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The (Fuzzy) No-Fly Zone Over Libya!

map of no fly zone over libya

The published map of the NFZ "over Libya", from:
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Operation_Odyssey_Dawn_-_No_Fly_Zone_-_Libya_March_2011.jpg
Originally from the website of the "U.S. Department of Defense"(defense.gov/transcripts/transcript.aspx?transcriptid=4798).

 

 

Article 6 of UN Resolution 1973, "Decides to establish a ban on all flights in the airspace of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya in order to help protect civilians"; while according to the UN's website the "Security Council Approves ‘No-Fly Zone’ over Libya, Authorizing ‘All Necessary Measures’ to Protect Civilians" [1]. Thus the whole world was talking about a no-fly-zone over Libya to protect unarmed civilians.

No one has ever said anything about a no-fly-zone over some selected parts of Libya; to change the political regime of Libya; to protect "armed rebels" (including foreign radicals); and to destroy Libya's entire infrastructure.

Such violations, based on misrepresentation of truth, Russia merely called "stretching" the resolution, when the resolutions themselves when read together appear to imply the inbuilt ability to self-stretch by "all" necessary measures.

It took the former British Prime Minister 12 years to say "sorry" for the mistakes committed in relation to the invasion of Iraq, and even referred "to claims that the invasion was a war 'crime' – while denying he committed one" [18].

In contrast to this, the European Union was very quick to admit that they learned the lessons from their Libya foray, while other international powers simply scoffed the "Libya expedition" as an "unintended mistake". 

On the other hand it took only 2 years for Libya's chief of the Special Forces to discover what he called the "conspiracy" against Libya, and 3 years for Libya's Prime Minister, Mr. Althni, to attribute such conspiracy to the "anonymous enemy"  – still long enough before sponsored, foreign terror groups took over the created "jihadist wonderland" to begin the odyssey.

 

Map of the no-fly zone over Libya.

In the modified image (above) the map of Libya was completed by Temehu.com to illustrate the actual size of the (published) NFZ in relation to the whole of Libya. The modified map also shows how all the land borders of Libya are left out of the map.

 

Zooming on The Fuzzy No-Fly Zone

Not a single land border is included in the map!

As premature liberation revealed its hideous face with assassinations and bombs, Libyan borders dominated the headlines with tragedies that no one seemed to prevent. The strategic border areas came to bring great pain not only to Libya and the Libyan civilians but also to the whole region.

One would think mature leaders would calculate the precise consequences of their military onslaught (else known as humanitarian intervention) to ensure the alleged protection of civilians can actually be effected before embarking on such destruction of central authority. But unfortunately no exit strategy was provided by the UN, and the one proposed by a British-led team in Istanbul was seemingly rejected.

The installed NTC has pledged in its manifesto to "ensure territorial security", but shortly after the bombing campaign came to a sudden end the council was quick to admit being "helpless" and "weak". The UN too allegedly pledged to protect all Libyan civilians by all necessary measures, but human rights abuses against civilians continued to be committed by both the rebels and the loyalists during the bombing campaign, after the bombing has stopped, and especially after the so-called liberation.

It is strange, indeed, to leave Libya's borders wide open for criminals and radicals to exploit as they wish, given the amount of weapons exposed in Libya and given the international iron fist used to destroy the old.

It is even stranger than fiction to hear that, 12 months after the transitional prime minister Ali Zidan declared his air force was out to blast outlaws taking advantage of Libya's porous borders, the spokesman of the Libyan air force revealed to Libya TV that only 50% or 60% of Libya's borders are covered by the air force; leaving nearly half of Libya's borders totally unprotected (as of January 2014). Instead, a month later Zidan's air force was shelling Libyan targets inside Libya, after Gaddafi's loyalists' takeover of a military airbase in Sabha; and in doing so Libya, likewise Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Sudan and Pakistan, has started "bombing itself" – the ultimate expression of  "smart" liberation.

According to an Algerian source, quoted by LANA [14], the border between Libya and Algeria is under the control of extreme Salafist, armed militias, 14 of whom do not belong to the central authority in Tripoli. The Algerian government has deployed nearly 20,000 soldiers along its borders with Tunisia and Libya, but reports of advanced Libyan weapons being found in Algeria continue to emerge [15].

Could such a strategy, and the lack of exit strategy too, have any connection – any connection at all – with the ensued consequences of seeing radicals in Libya and in the whole region being heavily armed with advanced Libyan weapons? It seems certain that the various Libyan transitional governments (and their international friends) have found themselves powerless to effect any control over the chaos they helped bring about, as much as it is plausible that the borders are being remotely controlled by mysterious forces which continue to distribute Libyan weapons across the region, as well as flood Libya with narcotics, poisoned foods, explosives and illegal immigrants.

These strategic borders are:

  • Libyan-Tunisian border –> through which analysts now say Tunisian Salafists armed themselves to the teeth :)

  • Ghadames border with Algeria –> through which analysts now say Zintani arms reached In Aminas in Algeria;

  • Egyptian border –> through which analysts now say Libyan weapons reached Gaza, Syria and beyond. Wall Street Journal reported that "Egypt's military has begun shipping arms over the border to Libyan rebels with Washington's knowledge" [13]; while General Sisi, the head of the Egyptian coup that toppled elected Morsi, warned that Egypt's border with Libya is the greatest strategic danger currently facing Egypt.

  • South Libya –> through which analysts now say Libyan arms reached Sudan, Chad, Mali, Central Africa, Niger & Nigeria; the region which analysts now say is a hot bed of radical training camps, of which the Nigerien president and the Algerian government have recently complained. Libya's PM Ali Zidan declared the region a "Military Zone" – out to "blast" outlaws, he said, when in reality south Libya was turned into "the "Tesco" of the world’s illegal arms trade" [0], and a "Jihadist Wonderland" seemingly on its way to declaring its allegiance to the mysterious terror groups left to flourish in the region beneath the world's top eyes; after which and for which Libya most-likely will be bombed again.

  • And, of course, the tiny conspicuous crescent in Cyrenaica itself – which analysts now say is the centre of radical militants (reportedly funded by some Arab dictatorial states that took part in bombing Libya), and reportedly involved in punishing glorious Benghazi with terrible bombs and assassinations. The coastal area through which foreign ships (from some dictatorial states) were reportedly loading Libyan arms destined for Misrata and also for some Syrian obscure rebel groups. The NTC itself was reported by the Libyan media to have given Syrian rebels 100 million dinars without any consultation with the Libyan people (whom they claimed to represent) and without saying exactly to whom such money was paid. Maybe they do not know themselves!


    Map of the no-fly zone over Libya.

    A Google map showing Derna in relation to the conspicuous area left out by the no-fly zone over [the whole of ] Libya.

    Libya.tv has published a report about Derna and how it became a centre of radical jihadists, who flocked to Iraq and Afghanistan after the invasion of Iraq,
    at (libya.tv/en/derna-from-the-city-of-culture-to-the-city-of-bigotry-what-did-exactly-happen/).


nfz map showing border areas left out


 

Libya's Borders Versus Arming The Whole Region

All the damage done to Libya (and to the entire region) was mainly due to these border areas being left wide open and consequently being used by funded terror groups, criminals, border traffickers and mysterious entities to launch their own agendas; ironically for which only the Libyans now must take the blame.

Funding terror groups and radicals while the bombing of Libya was going on (as reported by PM Mahmoud Jibril and others) is seemingly a "crime" the UN now says it "will investigate".

Why leave Libya so soon while civilian homes were still being shelled?
Why leave Libya so soon while leaving civilians in greater danger than ever before?
Why attack hundreds of munitions bunkers while leaving their contents intact and Libya's borders wide open?
What is the strategy behind the policy to destroy central authority in Libya without an exit strategy?
Why back a conspicuous group such as the NTC despite being infiltrated with Qaida "flicker" and radical terror?
Why flood the administration of the "uprising" with defectors who were urged to defect after the bombs fell?
Why ignore the reports of some countries arming militants in Cyrenaica during the bombing campaign?
Why allow dictatorial states to bomb other sovereign dictators in the name of standing up to "dictatorship"?
Are such questions for leaders to attend-to before embarking on such destruction or are they for people to endure afterwards?

Scratch the back of your head and ask yourself: is there a connection, any kind of connection at all?

"Still, the deeper question", the New York Times asks, "is why [the UN-authorised forces] believed that international responsibilities to Libya would end with military action, and that Libya would somehow right itself. We will probably never get to have a meaningful discussion about this, as long as we are tantalized by theories about conspiracies or political malfeasance . . . There is a direct connection between the West’s post-intervention policies, the Benghazi attack, and the current political crisis in Libya" [2].

 

 

The Consequences That Could Have Been Avoided

The UN ought to know better than anyone else that ensuring the promised protection afforded by the bomb being effected after the bombs fell is a legal prerequisite to implement its resolutions. The truth of the matter is that the Libyans are shocked to loose track of the bombs that went off ever since the protection of civilians was, the UN said, "completed with precision".

This is the first time the Libyans see their borders being left open to destroy the fabrics of the Libyan society. This is the first time in Libya's entire history that the (protected) Libyans are subjected to seeing their children's decapitated heads roll across the floor of glorious Benghazi – the city where victorious foreign leaders chanted "les arab" to an audience half Berber – the city that is now heavily punished with assassinations and bombs.

Such "humanitarian" protection imposed by the UN on sovereign Libya without a Libyan referendum and without an exit strategy is therefore questionable. Protection, it seems, no longer means a state of safety felt by the protected as much as it is an imposed state of chaos to effect yet more "failed states".

The following are among the current benefits Libya has ended up with after the humanitarian intervention:

  • the grotesque killing of Gaddafi;
  • regime change to the worse;
  • imposition of unjust Constitutional Declaration by the NTC;
  • creation of complicated electoral system(s) and laws;
  • creation of hundreds of political parties while Libyans were still blasting each other;
  • destruction of Libya's entire infrastructure;
  • destruction of central authority;
  • dismantling border security;
  • assassination of Libyan civilians and officials;
  • assassination of foreign workers and visitors including women;
  • violation of foreign women;
  • crime rates going up by 500% including murder and robberies;
  • burning forests;
  • demolishing holy shrines and sacred tombs;
  • infestation of Libya with radical groups;
  • infestation of Libya with deadly militias;
  • financial corruption at its best;
  • administrative corruption at all levels;
  • destruction of Libyan law;
  • obliteration of Libyan values that once made Libya one of the safest countries in the world (on par with Greenland);
  • introduction of terrorism to Libya;
  • destruction of Libyan army;
  • destruction of Libyan police;
  • terrorising the Libyan civilians with bombing campaigns;
  • Libya's first suicide bomber strikes Bersis in 2013;
  • setting up the Libyans against each other;
  • oil cuts, power cuts, road cuts, internet cuts, and boycotts;
  • protests, demonstrations, strikes, and bloody clashes across the stricken country;
  • the Berbers' aspirations for dignity and constitutional recognition were labeled "foreign agenda" once again;
  • the Berbers' aspirations for constitutional recognition were dashed by the unjust Constitutional Declaration;
  • tribal tension and conflicts simmering in the background;
  • chaos across all government departments;
  • plundering Libya's wealth on sponsoring violence across the region and even on dictators such as Sudan's Bashir;
  • kidnapping human rights activists;
  • kidnapping free Libyans;
  • kidnapping and torturing journalists;
  • kidnapping children (for ransom);
  • car stealing at gun point;
  • car bombs;
  • attacking government offices including those of the GNC and the PMO;
  • attacking headquarters of various newspapers and media outlets;
  • flooding Libya with fake goods and poisoned and outdated foods;
  • flooding Libya with alcohol, narcotics and tramadol;
  • flooding Libya with illegal immigrants (and thus possibly diseases);
  • archaeological plunder, vandalism and robberies;
  • infestation of Libya with weapons of all kinds;

  • 123,200 Libyans may suffer from severe PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder);

  • 220,000 Libyans are predicted to have 'severe depression' as a result of being exposed to a high level of political terror;

  • turning Libya into "the Tesco of the world’s illegal arms trade" – the largest arms black supermarket in the world [0].

  • arming the whole region with advanced Libyan weapons – first sold to installed Gaddafi during his long 42-year dictatorial reign, stashed in certain location (including 41 sites in Zintan alone), and then let loose during the war campaign while advertising their locations with a warning: these munition dumbs extend as far as the eye could see without a single guard to be seen [ – so what are you waiting for]? 

  • finally the UN now says (in 2015) that 2.44 million Libyans are in need of protection. Hence another revelation that may harbour another implied objective, or objectives, since the whole of Libya now has been turned into a "Jihadist Wonderland" threatening Europe with immigrants and terror. The rest is easy to guess.

 

 

The Story of The No-Fly Zone Over [Some Selected Parts of] Libya

No one knows how or why the no-fly zone to protect civilians was imposed on the Libyan people without a public referendum, nor how the conspicuous transitional council was quickly formed out of Gaddafi's defectors and suddenly came to speak for the whole of Libya, without even publishing all their names, and despite the reported Qaida flicker and radical infiltration.

Acting upon an invitation from such conspicuous council is not like asking the Libyans themselves. The speed with which the no-fly zone was imposed in response to the imaginary massacre is also astonishing, compared to the total silence in response to the real massacres still being committed across the stricken country and the whole region for that matter.

Nonetheless, as soon as Libya was destroyed back to square one, the NTC shocked the Libyans once more when they admitted being "helpless" and "powerless" to effect any of the obligations they stepped forward to implement, and instead urged "armed civilians" including teenagers and criminals to respect the law they do not have. Strange but true.

In fact many Libyans were shocked to see the scale of the bombing campaign that followed the NFZ and exclaimed: "we only asked for a no-fly zone". Even the President of the mostly dictatorial Arab League expressed his shock on the day following the first night of the devastating bombing campaign, but by the evening he was brought back to the table by dedicated diplomacy, of course.

Defector Mahmoud Jibril himself, NTC's transitional prime minister at the time, was reported to have made it clear to European leaders that the no-fly zone should not include any military intervention nor boots on the ground. It later emerged that Libya was infested with foreign forces: "special" boots on the ground, CIA operatives [6], E-Squadron specialists, General-Advisors and Special Forces [7]; "training rebel groups" and pin-pointing target coordinates [8; 9] for the "pilots" in the sky, when Resolution 1973 excludes any "foreign occupation force of any form on any part of Libyan territory" [10].

  • 17 February 2011: the official date assigned to the February Uprising in Libya, which was started on the 15th of February 2011 by peaceful women and children in Benghazi.

  • 19 February 2011: reports of civilians using "weapons" against government forces began to emerge from Zawiya and Misrata. However, according to the Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya [17], "The UN Commission of Inquiry noted 24 February 2011 as the date of commencement of the armed conflict" [16]. It is clear that the government is engaged in an armed conflict with armed groups, some of whom appeared to be of foreign origin, and therefore all the following calls for a no-fly zone over Libya to protect civilians were based on false assumptions because the government was engaged in armed conflict with armed groups (including foreign radicals) long before the no-fly zone was imposed on Libya. When Aljazeera asked one Libyan rebel about the foreign mercenaries fighting alongside the rebels, the rebel replied that the foreign mercenaries are helping "them" with the revolution – even though the definition of revolution prohibits the intervention of foreign forces, let alone the military might of 18 powerful states.

  • 21 February 2011: Libya's UN deputy representative, Mr. Ibrahim Dabbashi, cried for imposing a no-fly zone on all Tripoli [3].

  • 23 February 2011: France's Sarkozy urged the European Union to freeze Gaddafi's family's funds abroad.

  • 25 February 2011: Western leaders began talking about "Gaddafi Must Go", thereby declaring their support for the rebels. 

  • 28 February 2011: British Prime Minister calls for a military no-fly zone [4].

  • 02 March 2011: America dismisses the no-fly zone as "loose talk", but then it emerged later that it has led the attacks on Libya via its Odyssey Dawn Operation. The statistics provided by the Guardian show the bulk of the military force used to bomb Libyan targets was indeed American.

  • 08 March 2011: British Labour party, "accuses the government of  "serial bungling" over the situation in Libya, following the botched SAS mission" [5].

  • 09 March 2011: defector Mustafa Abdul Jalil, the self-appointed head of the NTC, calls for a no-fly zone over Libya, "without any direct military intervention" on Libyan soil, and without any consultation with Libyan people. 

  • 10 March 2011: the International Committee of the Red Cross calls the events in Libya an "armed conflict" [16], meaning the peaceful protestors have become armed rebels by then, and therefore the no-fly zone was imposed on Libya after the peaceful protestors have become armed rebels.

  • 17 March 2011: the UN Security Council imposes a no-fly zone over Libya to protect "civilians" by "all necessary measures" – that is including authorised violence against a sovereign state. The resolution demands an immediate end to violence and attacks against civilians in Libya. The resolution failed to mention if Gaddafi has the right to continue his attacks against the "armed rebels" and the reported foreign radicals who were engaged in armed conflict with government troops.

  • 19 March 2011: France begins the bombing campaign of Libya, precisely at 16:45 GMT, with around 20 French planes, before they were joined by British planes and America's first cruise missiles [5] reportedly without authorisation from US Congress [11; 12]. In total 18 countries took part in the military operations against Libya, including Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Canada, Belgium, Bulgaria, Romania, France, Spain, Italy, Greece, Turkey, UK, USA, Qatar, Jordan and United Arab Emirates.

 

References

[0] The Sunday Times, London, 16/03/2013.
[1] un.org/News/Press/docs/2011/sc10200.doc.htm
[2] nytimes.com/2013/05/14/opinion/the-deeper-blame-for-benghazi.html?pagewanted=2&_r=4&emc=eta1
[3] english.globalarabnetwork.com/201102219941/Libya-Politics/libyan-ambassador-to-un-urges-international-community-to-stop-genocide.html
[4] bbc.co.uk/news/mobile/uk-politics-12821505
[5] bbc.co.uk/news/mobile/uk-politics-12821505
[5] bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12795971
[6] nytimes.com/2011/03/31/world/africa/31intel.html?ref=africa
[7] bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16573516
[8] guardian.co.uk/news/defence-and-security-blog/2011/oct/27/sas-libya
[9] guardian.co.uk/world/2011/aug/23/sas-troopers-help-coordinate-rebels
[10] temehu.com/un-resolutions-1970-1973.htm
[11] guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/may/15/irs-ap-benghanzi-not-real-scandals
[12] nytimes.com/2011/06/18/world/africa/18powers.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
[13] online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704360404576206992835270906.html
[14] lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/34111/ (صحف جزائرية الجيش الجزائري يأمر وحداته على الحدود مع ليبيا بعدم التنسيق الأمني مع كل وحدة عسكرية غير نظامية موجودة على الحدود الجزائر)
[15] worldtribune.com/2013/11/01/al-qaida-said-storing-huge-arsenal-of-sams-in-algeria/
[16] Human Rights Council, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/17/44, 1 June 2011, para. 65
[17] The Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya, January 2012
[18] dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3287982/I-m-sorry-Blair-takes-blame-Iraq-War-admits-conflict-caused-rise-ISIS-astonishing-apology-TV-show.html