Libyan Secret Service
One of the first systems to be created by the NTC after the premature
liberation of Libya was the Libyan Intelligence System (جهاز المخابرات
الليبية). Their foremost task at the time, according to the NTC, was
out Gaddafi's loyalists". Probably due to the nature of
their organisation, nothing was heard of them ever since,
leading to the Guardian to
report some sort of "confusion over who has control of Libya's
security forces." Of course, the question of who
really has control of Libya (and of the whole region for that matter)
is politically incorrect to ask; replacing one tyranny
with another in the name of "unintended mistakes" that
no one cares to correct.
Law 7/2012: Establishing The Libyan
It was not until the 6th of February 2012 that the NTC had finally
published some information about the secret organisation. In its Law
7 (of 2012), regarding the establishment of Libyan Intelligence
System (جهاز المخابرات الليبية), there are 103 articles detailing the
organisation's structure and its duties.
Article (1) states that the
organisation is known as جهاز المخابرات الليبية ('Libyan Intelligence
System'), and that its employees are those subject to Law 7 and others
who are subject to Law 12/2012.
Article (2) states that the
various departments and divisions of the organisation shall be determined
by decisions issued by the president of the Libyan Intelligence System.
Article (3) states that the
system's objective is to achieve Libya's security and safety via
- Protection of Libya's secrets and the prevention of their leakage.
- Resisting foreign intelligence activity against the safety and security
- Surveillance of foreign bodies, individuals and organisations alike.
- Follow up of suspicious activities hostile to the safety of Libya.
- Ensuring the safety of Libya's interests abroad.
- Opposing hostile activities from hostile countries aiming at the
identity, values and the principles of the Libyan society.
- Exposing strategies and hostile plots that aim to destabilise the
security and the national unity of Libya.
Article (4) calls for all other departments
and organisations to cooperate with the Libyan Intelligence System to
implement its objectives in accordance with its duties as assigned by
Article (6) states that the
head of the Intelligence System is a "Minister"
and that his deputies are "Deputy Ministers"; the appointment
of whom shall be decided by the government.
To read the full document, detailing 103 Articles, please download Law
7 (2012): the Libyan Intelligence System
(2012): Amending Law 7 (of 2012)
The Head of The Libyan Intelligence & His Deputies
On the 12 of February 2012, the NTC issued a second law, Law
17 (of 2012), which names the head of the Libyan Intelligence
System and his deputies, as follows:
- President: Mr. Salem Abd Assalam [Abdul Salam] Alhasi.
- Deputy: Mr. Salem Mohammad Alaswad.
- Deputy: Mr. Mustafa Mohammad Noah.
- Deputy: Mr. Mosa Omar Krimah.
17 (2012): naming the head of the intelligence and his deputies.
Resignation of Chief of Intelligence
Libya's chief of intelligence, Mr. Salem Alhasi, handed-in his resignation
on the 5th of June 2014; apparently because of the "breakdown
in government", the absence of state authority, and the
collapse of security in Libya (libyaherald.com/2014/06/06/libyan-intelligence-chief-quits/).
The resignation announcement, coincidently, was made on the same
day the caretaker Prime Minister Abdullah Althni revealed that the
Libyan government is fighting an "anonymous enemy" that
requires a "strong security service" (see next).
Many people were misled by the euphoric use of violence to remove
tyrants in the hope of replacing them with democracy; but the
reality of course always reveals its hideous face with more radical
tyranny, wars and chaos that often follow violent change. However,
according to the Libyan Prime Minister Abdullah Althni,
destroying Libya's security infrastructure was a "mistake", and that
Libya is facing an "anonymous
enemy" which must be dealt with not by deploying more weapons
and soldiers but by building a "strong security service which
has not been effected to this day".
نحن الذي يواجهنا عدو مجهول غير معلوم ولا يتم التعامل معه بانتشار الجنود والأسلحة بل يتم التعامل معه بجهاز استخباراتي قوي وهذا لم يتم تفعيله حتى هذه الساعة
He revealed this announcement on the 5th of June 2014, when most
Libyans and others thought
that freedom is hard-won via violence. Fighting the wrong enemy, or
even worse fighting your own brothers and sisters, for whatever reason,
is exactly what the anonymous enemy wants from you.
This leaves one question unanswered: what is the nature of "intended
How can a "mistake" by intentional or unintentional when
it is a miss take?
Is this a slip of the tongue or just another mistake to add to the
already-full sack of mistakes?
 Download the PM's statement
HoR Appoints New Chief of Intelligence
العميد مصطفى المقرعن
Sixty HoR members have voted the Brigadier-General
Mustafa Maqaraen (Almagraan) chief of Libyan intelligence . The
remaining 46 members voted for Brigadier-General Aldersi. Brigadier-General
Maqaraen was said to have 28 years experience, presumably with the
ousted intelligence. Mr Maqaraen originally comes from Alajilat, a
small town situated between Zuwarah and Sabratha in western Libya.