Sabha fort

Sabha's Fort Elena on the reverse of a 10 dinars note.


Population: 122827 (as of 2006).
Temperature: max: 47 degrees (July); min: 4 degrees (February).
Humidity: max: 60%; yearly average: 36%.
Climate: desert, dry, hot weather.
The main water source is underground wells, at an average depth between 70 and 120 meters.

The town of Sabha, also spelt as Sebha or Sabhah, is located about 780 km south of the capital Tripoli (via Gharyan and Mizda); while the distance from Ghadames to Sabha is around 800km. As the modern capital of Fezzan (the southern region of Libya) Sabha is becoming the largest settlement in the Libyan Sahara, and an important tourist destination, linking the various tourist sites of Germa, Acacus, Methkhandoush, Ubari Lakes and Waw An-Namous with the capital Tripoli.



a road in Sabha


One of the prominent features of the town is Fort Elena castle (also known as Fortezza Margherita), which dates back to the Italian colonial period. Shortly after the installation of Gaddafi, Sabha was linked with Sirte and became a strategic city to the Libyan military, especially during the Chad war. It was reported that Sabha eventually became a centre of a nuclear research facility. Huge quantities of Yellow Cake were found abandoned in the area after the February 2011 war.



Fezzan campsite
Fezzan Campsite, Sabha (around 12 km into the road to Awbari).



Sert Sebha route

Roads and off-road tracks around Sabhah



map legend

Blue Lines:           Man-Made River Project