN three times in total, but nothing had happened.
Other GNC members
(and some HoR members too) felt that Mr. Leon had acted as if he was
the president of Libya, dictating his failed policies "with
a stick", when presenting "lists" and dishing intimidation
of sanctions are not the way forward, they said.
One of the proposed members of the national accord government, namely
Mr. Abdulrahman Alsweihli (see below for more), was reported to have
turned down the offer, and even stated that they were shocked to hear
the proposed names which they never heard before the UN's announcement.
Similarly, one HoR member spoke of being excluded from the talks because
his name was among the proposed candidates, but afterwards he discovered
that his name was removed. [This is number 4 in the above list proposed
by the HoR but ignored by the UN.]
The GNC's refusal to sign the draft agreement and the UN's violation
of the draft agreement without the GNC presenting its list of candidates
do not tally with the fact that many Libyans believe the UN is drawn
towards the Brotherhood?
Was there a conspiracy to hijack power from the elected HoR (after having
hijacked the capital Tripoli)? In other words is the GNA the same as
the GNC but with a slightly different name? [See the HCS tab
for more on this question.]
"The Libyan branch of the Muslim Brotherhood . . . held its
first public press conference on 17 November 2011, and on 24 December
the Brotherhood announced that it would form the Justice and Construction
Party (JCP) and contest the General National Congress elections the
Dawn itself, the widely reported [42, 43] Islamist militia group
that backed the (expired and defunct) GNC, has already declared
its support for the UN proposed government . Strange but true.
Islamist-led Misrata was also said to have approved the proposal,
indicating that the Islamist-dominated West of Libya is happy with
the proposal even though the GNC claims they did not present any
candidates to the UN.
Qatar too was quick to approve the UN-proposed
government, as they were widely-reported to be one of the main sponsors of
Islamist groups and militant militias in Libya and elsewhere [5, 18,
Finally, according to the HoR member Ahmed Alabani (in his interview
with Libya's Channel), the HoR wrote a letter to the UN requesting an
explanation of their proposal that included names that were not agreed
on the draft agreement, and that the HoR up to that moment (the 11th
of October 2015) did not receive a reply. The personal opinion of Mr
Alabani is that the UN has exceeded its mandate to violate the agreed
draft agreement by proposing names of its own accord, in discord.
Instead, on the 13th of October (see below) the HoR and the GNC received
requests from the UN urging them to endorse the proposal, while on the
17th of October the UN reiterated its readiness to punish those who undermine
the stability and peace of Libya [30, 31], before urging both parties,
once more, to endorse its controversial proposal that included
reported war criminals. The colonial
stick is back
on the agenda with full legitimacy this time the "emshi emshi"
can no longer avoid.
The UN's Violation of The Signed Draft Libyan Political Agreement
The "final" draft of the Libyan Political Agreement was
signed by the members who participated in the signing session on the
11th of July 2015 except the members representing the defunct GNC
In total there were four drafts written and discussed during the
course of the year, with the 4th signed draft being referred to by the
HoR "the 5th Draft". See Downloads below for downloading a
copy of the 4th draft agreement as published by UNSMIL.
This draft agreement, according
to the UN envoy, "is
not going to change" . Yet in a dramatic announcement
(a few months later) the same UN envoy was reported to have said
"the peace plan had also been changed, to include not five but six
members of a new presidential council, headed by Sarraj" .
Libyans were quick to denounce what they called "the hypocrisy
government", with one HoR member even hinting at "dictatorship" being
exercised to endorse who should be the president of the
Council", which he says is a matter entirely for the members
of the council to decide once the council has been agreed on.
Libya's ambassador to the UN, Mr. Ibrahim Aldabbashi (إبراهيم
الدباشي) was reported by Libyan media to have criticised the
tactics of Mr. Leon (the UN envoy to Libya) saying that they show signs of "panic" where
Mr. Leon wanders off the main path and gets lost whenever he encounters an
obstacle in an attempt from him to please both governments against "legitimacy";
naming one fatal violation which is changing the signed agreement
by himself without consultation in order to please the GNC, as he also
insisted to include members from the GNC when the GNC itself refused
to attend the session, refused to sign the agreement, and did not present
Ambassador Aldabbashi was reported to have said that the HoR has
the right to demand from the UN that the GNC should abide by the rules
and sign the draft agreement before appointing the government if it wants
to be part of such government. On the other hand, the Political
Committee of the GNC was reported to have complained to the UN regarding
the violations committed by its envoy to Libya. Apparently the GNC
was not happy with Mr. Leon's refusal to include the amendments proposed
by the GNC while at the same time imposing his own amendments, the
Dr. B'airah spoke of strange
arrangements made regarding his hotel stay in Morocco where he found
himself unable to attend the so-called Skhirat talks, apparently because
his name was in the list of the agreed-on candidates and therefore he was told
there was no need for him to attend the talks, only to discover (later on)
that his name was not in the list proposed by the UN.
Dr. B'airah was reported to have resigned from the dialogue
committee on Tuesday the 13th of October 2015, noting that the
dialogue committee should stop after the "bad
intentions" (النوايا السيئة) of the participating parties became
apparent, and because of the inability of the committee to continue
against the latest violations and the conflict surrounding the talks.
The same violations were also noted by Mr. Abdulrahman Alsweihli (عبد
الرحمن السويحلي), ironically proposed by the UN to be the President
of the Presidential Council. Mr Alsweihli was reported to have turned
down the offer, stating his disbelief and shock to hear the proposed names
for the first time during the press conference delivered by the UN. [Of course,
Mr. Abdulrahman Alsweihli himself was happy later on to orchestrate a
coup against legitimacy when he formed the HCS in total violation of the LPA.]
As another example, Dr. Ashour Ashwayel, whose name is
also in the proposed list, told
Libya TV (over the telephone on the 10th of October 2015) that he was
surprised to hear his name being included in the proposed government
without his knowledge and without consulting with the dialogue parties.
Dr. Ashour Ashwayel was the former Interior Minister in one of the governments
formed by the GNC. Having been a minister of interior Dr. Ashwayel
asked the TV presenter the simple question: who is going to guarantee the security
of such proposed government when it commences its duties in the [hijacked]
Former Interior Minister Dr. Ashour Ashwayel, in his telephone interview
with Libya Channel,
has confirmed that he was not aware of his name being in the UN-proposed
Another fatal violation is the proposal of Fathi Bashagha as the head of National
Security, reportedly in violation of the February Committee regulations
which state that the "national security council" must be formed
from a number of positions including the prime minister, the minister
of defence, the intelligence chief and other ministerial positions whom
collectively will work together as a security council and hence the name: "council". Mr.
Fathi Bashagha, according to Libya Herald and other Libyan sources, is the
commander of the Halbous militia.
On the following day the UN said its government is only a "proposal";
when their letter to
the GNC (a few days later) clearly contradicts this reply and shows how
the UN sought the "endorsement" of its government,
and reportedly threatened withdrawal of its support if its proposed government
Besides, the Libyans know it is a proposal, but what they
are saying is that the UN has no right to propose, or even suppose, a
government in violation of the signed agreement.
conclusion it is indeed bizarre how the UN openly makes such fatal violations
and even attempts to justify them afterwards. What is worse is the Western
media's silence about these violations, and instead all they report is
that the UN and the EU urge the Libyans to accept the proposal to end
the violence that erupted in the country after the "fall"
of Gaddafi – (when everyone knows he was "toppled" by the UN-authorised
The UN Threatens Punishment
In a press statement announced on the 17th of October 2015 the so-called UN
threatened to punish those who are working to undermine
the successful completion of Libya's political transition,
and that the UN's Sanctions Committee is ready to identify (or designate) those
and peace in Libya [30, 31]. In the same press release the UN urged the Libyans
to endorse the [violated] proposal. So far, neither the HoR nor the
GNC has made
their final decision regarding the UN's controversial proposal.
On the following day, the 18th of October 2015, the Political Committee of
the GNC made a public statement which hinted at the GNC's possible refusal
of the proposal (but nothing officially as yet), when it noted that
many GNC members are not happy with Mr. Leon's misconduct, stating
that Mr. Leon has failed to manage the dialogue and that his wrong approach
could trigger a "ragging civil war" in Libya : النهج الخاطئ
الذي سلكه السيد ليون في التعاطي مع الوضع الليبي كاد أن يدخل البلاد في حرب أهلية
Many Libyans now fear Libya's imposed tragedy will eventually lead to further
bombing missions by the caring international community to protect the 2.4 million
Libyan civilians they now say are in need of further protection, and, of course,
to protect Europe, having turned Libya into a transit
paradise for immigrants, arms and terrorists.
Such terror groups are committing
grave atrocities across Libya with the caring world
not only watching but also preventing the Libyan government from buying arms
to fight terrorism in Libya – the terrorism that never existed before the UN
bombing campaign of Libya. Many Libyans, human rights organisations
and other Libyan civil society
groups are holding the international community directly responsible for allowing
such atrocities to take place in the "jihadist
wonderland" they helped create – the jihadist wonderland
that destroyed the peace and stability of Libya, pessimistically for good!
EU Punishes Libyan Officials
Just a few weeks after the UN-imposed government was recognised by the international
community the EU imposed its punishment (or sanctions) on three Libyan officials
for obstructing the
formation of unity government - that is for voicing reservations for the violations
committed by the UN. These men are:
Nuri Ali Abusahmain (president of defunct GNC)
Ghweil (prime minister of defunct GNC)
Aguila Saleh (resident of the elected Libyan Parliament (HoR) and head
of Libya’s internationally recognised parliament)
In September 2017 the EU renewed its sanctions by six months, and also
said it is prepared to wave the punishment if the Libyan officials stop
obstructing the implementation of the UN-imposed LPA . The international
community then gradually transferred its support from the elected HoR to the
Does The UN Proposed Government Include "War Criminals"?
The seriousness of the matter becomes apparent when the Libyan National
Commission For Human Rights (اللجنة الوطنية لحقوق الإنسان) said it has rejected
all the results coming from the UN-organised dialogue, including
the proposed government, because some of the members chosen were
implicated in war crimes against humanity in the capital Tripoli .
This, of course, is a reference to Libya Dawn brigade, the widely reported 
coalition of various Islamist militia groups allied with the defunct
GNC – the expired GNC whose former Prime Minister
Omar Alhassi was reported to have said: "Ansar
al-Sharia are "simple,
beautiful and amiable"". Ansar al-Sharia "is a Salafist
Islamist militia group that . . . has been designated
as a terrorist organization by the United Nations" .
Hence, according to many Libyans, the
HoR has the right to object to the appointment of anyone who does not
openly denounce the radical groups that were labeled "terror
the UN security council. This blatant contradiction in international politics
begs for explanation.
Dawn began their military operations in Tripoli when they destroyed
large sections of the airport in their battle to capture the airport
from the Zintani brigades that were guarding
the facility ; eventually leading to the military takeover of the
capital Tripoli and the subsequent installation of the defunct GNC, and
thereby creating two governments in Libya: the internationally-recognised
and elected HoR (exiled to Tobruk), and the Islamists-backed
GNC (operating from hijacked Tripoli).
At the time the Libyans were
shocked to see the world (including the UN) keep silent about the military
takeover and the level of violence allowed to affect the Libyan civilians
– with the exception of Egypt which conducted air raids against both
GNC forces and the active terror groups that emerged after the UN bombing
campaign of Libya was declared "success"; while
Qatar, Sudan and Turkey were openly supporting the radical groups of Tripoli
and Cyrenaica [5, 18, 4], seemingly with international approval, of course,
since there was no sanctions against such rouge nations until 2017 when Saudi
Arabia, Egypt, UAE and other nations declared Qatar a terror-sponsoring state.
The Libyans were even more shocked to learn afterwards that the UN is
negotiating with (what the Libyans call)
"militants" or "radicals" who were reported
to be openly in defence of terrorist groups in Cyrenaica. As a result
many Libyans have in principle rejected the UN-led talks from the start.
The House of Representatives
itself rejected the military takeover of Tripoli, after it was forced
to exile itself to Tobruk, and even rejected any form of dialogue with
such militia groups that used violence to install a defunct government
against the wishes of the Libyan people.
The international community not only gave blind eye to the military coup but
also went on to support it by forcing the HoR to negotiate with outlaw militias.
When the HoR voiced its reservations it was then hit with sanctions and punishment. At the end the horrified HoR
was forced by imposed circumstances to take part in the dialogue with
the expired GNC in order to achieve peace in the country.
The important question to answer is why should the UN propose names
connected with war crimes and in total violation of the signed agreement while
at the same time ignore the names proposed
by the Libyans taking part in the talks? Why add
wood to fire at such critical stage?
The practical answer that is visible in
the real world, according to most Libyans, is to extend the agony and create
more divisions and wars in Libya and across the whole region. The theoretical
implied answer of the politicians, however, is the morality to protect and
affect peace by bombing peaceful countries to smithereens.
Two years later the international community admitted the
failure of the UN-imposed LPA and subsequently the UN imposed another agenda
- the 20SRM. Meanwhile,
the saga continues while the fire gets bigger and bigger the more firemen are
sent to deal with it!
The HoR's Response to The UN Proposed Government
It must be noted that although many media outlets had widely reported
that the East-based HoR members are opposing the proposal, it remains
a fact that so far there is no official response from the HoR (as
of the 16th of October 2015). Two sessions were held on Monday
the 12th and Tuesday the 13th of October 2015 without reaching a decision.
The HoR postponed its session for next week (Monday the 19th of October
2015) because the UN amended draft (the violated draft) did not reach
the HoR until the 12th of October 2015 – five days after their announcement
was made public!
In general, according to many HoR members, the proposed
ministerial appointments (including that of the prime minister)
are not acceptable because they violate both the Constitutional Declaration
and the signed agreement.
the 12th of October 2015, some HoR members have noted that the UN's mission
in Libya has ended by announcing their National Accord Government –
meaning it is time to go home.
They have also stated that the UN proposed government includes war criminals
which the UN was considering to sanction for war crimes during the military
takeover of Tripoli, specifically naming the UN-proposed president of
the Presidency Council, Mr. Abdulrahman
Alsweihli (عبد الرحمن السويحلي), in relation to "Libya Dawn",
which has already declared its support for the UN proposed government
on the 12th of October 2015 .
On the 13 of October 2015 around 40
HoR members made a press announcement in which they rejected
what they called the illegal proposal of the UN. The announcement was
made from inside the parliament . Faraj Bouhashem, the official spokesman
of the HoR said the announcement represents the personal opinion of the
members which must be respected, but no official decision has been reached
as of today . The personal announcement of the
40 HoR members can be translated as follows:
The UN proposal violates the Constitutional Declaration.
The proposal gave positions to those who do not deserve and do not
The proposal is sarcastic and degrading legally and morally.
The members uphold and respect the principles agreed on the 4th Draft
The members shall not accept nor agree to the decrees that violate
the law, as follows:
the members shall not violate or contradict
the Constitutional Declaration nor the political dialogue
the members shall not violate or contradict the agreement in
relation to choosing the council's president.
the members shall not accept the appointment of the third deputy
the members shall not accept the appointment of persons who have
ties with terrorist groups.
the members shall not accept the selection of some ministers
in opposition to the agreement.
The UN's Letters To The HoR And The GNC
The UN was reported to have urged the HoR to build support within
the House of Representatives for the proposed government, and stipulated
that the response must not be selective. On the other hand, the GNC
has published a letter  from the UN stating the same request. The
UN letter was dated to the 13th of October 2015. The letter goes on about
the international support voiced for the proposed government without,
of course, mentioning any of the criticism generated in relation to the
violations committed by the UN in its proposal.
paragraph from the letter contradicts the statement by the UN in that
the proposal was only a "proposal", as it clearly seeks
the Libyans to "endorse" it:
"I would like to take this opportunity to seek your urgent
assistance in mobilising support within the General National Congress
to ensure endorsement of the final text of the Libyan Political Agreement.
In this connection, I wish to underscore that the text of the Libyan
Political Agreement should be treated as a single document inclusive
of its various annexes. As such, endorsement of the text cannot be
selective, and must be applied to the Agreement as a whole. The same
principle also applies to the proposed nominees for the Presidency
Council listed in Annex 1 of the Agreement, which can only be endorsed
as a whole."
The GNC reply letter  starts by thanking the UN for its efforts
and for stressing the GNC's desire for the dialogue to succeed, before
stating that despite the GNC's dialogue team's flexibility during the
process it was regrettable to say that the team was subjected almost
to an intentional "wrongdoing" in
New York when it was forced to attend a session attended by a foreign
minister from a non-existent parliament (in reference to the HoR) and
attended by Libya's ambassador to the UN who has been sacked by the Libyan
congress, as well as ministers from Egypt and UAE both of which took
part in bombing Libyan towns, and also ministers from other
countries which smuggle both mercenaries and immigrants into Libya.
A more serious charge states that the GNC was shocked to hear that the
UN has consulted 25 GNC members before it announced its government when
it became apparent that forgery was committed by some of those who produced
The response letter also noted the tone of intimidation sensed
from the various announcements made in that a force will be used to enforce
the proposed government. With the GNC lashing out on Misrata's Local
Council for urging the GNC to approve the proposal , one GNC
member, namely Mansour Alhasa, told Aljazeera that the UN representative
aims to "ruin" and "fail" the dialogue .
Many HoR members, GNC members,
politicians, and ordinary Libyans have openly rejected the UN proposal,
with some HoR members stating that the UN has exceeded its authority.
Demonstrators took to the streets of Benghazi, Tripoli, Tobruk, Almerj
and other Libyan towns protesting against what they called "the
proposed by the UN. Benghazi's protesters near Keesh Square were hit
by random rockets on Friday the 16th of october 2015; there were
no serious casualties .
But during the next demonstration that took place
on the following Friday (the 23rd of october 2015), in the same square,
thousands of protesters were hit by a barrage of 8 rockets, injuring
around 40 people (some of whom were seriously wounded) and killing 6
protesters [47, 48]. Three more civilians died shortly afterwards, taking
the figure of casulties to 9 people [50, 53].
In response to this terror attack on civilian life, the UN condemned
the attack, but in its statement  it urged the Libyans "to
reject violence as a means to settle political differences".
This bizarre statement has further angered many Libyans, leading
to the National Forces Alliance (NFA) to express their
noting that the UN's mission's statement is not acceptable because it
implies that the terror attack was a result of "political differences" when
clearly it is an act of terror.
Of course, the Libyans have by now used-to such malfeasance coming
from the UN, but the truth remains that the protestors
were not demonstrating to settle their political differences. The
protestors were demonstrating against the UN's violation of the signed
One of the slogans was: "no dialogue with those who sponsor
while declaring support for the Libyan National
Army to fight terror. The commander of the Libyan army gave his
orders to pound the terrorists' dens in retaliation of the victims
of this heinous attack ; the response will be fast and severe,
the general said .
The city of Benghazi was hit by a barrage of assassinations and
bombing campaigns ever since it was declared liberated by the UN and
its military allies in 2011, ultimately resulting in utter devastation
of the city and nearly 100,000 residents fleeing to other stricken regions
of dilapidated Libya. Yet the UN and the so-called international community
still are refusing to lift the arms embargo
imposed on the Libyan Army, which, according
to the HoR's president , is unable to equip itself to fight
the terror campaign that was effected immediately after the UN's bombing
campaign of Libya was declared success "with precision"?
On the other hand it was widely reported that "terror was
left to equip itself" with
planes loaded with advanced weapons coming from "terror-sponsoring
states", like Qatar and Turkey [5, 18, 4], seemingly without
visible effort to enforce the arms embargo against the terror
groups openly wreaking havoc in Derna, Benghazi, Sirte, Tripoli, Fezzan
and other unfortunate Libyan settlements that were perfectly Okay before
the UN bombing campaign shattered Libya's infrastructure to smithereens.
Adding insult to injury the UN is now urging the
Libyans to "talk" in order to stop the terror campaigns unleashed
by its authorised violence when the Libyans then preferred "dialogue"
The reported reaction of the Libyan Amazigh Congress states
that the UN's main concern was "dividing power"
between the various Libyan factions for the purpose of creating a government
to control the flow of immigrants into Europe and to fight (effected)
terrorism; when their main concern should have been [from 2011, and
not now] the welfare of Libyans, the end of fighting in Libya, and the
creation of national reconciliation.
The Amazigh Congress was spot on to note that
the Berbers were not represented in the dialogue (see Berbers
while according to one Libyan writer the so-called dialogue groups should
represent all the groups and regions of Libya including Cyrenaica and Fezzan
and the Berbers and the Tebu and so on.
Libya TV (libyaschannel.com/live) even said that
some think the proposed government appears to have been chosen by the
EU to suit its interests in the region. This may explain why the EU
was quick to approve the government before even it was voted either way
and even urged the Libyans to sign it despite the legal violations committed
by the UN in changing the draft agreement.
Such foreign approval recalls
the mysterious support given by the UN, EU and other dictatorial, Arab
states to the rebels including foreign jihadists (whom western leaders
now call "moderate
during the UN's bombing campaign to implicitly topple Gaddafi when many
Libyans and analysts then preferred the use of peace instead; only to
turn round a few years later to admit that it was all a mistake – the
fatal mistake that transformed Libya into a "Jihadist
Wonderland" awash with weapons and infested with terror!
The EU was reported to have said that they have learned the lessons
from their Libya foray, while other powers simply scoffed the "Libya
expedition" as an "unintended mistake".
But the truth of the matter they were warned before hand; they were
warned to implement an exit strategy proposed by a British-led team in
Istanbul during the so-called Contact Group propaganda (that included
a bunch of dictators) to avoid the mistakes committed in Iraq.
they one day say the same about their latest mistake supporting the
UN's violations of the signed draft agreement?
Does it really matter if the mistakes were intended or unintended
once they have been effected?
Besides how can a mistake be intentional or unintentional when
it is a miss-take?
And why should the Libyans allow the same people make more
mistakes before fixing their previous mistakes or
even worse when they are attempting to fix them with yet more mistakes?
The HoR's Final Decision Regarding The UN's
Government of National Accord
The Libyan government was reported to have rejected the UN-proposed
government of national accord (GNA) on Monday the 19th of October 2015,
and insisted on respecting the signed draft agreement the UN has violated
on the 8th of October 2015. The HoR has also dissolved the dialogue committee
and agreed to form a new committee.
Reportedly the HoR's president made the announcement
in a charged atmosphere and left the hall immediately afterwards, followed
by a power cut. No voting took place (see Part 2, below), even though
deputy Saleh Fhima was reported to have said that the issue was
not open for voting to begin with and instead
the decision was expected by
"agreement" or "consensus".
This was also confirmed by Mr. Ibrahim Algheryani (a previous HoR member)
who added that the agreement was unanimously reached
outside the main hall and that the president's decision was merely to officially
announce the decision agreed on by the majority of members.
On the other hand, according to the HoR member Musbah Douma, such confusion
will damage the reputation of the House of Representatives and may even
worsen the situation in the "street" because regardless of what had happened
before the session the president should have either allowed the
members to agree or else vote for his decision inside the main hall .
Mr. Musbah said today has seen the last nail being hammered into the
HoR's coffin; in reference to the fact that tomorrow (the 20th of october)
is the last day of the HoR's life. Of course, the HoR has voted last
week to extend its mission until a proper government is elected.
member said this session must not be taken in isolation from the previous
two sessions held on Monday the 12th and Tuesday the 13th, and that
the members have agreed that the matter must be decided in today's session;
while according to Dr. Ali Altekbali today's decision is legal and final
and that the majority of the members agreed to reject the UN-proposed
government. Regarding voting he said the previous voting session
was interrupted by a group of members who created chaos in the house,
and to finalise the matter the president then
went on to announce the decision agreed on by the majority (without specifying
exactly what meant by "majority"), and this, he adds, does not contradict
with democracy because voting could take place in various ways, such
as "knocking", "voicing" or "in
writing", and not just through raising
HoR member Ibrahim Zghid has also confirmed the above decisions
, adding that the agreement was reached in the "external
not in the main hall); that the proposed president of the Presidency
Council should have only two deputies (not three as proposed by Mr. Leon);
and that the remaining appointments were rejected.
He also said that the dialogue will continue and that the UN needs to
know that the current dialogue committee has been dissolved.
Mr. Ibrahim Zghid said Mr. Leon was extending the talks unnecessarily
and that if it was another mediator the teams could have reached an agreement
long time ago. He also did not understand why the UN was holding
meetings with militia leaders and with members from the defunct GNC in
Turkey – a country which he says is supporting
Islamic politics and terrorism in Libya when the UN instead could
have held talks with the Libyan people .
The reason for rejecting the proposal, it seems, is that many
HoR members were surprised to receive an amended draft agreement from
the UN which they were urged to accept without discussion or study. The
fact that the amended draft contained violations is another matter. Instead
Ziyad Dghim noted (see video below) that the UN's proposed changes should
be first presented to the Dialogue Committee to read, study, discuss
and then make a decision to accept or reject it. According to the
HoR member Ahmed Alabani, the threats coming from the UN could only scare
what he called "cowards" .
Having noted the various views expressed by the above members, this
section adds the views of another group of HoR members who opposed the
decision of the HoR, and who appear unhappy with the form of dictatorship
exercised in the House of Representatives. The
HoR members did not vote for the decision.
In relation to the "agreement" (instead
of voting) Mr. Osama Ben Fayed (the former Legal Advisor to the HoR)
said the legal way to pass decisions, decrees or manifestos inside the
HoR is via "electronic
voting" and in case of technical failure the alternative would
be "raising hands" ; but, he added, any "agreement"
reached must be achieved via voting as stated by Article 142 of
the Internal Regulations of the House of Representatives. According
to this the HoR's decision is illegal.
Siham Serqiwa told Libya's Channel that the president of the HoR was
somewhat "dictatorial" when he made the decision
; while other members said they were deceived. According to the
judge Mr. Kamal Hadifa, in his interview with Libya's Channel,
and the noise accompanied the embarrassing announcement was
undemocratic and somewhat reminiscent
of the way matters were conducted inside Gaddafi's
people's council .
The most important thing he said was that
up to this moment no one knows if the announcement of the HoR's president
was a "proposal", a "manifesto", or a "decree";
which further confuses the matter when the whole of Libya was promised
a "decision" by today (the 19th of October). The fact that
the HoR has extended its life span, just as the GNC did, can only complicate
the tragedy where
two expired governments may battle their way for survival on behalf
of Libya's future (if any).
Regardless of the behaviour of the HoR's president and members, according
to the HoR member Mr. Belkhir Shea'ab, rejecting
the UN proposed government and
dissolving the dialogue committee was not necessary at this critical
stage, and that there are many members who preferred to accept the UN proposed
government with some amendments and changes to the proposed draft.
One of the amendments mentioned was to leave the Libyan army as it
is, without any changes, with Khalifa Haftar as its chief commander.
Mr. Belkhir was shocked to see how a matter of this importance
to the future of Libya can be decided in such manner without voting
in the main hall, regardless of whether the "majority" agree
or not. He said they represent the Libyan people and as such they should
have voted for the matter to avoid such confusion..
More important is that Mr. Belkhir said nearly 70 HoR
members have signed a document rejecting the HoR's decision to reject the UN
proposal. The first speaker in the above video, Mr. Ziyad Dghim, says the "majority"
of the HoR members agreed to the HoR's decision without specifying
the exact majority even when the presenter asked him to elaborate; while Mr.
Belkhir confirms that nearly 70 members opposed the HoR's decision (proposal
These 70 HoR members were reported to have
said they are in favour of accepting the government proposed by
the UN but with certain changes and amendments. This group is in principle
willing to accept and amend the violations committed by a foreign entity in
a matter that
should be decided by Libyans.
Assuming the report stating that
around 120 members attended the session is correct,
then the number of members who were reported to have agreed to Mr. Agila's
decision cannot be more than 50;
thus the majority (according to both views) would seem to accept the
UN's proposed government with amendments and changes. According to another
report there were 135 members present during the announcement, and if so then
the remaining number would be 65 – still less than 70.
The third speaker in the above video, Mr. Ibrahim Aldabbashi, Libya's Ambassador
to the UN, said he hopes the HoR does not slip into the same trap that led
the GNC to impose the views of the minority on the majority.
has reiterated Belkhir's view in that the (violated) draft proposed by the
UN does not differ from the signed agreement and in fact, he says, it gives
more authority to the HoR than the signed agreement. In response
to this the first speaker (Mr. Ziyad Dghim) asked if the UN-emended draft does
not differ from the signed agreement why introduce it in the first place!
Mr. Aldebbashi also noted that
the HoR needs to tell the Libyans why they rejected the proposal, and that
voting should have taken place, while warning that if such obscurity
continues then the international community may no longer provide support for
the HoR because
it would lack the needed legitimacy. This he says may lead to Libya
being neglected by the international community [(as if it has not been)] and
therefore may lead to more chaos in the [stricken] country.
What is the official version of the event that took place on the 19th of October
After summarising the views of the two blocks (Part 1 and Part 2), this
part will attempt to provide the official picture of what had happened on
the 19th of October 2015. This final account is based on what the
president of the HoR, Mr. Agila, and what
the official spokesman of the HoR, Mr. Faraj Bouhashem, had told Libya's Channel
The spokesman started by saying that after two hours of talking inside
the hall, they left for a break to consult each other over the various proposals
put forward. After the break they went back and continued the talks; followed
by another break. After going back for the third time to prepare the final
proposal before putting
it to the vote, as agreed, everyone was surprised to see the president
(Mr.Agila) read out some of the points taken from various proposals (without
knowing if they were part of a decision, a suggestion or a proposal), then
announced that these points should be endorsed, before leaving
the hall immediately afterwards.
The spokesman then said he followed the president
and just before leaving the hall he informed him that what had happened is
mistaken and is not a legal procedure according to the internal regulations
of the house because voting is required and because the media are going to
ask questions. In relation to this point the spokesman noted that according
to the internal regulations any decisions or manifestos must be voted before
being endorsed, and therefore the views expressed in Part 1 by some HoR members
are incorrect. Finally, the spokesman of the HoR asked the president to return
to the hall, before other members stood around them
and urged the president to return to vote over the matter. Instead,
the president has surprised everyone and left the hall in a hurry, he said
However, in an exclusive interview with Libya's Channel , the president
of the HoR, Mr. Agila, had confirmed a number of points, summarised as follows:
The session started at 10AM and continued until 9PM and therefore to say
I left the hall immediately is far from true. Apparently he left the hall
at the end of the session after the majority of the members, he said, agreed
to the proposal to abide by the signed agreement, and therefore he finalised
the session by reading the statement before leaving after a long day.
He confirmed that voting did not take place, and that
have divided the country east and west" because
those members from Cyrenaica (east) had different views to those from Tripolitania
(west), and therefore the matter was settled by a unanimous consensus instead.
That is the congress was deeply divided and if voting took place such division
would have been magnified.
Regarding the confusion
of whether what had happened was a "decision",
"decree" or just a "proposal", he had confirmed
that what the HoR had unanimously agreed on (without the need for voting)
is to respect the signed
draft agreement and that the UN itself was informed
in the past that the signed draft agreement cannot be changed (as confirmed
The president had confirmed that the House is still committed to dialogue
and that only dialogue would safeguard Libya. This means that
there was no decision, decree or proposal from the HoR regarding the UN proposal
because the HoR had mainly insisted on abiding by the signed draft agreement.
This could mean that the house could only vote over matters relating to the
signed agreement, and that anything
else would naturally fall outside its official duty.
The (Illegal) Signing of The Libyan
Political Agreement in Skhirat
After repeated failures and disagreements the UN-imposed Libyan Political
Agreement (LPA) was signed by 21
members in Skhirat, Morocco, on the 17th
of December 2015. It was reported that the talks were attended by 15
GNC members 
and some 88 HoR members. Berber and Tebu representatives have condemned the
UN's exclusion of the Berbers and the Tebu from the so-called Libyan Political
Dialogue [48,49] – presumably the "Arab
is for Arabs only.
The UN's decision was outlined by its resolution 2259;
stating that the presidency council is expected to form a Government of National
Accord within 30 days. The UN did not publish the LPA until
the 18th of January 2016  – that is 31 days after the agreement
was signed, and a day before the presidency council announced their GNA government
agreement imposes a "Presidency Council" on the Libyan people –
more or less the same presidency council the UN initially proposed before it
urged the Libyans to accept it in order to avoid sanctions. In doing so
the UN is urging the Libyans to abandon the democratically-elected HoR for
which the whole country was destroyed by its bombing campaign in 2011.
The Guardian said the
UN's "appointed government" is a "calculated risk" 
taken by the UN after turning its back on the elected government. But the
reality, of course, according to many Libyans including congressmen, is
a calculated "dictatorship" in violation of the signed
draft agreement and in violation of the UN's mandate which stipulates only "mediation" between
the two parties.
Seven months later, the LIbyan prime minister, Mr. Althni,
called for the UN to sack Mr. Kobler for his lack of neutrality and forceful
attitude to impose the GNA without achieving the alleged "national accord".
Such UN-imposed dictatorship had effectively forced the elected government
of Tobruk to "cut
its own throat"
by cutting a deal with the armed militias that hijacked Tripoli ;
while the world was still boasting about the democratic success that
barred the Berbers from taking part in party elections in 2012.
The strange thing about the LPA is that it speaks of two deputies for the
prime minister under Articles (9) and (21), while at the same time (in the
same document) speaks of 5 deputies for the same prime minister under Article
(1) (page: 6 of 31).
The immediate response of the HoR and the GNC was outright rejection of the
the basis that none of the members who signed the agreement were authorised
to do so. Initially the HoR declared
the agreement can only be legal and constitutional if made beneath the dome
of the parliament in Tobruk, but two weeks later the HoR's president was reported
to have "come
fact we still do not have an official confirmation if the HoR members
who signed the LPA were authorised by the HoR
or not, but according to one source  it was the self-appointed "Bloc
that gave permission to the HoR members to sign the Skhirat LPA. Bloc 92 is
a group of HoR members who split from the HoR after the UN's violation of the
signed draft agreement, as opposed
to the remaining HoR members who went on to form the so-called "Sovereignty
Bloc". Another source said the HoR members were not authorised
to sign the LPA (التوقيع
على الاتفاق تم من اطراف غير مخولة من مجلس النواب) .
The GNC's rejection of the signed agreement was clarified in a statement
by the president of the GNC's dialogue committee  to have been based on
the fact that those who signed the agreement represent only themselves; while
according to GNC member Abdulqader Hweili the GNA
will not have a place in Tripoli and that no one will accept it .
He also stated that the UN's envoy was repeatedly refused permission to visit
Tripoli, and that the HoR's president will soon arrive in Tripoli to continue
the Libyan-Libyan dialogue to form a unity government. On the 2nd of February
2016 GNC's first deputy president, Mr. Awad Abdulsadiq, was reported to have
sacked 10 GNC members for signing the LPA without authorisation .
after the arrival of the GNA in Tripoli (a few months later) the GNC disappeared
into oblivion, leaving the GNA to assume full control, with most the
GNC members ending up members of the PC's HCS (see HCS tab, above). Some HoR
members were reported to have said that the GNA is largely controlled
by the same Brotherhood that was controlling the GNC (see HCS and Updates).
makes the agreement illegal, and yet the international
community was not only urging the Libyans to accept it (despite the noted violations)
but also face punishment (sanctions) if they reject it. Therefore to impose
such government on the will of the Libyan people is a foreign irony the
Libyans accustomed-to for centuries; but to call such a government a "government
of consensus" or "agreement" or "national
is definitely a "sick
Also of great importance is the fact that the PC (the government
resulting from the LPA) is also illegal because it still lacks the required
constitutional amendment from the elected parliament
Many Libyan analysts
and some human rights organisations have pointed out that the hastiness
of the UN to impose a solution in this manner could only lead to further discord
in Libya simply because the imposed government (that is the imposed PC) is
not a government of national accord. In fact without the UN's violent bombing
campaign of 2011 (without an exit strategy and based on misguided social media
reports) Libya would not be in this mess to begin with.
Therefore the same question pops up: why would
the UN openly encourage a handful of members to illegally sign a government
in a foreign land without authorisation when the Libyans have already elected
the HoR on Libyan soil? The answer is: look at Libya.
The Presidency Council members: prime minister (centre), five deputy
prime ministers, and three ministers: 9 in total.
Mr. Algatrani and Mr. Alaswad (second and third from right) have later
boycotted the PC. In August 2016 the PC gave the two boycotting members one
week to join the council or else be replaced . Mr. Algatrani said the PC's
call to replace them is illegal because according to Article 5 of the LPA only
the HoR and the HCS can make such a decision .
Fayez Alsarraj: prime minister
Ali Algatrani: deputy prime minister
Meitig: deputy prime minister
Fathi Almajberi: deputy prime minister
Musa Alkouni: deputy prime minister
Abdulsalam Kajman: deputy prime minister
Omar Alaswad: minister
Mhemed Alammari: minister
Ahmed Hamza: minister
The Presidency Council in Disagreement
After the previous UN envoy succeeded in dividing the two governments of Libya
into four (by splitting the GNC and the HoR, as
noted in the previous section),
the UN-imposed council (the PC) was also reported to have began showing signs
of disagreement over the fate of Khalifa Haftar (the commander of the Libyan
Army). Some council members say the general must stay the head of the army,
while other members say the political agreement stipulates that all the army
positions must be vacated .
To resolve the disagreement the GNA issued a statement praising the
Libyan army in its fight against terror. However the
press statement was
ambiguous because it did not mention the HoR nor the name
of Khalifa Haftar, and all it said is that "they recognise the
heroic role of the Libyan Armed Forces in challenging terror" .
The statement refers to the Libyan Army in general without naming
Haftar in person, which
technically could refer to any Libyan army regardless of leadership.
It could also indicate
that Haftar may well be excused of his duties in the forthcoming GNA government.
Many HoR members have been for months
calling for specific guarantees that the leadership of the Libyan army remains
as it is, but so far no specific response was made public. On the 17th of January
2016 Libya Observer reported  that according to the HoR member Issa Alaraibi
the Cyrenaican members of the presidency council may suspend their membership
from the council due to lack of guarantees to leave the Libyan Army's leadership
as it is (under the command of Khalifa Haftar).
Nonetheless, the repeated requests of the elected government of Libya,
the democratically-elected HoR, from the UN to help the
Libyan army fight the imposed terror groups were openly rejected by the caring
international community because they kept saying there
can be no military solution to the crisis in Libya. Even the installed GNC
refused to recognise the existence of terror groups that Haftar was left to
confront all alone. Many Libyans were convinced then that this was evidence
for the conspiracy to fail Libya, or to use the words of some Western opposition
leaders, to "destabilise Libya".
Yet a few years later, after
destabilised Libya was turned into a "jihadist
wonderland" (as a direct result of the UN's violent bombing campaign),
media outlets began reporting confusing views regarding the international community's
military intervention to halt the expansion (and not to eradicate)
the radical groups that were earlier left
to roam free across stricken Libya [30, 31, 32].
Some members of the
UN-imposed council (the so-called PC) have also made confusing statements
regarding such intervention, with some Libyan sources confirming the arrival
of some foreign forces to begin reconnaissance of the nurtured, foreign-sponsored
terror groups that the world is watching for five years so
far. Ladies and gentlemen, Libya has now been fully
*Iraqised, allegedly disinfected of tyranny, and ironically infected with
The Presidency Council Under Attack
After the massacre of Zliten on the 7th of January 2016 the members of the
presidency council including Mr. Sarraj were reported to have arrived in Zliten
to pay their condolence. This was their first visit to Libya since they were
appointed by the UN on the 17th of December 2015. In their return to Misrata
airport the presidency council was reported to have come under fire by angry
protesters and armed militia .
However, according to another source
, the convoy was advised to return to Zliten by the security team because
there was a roadblock by a group of people who were opposed to the convoy
passing through to Misrata. This latter view was later confirmed by Libyaschannel
when it reported that the Hatein Militia (member of the Misrata brigade coalition)
had expelled one of its members, namely Abdulhamid Qawasim, and that the Zawiya
Martyrs Brigade had condemned the leader of one of its member militias, namely
Abdullatif Alkriek, apparently for blocking the road at
the Dafniya/Misrata checkpoint .
Still worse, some religious
sources speaking via Libyaschannel have warned immediately
after the Zliten disaster that if the UN-imposed council is accepted Libya
will be turned into Iraq. Regarding the question of how
such an appointed government would be able to operate from hijacked Tripoli,
the spokesperson of GNC Air Force, Colonel Mustafa Alsharksi, was reported to have said: "Fayaz
Sirraj government will enter Tripoli over our dead bodies" .
Given the current and democratically-elected HoR was forced by the defunct
GNC to exile itself to Tobruk (near the Libyan-Egyptian border), and given
the UN-imposed government (the PC) has been so far conducting
its meetings in Tunisia, the forthcoming government of Libya may well find
itself operating from within Mars – the God of War in classical mythology,
once Libya becomes a battlefield for international terrorists and international
governments to settle the invisible score.
Update 1: (18 January 2016):
Ali Algatrani Suspends His GNA Membership
Mr. Ali Algatrani, Cyrenaica's representative at the presidency council of
the GNA, had suspended his membership from the presidency council due to
lack of seriousness in dealing with the demands of the eastern region in regard
to supporting the armed forces, the police and all the security institutions
of the state and the preservation of the leadership of the army. He also stressed
the need for equal representation in the new government with no less than a
third of the ministerial positions be assigned to Cyrenaica, as well as the
establishment of the Benghazi Reconstruction Fund as stated by the political
agreement. Mr. Algatrani said his suspension will continue until the presidency
council suspends Article (8) of the Additional Provisions of the Libyan
According to the website of the Libyan parliament
a number of HoR members from the "Sovereignty Bloc" (كتلة
السيادة) had rejected Article (8) because the Libyan Army is a "red
line", they said . They had also rejected any foreign intervention
in Libya, specifically denouncing any foreign military force to protect the
UN-appointed government, and hence the name of the bloc.
To clarify the matter it must be noted that there are two Article (8) in
the same agreement. The second is Article
(8) of the "Additional
Provisions" (found in page 20 of the agreement), which
states that: "All
powers of the senior military, civil and security posts stipulated in the
Libyan legislations and laws in force shall be transferred to the Presidency
Council of the Council of Ministers immediately upon signing this Agreement".
It is understandable to object to this article especially knowing that it
to the draft agreement after it was re-opened for changes in violation of
the signed draft agreement. Hover it is unclear why the Cyrenaican members
of the council were still asking for guarantees to keep the army and its leadership
as it is when the first Article (8) of the main agreement (found in page 8)
clearly states that
the presidency council shall assume "the
functions of the Supreme Commander of the Libyan army". Surely
the only way to guarantee the army's integrity to remain untouched is to not
agree to Article (8) in the first place.
Update 2: (25 January 2016):
The HoR Conditionally-Approves The Libyan
Political Agreement While Rejecting Article (8)
The House of Representatives had conditionally-approved the Libyan Political
Agreement by 96 votes (out of 104) . The HoR had also "canceled"
(إلغاء) Article (8) of the same Libyan Political Agreement by 86
votes , and "rejected" the proposed GNA
government of 32 ministers by 89 votes .
As noted earlier Article (8)
grants all the powers of the military and security to the UN-imposed Presidency
Council (PC). The HoR had insisted from the start of the dialogue that the
Libyan army and its leadership is a red line; while according to the GNC
Haftar's war against terror in Benghazi is a war against "revolutionaries".
However, according to the Libyan
political analyst, Mr. Ashraf Alshah, it is illegal to cancel any part of
the agreement because the LPA was a complete agreement that
does not allow any changes after it was signed by the members who signed
it . In other words the HoR can only accept or reject the LPA in
its entirety. Sources aligned with the Tripoli government also stated that
the HoR has no right to make such decisions without constitutional amendment.
The HoR said they will discuss amending the constitutional declaration on
the following day (the 26th of January 2015).
The LPA itself (signed
on the 17th of December 2015) is according to the GNC "illegal" because
it was not signed by any authorised GNC members, as noted above; while the
HoR members who signed the agreement apparently did so according to their
own accord after forming what they called "Bloc 92"
– in reference to the number of HoR members who went on to sign
the violated LPA without objecting to Article 8 .
Update 3: (10 August 2016):
54 LPA Violations Committed By The PC And
The head of the HoR's Sovereignty Bloc, Mr Khalifa Aldaghari, was reported
to have discussed with the dialogue committee the LPA violations committed
so far. In his 23-page report Mr. Aldaghari listed 54 violations
committed by the HCS and the PC. The PC, for example, commenced its duties
without constitutional approval (as stated by Article 12 of the CD), and established
more militias against the agreement including the illegal formation
of the so-called "presidential guard" . The
violations also include the illegal formation of the HCS (as reported at the
start of this page).
The LPA stipulated that the council form the GNA government within 30 days
starting from the 17th of December 2015. On the 30th day the council made
an announcement apologising for asking for a further 48 hours before they can
announce their government. The disagreement over the government is noted elsewhere
in this page (see Decrees and LPA).
On the 19th of January 2016 the council
had finally published its cabinet of 32 ministers under Decree (3) of
2016 (see Decrees for more on this). This decree was signed
by seven members of the council. The other two members who did not sign the
decree are deputy prime minister Ali Algatrani (who had previously protested
against decree 1) and Mr. Omar Alaswad (see LPA for more on this issue).
The council has forwarded a copy of the proposed government to the House of
Representatives (HoR) in Tobruk for the HoR members to decided
whether to grant it the required vote of confidence or not.
Download a copy of the proposed ministers of the GNA:
The following government is still pending approval by the House
of Representatives (HoR). The HoR has ten days to either
approve or reject the government. The list is a translation of
the Arabic list provided by the Presidency Council's official
Groups representing Libyan women
have already rejected the government which they said is formed
by a council made entirely of men. Only two ministries (out of
32) were assigned to women: the "Labour" and
the Culture ministries. According to Layla
Benkhlifa  the proposed government is unacceptable
because the percentage of women is only 6%, which is far less
than the expected 30%. "We worked very hard",
she said, during the political dialogue only to be disappointed.
believe countries would perform better were women in charge of
the Defence, Justice, Interior and Foreign ministries; at
least that way it would be unlikely for them to bomb a sovereign
state to smithereens and then turn round and say it was
"unintended mistake". Strangely
enough, many Libyan websites (including Libya's Channel TV) reported
that Fadi Mansour Alshafai (the minister of Labour) is a
man when in fact she is a Berber-Tuareg woman from the oasis
of Awinat in the Sahara.
On the other hand Mr. Omar Alaswad , a member of the Presidency
Council (who had also suspended his membership in protest),
said that the announcement of the government is illegal because
not all the members of the council were present when the list was decided – a
reference to the absence of deputy prime minister Ali Algatrani. Mr. Alaswad
even said the posts were divided without consideration of competency.
Mr. Alaswad also revealed
that the agreement was to form only 10 ministries, but then the council had
extended this number to 24 ministries, after which he complained to the president
regarding the sudden change. He then added that for some reason and without
consultation with all the members of the council the president revealed
a government of 32 ministers in the last night before the announcement.
response to this violation the council's president, Mr. Sarraj, said the expanded
cabinet came in response to the sensitive period current in the country .
The following is a list of the proposed 32 ministries:
Minister of Defence: Mahdi Ibrahim Alberghathi (commander
of Militia 204 Tanks, Benghazi)
Minister of Justice: Abdulsalam Mhemed Aljalidi
Minister of Interior: Alaref Saleh Alkhouja
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Merwan Ali Abousriwil
Minister of Finance: Althaher Mhemed Serkez
Minister of Local Government: Bedad Qenso Masoud
Minister of Health: Mhemed Sliman Bouzqiyah
Minister of Discipline & Education: Khayr Milad Aboubeker
Minister of Higher Education & Scientific Research: Mahmoud
Minister of Economy: Abdulmatloub Ahmed Boufrwah
Minister of Planning: Khalid Muftah Abdulqader
Minister of International Cooperation: Mahmoud Faraj Almahjoub
Minister of Communications: Atef Miloud Albahri
Minister of Transport: Hisham Abdullah Aboushkiwat
Minister of Industry: Faraj Althaher Alsanousi
Minister of Petroleum: Khalifa Faraj Abdulsadiq
Minister of Electricity: Osama Saad Hamad
Minister of Agriculture: Adel Mhemed Solthan
Minister of Labour: Fadi Mansour Alshafai
Minister of Apprenticeship & Training: Mukhtar Abdullah
Minister of Social Affairs: Ahmed Khalifa Bridan
Minister of Water Resources: Osama Mhemed Abdulhadi
Minister of Housing & Amenities: Ali Koso Ardi
Minister of Youth & Sport:
Noreddin Ahmed Altriki
Minister of Culture: Asmae Musthafa Alostha
Minister of Islamic Affairs: Mhemed Ahmed Alwalid
Minister of Aviation: Said Mhemed Aldeib
Minister of National Reconciliation: Yousef Aboubeker Jalala
Minister of Media: Khalid Abdulhamid Najem
Minister of Arabic & African Affairs: Nasser Salem Hemmed
State-Minister of Parliamentary Affairs: Said Ahmed Alleghenies
State-Minister of Human Rights & Refugees: Saleh Alghazal
Update 1: (25 January 2016):
HoR Rejects The Proposed GNA Government of 32
Image source: lananews.com 
The House of Representatives had rejected the proposed GNA government
of 32 ministers by 89 votes (out of 104 votes) . In the same session
the HoR had also rejected Article (8) of the LPA. The main reason was
that the government is too large. The HoR said the Presidency Council has
ten days to come up with a smaller government .
Regarding the 120 votes
required for approving or rejecting the government, HoR member Saleh Abdulnabi
said the 120 votes are needed only to grant the vote of confidence which they
did not do, adding that rejecting the government does not require
such majority .
While according to the same source  Dr. Alabani
said the Constitutional Declaration (CD) requires
half the congress members (in the case of the HoR half of 188) plus one, and
thus 104 (the number of HoR members who attended today's session) is more
than the legal number required by the CD.
(15 February 2016)
Presidency Council Proposes A Second Ministerial
Unlike the previously-proposed government, this second government does not
appear, so far, in the social webpage of the GNA. Therefore the following
list of ministers and the notes are collected from various Libyan sources
including LANA. From the transparency principle the presidency council ought
to have a website detailing all their meetings and decrees to inform the
Libyans and the world of their activities in order to avoid confusion and
unconfirmed information being circulated by rouge sites. Or maybe they are,
like the ousted NTC, have no intention of sharing their activities with
the people they claim
The president of the presidency
council has proposed his second government on Sunday the 14th of February
2016. However, the HoR's president told Libyaschannel  that the HoR did
not receive the list until the 15th of February 2016, which is a day
after the stipulated deadline.
The first proposal was rejected by the HoR on the 25th of January 2016.
This second attempt was trimmed down to 18 ministers (13 ministers and 5 state
ministers); three of whom are women (numbered 9, 14, 16 in the following list).
The proposed ministerial government is defined by Decree 4 of 2016 (see Decrees
Deputy prime minister, Mr. Ali Algatrani, was reported by LANA to have said
that the reason he suspended his membership from the presidency council (for
the second time) is that the "Brotherhood" is in
complete charge of what is going on  and that the "brotherhood
kitchen" is currently
in Skhirat preparing the government:
The second problem is that the proposed government, or Decree 4 of 2016,
shows that three council members did not sign the proposal: deputy prime
minster Ali Algatrani (who has suspend his membership from the council for
the second time); minister Omar Alaswad (who had also suspended
his membership); and deputy prime minister Musa Alkuni (who was
later reported to have signed the document even though his signature does
not appear on the document).
Algatrani and Mr. Alaswad both did not sign the previously rejected government
either. It is not known what this means in relation to the legality of the
decree. Mr. Alaswad said (according to the same source )
that one proposed minister is implicated in (or accused of) financial corruption,
and that the list was shown to them without discussing any of the CV's; concluding
that the PC (the presidency council) will not be able to survive.
There are three women in the second government: Fadi Mansour Alshafai
(minister of Social Affairs, who was a minister of Labour in the first,
rejected government); Iman Mehmed Ben Younis (minister of Institutional
Reforms); and Asmae Mustafa Alusta (minister of Women's Affairs, whose title
in Decree 4 of 2016 was the masculine "Mr.").
Minister of Planning, Dr. Altaher Alhadi Aljuhaimy, was also a minister
of Planning in Gaddafi's government in 2003: the Secretary GPC for Planning
Minister of Finance, Mr. Fakher Muftah Buferna, was reported by Libyaschannel
 to have declined to accept the offer, while stating his surprise when
saw his name in the list, noting that he was never told about his name being
included in the proposed government. This indeed is a bizarre behaviour from
the presidency council – the exact behaviour exercised by the
UN when they first proposed their list of the presidency council on the 17th
of December 2015.
It was reported that the HoR has on Monday invited the president of the presidency
council to Tobruk to discuss the proposed government on Tuesday the 16th of
February 2016. Some HoR members were reported by Libyan media to have said
that the HoR intends to pass the second proposal for the sake of Libya but
with reservation regarding some ministers, and hence the reason for the invitation
to Mr. Sarraj.
However, as of today the 16th of February, Mr. Sarraj requested
from the HoR to postpone his appearance before the HoR for one week . The
HoR has postponed the session until next Tuesday (23 February 2016) because
Mr. Sarraj did not attend the session . Instead Mr. Sarraj was reported
by LANA to have arrived in Cairo to discuss "the latest political
with Egyptian officials .
The Proposed Second Ministerial Government:
Minister of Justice: Juma Abdullah Drissi
Minister of Interior: AlaArif Salih Khoja
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Mehmed Taha Siala
Minister of Finance: Fakher Muftah Buferna
Minister of Defence: Mahdi Ibrahim Alberghathi
Minister of Local Government: Bedad Qenso
Minister of Health: Omar Bashir Altaher
Minister of Transport: Milad Mehemd Matouk
Minister of Social Affairs: Fadi Mansour Alshafai
Minister of Planning: Altaher Alhadi Aljuhaimy
Minister of Economy & Industry: Abdulmuthalib Ahmed Abufarwa
Minister of Education: Mehmed Khalifa Alazzabi
Minister of Labour: Ali Galma Mehmed
State Minister For Women's Affairs & Development: Asmae Mustafa
State Minister For Martyrs' Families, Wounded & The Missing: Mhened
State Minister For Institutional Reforms: Iman Mehmed Ben Younis
State Minister For National Reconciliation: Abdeljawad Faraj Alobeidi
State Minister For Migrants & The Displaces: Yousif Abubaker Jalala
As of today the HoR is yet to approve or reject the above proposed government.
Meanwhile the GNA is seemingly operating in the capital
Tripoli without approval, and is even recognised by the (mostly-dictatorial)
Arab League to be the only legitimate government in Libya. On the other hand,
the spokesman of the Libyan Army, Col. Almesmari, was reported to have warned
that the Libyan Army will not allow any GNA ministry to
operate from Benghazi without securing the approval from the HoR .
(26 July 2016)
The PC Authorises The GNA To Commence Work Without HoR's Approval
It has been five months since the PC proposed its second government and yet
the HoR had failed to approve or disapprove the proposed government. It is
obvious the HoR had no intention of doing so, citing excuse after another,
including HoR members not turning up for work (but still get paid).
As a result the president of the PC, Mt. Sarraj, announced today the 26th
of July 2016 that:
وأوضح السيد الرئيس بأنه وبسبب عدم قدرة مجلس النواب على عقد جلسة للتصويت
على حكومة الوفاق، فقد أصدر المجلس الرئاسي تفويضا لوزراء الحكومة وذلك لمواجهة
الأزمات حيث " لم يعد هناك وقت لنضيعه
Temehu's translation: "because of the HoR's inability to convene
a session to vote on the accord government, the Presidential Council has
issued a mandate to authorise the proposed government of ministers [to
commence work] in order to respond to the crises because there is no
more time to waste".
The president had also called for the HoR to fulfil its duty and make a decision
on the matter.
HoR Rejects Proposed Government
of National Accord
مجلس النواب يصوت على
حكومة الوفاق الوطني المقترحة بالرفض
In a chaotic and live session the HoR had rejected the proposed government
of national accord . The HoR had granted the PC ten days to propose
its third and final government. The HoR's website says 101 MPs attended
the session and therefore reaching the required quorum (النصاب القانوني)
- the so-called quorum that delayed the decision by nearly eight months. Sixty
one (61) MPs voted not to give confidence to the proposed GNA; one (1) MP gave
and thirty nine (39) MPs abstained .
Live broadcast of the HoR rejecting the proposed Government
of National Accord (GNA)
Many HoR members were angry about the way the voting was suddenly announced
and felt they were cheated. Apparently the disagreement revolves around the
HoR's agenda, جدول الأعمال , or the internal program which
lists the topics to be discussed in any given session. As far as many MPs
are concerned the agenda for today's session contains only two topics:
amending the internal regulations (تعديل اللائحة الداخلية)
discussing the referendum on the draft constitution (مناقشة الاستفتاء على
However, according to the HoR the agenda for the session is the same
agenda laid out months ago and that this session is merely an extension
to the previously suspended sessions. Libyas Channel said the agenda
is the same as the suspended agenda of the 25th of January 2016 (هو نفس الجدول
المعلق من آخر جلسة في 25/01/2016), which includes the following topics:
discussing amending the constitutional declaration in regard to the GNA
(مناقشة واعتماد الاعلان الدستوري), which was postponed again for lack of
voting over the proposed GNA (اعتماد حكومة الوفاق), which was rejected
by 61 votes today (22/8/2016).
This does not make sense since the HoR had repeatedly announced (for the
last 8 months) several agendas for the various sessions taken place
since January 2016, and in each of these agendas the topics are different,
and therefore to say that the agenda is the same since January is incorrect.
Just watch the above video and you will understand the resulting farce
initially imposed on Libya by UN bombs
Second Deputy President Says Voting Is Illegal
Even the second deputy president of the HoR was reported to have said that
the voting is illegal because the session agenda was changed suddenly (جدول
الأعمال تمّ تغييره بشكل مفاجئ). He also said that the fact that the HoR's president
had ordered the PC to form a third government shows that he has no intention
of removing the PC itself. The second deputy agreed that the PC has failed
and that a new government is required, but he was not happy with the manner
in which the HoR conducted this session, which he says would deepen the divide .
Other HoR members, however, were reported to have said that the PC has
no legitimacy to form a third a government because according to Article 180
the PC has failed twice to form a government . This indicates that the
PC itself must be replaced. Many Libyan analysts say the PC's failure to implement
the LPA in relation to removing outlaw militias from the capital and instead
forming new militias (like the Presidential Guard and the Bunyan Marsous) was
the final nail in the PC's coffin.
The twist however is that according to the controversial (and
constitutional declaration (CD), if the proposed government is rejected twice
then the acting president of Libya (currently represented by the HoR's president)
has the right to form a new government.
But instead the HoR had granted the
a third and final chance to come up with a smaller government (some say of
8 ministers) within 10 days. The HoR had also instructed the boycotting members
to return to the PC and assist with forming the third GNA.
وفق الاعلان الدستوري سقوط الحكومة مرتين يمنح رئيس الدولة (ما
يمثله مجلس النواب حالياً) الحق لتكليف رئيس حكومة جديد لاقتراح تشكيلة حكومية
, غير أن المجلس اقترح منح الرئاسي فرصة أخيرة لتشكيل حكومة مصغرة مطالباً النائبين
الأسود والقطراني الالتحاق بالرئاسي للمشاركة في اختيار الحكومة 
Nonetheless, this third government must
secure the approval of ALL the PC's members including the boycotting members
(as stated by Article 3 of the LPA). Finally the HoR had also declared
all decisions coming from the PC to be illegal and ineffective (إلغاء قرارات
المجلس الرئاسي), which according to some members is an illegal decision in
itself because the HoR is part of the LPA and therefore cannot by itself cancel
the LPA. This sounds like trouble ahead, once more. The farce continues.
(24 August 2016)
The response of the Presidency Council to the
HoR's rejection of the GNA
The GNA's PC has responded to the HoR's rejection by stating that the PC will
respect all the decisions coming from the HoR so long as they adhere to the
correct legal procedures. According to this the PC said it will look forward
to the HoR's decision over the GNA the PC is intending to present to the HoR
after completing the formation of the government in accordance with the
LPA. The PC also said that the PC and the GNA will continue to function as
the only executive authority in Libya until the HoR endorses the proposed
government (meaning the forthcoming government the PC is intending to form).
Critics said the response was ambiguous and did not address the HoR's rejection
with open transparency and clear wording the people
they represent can understand. Writing dodgy statements, like
the UN's resolutions to bomb Libya that contained hidden agendas
(the so-called implied objectives deduced by reading two resolutions together),
is best avoided.
One thing for sure, neither the UN nor any Libyan
government is, so far, seem interested in the well being of the
impoverished Libyan civilians whose suffering and miseries continues to worsen
by the day.
To speak the language of people in the stricken streets, and send the jargon
of politicians to the waste bin, one is compelled to say that there
is one thing that is puzzling
the dizzy minds of Libyans: the number of violations committed by all the governments
of Libya and by the UN and other international powers dealing with Libya is
The Odyssey continues to spew out one violation after
another while the people continue to suffer the miseries of sick morality.
Almost every single entity involved had violated one rule or another,
right from day one: the imaginary
massacre of Benghazi - the WMD of Libya. The UN,
the EU, the AL, the NTC, the GNC, the CDA, the HoR, the PC, the HCS, and the
illegal GNA had all indulged themselves with violation after another.
does that tell you?
Is it a "mistake"?
it a hidden agenda to divide Libya (on bad terms)?
Or maybe a bigger agenda
to unleash a big war that will consume the poor.
The High Council of State (المجلس الأعلى للدولة): HCS
المجلس الاستشاري للدولة
The Arrival of The PC In The Capital Tripoli
The GNA's Presidency Council (PC) had surprised the Libyans, once more, by
entering the capital via the sea on the 30th
of March 2016 . For security reasons, they said, they have stationed themselves
in a protected military base (Bu Setta Naval Base) near the seaport.
A few months later, the UN-imposed
government was still hiding in the base, with rumours speaking of
foreign military protection (or/and intervention) on the way – for the
installed government, of course, and not for the impoverished Libyans left
to suffer the dire consequences of foreign intervention without exit strategy.
Apparently, the UN envoy, Mr. Kobler, was reported to have said
that the government can commence work in the capital without any approval
from the HoR, and to illustrate his point he further added that an ambulance
vehicle can be driven (or moved) without asking for the driver's driving
licence [10, 11].
Presumably, extending this UN logic, anyone can fly a helicopter
through a civilian area without a licence so long as the air ambulance
is carrying a sick man!
The PC Arrive in the capital Tripoli
The High Council of State (المجلس الأعلى للدولة) Holds Its First Meeting
In Violation of The LPA
A few days after the PC's arrival in the capital Tripoli the
HCS held its first meeting in Tripoli in open violation of the LPA; thereby
reflecting the same chaotic start that eventually ruined the NTC, the GNC and
the HoR: repeated governments, countless councils, childish reactions,
and endless disagreements and foreign interferences that turned Libya into
GNC Versus GNA
5 April 2016:
On the 5th of April 2016 some members of the HCS (said to be 73 members) held
their first meeting in the capital Tripoli without approval from the parliament.
It was reported that the session was chaired by Abdurhman Alshater – the oldest
member in the group .
6 April 2016:
On the following day pro-GNA GNC members (who are confusingly also being reported
as members of the HCS) met in Almahari Hotel in Tripoli and agreed to
make a constitutional amendment to the CD; yet again in open violation of the
LPA and the NTC-imposed CD.
According to this amendment they disbanded the
GNC (more-like they renamed it GNA), as well as appointing Mr.
Abdulrahman Alsweihli the president of the HCS (with 53 votes), and Salah Almakhzoum
as his first deputy (with 43 votes) .
Left: the President of the HCS, Mr. Abdulrahman Alsweihli. Right: First Deputy of the President of the HCS, Mr. Saleh Mohammed Almakhzoum
(previously the Second Vice President of the GNC, from the
Justice & Construction party, Fezzan).
To add insult to injury, foreign diplomats, as usual, welcomed the violation
by stating that the HCS had amended the Constitutional Declaration (CD)
without authority from the sole legislator in the country (the HoR) because
the HoR had failed to hold a meeting regarding amending the CD in relation
to approving the UN-proposed GNA .
But then blaming the HoR, which appears
to have been infiltrated (from the start) by some members whose main focus
is to fail the HoR, should not be an excuse to justify the popular metaphor: "two
wrongs do not make a right". EU leaders, here, have abandoned the
principles for which the whole of Libya was destroyed.
One GNC member said the meeting is a "joke" because the required number of
attendees is 134 members for any GNC decision to be legal . The number of
attendees was said to be 93 members.
Other GNC members say
the constitutional amendment is illegal and contradicts the Constitutional
Declaration (the CD). The HoR also stated the move
to be in contradiction to Article (64) of the Libyan Political Agreement.
the following day former prime minister Mahmoud Jibril called for the UN's
envoy to urgently address the violations committed
by the GNC members who amended the CD and elected a president for the HCS in
violation of the so-called Libyan Political Agreement .
Ironically, Mr. Alsweihli told Libya TV  that he was surprised to see
his name voted the president of the HCS without his knowledge, just as the
UN did when they included his name in the violated LPA without his knowledge.
Why him in particular and why this happened to him twice remains a mystery
only the UN and the GNC can explain. It is obvious that there is some sort
of attempt, or a foreign agenda, to yet again derail the whole process of reconciliation and
farther drag the country into unspeakable miseries.
A meeting of the HCS, chaired by Mr.
Has The GNC Swapped The C For A?
In addition to the above-noted shoddy activity and violations of GNC members,
some HoR members and other political analysts have already
noted that the GNA is controlled by the "Brotherhood" and
that they were protected and escorted into the capital Tripoli by the same
militias and outlaws who hijacked the capital Tripoli from the HoR in 2014.
Even Mr. Ali Algatrani, a member of the GNA's Presidency Council itself, said the
Presidential Council (PC) is controlled by the Brotherhood .
A few weeks later, the spokesman
of the Libyan Army, Col. Ahmed Mesmari,
Presidential Guard is just a new name for the outlaw militias (or the Shields)
that previously formed by the GNC . The presidential guard is a military
unit created by the PC to protect itself while leaving the Libyans wide open
to kidnapping and murder. Col. Mesmari also stated that "the international
camp and specifically Britain were sponsoring terror groups in Benghazi, Tripoli
and other Libyan cities"
 [Temehu's translation from Arabic].
The fact that the GNC (up to this moment and for a period afterwards)
still denies the existence of ISIL in Libya while the HoR battling ISIL in
Derna, Benghazi, Ejdabiyah and elsewhere is more than enough to lend credit
to such disturbing reports.
And to further inflame the volatile tragedy, the acting-President of Libya,
Mr. Agila Salah (the HoR's president), had recently revealed that the conspiracy
Libyans" was created by some Libyans inside Libya with foreign
supervision to starve the Libyans in order to impose a particular situation
on the Libyan people in which the destiny of Libya would be in the hands of
a minority supported by foreign forces. The acting-President of Libya was also
reported to have said that the same people who created the crisis are the ones
who are talking about
"solving" it in return for imposing themselves as governors of Libya
here for a copy of the statement ].
Hence many Libyans have pointed
out the mysterious emergence of "The State" in Sirte;
the lack of any government force to challenge them for almost two years;
and more so their recent, rapid demise in June 2016 – coincidently
just after the UN-imposed PC took control of the hijacked capital from the
GNC – the congress that orchestrated a military coup against the
elected HoR but now seemingly is too-happy to disappear. Gaddafi too used
fear to enforce surrender!
the HoR was expecting the PC to recognise the status of the Libyan Army (LNA,
as led by Haftar), but instead the PC assembled its force from the same militias
that orchestrated the military coup against the HoR in 2014 by reinstating
the GNC to power. In relation to this, Libya Herald  noted that:
"Relations between Haftar and Kobler have been strained recently
as Kobler is seen as siding with the militias instead of the LNA. Haftar
refused to meet the UNSMIL man earlier this month. A few days later Zintan
turned away Kobler’s military advisor Paolo Serra when his plane landed
in Zintan for a visit. Kobler is now seen as being aligned with Misrata
and its militias propping up the Tripoli GNA."
In relation to the above revelations one can recall a number of
discrepancies that may lend support to the above claims. To start with the
PC entered Tripoli with such ease even before securing approval from the parliament
– an achievement the parliament itself (the HoR) had failed to secure from
its exile in Tobruk.
was reported (as noted earlier) to have said that the PC will
enter Tripoli over their "dead
yet when the moment arrived the GNC leadership vanished into thin air, and
the majority of GNC members have re-appeared as members of the so-called High
Council of State, المجلس الأعلى للدولة, (imposed by the UN through the Skhirat
illegal agreement). It was initially reported that one day after the HCS held
its first meeting in Tripoli the GNC's government, led by Prime Minister Ghweil,
had resigned. The reason was to avoid "bloodshed" and guard the national
unity, it said . However, according to the PMO's website the PM of the salvation
government denied the move and warned the PC to stay clear of all the government's
official headquarters, as he also instructed his ministers to continue their
duties as usual. The Announcement stated that the PC should wait until a political
agreement has been reached between all parties [5,6]. In reality however the
GNC had vanished, and the PC resumed power without the approval of the elected
parliament (the HoR). The PMO's website (see Website tab) stated on the 7th
of April 2016 that the PC's media department has taken over the website. The
PMO's website now lists the names of seven members of the Presidency Council
in its home page (http://www.pm.gov.ly) – the names of the boycotting
members are yet to be listed. The last news published by the GNC in its official
website was dated to the 13 of April 2016 – just one week after
the formation of the HCS!
The fact that many GNC members turned against the HoR (after the election
of the HoR) and resumed their work in the GNC against the wishes of the Libyan
people is more than enough to exclude them from any future government, simply
because one would presume the right thing to do is to give full support to
the government elected by the Libyan people (that is the HoR). But they did
not; they were quite happy to join the militias in their coup against legitimacy.
The closing of Libya's air space
by the GNC a few days before the arrival of the PC, and the arrival of the
PC via the sea, and the reported enquiry by PM Ghweil regarding whether
the PC will be secular or in support of sharia law  appear to be no more
than distractions to give the impression that the GNA and the GNC differ in
more ways than the last letter (A or C).
Hence the first thing the president of the
Presidency Council, Mr. Alsarraj, said when he entered Tripoli is that "sharia
law" will be the source of all legislations . Who is he to
dictate such matter on the Libyan people?
This matter should be debated and voted for by the Libyan people. Sharia law
was imposed by the NTC on the Libyan people without any consultation or referendum,
and hence a few years later former rebel-prime-minister Mahmoud Jibril and
others were reported to have said that the NTC was heavily infiltrated by
from the start; even though it is not known why he did not say that at the
start of the UN bombing campaign when he was a prime minister (running between
Paris and Benghazi securing the bombing of Libya)!
Protesters took to the streets of Benghazi and Tripoli condemning the latest
violations by defunct GNC members, just as they previously did in regard to
the UN violations of the signed agreement on the 17th of December 2015.
For some reason the Presidency Council is, so far, completely silent over the
latest violations. All in all the same back and forth policy, the "tit
for tat" politics that plighted Libya since the UN's bombing campaign
was ignited with vengeance, still dominates the Libyan tragedy.
mutual; after all, this supposed to be an accord government agreed by all parties,
yet it has created more discord and divisions than any other ousted government.
Crime has reportedly increased since the arrival of the PC, including kidnapping
and murder, with more power cuts and less cash and far more confusion; ultimately
leading to more Libyans being diagnosed with "depression" and "PTSD".
In his latest appearance in the Arab League prime minister Alsarraj declared
Libya an Arab country , thereby widening the discord (popularised
by Gaddafi and further endorsed by the NTC, the GNC and the HoR) between
the native inhabitants of Libya (the Berbers and the Tebu) and the Arabs
(who invaded Libya in the 7th century AD).
As of May 2016 the HoR is yet to approve
the proposed government; practically resulting in three governments in UN-destroyed
Libya. Yet the Arab League urged its members (including tyrant dictators) to
recognise no Libyan government but the unapproved GNA. This Arab
[League] behaviour was condemned by the HoR's president as illegal and unacceptable
. According to LANA the HoR's president said the Arab League's decision
to grant the Libyan Presidential Council a seat in the Arab League is illegal,
unconstitutional and contradicts the will of the Libyan people . The farce
continues, while the Libyans starve in the name of foreign
It has been five months now since the HCS self-appointed itself, and still
there is no official opposition to the illegal appointment - except of course
from the exiled HoR.
Update 2: Tripoli's Third Coup Against Legitimacy
21 September 2016:
The self-appointed HCS has today rebelled against legitimacy for the second
time and granted itself full power to assume Libya's
legislative authority in violation of the so-called Skhirat
agreement. Its first coup was on the 5th of April 2016 when they met and amended
the CD without approval from the parliament. The third coup was the first
coup orchestrated by the GNC and its Libya Dawn militias on August 2014 when
they took over Tripoli and re-installed the GNC.
The Skhirat agreement clearly states that the HoR is the only legislative
authority in Libya, and that the HCS is only an advisory
council. Ironically the HCS, likewise the GNA, legally-speaking does not exist.
Apparently the reason, according to the statement made by the
president of the HCS , is the HoR's failure to hold a session to amend
the constitutional declaration and endorse the LPA.
According to the HoR's president  the move is a "coup against
This coup took place after the HoR refused to approve the second proposed
The HoR granted the PC 10 days to propose its third (and last)
government. This took place on the 22 of August 2016 - that is 30 days ago,
and yet there is no sign the PC is proposing another government. It was said
by many analysts that the if the HoR refuses the third proposal the PC (and
its GNA) would cease to exist).
This could explain the latest coup by the HCS
to grant itself legitimacy so that it can approve the forthcoming GNA. If this
takes place, then this coup would complement the 2014 coup (of the GNC) to
hijack power from the elected HoR.
Many HoR members and political analysts say this coup has finally killed the
Skhirat LPA for good .
 https://youtu.be/-hRkElpXfQk (minute 10 of the video)
 alwasat.ly/ar/news/libya/108076/ - click
here for a copy of the statement]
Decrees & Laws
"Putting the carriage before the horse", the Presidential
Council of the GNA began issuing decrees before returning to Libya
and before securing the vote of confidence from the current authority.
Running dilapidated Libya by remote control without legal approval
has already generated a great deal of criticism, and even a criminal
investigation by the GNC.
On the other hand some
analysts say the HoR is only
required to grant the vote of confidence to the whole package (the
actual government of national accord that will be formed by the presidential
council). Others however say the council itself requires a voted approval
by the HoR before it can consider itself legal. All in all,
no one knows how many violations, years and governments are needed
in order to implement the illusive and promised "protection
of civilians" initially
imposed by the UN in 2011?
Note One: according to the LPA
all the following decrees are illegal because non were agreed
upon by all the members of the PC. As noted earlier two members have
boycotted the PC right from the start and therefore did not agree to
any of the passed decrees. The decrees regarding the military are also
illegal because the PC has no constitutional approval and because of
Note Two: for some reason the PC's official
website (http://www.pm.gov.ly/ ) does not publish all the decrees and
laws passed by the presidency council. As of October 2016 only fifteen
(15) decrees have been published out of 195 decrees issued by the PC
to date. The Libyan people should have the right to know what these
decrees are about and the PC should publish every one of them in its
website. In fact according the first note they should not issue any
decrees at all without unanimous agreement.
Decree (1) of 2016
On the formation
of a temporary committee to facilitate the implementation of security
قرار مجلس رئاسة الوزراء لحكومة الوفاق الوطني رقم ( 1 ) لسنة 2016 بشأن
تشكيل لجنة مؤقتة لتيسير تنفيذ الترتيبات الأمنية
The so-called salvation government of defunct GNC had already condemned
the first decree issued by the GNA on the basis
that the GNA has no legitimacy to issue any decrees or laws because
the presidential council itself is illegal. In its strong statement
the GNC warned that such actions may lead to civil war . On
the other hand the Defence
Ministry of the GNC had warned that the GNA's announcement
is a criminal offence punishable by law for destabilising the security
of the country and accordingly the members involved my be questioned
by the relevant authorities. This sounds far worse than when the HoR
won the elections and fled to Tobruk.
Decree (1) of 2016 was also condemned by the GNA'a Deputy Prime Minister
Mr. Ali Algatrani [2, 3] who was reported to have said that no voting
took place over the committee created by Decree (1) and therefore he
complained to the president of the council that he is not
happy with the committee that contains members
of armed militias; some of whom (according to other sources) were
implicated in war crimes against the Libyan people during the takeover
of Tripoli by the "Libya
Mr. Algatrani said that according to Article (3) of Annex (6)
regarding security preparations the committee should be formed
from army and police officers .
According to Esam Altajouri it is strange that violations of
legal matters continue to take place in relation to any solution presented
to the crisis in Libya, and that whoever proposed the names of the
security committee does not wish the stability
of Libya  because many of these names are listed by the UN Security
Council for violating human rights. In other words why does the UN
continue to create more problems and more visitations that create
more discord and more disagreements amongst the Libyans?
The committee's job according to Decree (1) is to:
Begin preparations to implement article 32 of the Libyan Political
Design and implement plans for the security and structural
commissions including those of leadership and control
Supervise a plan to secure all Libyan towns starting with
the capital Tripoli
Agreement on work methods regarding the police, the army and armed
Documenting and follow up of the aforementioned duties
Any other duties requested by the GNA regarding security
Reporting back to the presidency council every three days
prohibits all executive and public administrative bodies including
ministries, agencies, institutions, boards and commissions from making any
changes to the structure or systems
or management or its affiliate departments or arrange any financial obligations
for the state. Any such measures will be void after
the date of the signing of the political agreement. The decree stresses that
the regulatory agencies and the banks of Libya should adhere to the provisions
of this decree and reject any requests in violation of this decree.
Decree (3) of 2016
On naming the ministerial members of the government of national accord
comprising 32 ministries (see Ministries [above] for more on this).
قرار رقم “3” لعام
2016 بشأن تشكيل حكومة الوفاق الوطني بواقع “32” وزارة
This decree was signed by seven members of the council. The other
two members who did not sign the decree are deputy prime minister Ali
Algatrani (who had previously protested against decree 1, as noted
above) and Mr. Omar Alaswad.
The presidency council proposed its second government
on Sunday the 14th of February 2015. However, the HoR's president
told Libyaschannel that the HoR did not receive the list until
the 15th of February 2016, which is a day after the stipulated
deadline. This second attempt was trimmed down from 32 ministers to
18 ministers (13 ministers and 5 state ministers); three of whom are
women. The proposed ministerial
government is defined by Decree 4 of 2016.
Likewise Decree (3) of 2016, deputy prime minister Ali
Algatrani and minister Omar Alaswad did not sign Decree (4) of 2016;
while deputy prime minister Musa Alkuni, who did not sign Decree (4), was
later reported to have signed the document even though his signature does not
appear on the document.
Even though the latest decree carries number 195 (of 2016),
which means there were 195 decrees issued so far, only the following
ten decrees have been published in its website (in addition to the above
five decrees, and excluding the six decrees published by the PC as the
chief of staff of the Libyan army [see the list below]). This means
that the Libyan people have no way of knowing what these 195 decrees
(as of October 2016) are related to.
The "Decrees قرارات " button of its website's menu still
lists the decrees by the previous Salvation government of the GNC.
PC's Presidential Guard (الحرس الرئاسي): without even securing
the approval of the HoR the PC (as the chief commander of the Libyan army)
issued decree 2 of 2016; outlining the formation of the "Presidential
From its name the new unit appears to have been formed to protect the UN-imposed
PC. One would presume the formation of the Libyan army to protect the whole
of Libya including the Libyan people, of course.
PC's Decree 3 of 2016 establishes Petroleum Crescent (Sirte + Ajdabiya)
Special Operations Room to organise the operations against the terror group
known as "The
State" (قرار القائد الأعلى للجيش الليبي رقم 3 لسنة 2016 بشأن تشكيل غرفة عمليات
خاصة لقيادة العمليات العسكرية في منطقة الهلال النفطي (اجدابيا وسرت) ضد تنظيم
PC's Decree 4 of 2016 establishes Sabratha's Special Operations Room
to organise the operations against the terror group known as "The State" (قرار
القائد الأعلى للجيش الليبي رقم 4 لسنة 2016 بشأن تشكيل غرفة عمليات خاصة لقيادة
العمليات العسكرية في منطقة صبراته ضد تنظيم الدولة
Hisham Ehmadi, member of the Amazigh Supreme Council,
clarifies the council's position to the Berber people regarding the so-called
Hisham Ehmadi, member of the Amazigh Supreme Council, clarifies the council's
position to the Berber people regarding the so-called Skhirat Dialogue. After
explaining why the Amazigh Council boycotted the CDA's elections, Mr. Hisham
went on to reveal that the Amazigh Council rejected the political dialogue
of the Libyan Political Agreement because they wanted an effective and real
participation in the dialogue and not just a superficial representation that
serves no purpose other than rob them of their rights; and thus they informed
them (presumably the UN, the GNC and the HoR) that the Amazigh Council is prepared
to enter the political dialogue on conditions and demands that must be respected
and included in the dialogue, specifically the Berbers and the constitution.
Mr. Hisham then added that they later wrote to the UN envoy informing him
that the Berbers are not represented in the LPA and also provided him
with a list of the reasons for their lack of participation, but later they
(the Amazigh Council) were shocked to discover that the Berber issue was not
part of the Skhirat negotiation at all.
Instead they received a reply from "them" stating that the Berbers
are in fact being represented at the Skhirat talks. The Amazigh Council then
discovered that they (the UN) went and chose their own Berber representatives,
which he called "flexible, easy personalities" who
for personal gains go along with whatever they are told.
These chosen, soft representatives are named by Mr. Hisham as: Salem Madi
(representing the Amazigh); Musa Alkouni (representing the Tuareg, and who
later resigned from the PC); and Musa Kousa (representing the Tebu).
This, he said, was a disaster, because if they (the Amazigh Council) were
represented at the LPA talks "is it imaginable", he asked,
"we leave out such an important matter as the constitution"?
Mr. Hisham had also noted a few more important points (see ALT for
more on these).
There are those who say the statement of the Libyan Amazigh Congress
(as noted earlier in this page), in that the UN's main concern was "dividing
between the various Libyan factions for the purpose of creating a government
to control the flow of immigrants into Europe and to fight (effected) terrorism,
is, in a way, what they want you to believe. For example, it is like saying
the Libya intervention was a mistake, "the biggest mistake of my carrier";
or intervention is all about "oil"; which some believe are
no more than distractions created to divert attention and "hijack
While there are those who say one can only
lend credibility to the faint voices whispering conspiracy to cause mayhem
and world war by endlessly substituting one tyranny with another. Only
time will reveal which is which, even though the tragedy effected on the theater
of operations across the whole region already speaks volumes without a single
The Webpage of The GNA's Media Department
The Government of National Accord (حكومة الوفاق الوطني) started its online
activity via Facebook. The following URL appears to have been created on the
5th of January 2016:
Without addressing the real issues facing Libya the UN had once more conjured
a road-map which it claims will lead Libya out of the imposed quagmire(s).
Many Libyan politicians and analysts had already stated that this latest UN
road-map is nothing more than an attempt to delay stability in Libya and extend
the state of chaos engulfing Libya since its bombing campaign in 2011 sent
the country back to the stone age.
It is not possible for Mr. Ghassan Salame to come up with such a dramatic
road-map in this short period of time, Mr. Ezzedin Aqil told Sijal ;
indicating that the plan was already crafted by other unknown entity (or entities).
According to Omar Ehmidan, former spokesman of the former GNC, this road-map
proposed by Salame was put forward by Kobler in June 2016 .
One of the first HoR members to respond to such road-map, Mr.
Abdulminaem Balkour (عبد المنعم بلكور), was reported to have
said that the proposed UN road-map is incomplete and requires clarification
example there was no mention of the actual LPA articles that require amending,
he said. This point alone leaves the door wide open, once more (just like
in December 2015), for further disagreement and discord.
Other analysts say most European players are also extending the agony for
personal gains and a slice of the "ungoverned space". Well, the
results of their combined actions for the past seven years speak volumes without
any words; and therefore many Western states
had already declared their support for such disastrous Road-Map. Hence
the 20th of September Road-Map, according to CDA member Thow Almansori (ضو
المنصوري), is an earthquake and a hurricane that would destroy the political
process in Libya and drag the country to its pre-2011 state .
Nonetheless, the UN Road-Map includes the following stages:
The Disastrous Road-Map imposed by the UN on the Libyan People.
We say "imposed" because there is no way the Libyans can now escape the clutches
of the UN.
Please note that only the words in blue and bold are
part of the actual UN Road-Map; the remaining sentences between the
square brackets [ ] are our own response and the responses of many Libyan
politicians, analysts and journalists who took part in the two discussions
shown at the end of this section.
Amend the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA).
[The agreement the UN was so sure of in 2015 when most Libyans were
opposing it. Most Libyans strongly agree that no solution, ever, can
be achieved in Libya before dismantling all the terror groups and radical,
moderate and outlaw militias in Libya - the militias that are supported
by many countries from around the world including European countries.
Since the days of the installed NTC and the Libyans still saying the
same thing that the world is still refusing to do: dismantle the militia
groups they created and funded during the UN bombing campaign of 2011
and lift the arm embargo imposed on the Libyan army.
The head of
the GNA, Mr. Sarraj, hinted at this point saying that the atmosphere
now is no worse than the atmosphere in which the HoR elections were
conducted, which is true (to certain extent), but then what happened
to the HoR Mr. Sarraj? It was toppled in a military coup in 2014 by
Islamist and outlaw militias that reinstated the defunct GNC in a military
coup that the international community gave blind eye to and even supported
by forcing the HoR to negotiate with radical militias; ullllllltimately
leading to the GNA (and Sarraj himself) being imposed on the will of
the Libyan people.
Many Libyans are now saying there is no guarantee
the same thing would not happen again, or, even worse, there is no guarantee
the election results will be transparent. During the 2012 and the 2014
elections there were reports of militias transporting ballot boxes,
stopping in deserted area (or so they thought), and moving votes from
one box to another, before driving off to their intended destination.
Once again, putting the cart before the horse is UN-intentional. One
of the most disastrous results of the UN bombing campaign of 2011 is
the loss of Libyan sovereignty and dignity .]
Form a committee to draft the amendments to the
LPA in the offices of the UN's mission.
[A few days later, the HoR's head of the dialogue committee (رئيس
لجنة الحوار بمجلس النواب، عبدالسلام نصية) was reported to have said
that 6 members will be chosen from the HoR's dialogue committee and
6 more from the GNA's HCS (the High Council of State) to begin amending
the LPA .]
Creation of a "National Congress" under
the auspices of the UN (مؤتمر طني تحت رعاية الأمين العام للأمم
[This is, again, another UN-created disaster that many speakers
in this video said
would further plunge Libya into chaos. A national congress
to include all the marginalised and excluded to discuss national reconciliation,
the constitution, and the executive authority would take decades to
complete. Why form a new body at this crucial stage? How many governments
and congresses the Libyans need to swallow in order to drink water
and eat bread in peace?]
Such congress would
include the ousted, the marginalised, those who excluded themselves,
and those who did not embrace the political process, as well as members
of the HoR and the HCS.
[But wait a minute, the HCS is
an illegal organisation formed in total violation of the LPA and the
CD before amending the CD. The HoR itself said this when the HCS was
formed, but now mysteriously the HoR refers to the HCS as a legal organisation
and even agreed to sit with it and begin amending the LPA. Still worse,
we all know what happened to the excluded and marginalised Berbers
in the UN-supervised 2012 GNC elections: they were barred
by NTC's law from taking part in Party Election.
This clearly proves
that the UN loves violating the rules simply
because when the Libyans cried out loud last year about the HCS being
illegally formed the UN said nothing and did nothing.
former rebel prime minister Mr. Mahmoud Jibril warned the UN
via its envoy to urgently address the dangerous
violations committed by the GNC members who self-amended
the CD and elected a president for the HCS in violation of
the so-called Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) the UN pretended
deaf and blind ; and for the sake of audacity some European
ambassadors even defended the violation (as we reported in
this page - see HCS Tab
for more on this crime). This means that the UN is continuing
to commit violations even against its own agreements
and there is no one to stop them.]
The members of the National Congress
will select the members for the "Executive
that were initially re-formed on the basis of consensus
تحديد واختيار أعضاء المؤسسات التنفيذية التي
أُعيد تشكيلها في البدء على أساس توافقي
[Can you imagine a total reshuffle of all executive authorities at this
The HoR and the CDA ought to operate in parallel.
[We recommend moving the CDA's headquarters to face
the HoR's headquarters and watch the UN dance in between.]
Grant the HoR the priority to issue a referendum
law to organise the constitution referendum and the presidential
مجلس النواب إيلاء الأولوية لإصدار تشريع لإجراء استفتاء دستوري وانتخابات
[The crafty use of the word "priority"
appears to be no more than another attempt to steer legitimacy away
from the elected HoR by forcing the HoR to either accept the imposed
constitutional violations or
else loose such legitimacy to another authority which most likely would
be the UN-imposed GNA.
Mr. Sarraj had already threatened the
HoR with such a possibility. The HoR should not have the priority to
do its job; it has the sole responsibility to do so and only
"it" can do so.]
The HNEC should prepare for the elections.
the UN wants to give that to the NHS.]
Creating dialogue with the armed groups to
integrate them in the political process.
[Of great relevance, HoR member Dr. B'airah (عضو مجلس
أبو بكر بعيرة) in this video (at
1:58:01) said when in 2014 the dialogue committee
met with ambassadors from around the world to talk about forming an accord government
(meaning the later GNA) he brought up the problem of militias in the
capital and how they might affect the political processssssssssss, the British
ambassador (meaning Michael Aron), Dr. B'airah said, told him the international
community will kick the militias out of Tripoli once the Libyans agree on an
accord government. Interestingly, after the UN imposed its PC, Dr.
B'airah said the international community let them down and never delivered their
promise to kick the militias out of the stricken capital; which is clearly
an act of deception, he added. Emshi, emshi!
It must be noted that many of these militias were originally
formed by the Western countries during the UN bombing campaign to topple Gaddafi,
and they even trained, funded and "coordinated" (British
Foreign Secretary said), of course using Qatar and Turkey as a front for the
later blowback. When these countries were asked
about the wisdom of arming "teenagers", they replied "to
enable the Libyans to get on with their lives". No wonder "Odyssey
was one of the names chosen by the masters for the operation that transformed
Libya in so many ways. Blaming children for playing with the fire given by the
father, and arming teenagers for whatever reason, is a despicable crime that
will shame the UN and its military allies for centuries to come.
At this international level such acts
and resolutions to destroy entire nations should be well-thought out with full-proven
exit strategy. "Shame on you UN".]
Despite the fact the so-called LPA stipulated the removal of all militias from
Libyan cities and towns the UN now wants these militias to be included
in the political dialogue, presumably including all the radical and terror groups,
the groups most Libyans would like to see behind bars for the atrocities they
committed against civilians and the groups that orchestrated the 2014 military
coup against the elected HoR. What else is there left to say for heaven's sake
other than begging Mother for Mercy.]
There should be an initiative to unite the army.
[One speaker, journalist Abdulhakim Matoug (الصحفي والناشط السياسي
عبدالحكيم معتوق) in the second video (see below, at 2:20:10 of the video)
said he had contacted Mr. Ghassan Salame to suggest the use of the word
"activate" rather than "unite" because
the Libyan army is already united. How about that? Also Note the use
which implies that this issue is not important even though it comes
under Article 8 of the controversial LPA - the amendment this road-map
called for in Stage One. This again leaves the door wide
open for further discord and more disasters yet to come from what many
Libyans harshly call "criminal
because it implies that the UN recognises terror groups as "armies" that
ought to be united with the Libyan National Army - the army the world
still refuses to recognise and arm - the army refuses to arm.]
Continuation and enforcement of national reconciliation
[A few days later, Mr. Ghassan Salame told France 24 that Gaddafi's
loyalists and supports can take part in the political process, and
the elections should be open to all Libyans  without excluding
Saifalislam Gaddafi. Around 7years
ago the UN authorised forces were bombing Gaddafi's journalists (and
TV station) because they were spreading "propaganda", they
said; now after destroying Libya's entire infrastructure and handing
over Libya to radical and moderate militias the UN authorised
farce says Gaddafi's supporters (and presumably journalists too) can
take part in the UN propaganda. We are not saying Gaddafi's loyalists
should not be included; we are saying they should never have been
excluded in the manner they were based on lies (the WMD of
Libya) and that expectedly protecting Libyan civilians should not have
targeted any Libyan civilians. Also "protection of civilians" does
not mean "change of regime".]
Taking decisive steps to deal with the displaced.
[Excellent 7 years of internal exile as a form of UN protection by all
necessary measures is to end soon; you wish!]
Arrival at the final stages of the operation should
be achieved in a year from now.
[Former Libyan Envoy to the
UN (ابراهيم الدباشي) said this would extend the transitional period
and delay the constitution for another year when most Libyans are
looking forward to an urgent solution to the issue of "legitimacy".
Of course, probably oblivious to the hidden agenda to continue dragging
Libya towards division and the Great War. If the international community
could not do the job in six years they will never do so.]
Referendum to endorse the constitution. [None of
Electing a parliament and a president which would end the
transitional period. [More puppets.]
Libyan politicians, writers and analysts discussing the UN-imposed
Gaddafi's loyalists and supports say they are not the supporters
of the ousted regime but they are the "regime" itself
because currently there is no regime but chaos.
Listening to the discussion
one comes face to face with the real disaster the UN is imposing on the
A revolution that is imposed by the foreign bomb is a form of colonisation.
Dr. Qashat (Libya's former ambassador to Saudi Arabia)
says there are 400 billion Dinars in
the Central Bank of Libya (CBL) - food for thought!
The idea that the Libyans had failed to reach an agreement and form a
centralised government which forced the UN to intervene because Libya became
a danger to the world is a complete farce. Going through all the stages,
one by one since 2011, it becomes clear that the UN and its Western allies
were interfering with Libya right from the start despite
the fact that after its bombing campaign was completed, with "precision" the
UN said, the UN and its military allies said the Libyans can sort out their
problems on their own; thus leaving Libya wide open to terror groups from
around the world (in total violation of the resolution to protect civilians
by all necessary measures).
The Libyans did not
fail to resolve their problems; the Libyans had eeeeeeeelected a government
in 2014 but unfortunately the hijacked-UN and its allies imposed a second
government on the Libyans, namely the so-called GNA, in total violation
of the democratic principles they destroyed Libya for. Failure
was imposed on several times, by the bomb to begin with (without exit strategy),
including on the 17th of December 2015 when the world suddenly
began to talk about two competing governments in Libya when there was
One of the most disastrous results of the UN bombing campaign
of 2011 is the loss of Libyan sovereignty and dignity . Most
Libyans agree the UN should go back to America and leave Libya alone
after their disastrous bombing campaign proved they and their military
allies incapable of delivering any of the promises they brag about at the
UN. Simply attributing their repeated failures to "unintentional
mistakes" while the Libyan civilians
left to suffer in hell is a
"crime" that does not warrant the destruction of
sovereign states based on misrepresentation
It is not known how many years nor how many envoys are required to implement
the promised protection of Libyan civilians (by all necessary measures including
bombing to smithereens). Some Libyans say 42 more years are required to resurrect
Libya from the UN-imposed calamity, while others say this figure is very optimistic,
indeed! Five years down the line, most Libyans came to realise that UN envoys
are nothing more than deceptive instruments used by five superpowers to legitimise
interference in other sovereignties.
On the 16th of June 2017 the United Nations General-Secretary, Mr. Antonio
Guterres, was reported  to have appointed Mr. Ghassan Salame as UN's sixth
envoy to UN-destroyed-Libya. Mr. Salame will finally replace the widely-criticised
Mr. Martin Kobler.
In February 2017 it was suggested that the Palestinian Salam Fayyad would
replace Martin Kobler, but America objected to the appointment which it
said would contradict the interests of Israel because Palestine is not a state.
According to the Guardian, "For too long the UN has been unfairly
biased in favour of the Palestinian Authority to the detriment of our allies
in Israel” .
Likewise the failure of Kobler in Iraq, Mr. Ghassan had failed to achieve
anything in shredded Iraq.
The names of the six envoys are as follows:
Abdulilah Khateeb (March 2011 - September 2011)
Ian Martin (September 2011 - October 2012)
Tareq Mitri (September 2012 - September 2014)
Bernardino Leon (August 2014 - October 2015)
Martin Kobler (October 2015 - June 2017)
Ghassan Salame (June 2017 - )
Mr. Ghassan Salame was born in 1951. He was the Lebanese Minister
of Culture from 2000 to 2003; the political advisor to the UN Mission
in Iraq in 2003; and the Senior Advisor to the UN Secretary-General from
2003 to 2006. He is currently the Dean of the Paris School of International
Affairs (PSIA), and a professor of International Relations at the
Paris Institute of Political Studies .
1 June 2017
Sarraj Divides Libya Into 7 Military
Once more the stricken Libyan people were shocked to hear the
latest decree to come out of the UN-imposed Fayez Sarraj. According
to Fathi Almajberi, a GNA deputy prime minister (فتحي المجبري -
نائب رئيس المجلس الرئاسي), the decision was taken by Mr. Sarraj
without consultation with any of the members of the GNA  (وهو
قرار السراج منفردا ). He also stated that such decision may ultimately
lead to civil war - a fear that was also pointed out by the HoR-member
Mr. Zeyad Dghim (زياد دغيم). On the other hand, Ali Alqatrani,
also a member of the UN-imposed GNA, says the decree is an attempt
from the Muslim Brotherhood and the LIFG to divide the Libyans
: القطراني : القرار هو محاولة من الاخوان والمقاتلة لخلق فتنة
ولا مجال لتطبيقه
Ask any normal Libyan in the street and s/he will tell you that
Libya needs uniting and not dividing and that Libya needs one army
not seven; and hence according to the legal and elected government
of Libya, the HoR, all the decisions decreed by the GNA (including
this one) are void, illegal and unconstitutional :
نؤكد أن هذا القرار وكافة قرارات المجلس الرئاسي باطلة وغير دستورية
وفقًا للإعلان الدستوري وأحكام القضاء الليبي
The GNA has, in putting the horse before the cart, appointed two
commanders to two of these seven military zones via its Decree
39 of 2017. It is not understood why only two commanders have been
named, but some analysts said the reason is show that Sarraj has
the support of Zintan and Mesrata. Nonetheless these two commanders
Western Military Zone: Major-General Osama Ajweili (Zintan)
- commander of the Western Military Zone (اللواء الجويلي
آمرًا للمنطقة العسكرية الغربية): previously worked as the Defence
Minister in the Muslim-Brotherhood-dominated NTC, before taking
over command of Zintan Military Council. He was reported by Libyan
media to be sympathetic to the Muslim Brothrhood in Tripoli.
Central Military Zone: Major-General Mhemmed Alheddad (Mesrata)
- commander of the Central Military Zone (اللواء الحداد آمرًا
للمنطقة العسكرية الوسطى): the commander of Mesrata's Halbous
Militia. Halbous was a member of the "Sunrising Operation" that
attempted to take over the oil crescent from the Libyan Army
(LNA) together with Ansar Alsharia (internationally regarded
as a terror group), Libya Dawn (a group of Islamist militias
that orchestrated the military coup against the elected HoR)
and the Libya Shield Central Brigade (درع الوسطى) which included
the Halbous militia (الحلبوص), Alfarouq militia (الفاروق) and
Ali'sar militia (الإعصار) - all of which come from Mesratha.
The Halbous Militia was also known as the "Black Brigade" (from
the colour of the black trucks used by its fighters).
Tripoli Military Zone:
Benghazi Military Zone:
Sabha Military Zone:
Kufra Military Zone:
Tobruk Military Zone:
14 May 2017
UN-imposed GNA Reported To Smuggle
Arms To Terror Groups In Benghazi
Many Libyan politicians from the elected HoR have been saying
for a long time now that the GNA is cooperating with radical militias
but no one seemed interested; after all the UN imposed the GNA
on the Libyans' will knowing the involvement of religious elements
in the deal (as they have been warned by various Libyan sources).
However, on the 14th of May 2017 the London Times reported that
the GNA has been implicated in arming islamic militias including
ISIL affiliates battling the Libyan Army (led by Haftar). The source
says the European naval forces have intercepted a ship chartered
by the GNA (led by Sarraj) five times since November 2016 and that
weapons were found on board .
Once again, when the Libyans were crying out loud about the connection
between the radical groups and the GNA the UN and its military
allies pretended deaf and continued their program to assemble the
GNA. Now, once the damage IS all over the place, their vivid vision
suddenly springs to life, with yet more mistakes (for later to
reconcile). Job well-done UN; the once-peaceful-Libyans have been
locked up in conflict for many years to come!
02 May 2017
Finally Haftar Meets Sarraj On Foreign
Land (حفتر يلتقي السراج في أبو ظبي)
Finally Haftar and Sarraj met in UAE  on Tuesday the 2nd of
May 2017. One of the confirmed points of agreement is that they
agreed to meet again in Cairo on the following week. Initially
the Libyan media reported various points agreed between the two,
but later it emerged that some of the points reported by the media
were, as usual, not true. The following is what the media said;
followed by what the GNA's website announced; followed by the joint
statement that came from the UAE; and finally followed by the Haftar's
revelation to the Libyan journalist Esa Abdulqayyoum (عيسى عبدالقيوم).
First, what the media said :
1 Media's Report
To keep the dialogue open
To meet again in Cairo on the following week
To form a work team to oversee the completing of the agreement
To form a smaller Presidential Council made of three members
To unite the Libyan army
To hold presidential and legislative elections before March
To discuss cancelling Article 8 of the LPA (only one source
reported this point )
To reject all foreign military interference in Libya's affairs
To reject the settlement of illegal immigrants in Libya
To fight the [international] terrorism [imposed on Libya]
To dissolve all militia and armed groups
GNA's Official Statement
That was how various Libyan media outlets reported the meeting.
However, on the following day, the website of the GNA  published
its official statement regarding the meeting, and according to
this document there is no such agreement.
This document says [according to our translation] is that: "there
was emphasis on a number of issues the most important of which
are as follows". This sentence does not indicate any
kind of agreement, just emphasis that the listed issues are important.
Nonetheless, these issues are as follows:
The call for a social dialogue to establish national principles
and the idea of building a democratic country, and the work towards
the constitution to overcome the transitional period.
The necessity to return the Libyan displaced and refugees to
their homes and work towards national reconciliation.
Legally uniting the state's institutions and preserving the
principles of the 17th of February.
Work towards finding solutions to the financial problems the
Libyans suffer from.
Presenting a strategy to build the Libyan army and the emphasis
that the army must be under the command of civil government.
Uniting all efforts to fight terror.
Calming the situation in the south of Libya.
Taking all the steps to ensure a peaceful and transparent authority
of governance, and fighting corruption.
Haftar's Revelations To Journalist Esa Abdulqayyoum
On the 25th of May 2017 the Libyan Almarsad (صحيفة المرصد الليبي)
published an interview with Haftar in which the latter revealed
a 12-point plan which he discussed with president Sarraj. The interview
 was conducted by the Libyan journalist Esa Abdulqayyoum (عيسى
عبدالقيوم), who said he decided to follow the matter after Sarraj
had failed to attend the Cairo meeting and as a result he requested
an interview with Field-Marshal Haftar.
According to this interview, Haftar was shocked to hear that president
Sarraj attended the meeting without presenting any suggestions
or solutions to the problem and that (according to Haftar) president
Sarraj told him he attended the meeting only to break the silence:
عندما طلبت منه ان يقدم ما لديه من مقترحات او مبادرات أجاب بانه
جاء فقط من اجل جلسة لكسر الجمود
and that Sarraj only requested calming the situation in Fezzan:
و طلب فقط اتفاق تهدئة فى الجنوب
However, Haftar did present a 12-point plan for discussion, to
which president Sarraj responded by saying he will take the proposals
to Tripoli and discuss with other "un-named authorities" in
the west of Libya.
Haftar also proposed the Presidency Council to consist of only
3 members: the president of the HoR, the President of the PC, and
the General Commander (رئيس البرلمان والقائد العام ورئيس المجلس
الرئاسي الحالي). If the army is to be excluded from the PC, Haftar
adds, then he suggested removing Article 8 from the LPA and the
powers of the General Commander be transferred to the "High
Commander" during the transitional period only:
تنتقل صلاحيات القائد الاعلى الى القائد العام فى المرحلة الانتقالية
Haftar's 12-point proposal can be translated as follows:
Libya is one united state not to be divided.
The Libyan National Army is the only army in Libya and no other
parallel military power will be allowed; the army will include
everyone who carries a legal military number subject to the laws
of the military institution.
No dominion by the government over the army which will come
under the jurisdiction of the Presidency Council once agreed
upon its structure.
Total rejection of any foreign intervention in building the
army and securing all towns and cities including Tripoli.
The Libyan army is responsible for protecting the country's
resources like the petroleum terminals, water resources, gas,
and all Libya's borders.
The forthcoming executive government must not come under the
control of any political party, ideology or militia.
Daesh (ISIL), Qaeda, Ansar al-Sharia, LIFG, the Muslim Brotherhood,
and the Benghazi Defence Brigades (BDB) must be regarded as "terror
Dissolving all types of militias and brigades according to
an agreed legal frame, and propose an alternative for those who
do not wish to join the army.
Prohibiting ownership of arms and weapons except what is permitted
Any procedure outside the boundaries of the Constitutional
Declaration (CD) and its Amendments shall be regarding void.
The continuation of the fight against terrorism as defined
above until Libya is totally free of terror in order to insure
the safety of all Libyans and begin the development of the country.
The Central Bank of Libya (CBL),the National Oil Corporation
(NOC), and the Libyan Foreign Investment Board (LFIB) are sovereign
institutions not subject to government (مؤسسات سيادية لا تخضع
It emerged later that the Cairo meeting between Haftar and Sarraj
had never took place. According to a number of speakers in Libyaschannel's
Sejjal, Mr. Sarraj failed to attend the Cairo meeting because he
was controlled by the Islamist militias controlling Tripoli which
ordered him not to go . The GNA's website did even mention
the news of the meeting with Haftar . However, Haftar did go
to Cairo on the following week but instead he met President Sisi;
followed by a visit of the Egyptian Chief of Staff to Cyrenaica
a few days later.
Instead, forces operating in the area controlled by the GNA, particularly
the Third Force, attacked LNA's air base in Brak Ashshathi on Thursday
the 18th of May 2017; massacring 142 people in cold blood. The
Libyan army said it will retaliate by attacking the Jufra base
(near Houn and Sukna) - an area allegedly controlled by Islamist
and radical militias including Qaeda-affiliates. The GNA, on the
other hand, had suspended their Defence Minister, Mr. Almahdi Alberghthi
All in all, it seems tragedy that the UN imposes such a government
in violation of the democratic rule for which the country was destroyed
by its bombing campaign in 2011 allegedly to protect the Libyan
civilians (by placing them in greater danger than ever before in
Libya's entire history).
07 March 2017
HoR Cancels LPA's Annex 1: الغاء ملحق
رقم ( 1 ) المتعلق بالإتفاق السياسي
المتحدث الرسمي باسم مجلس النواب : الغاء ملحق رقم
( 1 ) المتعلق بالإتفاق السياسي
The HoR cancels Annex 1 of the imposed LPA agreement . The
cancelled Annex lists the names of the candidates for the "membership
of the Presidency Council of the Council of Ministers" [page
23 of the LPA].
Article 8 of the LPA was rejected in January 2016.
Haftar meets Sarraj: hands tied!
Photo source: Lana
02 January 2017
Musa Alkouni Resigns
Musa Alkouni, PC's deputy prime minister, has resigned from the
UN-imposed Presidency Council (PC) on the 2nd of January 2017.
The reason, he said, is the PC's failure to do its job. In an emotional
statement the deputy prime minister said they (the members of the
PC) are responsible for all the miseries befell the Libyan people
in the last year including squandering Libya's wealth, rape, kidnapping,
murder, smuggling, clashes, atrocities and all the crimes inflicted
on the Libyan people; "we are responsible by law, reason
and morality, he added" .
Being unable to assist the helpless Libyan people and feeling
powerless to do his job the deputy prime minister had no choice
but to resign, he said. Libya's borders are still exploited by
all sorts of shoddy groups and foreign governments with no power
in sight to protect neither Libya nor the Libyan civilians. For
example, according to one Libyan analyst Algeria has claimed new
borders that were disputed during the Gaddafi era because there
is no government or authority in Libya to defend the country's
Let us hope Kobler and the rest of the PC do the right thing and
disappear whence they came; hence Mr. Alkouni stated that the tasks
outlined by the LPA are almost impossible to achieve . This
is exactly what many Libyans said last year when the UN violated
the earlier, signed agreement and imposed its own agenda against
the will of the Libyan people who had earlier elected a democratic
government to govern UN-destroyed Libya. Shame on you [hijacked]
By January 2017 many Libyans began talking about the strange
saga administered by the HoR and the GNA. Seemingly to force a
foreign agenda on the Libyan people one needs to starve and torture
the Libyans for some years before the Libyans cry out loud: that's
it, we had enough; just give us bread and water and do what the
hell you like with (stricken) Libya. You can divide it; you can
use as a stage for a world war; you can flood it with immigrants
and set an immigrant state in stricken Fezzan; you can steal its
resources; you can enslave and bully its people; you can do whatever
you wish; just give us bread, water and light, oxygen, water, and
if possible bread as well, they say.
PC's Member Ali Gatrani Speaks of The
International Conspiracy Against Libya
One member of the UN-imposed PC speaks of the international conspiracy
against Libya, which began when the world conspired against the
elected HoR and forced the HoR to sit around the negotiating table
in Morocco with what most Libyans consider radical elements that
orchestrated a military coup against legitimacy in 2014, some of
whom still are listed by the British Home Office as terrorists.
17 December 2016
PC Declares Liberation of Sirte From
The Invisible State (IS)
PC declared the liberation of Sirte on the 17th of December 2016.
The 17th of December is the first anniversary of the UN-imposed
government (the PC), and also the day (according to most Libyans)
the PC's life-span came to an end. One would presume an operation
of this magnitude would involve surveillance to ensure IS terrorists
would not escape to other towns; after all Sirte is surrounded
by desert (and sea) and therefore such task is easy to accomplish.
Yet only two weeks after the alleged liberation of Sirte reports
began to emerge that IS fighters are regrouping outside Bani Walid,
which was also a strong home of Gaddafi supports during the UN
bombing campaign of 2011. A few months later the commander of Bunyan
Marsous told the media that IS fighters are now hiding in various
towns after shaving their birds. The saga continues.
04 November 2016
More UN Contradictions & Violations
The US President-Elect
informs the world about the founders of The State terror group IS.
He said the bombing will be limited and restricted to sites in
and around Sirte; but previously the Press Secretary of the American
Defence Department, Mr.John Kirby, was reported to have said they "reserve
the right to engage terrorists in other areas if American interests
Mr. Sarraj also said that there will be no boots on the ground;
but eight days later the Washington Post confirmed the existence
of American and English boots on the ground [32, 34], fighting
along the Bunyan Marsous militia in Sirte. Alhadath TV said that
the Bunyan Marsous said that there are 1200 American and British
soldiers fighting in Sirte .
The Guardian said the American attacks will be a "sustained
offensive" . American forces had also attacked
a target in Sabratha (without any authorisation ) in February
Many Libyans have predicted in 2012 that Libya will become a future
bombing target as a result of being neglected after the UN-authorised
bombing campaign that turned Libya into a jihadist wonderland.
No one then seemed bothered with protecting Libya from the influx
of terror groups and immigrants that were left to wreak havoc across
stricken Libya since August 2011. Such negligence was labeled "worst
mistake" by the American administration  – a
mistake that took nearly five years to admit, a mistake that no
one seems bothered to correct, an unintended mistake, as it were!
The Americans said the bombing of targets in Sirte will take a
few weeks rather than months, but three months later the bombing
of Sirte continues on a daily basis. In fact one commander of the
Bunyan Marsous, Brigadier Ibrahim Bait (Misrata’s military council
spokesman), was reported by Libya Herald in October 2016 to have
said that "America had the technology to end the terrorists’
resistance in a matter of hours, not months", and that "if
Washington had really wanted to, it could have destroyed IS positions
and liberated Sirte within a few hours" .
On the 22nd of September 2017, long after the bombing of Sirte
was declared complete, Africom said it killed 17 Isil fighters
south of Sirte in 6 bombing raids on what it said were Isil targets
Did The PC And The US Act Illegally?
According to official and legal sources in Libya the PC's decision
to invite American forces to bomb Libyan targets is illegal and
violates both the constitutional declaration and the LPA.
For example, Mr. Sarraj justified his invitation by stating the
PC's position as "the chief staff of the Libyan army" (رئيس
الأركان العامة للجيش الليبي), which is incorrect simply
because the HoR has indeed approved the LPA (and thus the PC) with
one reservation: rejection of Article 8 (which attempts to take
the position of chief of staff away from the HoR and pass it on
to the PC) (see our "Update
2" under the LPA tab, above, for more on this). This means
that in addition to rejecting the GNA (proposed by the PC) the
HoR had also rejected Article 8 of the LPA and thus the PC has
no legal right to claim that it operates as the chief of staff
of the Libyan army. The LPA states that any foreign action could
only be approved by the "Security Council" after the
approval of the HoR.
Mr. Abdulhakin Fennoush (عبدالحكيم فنوش) had already pointed out
this violation to Libya's Channel . One Libyan analyst told
Libya's Channel that Sarraj is nothing more than a speaker for
other bodies that run the operation in Sirte and that America does
what it wants without any permission, implying that Sarraj was
forced to make such a statement just to justify the intervention.
For example, American forces had in the past few years kidnapped
Abukhettala, and then Abuanas Allibi, and then bombed Sabratha without
authorisation  and in violation
of Libya's sovereignty, the Libyan Prime Minister Mr. Althni
said . The UN's reckless bombing of Libya (the so-called "worst
mistake") had made Libya a threat to Europe and the world
as a whole, and thus such countries can take action against
Libya without any authorisation. The problem is not the "actions",
but the fact that these actions often amount to no more than a
slap on the face that seems to spread more terror farther afield
than previously achieved.
Mr. Sarraj also said (in his statement )
that he was asked by the forces of Bunyan Marsous (the forces fighting
in Sirte) to call for foreign assistance, which is also strange
because it was his council (the PC) that created the Bunyan Marsous
from various militias (which according to many Libyan reports including
radical militias that orchestrated the coup against the HoR in
2014); and therefore his statement could be re-written as follows:
the PC had asked the PC to ask for foreign assistance.
However the most serious violation committed by the PC and their
international allies is that according to the UN-imposed LPA (the
Libyan Political Agreement) all decisions taken by the PC must
be taken according to "complete consensus" (or unanimous
agreement) by all the PC's members and not by a majority, and hence
since the two PC's boycotting members did not agree to the invitation
to bomb Libya the PC's decision is definitely illegal. Foreign
countries that agreed to such violations are therefore openly destroying
Libya's fragile attempt to recovery from the international bombing
campaign that brought the nation to its knees in 2011.
On the other hand the Pentagon's spokesman was reported by media
outlets to have said that they were invited by the "government
of national accord" (the GNA), which in reality does
not exist since it has not been approved yet by the HoR (per the
terms of the LPA). This may recall why Mr. Sarraj last week made
another violation when he decided to authorise the GNA to commence
work without the HoR's approval. He made this violation on the
26th of July 2016 – just six days before the
American bombing of Sirte (see our "Update
the Miniseries tab, above, for more on this).
Hence the acting-president of Libya, the president of the HoR
(عقيلة صالح), was reported to have said that the actions coming
from the PC are illegal and contradict both the constitutional
declaration and the LPA . The HoR's president said that Mr.
Sarraj is still a member of the HoR and has not resigned yet and
therefore his actions are in contradiction with the house rules.
He also said it is strange that the PC condemned the French attacks
in Cyrenaica while inviting the American to attack Sirte at the
same time. The defence and security committee at the HoR called
for the American ambassador to be questioned by the HoR over the
Sirte attacks .
There are other violations made by Mr. Sarraj in the same statement
, the most intriguing of which is his declaration that the
PC is the only legitimate authority in Libya. Such declaration
openly takes away legitimacy from the Libyan National Army (LNA)
and from the elected parliament (the HoR); which according
to one Libyan analyst could divide Libya even further than it is
It must be noted that the Libyan Army, however, is (still) fighting
the imported terror groups for the past two years, especially in
Derna and Benghazi, without any foreign assistance; and the requests
of the elected government (the HoR) to assist with arming the Libyan
army to fight terror were openly ignored by the international community
(while allowing various terror groups to take over many parts of
Libya right in the open); and therefore it is strange that both
the American administration and Mr. Sarraj said the attacks will
target the terrorists only in and around Sirte, without saying
anything of the terrorists in other Libyan cities such as Derna,
Sabratha, Tripoli, Benghazi, Benjawwad, and, of course, in many
other sites in terror-infested and stricken Fezzan.
Mr. Sarraj even said "they will not allow"
any other legitimacy to operate outside the PC's legitimacy even
under the name of fighting terror; which is a dangerous
statement not only because the PC itself is illegitimate (and
born dead) but also because it could set the west of Libya against
the east and ultimately manifest the reported hidden agenda of
dividing Libya on bad terms: the legitimate-and-elected HoR and
its LNA will defend Cyrenaica (as they say), and the UN-imposed
PC and its militias (under the name of Bunyan Marsous) will defend
Tripolitania. Job well-done, some would say. The farce continues.
Why did France reveal the presence of their forces in Libya
at this critical stage knowing the sensitivity of the issue?
Why is France aiding Haftar's forces in Cyrenaica while America
fighting with the GNA's militias in the west knowing that the
HoR and the GNA are indirectly fighting each other through the
Why cannot foreign forces agree on supporting the elected government
of Libya instead of dealing with various militias including radical
What is the objective of putting the PC in such a position
as to stir wide public anger against its fragile authority?
Why come against the elected HoR and impose a government of
discord without reaching national accord?
Why take onboard the dialogue groups known for their affiliation
to terror groups?
Why did the UN authorise the bombing of Libya without an exit
strategy and then abandon it to the clutches of terror groups
only to say Libya is now a threat to Europe?
Why why why?
Why bomb Libya to pieces without an exit strategy and abandon
it to the clutches of terror groups only to turn round and say
it was "unintended mistake"?
Why turn Libya into a "Jihadist wonderland" (complete
of the arms trade for the world's terrorists to plunder)
when it was one of the safest tourist destinations in the world?
Why not fix such unintended mistakes, once and for all?
Why continue making such unintended mistakes both in Libya
and elsewhere especially when millions of lives at stake?
Why violate the principle of democracy by creating two opposing
governments (the elected HoR in the East and the UN-imposed PC
in the West)?
Why blame the Libyans for somebody else's biggest mistake?
Is it because the hidden agenda includes dividing Libya into
Why the UN, the NTC, the GNC, the HoR and especially the PC
have all committed and continue to commit violations that defy
Is there a secret conspiracy to divide Libya without telling
Is it an understatement for some Western opposition leaders
to say that the "door step" was "destabilised"
for "global dominance".
We may never find the answers to such questions, "as
long as", the New York Times wrote, "we
are tantalized by theories about conspiracies or political
malfeasance"; but readers can find some clues in
Jeremy Keenan's The Dying Sahara (in which he spoke
of 'fabricated terror'); in Mark Curtis's Secret
Affairs (in which he wrote about collusion with
radical groups); and, of course, in Libya's orchestrated odyssey
which speaks for itself (allegedly) in the name of mistakes.
Shame on you UN.
The Failure of The UN-Imposed PC
By May 2016 the failure of the UN-imposed PC (and its unapproved
GNA) was publicly admitted by most Libyan officials. The miseries
imposed on the Libyan people continue to multiply: lack of cash,
shortage of bread, lack of adequate water, lack of health care,
power cuts (average 10 hours per day), crime rocketing to the sky,
chaos and absence of law, fear and violence, torture and rape,
and insecurity destroying any flicker of hope.
On the other hand, the imposed Council(s) cherish their luxurious
privacy behind closed doors, barricaded in military bases, and
meeting in fancy hotels in foreign countries; while leaving Tripoli,
once the Pride of the Mediterranean, to become the "kidnapping
capital" of the region!
The promised democracy, protection and freedom for which Libya's
entire infrastructure was destroyed have never materialised. It
is never the sweet words that matter but the results in the real
world that speak volumes without a single word. For example, one
of the main agreements of the LPA's security measures is the need
to dismantle all the militia groups in the capital, yet in reality
not only these militias still operate in the capital, but also
the PC's protection was provided by these militias, and, even worse,
the PC had created more militia groups (like the Presidential Guard
and the Bunyan Marsous)!
Born Dead PC
Besides being "born dead" right from the start,
many Libyans now are convinced that the PC has failed to achieve
the alleged national accord. In fact it has created more discord
than the NTC and the GNC put together simply because Libya now
is just like Iraq – fighting the installed terror everywhere
while the people are left to suffer and starve in the background.
According to Mahmoud Jibril, the failure of the PC confirms that
the "national accord"
ought to be based on a general consensus to solve the problems
facing the country and not on sharing ministerial positions; and
that re-forming the presidential council would have no impact on
the current disaster .
Mr. Jibril also noted that the [so-called] international community
had practically contributed to the failure of the PC. The UN's
disastrous intervention to impose another government via dialogue
was flawed from the start, the Libyan said and still say. Hence
many Libyan politicians are saying the UN had bad intentions that
do not benefit the current state of Libya, and that Kobler's statements
and actions make him unsuitable to lead the dialogue [13, 17].
Some participating members were reported to have the intention
to complain to the UN's chief about the unacceptable conduct of Mr.
Kobler  – as if the conduct of the UN is alright; or as
if Kobler is not the representative of the UN! The Libyan prime
minister, Mr. Althni, called for the UN to sack Mr. Kobler for
his lack of neutrality and forceful attitude to impose the GNA
without achieving the alleged "national accord".
Security Conference (الاجتماع الأمني)
Consequently some Libyans went back to the negotiating table in
Tunisia, re-launching the Libyan Dialogue (organised by foreign
entities, again) under the name of Security Conference, or the
Political Dialogue, on the 16th of July 2016 .
Some Libyans stated that such dialogue should have been initiated
before the UN imposed its PC and long before the signing of the
LPA in Morocco in total violation of the earlier agreements.
Most Libyans agree that the UN-led dialogue in Morocco did not
include all Libyan groups; with many Libyans saying it was hijacked
by hard-line groups representing religious militias from Tripoli
and Misrata – the same militias that orchestrated the
coup against the elected HoR (before the world's eyes).
Nonetheless, the Libyans "sing in another direction",
while the international community continues to impose what it later
calls "unintended mistakes". One of the issues
discussed by the participants, many of whom (again) represent only
themselves , is the possibility of rewriting the political
agreement and reforming the PC (say reducing the number from 9
to 3 members).
Ironically only now some say the members of the UN-imposed PC
are incompatible with each other, despite the fact that two members
of the PC had boycotted the council from the start. According to
one member of the PC reforming the council is out of the question.
Does Libya Need Three Armies?
The other issue discussed at the conference is the possibility
of Libya having three military councils (one for each region)  – five
long years after the UN authorised the destruction of the Libyan
army without an exit strategy, and five years after leaving the
sponsored militias and radical groups wreak havoc across Libya.
Any talks of the "army" before dismantling all the militia
groups and eradicating their terror cells is like putting the cart
before the horse – a strange strategy that seems to be favoured
by the UN.
Initially it was reported by Alwasat that Kobler suggested creating
three military councils for the three regions of Libya, but later
Alwast removed the report and instead published another article
in which they clarified Kobler's view . However, Libya Herald
had also reported Kobler's view to create three military councils
. Benghazi's LANA said Kobler denied suggesting dividing the
Libyan army into three military councils .
Whether Kobler made such an announcement or not is difficult to
tell (given the never-ending confusing reports), but it is almost
certain that such an idea could only divide the Libyan army and
therefore should be avoided by "all necessary measures".
Hence, according to the spokesman of the Libyan Army (LNA), Col.
Ahmed Mesmari, the Libyan army is united and shall not be federalised
according to Kobler's wishes (قوّات جيشنا الوطني موحّدة ولن
“تتفدرل” وفق ما يريدُ كوبلر) .
The fact that the UN had, together with the defunct GNC, gone
against the elected HoR and consequently imposed a third government,
and thus violating the principles of democracy the UN allegedly
claims to uphold, is more than enough to lend some credit to the
However, a few days later it became apparent that the idea was
leaked out and was discussed at the security meeting in Tunis on
the 19th of July 2016, when Libyaschannel reported that one member
of the dialogue team told them that one of the suggestions
discussed is the formation of a "Defence Committee" (or
a Military Council) that will be chaired by the current commander
Khalifa Haftar and made of 9 members – three members
from each region (Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan) .
Haftar however rejected the idea of forming such a military council
(الفريق حفتر يرفض مخرجات الاجتماع الأمني بشأن فكرة المجلس العسكري)
. Such an idea, wherever it originated, is a cunning idea,
just like the earlier UN-supervised negotiations that gave us three
Libya already has a united army and a chief of staff appointed
by the elected government of Libya (the HoR). Besides the HoR had
opposed Article 8 of the LPA way back in January 2016 – immediately
after the signing of the LPA in Morocco, but the UN went ahead
without reaching a consensus with the participating parties and
therefore to call it a "government of national accord"
is no more than a sick joke.
Calls For The PC To Step Down
مظاهرة أمام القاعدة البحرية أبو ستة ضد المجلس الرئاسي
Having been deceived by the Libyan government (and the international
community) after discovering the existence of foreign boots on
the ground, many Libyans from across Libya took to the streets
protesting about the government's failure to protect the country's
sovereignty from foreign intervention – of course,
five years after inviting foreign forces from nearly 50 countries
to smash up Libya to pieces; after foreign forces kidnapped Abuanas
Allibi in violation of Libyan law; after bombing a house
in Sabratha (allegedly occupied by State fighters); after attacking
a convoy in Sirte; and after bombing other targets in and around
Sirte and Derna by (reportedly UAE and Egyptian forces).
One Libyan analyst, Osama Kaabar, said  the difference is
that the attack by the French helicopter was carried out against "Libyan
rebels", while the other attacks were directed against
State fighters – failing to note that many of these too are Libyans.
Some of these "Libyan rebels" are classified by the
elected government of Libya and by the [criminal] UN and other
international states as "terror groups".
Tripoli's protestors, however, surrounded the Abu Setta military
base (in which the UN-imposed PC barricaded itself) on the 22nd
of July 2016 demanding the PC (and its unapproved GNA) to step down
and leave, stating that they will continue their protest until
their demand is met .
It was believed Mr. Sarraj was not at the military base at the
time. Libyaschannel said the protest was organised by the LIFG ,
while other sources say the LIFG was only part of the protest and
that Libyans in general are fed up with the miserable conditions
they made to endure under this and all other governments. In fact
on the following Fridays protesters took to the streets of Benghazi,
Tobruk, Ejdabiyah, Albayda and Tripoli demanding the departure
of the GNA and Kobler as well as the cancellation of the LPA .
The LIFG protesters, who met outside the foreign ministry before
heading for Abu Setta, were reported to have condemned the acts
of Mr. Kobler which they said "were suspicious"
The LIFG is listed by the British government (since 2005 and as
of July 2016) as a terrorist organisation that, "seeks
to replace the current Libyan regime with a hard-line Islamic state" .
The State terror groups of Sirte were said to be the creation of
the Libyan Brotherhood . Throw in a bit of spice, "rendition",
and there we have some "food for thought".
The National Forces Alliance (تحالف القوى الوطنية) was puzzled
by the statement made by the HCS condemning the military intrusion
as a violation of the LPA because according to the National Forces
Alliance (NFA) it was the HCS itself that violated the LPA when
it installed itself in Tripoli without approval (see the HCS tab
for more on this violation). The NFA also puzzled by the
PC's apparent "double
standard" by condemning the foreign presence as well
as ignoring it elsewhere at the same time . Now that is what
you call "dessert".
It was reported elsewhere that the PC's statement condemning
the announcement made by the French President was not genuine but
a diplomatic move came as a result of pressure exerted on the PC
by the militias running the country from the back seat – reportedly
the same militias that orchestrated the coup against the HoR in
2014. A number of journalists were arrested during the second Friday
protest of the 29th of July 2016 and had their equipment confiscated
by the UN-imposed government (or by one of its militias), with
one journalist being kidnapped .
Maybe the same can be said about all these "little" protests
before the media; after all the GNC and the GNA hardly differ
in anything, especially when most of GNC members are now members
of the self-declared GNA's HCS. By Libyan standards all is needed
now is "fiakka" with
green tea to finish the meal and enjoy the latest tyranny
unfold with more miseries in the name of international reverberating
morality. See our guide for Libyan
15 December 2015
The (Illegal) Signing of The Libyan
Political Agreement in Skhirat
After repeated failures and disagreements the UN-imposed Libyan
Political Agreement (LPA) was signed by 21
members in Skhirat, Morocco, on the 17th of December 2015.
Berber and Tebu representatives have condemned the UN's exclusion
of the Berbers and the Tebu from the so-called Libyan Political
Dialogue – presumably the "Arab Spring" is for Arabs
18 November 2015
The UN's Consequential Objective: Divide
Libya Into 4 Governments
When Mr. Leon had specifically singled out the president of the
HoR and the president of the GNC for obstructing the dialogue by
not allowing their members to vote over his (violated) proposal,
he has in effect split the two governments of Libya into 4 – by
dividing each congress into two opposing blocs, and thus creating
more tension instead of uniting them per his original mission.
Why hadn't he been more discreet not to serve such criticism
that does nothing but fuel the already inflamed conflict he allegedly
claimed to defuse? In other words, why start a fire and then
add more wood when you are telling the world your mission is "reconciliation"?
This has been answered by a number of international analysts
whose voices, unfortunately, did not, and seemingly will not, make
the headlines propounded by government media. For example according
to Independent Australian, "the international envoys that
mediated between the rivals have divided the Libyans into tribes:
secularist, Islamist, eastern, western and so on" .
Of course, the real division occurred at the leadership-level
which the UN was said to broker, where the effect inside the ELECTED
HoR and inside the defunct GNC was more like another UN
bomb – more devastating than the 9500 they dropped in 2011.
The HoR as a result of Mr. Leon's questionable criticism is now
deeply divided into two groups – one group led by around
92 HoR members who want to vote over the violations committed by
the UN, and another group chaired by the HoR's president who reject
the violations in principle and instead insist on abiding by the
signed draft agreement.
Two months later the HoR was split into two groups: the "Sovereignty
Bloc" (كتلة السيادة)
 which rejects any foreign-imposed government and any foreign
military force to protect such government; and the remaining
members who went on to sign the political agreement in Skhirat
on the following month without authorisation from the HoR have
named themselves "Bloc 92"
. The exact same saga is unfolding at the bloc-rich GNS where
many members are preparing to topple Mr. Abusahmein (the Twoarrows).
Isn't it strange that instead of uniting the two rival governments
the UN succeeds in dividing them into four?
Isn't it strange that instead of protecting the Libyan civilians
the UN destroys Libya's entire infrastructure to smithereens?
Isn't it strange that instead of disinfecting the country of
tyranny Libya ends up a "jihadist
wonderland" infested with terror and complete with "Tescoof
the world's illegal arms trade" for international terrorists
6 November 2015
87 HoR Members Prepared To Accept The
Proposed GNA With Reservations
seven HoR members are prepared to accept the UN proposed
government of national accord provided their proposed amendments
are endorsed before the GNA is approved [76, 77]. The conditional
changes demanded by the group are as follows:
The HoR members who signed the document agree to accept the
proposed GNA on the following conditions.
Revising the Presidency Council by adding a deputy from the "east" and
a deputy and a minister from the "south".
The mechanism to decide on the top civil , military and security
sovereign-positions is a unanimous consensus within the presidency
The signed members express their reservation regarding Article
8 regarding the GNA's treatment of the civil , military and security
The signed members insist that the proposed amendments must
be endorsed before the vote of confidence is granted. That is
they will not accept the proposed government of national accord
until the aforementioned amendments are applied to the proposed
According to the Guardian , Mr. Bernardino Leon wrote an email
to the UAE's foreign minister informing him that Europe and the
US were asking for “plan B … a classical peace conference",
which in Mr. Leon's opinion is worse than a political dialogue "because
it will treat both sides as equal actors". The Guardian
also wrote that Mr. Leon "states bluntly that he is “not
working on a political plan that will include everybody” and talks
of having a strategy to “completely delegitimise” the GNC " .
Such damaging revelations had further undermined the UN's credibility,
with one Libyan party  demanding a UN investigation, while
the GNC requested from the UN to clarify Mr. Leon's private dealings
with the UAE's sheikhs [75, 78]. What is more important and completely
overlooked by the media is the UN itself appears to be misleading
the world about its disastrous change-of-regime operation in Libya.
For example, as referenced above, the story of the proposed Libyan
government of national accord is far from straightforward; it is
a foreign operation fraught with violations and protests in which
many Libyans were killed protesting against the UN's violations
and against the world's disregard for the HoR's legitimacy to govern
the destroyed state. Yet in its website the UNSMIL had
published the statement made by Mr. Leon to the UN Security Council
on the 5th of November 2015, in which he said:
"2. After four days of intensive consultations which
concluded on 8 October, members of the Libyan political dialogue
process succeeded in forging consensus on a list of six nominees,
including a Prime Minister designate, three deputy Prime Ministers,
and two Senior Ministers." [Source]
This is a straightforward lie, because there was no such "consensus"
on the government forged by Mr. Leon. In fact the GNC did not even
present any names, let alone agree to any of them. However what
both parties had insisted on was the signed draft agreement which
Mr. Leon had violated – and even that the GNC did not agree to
The UN should not report the personal views of some members (even
if they number 70, or more) as official "consensus" until
such decree is endorsed by the elected HoR or/and the defunct
GNC. Doing so could add more wood to fire, and even deepen the
divisions the UN claims to bridge.
Then there is a second farce in the statement:
"4. While the proposal was hailed as a major breakthrough
in the dialogue process, strong objections were voiced in some
quarters, notably from within the House of Representatives,
for what was perceived as inadequate representation for the
east, particularly Benghazi." [Source]
Again, even though this statement hijacks the objections of the
HoR by misrepresenting them in this manner, the House of Representatives
had made it clear that its objection revolves around one fundamental
principle: namely the need to abide by the signed draft agreement,
the initialed agreement violated by the UN, which has nothing to
do with trivial
29 October 2015
The UN Replaces Bernardino Leon
The UN has initially asked Mr. Bernardino Leon to continue the
dialogue , but in a surprise move the UN secretary was reported
to have asked the UN to approve Mr. Martin Kobler as a replacement
to Mr. Leon. A few days later the UN's Security Council had approved
the request [70, 72].
Confusingly, the UN's Secretary was also reported by LANA 
to have said that Mr. Leon is still involved in the dialogue. Mr.
Leon himself, according to Libya's Channel , said he will not
abandon his post until a political agreement has been reached.
This appears to mean that in addition to two parliaments, two
governments, two armies, two central banks, two news agencies (LANA),
two Libya Channels, and two Libyan embassies (in some countries),
Libya is now blessed with two UN envoys. The GNC's political committee
found the appointment of two envoys "strange" and "confusing";
meanwhile the third government is internationally allowed to grow
in the background.
It is not known whether the re-placement of Mr. Leon is a manoeuvre
by the UN to lay the blame elsewhere for the violations noted above,
or just a reactionary move to please the Libyans who called for
a Libyan-Libyan dialogue that does not involve
any foreigners at all?
Mr. Kobler was the UN's envoy to Iraq  between 2011 and 2013,
the results of which are reported "disaster".
Around 3,300 Iranian opposition members of the People's Mujahedin
of Iran (PMOI) were moved from their Camp Ashraf to Camp Liberty
in Baghdad, Iraq. This took place in 2012 under pressure "from
Tehran and by UN intermediary action undertaken by . . . Martin
Apparently the refugees were reluctant to leave their thirty-year
old camp, stating "security"
at the new camp as the main reason; but reportedly Mr. Kobler claimed
the new camp would be a temporary location before resettling the
refugees in other countries.
However Camp Liberty was attacked a number of times with missiles
and rockets including the deadly attack of the 9th of February
2013, which killed 8 refugees and injured around 100 people .
The refugees begged to be returned to their original camp (Camp
Ashraf), which they said is 80 times bigger than Camp Liberty and "has
concrete buildings and shelters that offer more protection"
. No one seemingly took notice, and the camp was blasted again,
four times in total in 2013 alone.
Now here is the tragedy: Tahar Boumedra, a former UN official,
"testified before the U.S. Congress that Kobler had been
having lengthy meetings with the Iranian ambassador to Iraq to
discuss the fate of the Iranian dissidents in Camps Ashraf and
Liberty. Discussing the fate of refugees with officials of the
country they fled is rare if not prohibited" .
Resettling the refugees to other countries reportedly never took
place, apart from a few refugees; and by mid 2014 the situation
got worse when the refugees were starved, as noted by Jean Ziegler
(a Swiss consultant to the Human Rights Council), who "condemned
the international community's neglect and the policies of the Iranian
and Iraqi governments in preventing the delivery of food stuffs
for Camp Liberty", which he says "is
a war crime" .
Worse still, Mr. Martin Kobler was reported  to have refused
to pay a visit to the attacked Camp, apparently on security grounds – his
security, of course; while according to former New York mayor Rudy
Guiliani, "Martin Kobler is a 'professional liar' doing
Iran and Iraq's 'dirty work' " .
Kobler Says Libya Is An Arab
The Berber and Tebu members of the CDA have condemned the "racist
 of the UN's envoy to Libya, Mr. Kobler, who was reported to
"Libya is an Arab country"
. Apparently this is a reference to the statement made
by Kobler when he said Libya is an Arab country but also is an
African country . Without a doubt such a statement could only
inflame the already charged atmosphere the UN claims to defuse.
As noted at the start of this page the Berbers and Tebu were also
angry at the UN for not including the Berbers and the Tebu in the
so-called Libyan political dialogue [82, 84].
Let us hope the Libyans take up the efforts currently being brokered
by the Libyan Dignitary Council to initiate a Libyan-Libyan Dialogue
that is free from foreign interference and
which includes representatives of all Libyan ethnic groups including
the Arabs. The Libyans know very well the catastrophic results
of the governments brokered for Afghanistan and Iraq, and it is
tragic to see the so-called international community still attempting
to extend the tragedy farther afield, presumably in the name of
Both the presidents of the GNC and the HoR were said to reject
the foreign-imposed Libyan Political Agreement in its present form,
and that they both insist on continuing the dialogue to reach an
agreement. On the 15th of December 2015 the GNC confirmed via its
website that the two presidents had met in Malta on Tuesday the
15th of December 2015 at the headquarters of the Maltese government
. In their statements both presidents reject any foreign-imposed
government . Both sides were reported to have agreed to form
an urgent committee before the end of the year to supervise the
dialogue and the formation of a unity government agreed by the
Libyans for the Libyans without any foreign involvement.
PC And HoR Congressmen Meet In Tripoli
On the first of November 2015 members from the GNC and the HoR met in the
capital Tripoli to discuss "the Libyan crisis" . Further meetings
followed in Tunisia and Malta.
22 October 2015
The Dialogue Will Continue
Unnamed Sources inside the HoR were reported to have said that
the new members of its dialogue committee will arrive in Skhirat,
Morocco, next Tuesday (27 October 2015) to continue the talks started
around nine months ago. Libya's Channel said the talks will resume
next Wednesday . The UN envoy to Libya, Mr. Leon, was reported
to have said that there is no alternative to dialogue. However,
according to the letter sent by the GNC to the UN (as noted above),
the GNC may pull out from the talks if the UN continues to provide
support for the HoR. Meanwhile the UN has asked its Libya representative,
Bernardino Leon, to continue the dialogue  – that
is to extend the agony.
Libyan Dignitaries Call For A Libyan-Libyan
Libyan Dignitries Council
The Prime Minister of Tripoli's GNC, Mr. Alghaweil, was reported
to have called for a "Libya-Libyan" dialogue without
any foreign intervention, noting that the Libyans should overcome
the "problems created by foreigners" and "executed
by Libyans" .
Many Libyans however say part of the problem was created by the
GNC itself after its refusal to recognise the elected government
of the House of Representatives (HoR). While according to others,
the whole notion of Libyan-Libyan dialogue is a ploy to derail
the UN "process" – the process that leads to more violence
and more divisions by the year: five years so far and there is
no sign of the alleged protection promised by the UN.
A few days later, the council of Libyan Dignitaries met with Mr.
Alghaweil and reportedly agreed with him on a Libyan dialogue with
the Libyan government (the HoR); before flying to Albayda (in Cyrenaica)
on the 28th of October 2015 to meet the Libyan Prime Minister Mr.
Althni. The council of Libyan dignitaries has called for all Libyans
to put aside their differences and effect a speedy solution to
the Libyan crisis via a Libyan-Libyan dialogue on Libyan soil.
Libyan-Libyan Dialogue (حوار ليبي ليبي)
Like the results of the UN's devastating bombing campaign that
brought us thus far the Libyans are now suspicious of any decisions
coming from the UN. Having the power to impose "mistakes" on
sovereign states seemingly is a terrible tyranny unfortunate nations
could only endure in silence. The Libyans need to tread carefully
along the path of painful "protection", "violent
intervention", "unintended mistakes",
and the mines of international reverberating morality by "all
The myth of UN protection began to fade away as Libya gradually
drifted towards chaos and terror – a free-for-all
"jihadist wonderland"; after which most Libyans
came to realise that the war in Libya is consequentially a war
created by the international community to fail the state by toppling
the whole country and not just the regime . This means that
it would be suicidal for the Libyans to entertain more international
The Libyans need to sit among themselves, peacefully, and share
both power and resources away from any foreign involvement (if
they could), and away from UN-authorised and non-authorised violence.
Many of the protesters who took to the streets of Benghazi and
Tripoli to protest against the latest UN-proposed violations, and
the manifested divisions, have called for a Libyan dialogue that
does not involve foreign entities.
Is there a foreign agenda to divide Libya into
Is there a foreign agenda to lock the divided parts in conflict?
Do Libyan leaders enjoy swallowing lucrative baits?
Is replacing one tyranny with another a genetic *defact?
Would the Berbers, one day, be free Libyans as the Arabs claim to be?
bombed Libya back to the stone age in order to "protect civilians",
then abandoned it to the bandits of chaos and terror (saying it was
all down to the Libyans to resolve peacefully), the UN returned four
years later to propose a controversial government that violated the "signed
included reported war criminals.
Adding insult to injury the UN now
says more than 2.4
million Libyan civilians are in need of further "protection" [1,
2]; probably "implying" another objective on par
with the one they shocked
the Arab League with after the Libya bombing campaign was ignited with
vengeance? This time, of course, Libya has been made a threat
Let us be clear about one foundemental point widely used by the world's
media to paint a fake picture about the effected tragedy in Libya: this
nonsense talk of Libya descending into chaos after
the "fall" of
Gaddafi which left various factions fighting for power and a "slice
of the cake" is as absurd as wikipedia's talk
with, Gaddafi did not fall; he was "toppled" by a massive
bombing campaign that involved nearly 50 countries authorised by the UN,
and therefore the difference between fall and topple is
as big as the gap between "die" and "kill".
Secondly there is no civil war in Libya because the Libyans were
initially bombarded by a barrage of assassinations and bombs by "mystery
cells" before they were dragged
to fight the foreign radical groups imported and sponsored by rouge states.
Having said this, the implied objective was not to topple Gaddafi; it was
to topple the whole country, which they did with "precision".
This UN bombing campaign* was widely reported
to have provided air cover for rebel groups (including moderate
militants) to takeover Libya in what war commanders then disclaimed as "Qaida
flicker"; openly supported by Arab dictatorial states
that were authorised by the UN to bomb sovereign Libya – the
same Arab states now lured to sponsor terror!
This UN bombing
campaign destroyed Libya's entire infrastructure including the Libyan army,
the Libyan police, and the Libyan intelligence against the wishes of Libyans,
and against the advise put
forward by a British-led team in Istanbul in
2011 to effect an exit strategy to
avoid the mistakes made in shredded Iraq.
Nonetheless, the vultures
of war rejected any talks of exit strategy and
assured the Libyans that Libya will not be another Iraq;
only for them to turn round three years later to say that it was a mistake,
a troubled foray that went wrong, an expedition that taught them the lessons
they failed to learn in Iraq, and all that talk of being incompetent to foresee
disasters once imposed without a referendum, without an exit strategy, and
based on misrepresentation
Still worse, the Libyans are widely misreported
to be incapable of running their own affairs, always in need of foreign
interference to advise them, arm them, protect them, plight them
with violent democracy, and even destroy their entire country
in the name of protection and chaos; presumably not only because
they are too "dumb" to
govern themselves , but also because the bombing of Libya's
sovereignty was hailed "as
a case study in “smart power.” 
Unfortunately, like all the previous tragedies
imposed on Libya (including
that of the dictator) the Libyans have no sovereignty nor option but
to tremble with fear and bow in disbelief, hoping that one day they
will be free to decide for themselves without any foreign interference
that often manifests in more tyrannies being imposed in the name of
freedom and, of course, unintentional mistakes!
In conclusion Libya is now blessed with three tragedies: the installed one
is swallowing the bait in Tripoli; the exiled HoR is nailing the coffin in
Tobruk; while the "anonymous
is full speed ahead.
Meanwhile, the fire gets bigger and bigger the
more firemen are sent to deal with it.
* : The phrase: "UN bombing campaign" is hereby
used to refer to the UN-authorised bombing campaign of Libya. The critics of
the bombing campaign who blame other Western powers are mistaken because such
powers could not have went ahead with their campaign without authorisation
from the UN – well, they could but they did not. It is like blaming the soldier
for an act of war that was ordered by the president.