The peaceful February protests in Libya were started by women and children
on the 15th of February 2011. For forty two years the Libyans have been trying
in vain to break free from Gaddafi's dictatorial grip, but somehow the events
always succeed to circumvent. Eventually, three key events have manifested to
trigger the uprising that has finally invited foreign military intervention
to end Gaddafi's reign and send the country back to square one.
During the early days of the uprising in nearby Tunisia Gaddafi announced
that Libyans should occupy the empty homes of a certain construction project
then still under development; but the Libyans however occupied empty and
unfinished homes across the whole country including those without roofs
(just concrete columns and floor slabs). This seemed to connect with the events
in Tunisia, but Gaddafi instead responded by ordering a curfew on his own forces
and gave them strict orders not to intervene.
Mobile communications between Sabha, Benghazi and Tripoli, exchanging information
about the latest remaining vacant homes, went silent, and in a matter of days
all the empty homes were occupied – just months before protesters in the West
began the suppressed "Occupy"
movement at home.
The homeless squatters felt happy to camp and wait for solicitors to
arrive to assign ownership deeds in their names. They camped for days
on end, but no solicitors arrived; and soon afterwards the euphoria faded away,
as it usually does. Gaddafi then responded with a $24 billion fund for "housing
& development", to water down the events, prevent further events, and
please the impoverished population – just as the Saudi king soon afterwards did
in response to his suppressed uprising in (still-protected) Arabia!
This initially seemed to work, and the uprising swiftly passed Libya on its
way to Egypt; before it bounced back to Benghazi, on time for the next event:
Farah Abushwesha on BBC World News (07
The second part of the February Uprising was actually started by peaceful
women, and children, on the 15th of February 2011, when they took to the streets
of glorious Benghazi protesting about the massacre of their beloved ones who
disappeared in Abu Salim Prison in 1996. Lawyer Fathi Turbel, who represented
the families of over 1,100 Libyan prisoners who died in the massacre, was arrested
on the 15th February 2011. Apparently he was later released by Mr. Sanoussi (Libya's
chief of intelligence) on the condition he would return on the following day,
but reportedly further demonstrations on the following day prevented him from
Mr. Turbel then became a member of the self-appointed NTC in Benghazi, where
he worked as a representative of the youth. Shortly after the premature liberation
of Libya, he attracted the attention of the Berbers when he was reported to
have made some "anti-Amazigh" remarks regarding the Berbers'
demands for constitutional recognition of identity – their own kind of indigenous
(still-suppressed) events; ; as he was also said to have "verbally threatened
members of the NTC who were calling for Tamazight to be given equal status to
Arabic in the draft Libyan constitution."
According to Amnesty International Report mde190252011en,
the protest of the 17th of February 2011 is the anniversary of the clashes that
took place in Benghazi between the Libyan security forces and the protesters
who were attacking the Italian consulate on the 17th of February 2006,
when Libya's security forces were said to have been responsible for the death
of at least 12 people in a protest which was not calling for political change
but simply expressing anger over the "Danish cartoons" printed in Europe.
This means that Gaddafi was protecting his foreign guests from angry protesters.
A year later, in 2007, around one dozen activists announced plans to stage a
peaceful demonstration in Tripoli to commemorate the tragic
"event" originally created by the Danish cartoons, but the Libyan government
arrested them and so the event never took place. The activists were eventually
given heavy prison terms, ranging from 6 to 25 years, for “attempting to overthrow
the political system”, “spreading false rumours about the Libyan regime” and
“communicating with enemy powers”. Human rights activists dismissed the charges,
which they said were invented by the government to justify the arrest and the
heavy sentencing passed.
(4): The 2011 February War
During the third episode of the popularised uprising, Facebook's designated
"Day of Rage" literally exploded into full revolt, seeing
the streets covered with anti-Gaddafi graffiti, "opened" military bases emptied of weapons, and government offices, police stations and
vehicles set on fire; with the government responding with more fire, snipers
and tanks. In a matter of days, the peaceful uprising swiftly grew into a gruesome
rebellion, where protesters and foreign infiltrators quickly became known as
"armed rebels" (متمردون)
by the world's media – long before the UN ordered the bombing of Libya to protect
its "unarmed civilians".
The Libyan armed protestors however rejected the label "rebels",
and instead called themselves "thuwwar" ('revolutionaries'),
in an international war authorised by the United Nations, seemingly
to prevent an imaginary "massacre".
Dictator Gaddafi was specifically warning "armed rebels" (including
foreign radicals) to lay down their arms – just as the NTC did in 2012; just
as the GNC did in 2013; and just as the HoR still does in 2014, urging
rebels, militias and the installed terrorists to surrender their (given) arms.
Gaddafi even promised "amnesty" for
those who laid down their weapons, but the UN and its top leaders were openly mistranslating "amnesty" as "massacre".
Nonetheless, the devastating UN-authorised war on Libya, Africom's
first war in Africa, involved 18
countries, representing nearly 50 countries from three world unions:
the United States of America, the European Union, and the mostly-dictatorial
Arab League. Germany, Russia, China, Brazil and South Africa somehow preferred
to hang in between, as if straight "yes" or "no" is not
substantial-enough to not-abstain!
Roaming Libya's sovereign sky, allegedly in hunt of "command & control
centres", UN-mandated forces blasted 26,000 sorties, 9,600 missile
strikes, and 5,900 bombing missions; reportedly
destroying government infrastructure, pulverising military convoys, obliterating
the Libyan army (now badly needed), bombing Libya's
TV station, in which 3 journalists were killed and around 20 more were injured
(despite the Security
Council Resolution 1738 (2006) condemning acts of violence
against peaceful journalists during conflict), and even a desolate camel
caravan south of Sebha was 'taken'.
Many Libyans were shocked by the scale of the military campaign and
only asked for a no-fly zone"; while the president of the dictatorial
Arab League expressed his shock on the following day, but by the evening he was
brought back to the table by dedicated diplomacy. The Libyan rebel interim prime
minister, Mr. Mahmoud Jibril, was reported to have made it clear to European
leaders that the no-fly zone should not include any military intervention nor
boots on the ground; while the self-appointed NTC stated in its manifesto "to
fulfil its obligations to protect the Libyan people . . . without any direct
military intervention on Libyan soil."
In reality, of course, the UN-authorised bombing of Libya was complemented
by "special" boots on the ground including British SAS, CIA,
Forces, as well as war generals from dictatorial states, reportedly coordinating
the opposition forces, "training rebel groups", and pin-pointing target
coordinates for pilots in
the sky; when Resolution 1973 specifically excludes any "foreign occupation
force of any form on any part of Libyan territory". Apparently
using local rebels as soldiers not only saves money but also "wins
popularity at home".
It was also reported that Apache helicopters were
used to take out targets on the ground; and that "retreating"
convoys were seemingly pulverised in violation of resolution 1973's
Article 4, which specifically calls for protecting civilians "under
threat of attack". Hence it was no secret to Lord
Dannatt that "the mission under UNHCR 1973 is . . . to
protect people but of course the implied task . . . is the removal of Colonel
Unfortunately, the consequential results were total infestation of Libya
with sophisticated weapons, outlaw militias, foreign radicals, terror groups,
and the "utter destruction of Libya's entire infrastructure";
making severing its Head sound like heaven.
Picking up the pieces, the NTC estimated the extensive devastation will require
no less than ten years of intensive restructure to get back on its [amputated]
feet; while bankers, hungry as ever, quickly calculated the damage will require
no less than $400,000,000,000 to put back the way
it was before the UN-authorised violent events.
2011 February War Casualties
It was initially reported that at least 30,000 Libyans
were slaughtered during the UN bombing campaign, and a staggering 50,000 were
wounded, 20,000 of whom were seriously injured.
But fifteen months later, the newly-created Libyan Ministry of Martyrs & Missing
Persons has reduced the figure of dead rebels down to 4,700;
before Dr. E'sam Zerieq (a technical manager at the Martyrs Ministry) finally confirmed the
total number of martyrs to be 5,517. It seems evidence
inventing "such figures" are good for venting further conflictive events!
Nearly 500,000 Libyans fled their homes to Tunisia
within one year due to the effects of war, and to the combined events created
by the imposed harsh sanctions and the scorching heat of the Libyan Sun. More
than 150,000 Libyans
were displaced from their homes including the entire population of "black" Tawergha,
due to "seeded" revenge and the brutal humanrights
violations endured in the name of 'Freed Libya'.
The scale of the effected social
disaster (or the implied, unintentional objectives) is beyond belief: first of
all the disappearance of the law is followed by chaos and more violence against
civilians; morality down the drain; human right abuses and torture flourished;
robbers and criminals still roam across Libya's borders unhampered; financial
corruption in billions; trafficking in
"humans", arms, suicidal Tramadol and narcotics rocketing to the sky;
crime shooting up by 500% (including looting, car-jacking
and murder); archaeological robberies & vandalism still thriving in the open;
violation of women and holy shrines became part of the so-called "revolution
against tyranny"; the disrespect of the old generation by the euphoric teenagers
of the latest revolution; and of course the entire infrastructure of the country
is audaciously destroyed in the name of protection & change that
never see the light.
In addition to the physical damage, the UN "violent events"
had a devastating effect on the mental health of hundreds of thousands of (protected)
Libyan civilians. Researchers at Queensland University (UQ) have predicted that 123,200 Libyans
may suffer from severe PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), and more than 220,000 are
predicted to have 'severe depression' as a direct result of being exposed
to a high level of political terror and traumatic events. By
2015 the UN was eager to inform the world that 2.4
million Libyan civilians are in need of further protection as a direct result
of its bombing campaign without an exit strategy.
water down the catastrophe the Libyans were told by some foreign diplomats that
freedom is "untidy" and that change will take time; but three
years later the Danish
Dignity Report revealed that around a third of the Libyan population suffer
from mental problems; 11
percent of Libyans "have been arrested", half of whom
have been tortured; 20% of households
had a family member disappeared; 30% reported "depression";
44% of Libyans needed health and medical assistance; 46% are insecure "about
the future"; 56% are insecure
about "life right now"; 61% suffer from "preoccupation
with the collapse of the country"; and 63% suffer from "preoccupation
with political instability". Our own unpublished report shows that
100% of Libyans have been deceived.
The most terrible result of the UN-bombing campaign is the division of Libya into various groups and militias, at the top of which
sits the installed radicals; followed by
armed rebels; pretend revolutionaries; ousted loyalists; foreign
jihadists; federalists; the still-persecuted Berberists; the Tebu; and
the marginalised secularists among other victims of "divide-and-ruin".
It is evident from the way the war was orchestrated and from the grotesque murder
of Gaddafi (when most Libyans preferred to see "the
old man" defend
himself before the courts of law) that hatred, revenge and the clash of militias
will dictate Libya's future for many years to come!
Hence, it took Libya's chief of the Special Forces two years
to realise there was a "conspiracy"
to plunge Libya into civil war, with Libya suddenly becoming the centre of world
terrorists, complete with the largest arms black supermarket in the world,
dubbed a "jihadist wonderland" by US congressman Rand Paul;
before the Libyan prime minister Mr. Althni revealed in 2014 that destroying
Libya's security infrastructure was a mistake, and that Libya is facing an "anonymous
determined to destroy our national reconciliation
by all necessary measures.
Dear Libyans recognise only the light that made you see in pitch-black
darkness, and DO realise that destroying Libya and punishing the peaceful civilians
for something they did not instigate can only deliver the exact objective the
anonymous enemy has in mind. What is required instead is to figure the
way out of the imposed odyssey without swallowing the bait of revenge.
The only way to defeat
the anonymous enemy (regardless of who that is, and no matter how "smart"
or powerful it is) is to refuse to fight each other no matter what the UN says
– after all, lasting democracy and prosperous peace can never be achieved via
violence –– authorised, revolutionised or otherwise radicalised.
Libya's acting President, Dr. Magarief, warned his sons to open their
eyes, think before they act, and not to be "pawns on others' chessboard",
just before his resignation on the 28th of May 2013, following the "congressional
events" that followed the
"liberation events" that followed the "violent events"
of the fuzzy no-fly
Event after another, the "Engine of Events"
continues to invent more "terror vents" for all of
us to pre-vent.
End of UN Military Operations in Libya
On the 3rd of August 2011 the NTC dictated its unjust Constitutional Declaration
without any consultation with the Libyan people, in which the Berber natives
of Libya were denied official recognition, once more. Followed by Libya itself being
prematurely declared liberated by the self-appointed leaders on the 23rd of October
2011 while the country was still in a state of war, as confirmed a
year later by the transitional president Dr. Magarief himself.
On the 31st of October 2011 the United Nations declared an end to its "violent
in Libya, "with precision", they said, while blasting civilian
homes was still going on across the stricken country; audaciously igniting
the real massacre of Benghazi with a barrage of assassinations and bombs that
continue to this disastrous day.
Finally, the Libyans were politely told to resolve their "differences
on their own", once Libya was destroyed to smithereens, without even
unfreezing their frozen funds, and without effecting the illusive & all-inclusive
protection of civilians the country was initially destroyed for.
the deeper question",
York Times asks, is why the [UN-authorised forces] believed that "international
responsibilities to Libya would end with military action, and that Libya would
somehow right itself".
Of course, the more serious question is why is it good to anyone to destroy
Libya's entire infrastructure, and attack
more than 400 munitions bunkers while leaving their dangerous contents undamaged,
unguarded and even free to crawl across Libya's unguarded borders?
on earth is arming every single Libyan home good for the "protection
Is arming the entire region with Libyan weapons good
for the war on terror or just an "un-intentional" error?
Adding salt to
injury, on the 24th of November 2013 the so-called UN requested to send an armed
force of 235 men to Tripoli to protect its OWN personnel, presumably from
civilians" they earlier backed with terrible bombs. One would presume
the UN has now forgotten about delivering the promised protection for
the Libyan civilians by all necessary measures! Strange but true.
(5): The Fruitful Spring: Stand
Up And Enjoy The Fall
The long-term effects of the so-called 'Arab Spring', according to some American
analysts, can only be measured in decades and not in years! One would presume
the 'spring' to flourish with fruits and exhume a sense of liberty and freedom,
but so far even the 'fall' is far from the truth. There are however a number
of shocking reports already stating that many impoverished Tunisian and Egyptian
workers and women say they are now worse off than before, just as many Libyan
Berbers were disappointed to realise the promised 'fruits' of the spring must
await further 'delivery'. The effected disaster in Syria is beyond normal speech.
It seems certain that limitations are always there to moderate the promised
reforms to suit one's mental needs, for which the Egyptians celebrated the second
anniversary of their 'spring' on the 25th of January 2013 with more violent events
and calls for a
"second revolution", only to be rewarded by the same Egyptian army
with a dictatorial military coup which toppled the elected Morsi in June 2013;
leading to some neighbours to call the
"Arab Spring" the "Arab Game".
No doubt, there are many more categories of people who feel very happy with
the so-called revolution that liberated 'them' from military tyranny – ironically
by arming them to the teeth. But if democracy is to be fair for all people without
distinction, then it must be built on proper foundation, on peace and scientific
principles, on free speech, free choice, and economic equality for all women
and men of all tribes, classes and faiths. If not, injustice will prevail and
future foreign intervention will remain an inevitable possibility in decades
In Libya however the situation was much worse. "Central authority
was completely destroyed". Neither Libya nor the world has ever seen
anything like it :– nearly every single household in Libya is now armed to the
teeth (unlike Gaddafi's "weaponising the people program").
No wonder the Libyans now say, "we used to have one Gaddafi, now we
have six million", whichever way you interpret the say!
It has been nearly two years since the war was prematurely-declared "ended"
and conflicts still go on between individuals, militias, tribes, outlaws and
government forces across Libya; with the addition of the emerging 'mystery cells',
reportedly responsible for most of the "terror events" currently
plighting our beloved Libya – plus the newly-created terror groups now they say
were created by the Arab Spring they earlier backed with bombs. It is indeed
a terrible "game", in which the war on terror hides
more "errors" to seek.
Hundreds of the newly-created militias and "ashbah at-thuwwar"
('pretend revolutionaries') were, and some still are, taking the law into their
hands, punching holes in walls, blasting free Libyans (including children) with
missiles, assassinating Libyan officials, detonating bombs, torturing loyalists,
burning trees, robbing banks, shutting down oil terminals, cutting power cables,
shooting in the sky (whenever they wish), and abusing human rights on a grand
scale – even by "officially recognised entities", Amnesty
Due to this catastrophic failure of the NTC to state the law, and
due to the end results the Libyans had ended up with, and due to the lack of
an exit strategy they and their allies shortsightedly or otherwise failed to
provide, combined with the Libyans being heavily armed 'to the teeth',
the country naturally descended into perceived anarchy and a near-state of civil
war, the Libyans call "total- failure and collapse of security" (الإنفلات
Libya is now a nation without a country, former rebel Prime Minster Mahmoud
Jibril reported to have said shortly after the premature liberation; before his
successor Prime Minister el-Kieb followed by informing his British allies in
London that his government had inherited a country in a state of "disrepair"
– even though the Libyans still hope it will be repaired, one day!
Perhaps the best 'fruit' to come out of the 'Arab Spring', so far,
is the bungled elections that
seem to invite military coups back to rescue. The whole
"Electoral System" introduced by the NTC, the Carter
report pointed out, made it more difficult for political entities, candidates
and voters to understand the process. Why complicate matters; keep people in
the dark right through to the last two months before the elections; issue draconian
laws; barr Berber-dominated
Constituency 8 from taking part in party-elections; and setup hundreds of political
parties before even s-electing a temporary congress
to lay the law for people to follow and while people were still
shelling each other's homes? Is it a case of
"putting the cart before the horse", or just going ahead of
time to prevent the "impossible" from happening?
Both Berberists and federalists called for equal numbers at the General
National Congress, but their demands were rejected by the NTC as "impossible".
Cyrenaica and its glorious capital Benghazi, the spark that
ignited the February Uprising, were denied their legitimate right to hold a referendum
for people to vote on the issue of federalism and thereby provoking them to boycott
the elections they cannot have; despite the fact that federalist leaders did
say they will "pack up and go" if Cyrenaicans voted against
their autonomous plans, and in spite of their demands having nothing
to do with dividing Libya as their opponents falsely say. Instead, Benghazi is
being heavily punished with assassinations and bombs ever since, seemingly for
igniting the "revolution for some".
The once-united international "iron fist" used to
destroy the old in the spring, and arm and "coordinate"
the militias in the summer (including the so-called moderate radicals), is now
said to be helpless & weak to rebuild the new in the fall. With both
sides locked against each other, most Libyans were left to hope for the best,
once more, and for genuine efforts to be intensified to reinstate the law to
bring the 'spring' under control, and enjoy the 'harvest', before the final 'fall'?
(6): Is The "Arab Spring" For (some) Arabs Only?
For a start, the so-called "Arab Spring" name itself is
self-explanatorily violating the existence of the indigenous Berbers of North
Africa – just as it does other natives in the Middle East. Some Berberists strongly
objected to the use of such misleading and 'racist' terminology, but like before,
the world went silent, after having created the name!
When the Berbers' favours were needed during the February wars to secure
a supply line to Tripoli, they were called "The Lions of Nafusa".
But when Berberists later spoke of 'constitutional recognition' and
'equal representation' after the supposed liberation of Libya, they
were dejected as agents of "foreign agendas", and instead
were urged to either 'integrate' or else 'disappear'.
Barring the Berbers from
party elections in liberated Libya is the exact kind of democratic success imposed
by UN-authorised bombs. It seems taboo for the Berbers to apply the principles
of 'revolution' to themselves, but not to practice integration into another's
re-volution. Just like the ousted constitution of Gaddafi, the imposed Constitutional
Declaration of the NTC has openly denied the Berbers the official recognition
they hoped for, after having been lured to believe they revolted against tyranny.
On his liberation speech, Mr. Abdul Jalil failed to thank the Berbers by name,
and instead hailed the laws of polygamy.
Take for example the apparent failure of the transitional leaders to address
the sensitive "Berber events" in the open, when the Berber
Tuareg's orchestrated disaster precisely illustrates the kind of respons-ibility
some governments claim to have, and while the attacks on the Berbers of unliberated
Zuwarah and Ghadames were somehow left to continue, on and off, without anyone
being able to prevent or intervene. Even before the premature liberation, no
one came to the rescue of the Berbers of Zuwarah when loyalists were shelling Zuwarah
indiscriminately, despite the fact that Zuwarah's NTC member at the time had
informed the UN-authorised forces of the exact 'coordinates' of the loyalist
targets then-shelling Zuwarah.
Precisely for this persistent persecution it does not come as a surprise
to Berbers (across ten countries – occupying nearly half of Africa) that revolutions
come and go and they still are mere hamlets waiting for justice to be 'served'
– by the masters, of course, and not by the slaves.
Let us make no mistake that the revolution is for all Libyans, and for any
one tribe or self-appointed defector to enjoy the spoils of the spring while
denying the natives the dignity of cherished identity has nothing to do with
revolution – albeit red or green. Let us make no mistake that most Libyans have
truly believed in the revolution, and that many of them have martyred their way
to history for dignity.
Let us make no mistake that all these categories of unrecognised Libyans
have fully supported the revolution; care about the unity of Libya; have no separatist
tendencies; wish Libya remain "united"; and sincerely hope Libya would
benefit from the revolution they have started but which they feel was "hijacked" to
send Libya back to the "stone age".
This recalls into question if people are now ready to write Libyan history
away from "re-placing one distortion with another".
"No to arms; yes to the law"
لا للسلاح لا للمجموعات المسلحة لا لا لاعمال العنف
How did "peaceful protesters" suddenly become
There was no visible attempt to document how the Libyans become
so heavily armed, to the teeth, just as there was no attempt to explain
how and when the peaceful-protesters suddenly become armed rebels, or why militant
groups should be covertly armed by dictatorial states. These may not be troubling
questions to experts, but nonetheless many ordinary Libyans find them deeply
'disturbing' – not so much for projecting the ousted double-standards, but because
they throw in more 'spanners in the work'.
The international media was ready to report the infestation of our beloved
Libya with weapons, and the lucrative arms black-market then emerging
in new Libya, ultimately resulting in (free) Libya becoming the most
heavily armed nation in the world. Some 20 million guns
to be circulating in Libya" today; while according to MI6 an estimated
one "million tons" of weaponry
have turned Libya into "the "Tesco" of the world’s illegal arms trade" .
The UN did urge the NTC to bring the matter under control, of course, after
authorising 'violence' against sovereign Libya without an
exit strategy and without prior preparation for the ensuing atrocities committed
by the deadly militias the helpless
NTC (and its strong backers) now say they are 'powerless'
to stop, despite once being strong and united to 'coordinate',
train, arm and even back with super bombs!
Alas; arming civilians, rebels and the so-called "moderate radicals"
is not to be tried at home; let alone without an exit strategy or a referendum.
Encouraging teenagers to use violence to resolve political problems responsible diplomats should never
have in mind. Peace and science are the only principles for lasting stability
and prosperous success; and if the UN is yet to see this simple recipe, what
else could law-abiding people say?
1- Armed Civilians And Foreign Radicals
According to local and foreign reports the Libyan civilians (and foreign
radicals from 12 countries) began to use
"weapons" against government forces from the 19th or/and the 20th of
February 2011 – long before the UN's no-fly zone to protect "unarmed,
peaceful civilians" was imposed on Libya. According to the
Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya, "The
UN Commission of Inquiry noted 24 February 2011 as the date of commencement of
the armed conflict". Still worse, on the 10th of March 2011 the International
Committee of the Red Cross called the events in Libya an "armed conflict" ,
meaning that the peaceful protestors have become armed rebels infiltrated
by local and foreign radicals long before the no-fly zone was imposed
on Libya allegedly to protect "unarmed civilians".
Before the UN-authorised bombing campaign began Gaddafi spoke of al-Qaeda terrorist
fighters being among the rebel forces of Benghazi, but his warnings were dismissed
as the dictator's last response to the people's bizarre uprising. And
when Admiral James Stavridis, NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, declared immediately
after the bombing campaign started that their intelligence picked up 'Qaeda flickers'
among the rebel groups of the NTC including "devotees of Osama Bin Laden
and the Iranian-backed terror group Hezbollah" , no one said anything,
except perhaps the British who thought the warning was "very alarming"
but instead emphasis must be put "on the positive side",
they said. The only positive outcome Libya has now is that it has become the
world's largest arms black supermarket for world terrorists, and, to use the
words of US Senator Rand Paul, a created "Jihadist
Why the "Libya expedition" ended
up the way it is now may never be told, but at least we have some top-level
confessions to work with, like "they
always get it wrong", "they
left too early without implementing security", or most recently "the
was "un-intentional mistake". Going
through the various stages of who was doing what and how the Libyan population,
and the entire region for that matter, became so heavily armed with Libyan weapons
readers are invited to form their own conclusions.
To their surprise, euphoric Libyans say dictator Gaddafi was advised to order the commanders of
his "hailed" military barracks to open the gates, wide open, and let
protesters arm themselves during the first few days of the peaceful February
Uprising; as he was also reported to have ordered the release of all prisoners,
as confirmed by the transitional Prime Minister el-Keib (on 25/01/2012)
when he called for the "escaped prisoners who were released by Gaddafi"
to be returned to prison and face justice – albeit perplexing to reconcile "escaped" with "released"!
This strange order given by Gaddafi is a common fact in Libya, and will remain
part of Libya's history, and was confirmed by eyewitnesses who took part in looting
the once-formidable military installations; but expectedly it was hardly reported
by the media. The program to reform Libyan prisons was started way back in 2007,
when Abdul Jalil was Gaddafi's beloved justice minister – in the same year the
program to release militant prisoners was reportedly initiated via Saifalislam.
Perfect arrangement, to say the least. During that period Abdul Jalil was
reported to have cooperated with the American government to improve relations
with Libya , ultimately culminating in relaxing Libyan visa restrictions for
US nationals in 2010. And according to the BBC, NTC leader, Abdul Jalil, informed
Gaddafi in January 2010 that he would resign due to the continued
"detention of 300 political prisoners despite court rulings acquitting
them" . In total, it was reported that 16,000 prisoners were released
during the February uprising alone. In February 2011 Advisor Abdul Jalil resigned
from Gaddafi's government to immediately assume his new role as the defected
leader of the Libyan Uprising; only to admit his council's failure and "helplessness" shortly
after his installation by the bomb.
[See Libyan Army for more on this issue].
Libyans spoke of secret documents later found in captured Bab al-Aziziya barracks,
which they said showed Gaddafi's cooperation with Western intelligence over the
handling of protesters and terrorists. Due to the classified nature of the documents
one is unable to independently verify these claims made by Libyans inside Libya,
but the Western media did confirm that the secret documents left behind by Gaddafi's
security chiefs, including the reported double-agent Mussa Kussa, spoke of close
cooperation between "Western secret services" and Gaddafi's government
in relation to terrorists and jihadists, with no details given in relation to
protesters, of course. The best example for such cooperation is the so-called
"rendition" program, in which some declared terrorists
were returned to Libya not only to face torture in Tripoli's dungeons but also
end up in power after the grotesque murder of Gaddafi!
Before the UN resolution was passed and long before the uprising turned to an
armed rebellion, the Libyan government could have tightened security around its
military installations, as indeed they were expecting and preparing for such a response
right from after the uprising began in Tunisia; but they did not. They did the
opposite. The Libyans say Gaddafi was advised by his foreign allies to "arm
so that he can legally take them out once they become "armed gangs".
Thinking his special forces can handle the "genie" being let out
of the bottle, Gaddafi did just that: first he let the Libyans flock to the military
barracks and help themselves to all kinds of western- and eastern-made weapons
including boxed kalashnikovs; then responded with live ammunition and tanks while
declaring he was fighting armed
by al-Qaeda – just as he was told to say, the Libyans say.
By the time Gaddafi realised the true course of [the right] history, he sent
his militias to the re-taken rebelled areas, like Zuwarah and Zawya in the west,
in an attempt to collect the weapons back. Gaddafi's forces entered the city
of Zuwarah and began arresting people thought to have taken part in looting the
opened, military installations. The arrested were asked to bring back the weapons
in return for their freedom, and due to fear and reported torture many of them
did just that, and were released afterwards. After he reached Benghazi and threatened
to cleanse the city of "armed rebels",
"door to door", the UN quickly authorised the bombing of
Libya to protect "unarmed civilians",
which ended with the grotesque murder of Gaddafi,
before effecting chaos and sending the country back to "square
one" without an exit strategy. The rest is [the wrong] history.
There is no doubt that the protests have started peacefully, by Libyan women
and children on the 15th of February, but then very quickly the looted weapons
were brought out by "some" men to transform the protests
into an armed rebellion long before the UN imposed its bombing campaign to protect
the armed rebels. This
is supported by the fact that the international media suddenly stopped using
the term "protesters" and
instead began using the label "rebels". However, the Libyans protested
against the label rebels, complained in blogs, websites, facebook, twitter and
everywhere else they could, and even accused the western media of propaganda.
Instead they said they are "revolutionaries" backed
by the Creator. The western media, needless to say, continued to use
the term rebels to the
last day of the bombing campaign - the bombing campaign misarchived as "civil
war" by wikipedia for fake history to recall. The civil war that began immediately
after the bombing campaign was declared "success", "with
the UN said.
After the capture of Tripoli, in late August 2011 by mysterious rebel groups,
the western media suddenly stopped using the label "rebels",
and instead began calling them
"NTC fighters" (or "fighters loyal to the NTC"),
and Libyan government troops became known as "loyalists" – the usual
vocabulary expected for designated failed-states; while the Libyans themselves continued to this day to use the term "thuwwar" ('revolutionaries'),
before they were infiltrated by "ashbah at-thuwwar"
('pretend revolutionaries') – blasting holes in civilian homes after
liberation was celebrated success by some, and after they were joined by "mystery cells" to
begin executing both: Libyan citizens and their foreign agenda(s) – seemingly
to transform Libya (and the entire region too) into what some western leaders
now say is a hot
bed of militant terror - a free for all Jihadist Wonderland.
 Libya Herald, article: /2012/12/16/abdul-jalil-will-stand-trial-very-soon-in-connection-with-younis-murder/
 Human Rights Council, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/17/44, 1 June 2011, para. 65.
3- Ammunition Bunkers
Weapons and munitions also came from the ammunition bunkers, also known as "Arms Dumps", that
were attacked or/and abandoned and left unguarded right through the UN bombing
campaign until after liberation. According to the statistics published by The Guardian a
staggering 409 "ammunition storage sites"
were attacked, including 41 sites in Zintan alone? Many of these bunkers are
massive, with roads inside them for lorries that once brought in the endless
stockpiles of western and eastern weapons supplied to Gaddafi throughout his
According to local reports from Zuwarah, one storage facility near al-Assah was
attacked but left undamaged and unguarded. Rebels from Zuwarah
and, once the news leaked out, from Nafusa and Misrata were loading their trucks
and lorries with weapons and ammunition for three days, and three nights, non-stop,
before the storage rooms were emptied clean. Sites like these were reported from
all over Libya; and in fact the UN spoke of weapons and missiles being smuggled
out of Libya (presumably they saw them from the air) and repeatedly "urged" the
NTC to bring the situation under control. "Let the pigeons loose and
run beneath", one Libyan metaphor says.
But then how could the NTC be expected to control the bunkers or the spread of
weapons when the western and southern regions of Libya were then still under
Gaddafi's control? If the UN had evidence that weapons were then being sent out
of the country why then let them get away? And why declare liberation when fighting
and shelling civilian homes were still going on across Libya – to this day?
Why did the various Libyan transitional governments leave the contents of such
dangerous dumps unguarded, while at the same time leaving the borders unsecured
and exploited by outlaws and mystery cells? Are these questions for the elected
(and the so-called responsible) leaders to endorse before hand or are they for
ordinary people to needlessly endure afterwards?
Now we know that many of these weapons have somehow "crawled" their way into
Tunisia, Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt, Gaza, Syria and beyond – presumably
a UN-kind-of-program to weaponise the whole region with free Libyan weapons,
by "mistake", of course!
The final twist is that according to Reuters, who visited some of these
sites after the so-called liberation day (on November 2011), the bunkers were
still unguarded by the NTC:
One can also presume that it was (and still is) the sole duty of the UN to
protect and guard such places in order to guarantee the promised
"protection of civilians" because they constitute more danger
than Gaddafi himself, especially when such danger was non-existent before the
imposed bombing campaign!
Nearly 2 years later, MI6 was reported by the Sunday
Times to have said that
an estimated "one million tons of weaponry" have
turned Libya into a "Tesco for world terrorists" – the Tesco of
the world’s illegal arms trade; and that this amount of weaponry is "more
than the entire arsenal of the British Army".
Ironically, in quoting "one
well-placed defence source", the same source stated that the British
prime minister "does
not want the whole Libya expedition to end in failure". An
expedition; presumably on the way to Timbuktu!
If such devastating data and damn dumps (in their hundreds) were known from November
2011 (and even long before then, since they were targets), why has no one done
anything about them then and ever since? Doing something about them in advance
would have been truly beneficial to Libya and to the whole region – at least
to prevent such sophisticated weapons from "crawling" into the wrong
countries. Well, the above source further stated their "belief" that
only 20 of the 400 dumps are under government control (as of June 2013); with
the [caring] world still watching the odyssey unfold!
Libya's Newly Established Black Market ("Tesco"):
Having such stockpiles of weapons and munitions for all to use, while as well
leaving all Libya's borders unguarded, would hardly deter the least inexperienced
outlaw from sharing the spoils of war.
The helpless NTC was repeatedly urged to bring the matter under control, like
one Libyan metaphors says: "Let the pigeons loose and run beneath".
Without any viable means and without "law" all attempts came to no
use, as more and more reports of illegal cross-border trade in arms, humans and
narcotics began to speak of the tantalising "consequential result",
including but not limited to arming the entire region with Libyan weapons.
On the 6th of May 2013, Benghazi's First Infantry Battalion for Rapid Intervention
had raided one of the most notorious black markets in Benghazi, namely the yard-market
near the Municipal hotel in Benghazi's city centre, where outlaws were allowed
to sell all kinds of weapons, alcohol, drugs and smuggled goods . Mysteriously,
most of the traders had escaped, because the battalion said the dealers saw their
vehicles approaching the market – even though one would presume an operation
of this magnitude would require simple planning to surround the market with undercover
agents before the actual raid. The disturbing fact is that the buyers try-out
the weapons by firing in the air – very close to a hospital nearby, where patients
were terrified. A doctor from the Nahr Eye Hospital told Libya Herald  that, "I
remember one time, when a man bought a gun at the market and started to try it
out, many bullets hit the hospital walls”.
On the 23rd of May 2013, Solidarity Press reported that Benghazi's Special Forces
(or Commandoes: قوات الصاعقة ) launched their initiative to encourage Libyan
citizens to surrender their weapons to the government in return for cash. The
fact that there are other mysterious and secret cells working in the background
(amongst the traders and the rebels) for other agendas than financial gains is
the target in question, and not the Libyans themselves.
Nonetheless, the official in charge of the Commandoes' Information Office, Mr
Juma'a Erkhis, told Solidarity Press that the money offered for each item is
the same amount charged by the dealers in the black market, and thus we have
an official confirmation of the actual prices of weapons in Libya's newly created
Black Market. The table published by Solidarity Press is in Arabic (accessed
via the third URL provided below ), and the following is an attempt to translate
to English what at first seemed an alien terminology:
Libya's Tesco's Price List:
Type of Weapon
لا للسلاح لا للمجموعات المسلحة
لا لا لاعمال العنف
"Any weapon made locally" (shown in the list) presumably include(s) some of these:
Made by: Misrata's "Revolutionaries of The Central Workshop".
A metal crossbow, improvised to fire arrows capable of detonating targets in high places, like top floors; made by Misrata's "Central Workshop's Revolutionaries".
14.5 mm quad
14.5 mm dual
14.5 mm single
106 mm cannon
81 mm Mortar
General Purposes" ? : أغراض عامة
61 mm Mortar
9 mm Pistol
Beretta Assault Rifle
Any weapon made locally
TNT 200 gram block
107 mm munition
106 mm munition
23 machinegun munition
14.5 mm munition
1 LD (each)
1 LD (each)
LD: Libyan Dinar
Such initiatives of buying weapons back from the people may prove
futile, since such offers were proposed long time ago by the NTC, but the Libyans
refused to lay down their weapons unless a government is elected, they said.
The NTC then responded by giving the rebels (previously known as "unarmed civilians" by
the UN and its military allies) until the 20th of December 2011 to surrender
their given arms and leave the capital Tripoli, or else they will feel the
full force of the law – while effectively leaving Libya's borders open and
Of course, the problem is not the Libyans who genuinely want to see proper
democracy implemented before they can lay down their given arms and who hold
no harm to beloved Libya, but it is the foreign and secret groups (the mystery
cells) that have other agendas in mind who are taking advantage of Libya's
destroyed infrastructure and free "Tesco" (advertised as far as
the eyes can see without a single guard in site).
These groups are reportedly funded and armed by other democratic and dictatorial
states that took part in bombing sovereign Libya, most of whom employ foreign
fighters as well as some Libyans. Therefore it remains a double-mystery as
to why the government ignores all these reports and instead urges helpless
people in the street to surrender their weapons, especially so when it was
reported that the NTC and the GNC had spent billions arming shoddy, shield
militias and the so-called "pretend
revolutionaries"! Bizarre advice indeed from their foreign friends.
If the law says such arms are illegal, as they should be, then all the government
needs to do is: do its job, which is to implement the law; and even stop buying
such arms from other countries. [The politically-incorrect question of why
the so-called civilised countries manufacture weapons of all kinds, sell them
for people to kill each other, then turn round and urge dialogue instead and
"violence is not the answer" is as baffling as the "Libyan
Taking over a street bazaar by offering to become the buyer some might say
is bizarre. Not to mention that some radical groups may even take advantage
of the official offer by selling arms back to the government, to collect more
cash to further sponsor their "agenda" - not to say that the recent
increase in bank robberies in Libya had anything to do with it.
In conclusion the Libyan government is urged to re-consider its ill-sought strategy
(or advice) for the implications it entails in relation to the possibility
of indirectly funding terror groups with cash, just as other governments ironically
did by paying cash in ransom to radical groups in Mali and elsewhere to free
The Libyan government is urged to abandon all foreign advice, especially any
UN assistance, since, like Robert Fisks had said, they always get it wrong
(unintentionally, of course); and like Rasmussen himself was recently reported
to have said, Nato would be unlikely to intervene in Syria or Iraq "because of “lessons
learned” from its troubled foray into Libya"
. Not to say that Syria is not being bombed right now. Therefore
trusting the security of the Libyan borders to the same foreign entities would
more likely allow them more "errors" to
learn. Can the Libyans and others afford any more "unintentional" errors
to be added to the mountain of disasters ?
Instead the Libyan government (if any) is urged to open their minds
and hearts to the voices of trembling Libyans in order to inch closer towards
national reconciliation against world terror - the national reconciliation
enemy"  is determined to destroy by all necessary measures.
 lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/22279/ (الكتيبة الأولى مشاة للتدخل السريع ببنغازي تداهم ساحة تستخدم كسوق لبيع الأسلحة والخمور والمخدرات بوسط المدينة)
 Libya Herald, article: /2013/05/18/benghazi-arms-market-raided-and-shut-down/
 The Libyan Prime Minister Abdullah Althni revealed in his statement of the
5th of June 2014 that destroying Libya's security infrastructure was a mistake,
and that Libya is facing an "anonymous enemy"
which must be dealt-with not by deploying more weapons and soldiers but by building
a "strong security service"
It was widely reported  that France
parachuted weapons to Libyan civilians in Nafousa Mountain, including rocket
launchers, MILAN anti-tank missiles, guns, ammunition and assault rifles. According
to the BBC, "French Gazelle helicopters also took part in simultaneous
attacks on different targets in Libya" . Russia's Sergey Lavrov
complained to France and to the commanders of the no-fly-zone that France's act
was "a very crude violation of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1970" .
Nato's Anders Fogh Rasmussen was reported by Reuters to have responded by saying
that the weapons drop was a "unilateral French initiative" 
and that Nato was not involved.
France said parachuting the weapons did not violate any UN arms embargo because
the weapons given to the civilians were needed to defend civilians under threat
of attack. And according to the same Reuters' source, "Washington agreed" that
the "U.N. Security Council resolutions 1970 and 1973, read together, neither
specified nor precluded providing defense materiel to the Libyan opposition" .
But according to the Daily Mail, "Britain and America were pitched into
a row with Nato Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who said UN Resolution
1973 did not allow the arming of the rebels" . Even though such
does not explain why a coalition member could act unilaterally, Libya's air space
is neither a free war zone nor a zoo, but supposedly a coordinated no-fly zone
with central command authorised by the so-called UN only to protect civilians
Qatar was also reported by the western media to
have sent both boats and planes laden with weapons, ammunition, MILAN anti-tank
systems, AK-47 rifles, military vehicles as well as humanitarian aid, a few of
which were intercepted by the Libyan government on a number of occasions, and most of which were sent to radical groups. According
to The Guardian ,
"Qatar is supplying anti-tank weapons to Libyan rebels in Benghazi as
part of its strategy of working to overthrow the Gaddafi regime, officials in
Doha have confirmed"; and that the Qatari government had defended its
decision by stating that they "need to send the Libyans equipment so
they can defend themselves and get on with their lives . . . These are civilians
who have had to become fighters because of the situation." Unlike Nato's
response to France's decision to parachute weapons to mountain rebels, all the
21 members of the so-called "Contact Group" (created after the London Conference)
were reported by the media to have endorsed Qatar's decision.
According to The New York Times , the US administration "secretly
gave its blessing to arms shipments to Libyan rebels from Qatar . . . Within
weeks of endorsing Qatar’s plan to send weapons there in spring 2011, the White
House began receiving reports that they were going to Islamic militant groups .
. . About that same time, Mahmoud Jibril . . . expressed frustration to administration
officials that the United States was allowing Qatar to arm extremist groups opposed
to the new leadership . . ."
In an interview with then interim Prime Minister Mahmoud Jibril one learns of
a shipment of weapons that was sent by Qatar to Libya but which has 'disappeared'
afterwards somewhere in Libya, the PM said. Later it emerged that Qatar was in
fact arming "Islamic militant groups" more heavily than other
groups , and that according to The New York Times, "NATO air and
sea forces around Libya had to be alerted not to interdict the cargo planes and
freighters transporting the arms into Libya from Qatar and the emirates, American
officials said" .
According to Mark Curtis (in his book 'Secret Affairs'), "Much of Qatar's
support went to the so-called 17 February Brigade, one of the most influential
rebel formations led by Abdel-Hakim Belhaj" . It appears that such
shocking reports were later indirectly confirmed by the current Libyan Prime
Minister Dr. Ali Zidan, on January 2013, when he returned from Qatar to inform
the Libyan people that Qatari leaders had promised him that Qatar will no longer "deal" with
"specific groups" and that from now-on Qatar will only deal
directly with the "Libyan government"  – a carefully worded statement
to balance and address the popular concern amongst many Libyans over their liberated
country being remotely controlled by foreign dictatorial state(s).
More shocking is that prior to Dr. Ali Zidan's revelation, previous
prime minister el-Keib acknowledged the existence of "a higher authority
than his government", preventing his transitional cabinet from implementing
some of its "decisions", but which he declined to name when GNC president,
Dr. Magarief, kindly requested from him to elaborate . Ironically, almost
the whole of Libya speaks of this "name" and yet only the PM appeared
reluctant to mention. Libya's acting president politely replied: "Okay" .
Imagine the consequences if such bizarre revelations were made by a European
Prime Minister in a European parliament? Beyond belief.
Then prime minister Mahmoud Jibril spoke of how the Qatari chief of the army
was coordinating their final assault on Tripoli via strange 'requests' , and
how he was asked by Qatar's chief to postpone the rebels' attack on the capital,
apparently to avoid inflicting heavy civilian casualties. But Jibril was puzzled
to discover that 25 of the 28 scheduled targets were already bombed when NTC
rebel fighters arrived in the capital; which he says is strange and may indicate
that the forces implementing the no-fly zone may have had favoured "other
groups" to take Tripoli.
Presumably by sheer coincidence, Abd al-Hakim
Belhaj took charge of Tripoli immediately after the presumed liberation, to become
the president of Tripoli Military Council. Abd al-Hakim Belhaj is the former
commander of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG: الجماعة الإسلامية المقاتلة
الليبية) - still listed as of 15th of July 2016 by the British Home
Office as a "foreign
terrorist organization"  that "seeks to replace the current
Libyan regime with a hard-line Islamic state". For more information
on past British support for the LIFG to topple Gaddafi the reader can refer to
the extraordinary "Secret
Affairs", by Mark Curtis (Islamist Boots On The Ground,
p. 359), in which the author explores "Britain's Collusion With
Radical Islam", as
well as invites readers to complete the picture.
Finally, many of the militias that were armed by the foreign states
that took part in bombing Libya (including some dictatorial states) later turned
out to be radical militias, with the failed GNC itself being
reported to be dominated by the Brotherhood
[11, 12]. Such installed forces have now turned Benghazi, Tripoli and Fezzan
into battle zones, placing all Libyans in greater danger than ever before.
"unintentional mistakes" were imposed and the
entire country was consequently infested with weapons, foreign radicals
and total chaos, it is down to the stricken Libyans to resolve the imposed mess
on their own via dialogue, this time, the UN says. (See Turkey, below, for
more on Qatar's support for terror groups.)
 Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/19/qatar-will-now-only-deal-through-the-libyan-state-prime-minister-ali-zeidan/
 Secret Affairs, by Mark Curtis, 2010, 2012, Printed and bound in Great Britain
by CPI Group (UK) Ltd, Croydon, p. 363
Turkey was also one of the main
countries reportedly involved in destabilising Libya in the name of protection.
When US Senator Rand Paul asked Hillary Clinton, during the (assassinated) Stevens
enquiry: “. . . it’s been in news reports that ships have been leaving from
Libya and that they may have weapons. And what I’d like to know is, the annex
that was close by, were they involved with procuring, buying, selling, obtaining
weapons, and were any of these weapons being transferred to other countries,
any countries, Turkey included?”
Clinton responded, “Well, Senator, you’ll have to direct that question to the
agency that ran the annex" . . .
Paul interjected, “You’re saying you don’t know?”
Clinton: “I do not know” .
The most disturbing report however is the Guardian's
revelation  about the secret operation to smuggle arms from Libya to jihadists
in Syria (via Turkey) by the countries supposedly bombing Libya to protect civilians
from an imaginary massacre. The report links to a declassified
DOD document that names the Gulf States and Turkey as the supports
of the Syrian opposition that is mainly made of well-known terror groups. The
Guardian's report also links to a book review titled: The
Red Line And The Rat Line  which provides further details about
the secret operation to ship Libyan arms to Syrian rebels. Here is an extract
from the book review:
"A highly classified annex to the report, not made public, described
a secret agreement reached in early 2012 between the Obama and Erdoğan administrations.
It pertained to the rat line. By the terms of the agreement . . . the CIA, with
the support of MI6, was responsible for getting arms from Gaddafi’s arsenals
into Syria. A number of front companies were set up in Libya, some under the
cover of Australian entities . . . The operation was run by [CIA Director] David
Petraeus . . . (A spokesperson for Petraeus denied the
operation ever took place.) . . . The involvement of MI6 enabled
the CIA to evade the law by classifying the mission as a liaison operation
. . . The annex didn’t tell the whole story of what happened in Benghazi before
the attack, nor did it explain why the American consulate was attacked. ‘The
only mission was to provide cover for the moving of arms,’ the former intelligence
official, who has read the annex, said. ‘It had no real political role.’ ".
Was the so-called "stalemate
situation" a contributing factor to Libya becoming heavily armed?
NTC's liberation army, under the command of the General Abdulfattah
Younis, made a number of attempts to break through the Brega Highway, but his
forces were attacked on a number of occasions. Many Libyans, felt protected by
the no-fly-zone, genuinely believed they could have gone all the way to
Tripoli for the "checkmate"; but instead the news of "stalemate" were
circulated across the world, with the Libyan forces seemingly stuck "back
and forth" between Brega and Benghazi, with the occasional firing in the
sky. What about the assassination
of general Abdulfattah
Younis when he decided to break the stalemate barrier and head for Nafousa to
liberate Tripoli from there?
During that period, the Libya Contact Group met in Istanbul on the 15th
of July 2011, allegedly to seek a "political solution"
to end what foreigners called "civil war" in
Libya, and it was reported that among the items to be discussed was "the
recommendation by a British-led team planning post-conflict Libya for Gaddafi's
security forces to be left intact after a rebel victory in order to avoid errors
made after the Iraq war" (uk.reuters.com/article/uk-libya-turkey-idUKTRE76D2Y620110714).
Did anyone take any notice, from both the Contact Group and the
people not contacted, of the British team's recommendation?
Well, misinformed Libyan Foreign Minister, Mohammed Abdulaziz, comes out two
years later (on January 2013) to tell us that, "No one thought of the
consequences after the intervention" . Good
morning Mr. Minister.
Was there really a "stalemate" situation that required a political
Was there a political solution to the (alleged) "civil war"
in Libya in the end?
Was there plenty of time allowed that could have contributed to arming the Libyan
civilian population as well as "specific groups"?
Was Libya in the end plagued with new terror groups, assassinating Libyans and
diplomats and demolishing mosques and tombs?
Was the Libyan population heavily armed in the end?
Well, the NTC was keen to announce its great achievement of having a big problem
to deal with, and that is: how to disarm the heavily-armed Libyan population?
Poland was reported by PAP to have supplied
anti-tank rocket launchers and military vehicles to the Libyan rebels. According
"The deal "had the government's full approval," an unnamed
Polish government official told PAP." It was also reported that Poland
"officers of Polish Special Forces" .
Italy was reported to have agreed with the
NTC on the 6th of May 2011 to supply the rebel forces with "equipment
for self defense".
10- United Arab Emirates
The UAE were reported to have been supplying the rebels with Belgian FN-FAL
rifles and telecommunication network. According to The New York Times the initial
request by the UAE for a "permission
to ship American-built weapons" was rejected by the US administration, "But
instead urged the emirates to ship weapons to Libya that could not be traced
to the United States" [ nytimes.com/2012/12/06/world/africa/weapons-sent-to-libyan-rebels-with-us-approval-fell-into-islamist-hands.html ].
According to The Wall Street Journal, "Egypt's
military has begun shipping arms over the border to Libyan rebels with Washington's
knowledge, U.S. and Libyan rebel officials said. The shipments—mostly small arms
such as assault rifles and ammunition—appear to be the first confirmed case of
an outside government arming the rebel fighters . . . "There's no formal
U.S. policy or acknowledgement that this is going on," said the senior official.
But "this is something we have knowledge of" .
12- Saudi Arabia
According to The Independent , in its "America's secret plan to arm
"the Americans have asked Saudi Arabia if it can supply weapons to the
rebels in Benghazi", and that "Washington's request is in
line with other US military co-operation with the Saudis . . . [who] gave
immediate support to American efforts to arm guerrillas fighting the Soviet army
in Afghanistan in 1980 and later – to America's chagrin – also funded and armed
the Taliban." The Independent adds that, "The Saudis have
been told that opponents of Gaddafi need anti-tank rockets and mortars as a first
priority to hold off attacks by Gaddafi's armour, and ground-to-air missiles
to shoot down his fighter-bombers" . At the time, the Saudis were
suppressing their own "day of rage" protests and banning public demonstrations.
Double standards, political experts and some leaders responded. Following every "spring"
known to man and at the final cycle of the "season" there
can be only the "fall" – immediately after the scorching heat
of the "summer" churns everything for the "winter"
to wash away.
Sudan was reported to have supplied fighters
in Nafusa Mountain, Misrata, Kufra and Benghazi with weapons and ammunition.
According to the BBC, Mr. Bashir had "openly supported last year's rebel
uprising in Libya", and that "Mr Jalil – who visited Khartoum
in November – had said Mr Bashir supplied Sudanese weapons and ammunition to
the former rebels" . Both Mr. Bashir and Mr. Gaddafi were wanted
by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for charges of crimes against humanity,
and therefore one of them supporting the rebels of the other can only signal
confusing messages. On the 15th of February 2013, ABC News reported that the
ICC has urged "Chad and Libya to arrest Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir
and extradite him to face trial if he visits over the weekend . . . for crimes
including genocide in Sudan's Darfur region" . Instead Libya's NTC
was giving millions in cash to the wanted leader; funding some agricultural projects
in Sudan; and even striking an agreement with him to coordinate security between
the Sudanese and Libyan borders.
Despite all the above shocking reports, the weapons that ended up in In Amenas
and Mali were blamed on Libya; while in its latest report HRW merely
blamed the weak state on "Gaddafi’s decisions to keep government institutions
underdeveloped to discourage challenges to his rule"! Like anything
else, the truth is always in between. For example, who was recently paying millions
of dollars in ransom money to militant kidnappers to free Western hostages in
and around Mali? Was that money a factor in funding militants with cash?
All in all, some analysts say were such lethal commodities been sent to the
West instead then such suppliers would have been classified as terror-sponsoring
states; while many Libyans can only thank the UN, for Libya is now free for all,
well protected "to the teeth", and a grand "Tesco
for world terrorists" to plunder.
With the myth of Libya "will not be like democratised Iraq"
is being put to the test; and with the prospect of war on terror seemingly loading
more terror groups to the "database"; and with Afghanistan being suddenly
metathesized to *Malistan, the war on Saharan terror could now last for decades
to come, the UK says.
This is the poster used during the uprising to urge teenagers to pick up arms
and fight for freedom. The sign in the poster says: "Freedom
is Our Demand"; "Our Youth We Call Upon You to Protect
Libya". The following photo shows a protest after Libya was
declared liberated by the bomb-installed NTC (while leaving most Libya in a state
of war). The sign in the photo reverses the above slogan and urges people to
surrender their given arms, after having been glamorised by the media as hero
rebels, and after having been armed by some foreign governments including dictatorial
states (apparently "to get on with their lives"). Again,
strange but true.
The above fact sheets provided by The Guardian list all kinds of details
about the kind and number of targets hit during the war.
According to report number 3 (see above), a total of 3511 targets
were hit between 11/04/2011 and 20/10/2011:
450 other armoured vehicles
425 other vehicles
409 ammunition storage sites
382 communications or command & control facility / radar
24 air defence missile sites/anti-aircraft facilities
31 armoured personnel carriers
The above targets were hit in the following areas, each followed by the number
of times hit, with some hits including a number of targets:
Bani Walid 29
Ras Lanuf 14
Bir Alghanam 13
Dur Atturkiyah 1
Tunisian Border 1
War Updates & Terrorist Activities
During the first few months of the war euphoric Libyans were adamant
that fighting will stop as soon as Gaddafi is dead; and the transitional successor
Abdul Jalil followed by declaring he would resign as soon as Gaddafi's regime
comes to an end. Gaddafi is dead and buried
in a secret grave in the desert, long way gone,
and Libya was declared liberated; but fighting did not stop, and Abdul Jalil
declined to resign - because Libya would plunge into "chaos" if he
did, reporters said he said.
Instead, chaos ensued, the law disappeared, clashes proliferated, and without
a police force or an army humanrights abuses worsened. The media and the leaders
blamed the "powerful militias" they once seemed united to support.
Others blamed the newly formed "mystery cells" that had introduced "terrorism" and "assassination" to
the Libyan vocabulary. While some blamed "Gaddafi's loyalists", who
are now reportedly blamed for anything that is "critical" or "oppositional".
Still, there are those who blamed the UN for helping destroy Libya's central
authority without providing an "exit strategy", and for not taking
serious notice of the exit strategy proposed by a British-led team at the Contact
Group in Istanbul.
And finally, political experts blame decision makers for not preparing the soil
before sowing the seeds. Without knowing where the blame lies, the most important
thing to note is that most Libyans are adamant that 'civil war' will never succeed
in Libya, regardless of the attempts, and to the disappointment of 'some'.
NTC's policy of 'handouts' (cash given to 'revolutionaries' to reward them
as well as to win their integration into the national army) seems to have achieved
the opposite effect, as it has increased the number of revolutionaries when hundreds
of thousands more were reported to have registered as 'revolutionaries', allegedly
to claim the rare cash-fund, after the war had ended, and after Libya was declared
liberated and long by celebrated. These are known in Libya as "ashbah
('pretend revolutionaries'), whose loyalty and intentions are not easily discernable,
and even delve into the realms of 'conspiracy'; but nonetheless they had exploited
the power vacuum created, the foreign-support provided, and the inflicted chaos
to launch their own local and foreign agendas, practically unchallanged by the
Timeline: Armed Clashes & Terrorist Attacks
The following timeline lists the main clashes, assassinations,
bombings, violence against women, vandalism, poisoning, fires,
and other terrorist activities taking place in free Libya since it was declared
liberated, with the most recent event listed first. The timeline
does not list all the incidents that took place since liberation, nor
it includes all the protests and strikes that invariably erupted between
the violent events. It seems that
being armed to the teeth and due to the encouragement received during the
war to use violence to achieve solutions, many armed teenagers and
criminals now do not hesitate to pull the trigger at the slightest provocation.
Going through the timeline reveals a number of patterns including organised attacks
on Libyan government institutions (such as the NTC, GNC, and immigration
and security departments); systematic attacks on Libyan borders (flooding Libya
with illegal immigrants, counterfeit goods, alcohol and drugs); and clear campaigns
to terrorise the (free) Libyan people themselves with assassinations and bombs.
Many of these events appear to connect with similar patterns affecting the whole
region. If such events were left to continue into 2014, it may become increasingly
difficult to save Libya. The only way out, it seems, is for people to abandon
violence, and resist being dragged into conflict against each other.
April 2013: this section is no longer updated,
because it is clear now that the UN's reckless agenda for Libya requires
a dedicated website to document, which is beyond the scope of this page.
02 April 2013: Ajdabiya: Gas:
a large explosion destroyed the gas pipeline extending from field (103), 12
km west of Ajdabiya, to Zueitina. According to LANA, the
commander of Ajdabiya Reconnaissance
Battalion, Mr. Muftah'
Saad Bouhriq, said the blast was an intentional act, targeting the main valve
along the gas line (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/18650/.
However, according to Solidarity Press, the explosion hit the gas pipeline
linking the Brega oil field and the city of Benghazi, located behind the ammunition "Military
Camp 14" in Ajdabiya; and that according to the director of the office
of the commander of Aljazeera Martyrs Battalion, Hussein Addinali, the
explosion caused no human casualties. LANA adds that according to another source
in the Petroleum Facilities Guard, the explosion may have occurred naturally without
involving any "arson" attacks, because, the source says, there was
an installations guard checkpoint stationed near the scene of the explosion
26 March 2013: Tripoli:
Poison: six people suffering from food-poisoning
were reported to have been admitted to hospital in the capital Tripoli. The patients
apparently became ill after consuming sandwiches at the Dreby Restaurant (Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/26/food-poisoning-in-tripoli/).
Two weeks ago, 87 Libyans died after drinking
alcohol poisoned with methanol (see 11 March 2013, below). Poisoned and out-of-date
food, alcohol and narcotics have been entering Libya since liberation was declared,
in what seems to be no more than an organised
"corruption campaign". Current workers guarding
the various border points and the border lines along the Libyan-Tunisian border
(near Nalut) have complained about the lack of equipment, radars, proper arms
to fight organised border traffickers, and even lack of "wages" and drinking
20 March 2013: Tripoli:
the Berber Brigadier Salem Aezzab, Director General of the Customs Department
in the capital Tripoli, was abducted together with his driver on Wednesday evening
by an "unknown" group
after leaving office. Tribal and council leaders from his home-town Nalut,
in Nafusa Mountain, condemned the abduction. The employees of the Customs Department
in Benghazi have also protested the kidnapping by
closing their offices in Benghazi until the fate of director Salem Aezzabi becomes
known. Apparently the Benghazi department had complained about the Director's
decision to transfer more than 100 officers and employees of the
department from Benghazi to Emsaad, due to lack of security in the border
region (presssolidarity.net/اغلاق-مقر-مصلحة-الجمارك-في-بنغازي/). Brigadier
Aezzabi was released by his kidnappers on the following day, the 21st of March
20 March 2013: al-Ghani
Oil Field: according to Reuters, armed
rebels from the "Jadhran Brigade" had attacked el-Ghani
oil field. The field belongs
to Libya's Harouge Oil. Salah Ali, the commander of "Jazeera
Militia" (part of the government force guarding the field), told
Reuters that the
rebel force arrived with "around 150 to 180 pickups mounted with weapons"
and that they "brought men from other brigades from other towns"
Two days later, Libya TV said the attack took place in the Zella well, where
Jazeera militia was involved in the armed clashes using RPG,105 and 106,
one well damaged, the offices of government forces burnt, and two injuries.
According to one speaker in the Libya TV report, Ibrahim
Jadhran had attempted to negotiate
with the Jazeera militia to hand over the protection of the field to the Petroleum
Facilities Guard before the clashes started, but the militia refused. The
report also said that the attackers threatened to burn and blow up the wells.
The Libyan government has said, long time ago, that it has established a special
force to protect oil installations, called the "Petroleum Facilities Guard",
or the "Oil Installations Guard", reportedly made of 15,000
guards; but now it emerged that certain militias, such as Jazeera, are in
fact part of this oil protection force - something the Libyans had always opposed,
and even called for the government repeatedly to dismantle all militias and instead
form one unified force. In fact the recent clashes at Dahra oil field were reported
by Reuters to have also started over who would guard the oil field, yet again
confirming the involvement of armed rebels (or militias) in guarding such important
Nonetheless, despite this alleged oil protection force, there were 4 attacks
on oil and gas installations in the past 3 weeks alone - excluding the unconfirmed
Zueitina report, and excluding the protests at Jalu 59 (see below),
and excluding all the other attacks on oil installations forgotten from 2012
than enough for any concerned government to be alarmed, rather than sit
back and condemn the attacks as "unacceptable" after they take place.
like the Special Security Force set up by the GNC to protect the GNC only to
see the GNC being repeatedly attacked. Strange, but true.
18 March 2013: Dahra
armed clashes broke out at the Dahra field between oil protection guards and
the attacking armed rebels. The field is operated by the Libyan company Waha
Oil. Reuters says its source said the "feud was over who would
guard the facility" (reuters.com/article/2013/03/18/libya-oil-waha-idUSL6N0CAE2620130318);
and that "an
exchange of fire could also be heard at the nearby al-Ghani field".
Two days later,
Reuters reported that the militias were involved in the attack, as
well as in the attack that followed two days later
at al-Ghani field (see above, 20 March 2013).
15 March 2013: Sirte:
Gas: on the 15th of March 2013 a bomb was discovered
along Gas Line Valve 17 - 375 kilometres ( خط الغاز صمام 17 – 375 كيلو متر),
located 60 km west of Sirte (presssolidarity.net/عناصر-الجيش-تفكك-قنبلة-عن-خط-الغاز-صما/).
The bomb was successfully defused by a unit from Zawya's Martyrs Militia (part
of the Libyan army), which later said an environmental,
humanitarian and economic disaster would have cost the country billions
had the bomb went off. Coming just over 10 days after the armed
clashes at Mellitah Gas Complex, and 3 days before the attack on Dahra Oil Field,
the government must do more than condemn such attacks, and make
sure all gas and oil installations are 100% safe for both Libyans and Libya's
guests, if any lessons were learnt from Algerian In Aminas. Simply there
can be no excuse, whatsoever, for the authorities to leave such dangerous attacks
take place at such important sites with all the money Libya supposedly has.
15 March 2013: Jalu (Gialo):
Oil: 100 protesters from Jalu were protesting
at Jalu 59 since the 11th of March 2013. The oil field belongs to Waha
Oil Company. The protesters were reported to have blocked the entrance and prevented
trucks from entering the oil field, which Reuters says its Waha source said have
resulted in five drilling sites being affected and output being disrupted, and
that two more sites will be affected if the protest goes on (reuters.com/article/2013/03/18/libya-oil-waha-idUSL6N0CAE2620130318).
The news that Jalu 59 was closed as a result of the protests, LANA said, were
denied by the Oil Minister Abdelbari Alarusi on the 16th of March
According to Reuters, the protesters were not happy with Waha Oil
locally hired vehicles and drivers at the field". Ten days later,
on the 25th of March 2013, Reuters further reported that "Eleven drilling
sites stopped in the field Jallo 59 due to the strike of fuel truck drivers",
and that production may stop completely if the strike continues for four
more days (reuters.com/article/2013/03/25/libya-oil-waha-idUSL5N0CH3FH20130325).
and Arab locals from the rich zone have in the past, repeatedly, complained about
the state of poverty in which they still live, and about their communities being
deprived of their share of the local resources channeled elsewhere.
Overall, there were
a number of disruptions to a number of oil installations and terminals since
liberation was officially presumed, mostly calling for "more regional autonomy" and
improved living conditions; with some activists calling for the NOC Headquarters
itself to be re-instated to Benghazi - where it was before dictator Gaddafi was
example, on the 22nd of December 2012, protesters broke into Zueitina Oil Port
and commanded the manager to shut down operations and demanded
from the transitional leaders to provide them with
Zawya Refinery Plant, in western Libya, was shut down at least 4 times in three
months, costing the government massive loss, apparently because
the government had failed to provide "war amputees" and the "wounded"
with medical treatment for the injuries sustained during the war, the wounded
say; for which the government was later reported to have responded by agreeing
to send them to Germany.
They say "blackmail" does not work, but then even the protesters
who occupied the GNC itself, for a full month, obstructing the elected government
from carrying out its duty and thereby coming against
the will of the Libyan people and not just the GNC, were recently
bargained with by agreeing to all their demands (except compensation), including
no less than 2,000 monthly-wage "for
Such deals, Libya Herald said, "the average
Libyan could only dream of"
(Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/05/damaged-gnc-building-vacated-by-squatting-amputees-finally/).
14 March 2013: Benghazi:
the Egyptian Coptic Church was attacked and set on fire, by a group of "unknown"
attackers. The Libyan Foreign Ministry condemned the attack (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/16822/).
It was reported that the attack may have been in response to the attack on
the Libyan embassy in Cairo last Monday, during which the Libyan flag was said
to have been burnt; which in turn was a response to the death of an Egyptian
Christian in Tripoli, reportedly died under torture, after the arrest
of nearly 100 Egyptian Copts by the Libyan authorities for "Proselytism".
Libya Herald, in quoting Egyptian al-Ahram, reported that “the
detained Copts had been tortured by their captors, who had also shaved their
heads and used acid to burn off the crosses tattooed on their wrists”
(Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/03/government-condemns-attack-on-benghazi-church/).
There were several attacks on Christian and Muslim sites reported throughout
the past couple of years, not only in Libya but also across the whole region.
14 March 2013: Tripoli:
Rape: the Libyan Observatory for Human Rights
condemned the rape of a woman patient while in intensive care, hooked to
a life-support machine in Tripoli's Medical
Centre. Solidarity Press described the attack by saying the woman was raped while
she was on her "death bed". Libyan women protesters,
aghast by the assault on women's liberty, gathered outside the Prime Ministers
Office to condemn the attack and demand an explanation from the authorities as
to why the attacker was granted leave - instead of being arrested (presssolidarity.net/وقفة-احتجاجية-لعدد-من-النساء-أمام-مقر-ا/).
The same source stated that according to one protester the rapist
was a guard working at the medical centre, and that the authorities had granted
him a holiday after
he was reported by a Philippine worker. Many women have reported that their conditions
and status in the society are now much worse than before.
11 March 2013: Nafusa:
the information office of the Supreme Security Committee inGharyan, Nafusa,
was attacked by an unknown armed assailants
11 March 2013: Tripoli: Poison:
87 Libyans died after they were poisoned by drinking illegal and locally-made
alcohol. The drink was poisoned with Methanol. A Libyan doctor told Libya TV
that some of the samples contained up to 30% Methanol, as
opposed to the usual 2 or 3 per cent previously detected in alcohol illegally
sold in Libya's black market; which the doctor says may suggest an intentional
act. According to Libya Herald,
the alcoholic drink "was
allegedly manufactured and sold by a man in Gargaresh’s Al-Hindi area" .
The first case was registered on the 9th of March 2013 , and the first
figures announced in a press release by the Ministry of Health, on the 11th of
March, had by then confirmed 38 deaths and 378 cases of intoxication, plus 13
more deaths that took place in the way to Tunisia because the patients' families
refused to take the advice of the ministry . Patients continued to
arrive in hospital on a daily basis, and by the 14th of March 2013 the number
of victims reached 900, and the total number of
deaths has risen to 82 .
On the 17th of March 2013, the Ministry of Health published its final figures
as follow: 1044 poisoned, 87 dead, and 15 blinded .
The Libyan Observatory
for Human Rights criticised the Ministry of Health for not doing enough to cope
with the disaster, but the ministry responded by saying that they have cured
91% of the victims brought to the hospital, and that the deaths were due to
the fact that the victims were brought too-late to the hospital for any treatment
to take effect; except, the ministry adds, one cured patient who has later
died because he has gone
back drinking after he was released from hospital - a bizarre behaviour which
may reflect on the state of despair some Libyans unable to sustain.
Gaddafi's ban on alcohol consumption has
increased exponentially the number of Libyan "drinkers", and introduced
the use of aviation fuel in locally made alcohol to meet the demand. In one incident
in Zuwarah, shortly after Gaddafi's ban on alcohol, 12 teenagers died instantly
after consuming undiluted pure aviation fuel, sold to them by army officers
(to make money, of course) who failed
to inform the teenagers the need to dilute the fuel with at least 90%
water. Consequently, "the whole thing" is made worse by the "organised" influx
of alcoholic drinks and narcotics, by the hundreds of tonnes, that flooded the
chaotic transition to freedom after the February wars, while the borders were
left wide open for criminals to set the real war in motion. Hopefully by the
next one or two revolutions, Libyan leaders may learn how to run countries like
the leaders of stable countries do in the modern world of divine "free
choice"; otherwise they will have only their imminent "downfall" to blame
or celebrate. Joining the international community is not just
"words", sold to delude and moderate tyranny in various forms. It is embrassing
freedom without limitation according to "free law".
10 March 2013: Nafusa:
clashes broke out between Libyan and Tunisian "traders" along the
Wazen-Dehiba land border crossing, reportedly in relation to smuggling and lucrative
cross-border activity. The border was closed temporarily (Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/11/tunisian-libyan-southern-border-crossing-closed-following-clashes/).
09 March 2013: Sebha:
clashes broke out in Sebha between the Gadadfa and Werfella tribes; resulting
in three deaths and twelve wounded - as of the 11th of March (presssolidarity.net/اشتباكات-في-سبها-تسفر-عن-3-قتلى-و12-جريح/).
09 March 2013: Emsaad:
LANA has reported that panic and fear spread among the women and children of
Emsaa'd (Musaid) after seven homes were destroyed in the city, as a direct result
of the actions of the Egyptian authorities blowing up landmines found along
the Libyan-Egyptian border, particularly to the north-east of Emsaa'd. LANA said
that blowing up the mine field has been going on for the past week, and that
the Local Council of Emsaad had documented the incidents (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/16250/).
07 March 2013: Tripoli:
Alassema TV station, in Gurji, Tripoli, was attacked by an unknown
armed assailants, who smashed their way in and abducted five members of
attackers, strangely enough, according to LANA, say they are against violence
against the media, and accused Alassema TV of being against the "isolation
According to Libya Herald, Alassema presenter Rajab Ben Gazi said that, "those
involved were a mix of revolutionaries, Islamists and civilians", and
that the attackers accused the TV station of being linked to Mahmoud Jibril and
that its owner Juma Osta
is a Qaddafi loyalists who "worked as manager of the Chamber
Commerce and Industry during the ousted regime". The
five journalists who were seized by the gunmen are: Juma Osta (owner),
Mohamed Atif (owner's secretary), Nabil Shebani (former executive director),
Mohamed Huni (presenter), and Mahmoud Sharkisi (presenter) (Libya
Herald, article: /2013/03/07/tripoli-tv-station-attacked-officials-kidnapped/).
Apparently Alassema's integrity was attacked before, when on the 1st of February
2013 one of its journalists was
assaulted by GNC security personnel. Libyan Herald said that Alassema TV
has released a video footage of one of its men being "beaten
within hours of the incident" (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/02/wide-condemnation-of-the-attack-on-alassema-tv-crew/).
On the other hand, many Libyans responded to the attack on Libyan media by saying
the attack could have been engineered to divert attention away from the GNC's
failure to do the right thing; but again this is exactly the problem -
becoming increasingly more difficult to say for certain
who is for who, or who is against what.
One week after the incident, New Quryna
reported that Alassema TV has ceased to broadcast.
Head of presenters, Hisham Annajih, told Quryna that the station stopped transmission
because the staff could no longer withstand the intimidation posed by the "armed"
and "bearded" men in military uniform, whom Hisham says enter
the station's building every day to dish abuse to female staff and
accuse the workers of being against the "isolation law". The disturbing
revelation he made was that the government, the GNC, and the Ministry of Interior
were all informed of the repeated violations since, but no reply arrived (qurynanew.com/50032).
This is quite a fundamental point, always mentioned but often overlooked, which
is: why is the government always accused of not doing enough to stop the
various violations taking place across Libya?
05-06 March 2013: Tripoli:
the ministry of interior will investigate the accusations made regarding the
commander of the units belonging to Tripoli's Supreme Security Committee, regarding
the tragic incident in Alghararat, in which 3 people were killed and 4 more
were injured on Tuesday night and Wednesday morning, as well as the death of
a drug dealer in Fashloum. According to the Deputy Interior Minister, Alkhadrawi,
the problem started by a dispute between three people in which "Mohammad
killed, and that when the unit appointed by the ministry to investigate returned
from the scene, it was attacked
by an armed group outside Ajdaydah Prison, forcing the unit to return fire; resulting
in two deaths and 4 injuries. This, the deputy says, has angered the locals who
together with other rebels attacked the support units stationed at Ma'itiga Airport
An investigation is underway, by the way!
05 March 2013: Tripoli:
GNC members were forced to meet at the meteorological institute
in the capital, because the seat of the Libyan Government is occupied by some
protesters for the past month. They thought it was safe to meet away from the
GNC, especially with the new Special Security Force they recently set up to protect
the GNC, only to be surrounded by around 500 armed protesters and held hostage
for long hours. The protesters say the GNC must vote over
law" before they can be set free.
Juma Sayah, an independent GNC member from Nasiriyah, was reportedly repeatedly
hit on the head as he attempted to escape (Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/06/gnc-members-held-hostage-by-armed-demonstrators-one-member-hit-on-the-head/).
The armoured vehicle, which was carrying the Head of the General National Congress
out of the institute, was also attacked by armed men and, according to Libya
under a fusillade of gunfire from both sides as well as head on" (Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/06/magariefs-vehicle-swap-at-gnc-backfired/).
Although the tyres of the bullet-riddled vehicle were shredded by gunfire,
the president's driver was reported to have kept the Toyota moving
to lead the president to "safety" in Free Libya. (For a photo of
the vehicle, see (guardian.co.uk/world/2013/mar/07/libyan-national-congress-rogue-militias.)
Like many other reports, the attackers are most often
"unknown", and the president's guards were said to have failed to return
fire; leaving the Libyans once more to conjure unconventional explanations,
rejected by the ruling party as no more than conspiracy or fitna.
04 March 2013: Mezdah:
calm returns to Mezdah after a peace treaty was signed between the Mashasha
and Qantrar tribes; following two days of clashes: see 01 March 2013, below)
03 March 2013: Tripoli:
PMO: the Prime Minister Office was stormed by a group of families of
martyrs, mainly women and mothers, who peacefully forced their way into the
media centre on the ground floor of the building; demanding "homes" and
"compensation" amongst other benefits (Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/03/breaking-news-pms-office-occupied-by-families-of-martyrs-demanding-compensation/).
02 March 2013: Tripoli:
the protesters occupying the GNC for nearly one month (since the 5th
of February 2013) were reported to have been evicted on the 2nd of March, in
an operation that has left three security officers injured. Officials say their
security force was fired at despite them not using force during the operation;
resulting in withdrawing their personnel to outside the General National Congress
while leaving the armed protesters inside the building (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/15729/).
The GNC was finally vacated on the 5th of March 2013 -
on the same day the members of the GNC were attacked at their temporary meeting
at the meteorological institute. The eviction operation does not appear to have
gone according to plan, as Tripoli's Security Manager, Col. Mahmoud Asharif, told
reporters that three security officers were injured, and that it was the protesters
who started throwing the contents of the hall at the security forces, before
it developed to one firing his pistol and throwing gelatin-made grenade. The
security manager continues (according to LANA)
that the operation details appear to have been leaked, as this incident was followed
by an another armed-group storming the hall and shooting at government security
forces, leading to the reported injuries (including one seriously injured). Despite
all this, the Security Manager said the the government refused to use force to
evacuate the congress; without saying how the armed group was dealt with or how
the shooting came to an end.
02 March 2013: Tripoli:
armed clashes broke out between forces loyal to the Supreme Security Committee
and forces belonging to the Libyan National Army in Tripoli's Fornaj district
On the previous day the headquarters of the SSC was ambushed
by a number of people from Fornaj after the death of one of the detainees
under tortured at the headquarters (presssolidarity.net/بعد-تعرضه-للمداهمة-نقل-سجناء-فرقة-الاس/).
It was said that 52 prisoners are held at the building, and that they were handed
over to the judicial police in Ain Zara. According to Libya Herald, the victim
Dr Hassan Triki, the owner of Zahrawi Pharmacy, who is working with the unit,
has died after being tortured
by the Second Support Unit, supposedly commanded by Adnan Shibani - nicknamed
“As-Sarookh” (the rocket); and that Dr Triki was said to have attempted to "smuggle
a prisoner out of the company’s headquarters in Ain Zara" (Libya Herald, article: /2013/03/02/security-unit-disbanded-after-doctor-dies-in-detenition/).
The local people have expressed their anger over the government's
decision to transfer the perpetrators to other locations, instead of facing justice,
which they say is lacking. However,
according to LANA, the perpetrators were handed over to the authorities for interrogation
and that no one is above the law
is not the first time such accusations and responses were exchanged, but like
most other cases this case will most likely
be sidelined by "fresh content", daily emerging from free Libya. Take
for example the case of Abdulfattah Younis: does anyone know what is going on?
01 March 2013: Mizdah:
armed clashes involving heavy weapons broke out once more between the Mashasha
and Qantrar tribes in Mizdah. LANA said that the clashes lasted for two days
and resulted in 5 people
dead and 15 more injured. LANA has also said the clashes started
after one person was killed from the Qantrar tribe (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/15693/).
Despite the government's warnings of responding with an iron fist to those who
carry arms to state their opinion, the Ministry of Defence was reported to have
avoided military intervention to prevent bloodshed (Libya Herald,
01 March 2013: Nesma: clashes broke
out between the A'kkara and A'wwatah tribes in Nesma, 100 km south of Bani
Walid. The trouble started after two people from A'wwatah tribe were injured
in a fight over "land". The security committee was said to have brought
the clashes under control, and arrested 6 armed men from A'wwatah and four more
from A'kkara (presssolidarity.net/اندلاع-مُواجهات-مُسلحة-بمنطقة-نسمة/).
28 February 2013: Zuwarah
Gas: the incident at the Mellitah Gas Complex was
reported as clashes between local militias competing for control over the gas
complex, which is far from the truth. Solidarity Press says clashes broke out
between forces from Zuwarah and "forces
deviating from the law" from Zintan (meaning outlaws), and that the armed
clashes broke out inside the gas complex itself before spreading to the outside
The incident was in fact started by four people from the area of Zintan, in
Nafusa Mountain, miles away, in Sabratha, where four Zintanis were involved in
a shooting incident, before they fled towards Zuwarah, where they were met by
a local man. They asked him to take them to the hospital, which he did; but upon
arrival at the hospital, it became apparent to staff that one of them was "drunk" and
troublesome. When the Directorate of National Security was informed, they discovered
that the security directorate had already issued an arrest
warrant for the four Zintanis who were involved in an incident in Sabratha. When
the four Zintani were arrested, the news reached Zintan (or other Zintanis nearby),
who then demanded the release of the four Zintani offenders. When Zuwarah's security
directorate refused to give in to their demands, Zintani armed men set up a fictitious
check point outside Mellitah, on the following day, and took 8 hostages from
Zuwarah, hoping to trade them for the four Zintanis wanted by the police. This
is the account given by Zuwarah's Commander of the Eastern check point of Libya
Shield, in a video interview .
He adds that the Ministries of Interior and Defence were informed and that the
Zintani kidnappers were informed that they cannot trade hostages because the
Zintani defendants were handed over to the Authorities. This
apparently, he says, has angered the kidnappers, who turned up on the following
day and began shooting at them right outside the complex and even began beaten
to another report, also on the following day, it was agreed in a meeting
attended by Zuwarah's local council and GNC member, Zawya's GNC member, Sabratha's
local council and a number of dignitaries from Serman and Zuwarah that a committee
should meet with Zintani tribal leaders to mediate a peaceful
solution to the problem. Zuwarah Media Centre  says the convoy was attacked
by Zintanis before its meeting in Mellitah, and that after it became apparent
that one fighter from Zuwarah was killed, Zuwarah's members decided to pull out
of the delegation and let the rest of the group negotiate the same agreed conditions.
These conditions are as follows:
1- Immediate ceasefire.
2- Eviction of all Zintani militias from Mellitah.
3- Exchange of hostages.
4- Handing over of Mellitah to
the Oil Installations
However, according to many sources, Zuwarah's military force intervened to release the hostages,
and that shooting broke out after a Zintani military force arrived to rescue
the four Zintanis detained by Zuwarah's directorate of security, and
began shooting indiscriminately including at civilians, killing Rawad Assanousi
Alhasayri, from Zuwarah, and injuring 7 more people, 3 of whom were seriously
wounded - one of whom had died on the 16th of March 2013, named by Zuwarah
Media Centre as Ala Aribi Abodieb
The following video
the local support from Zawya, Sabratha and other areas for the people of Zuwarah
who were attacked by some Zintani "outlaws".
gas complex was closed down for safety reasons, but work was resumed on the
3rd of March, after the Libyan army took temporary control of the complex .
It is not clear why the government and the Oil Installations Guard
are not protecting such important sites, especially after the recent incident
in In Aminas gas complex in Algeria? Allowing such sites to remain unprotected
would only invite trouble, especially under the current circumstances; and for
this to be allowed to happen is not only beyond comprehension but also reflects "suspicion",
many Libyans say.
27 February 2013: Tukra:
a head teacher was beaten on the head with a stone by an "unemployed
person", who attempted
to force his way to the mixed school, according to New Quryna, to
hassle female students (qurynanew.com/49552).
On the following day, 27 schools in the area went on strike, in protest against
the "collapse of security" (الانفلات الأمني داخل المدارس) and other
problems repeatedly taking place inside schools in the area, including in Tukra,
Deryana, Berses, Almabna, Sidi Ali, Asira Alhamra and Alhamda. On the 22nd of
March 2013, Libya TV reported that doctors at the Alhawwari Hospital in Benghazi
have submitted their group-resignation, in protest about deteriorating security.
Attacks on schools, hospitals and women are alarmingly frequent across the country,
and the leaders must give priority to such matters - gradually grinding down
the Libyan society's core values, while they still can.
26 February 2013: Tripoli:
GNC's Human Rights Committee expressed its concern over the deterioration of
human rights in Libya, especially the acts of torture, arbitrary arrest, disappearance,
assassination and abduction that
appear to be, the GNC says, "organised".
Many Libyans replied by saying they do not need the GNC to remind them of what
is happening in Libya, but they are still patiently waiting for someone to take
over who can stop such human rights violations from taking place, day after day,
year after year.
25 February 2013: Waddan:
the headquarters of Waddan Court was set on fire, again by "unknowns";
burning the files of all the held cases of the past few years.
The perpetrators, LANA says, broke in through a side door and used paraffin to
set the building and archives ablaze (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/15453/).
23-24 February 2013: Kufra:
the Ministry of Defence reiterated its firm stance to respond with force against
outlaws, after clashes broke out once more in Kufra. Two people were killed and
six more were injured. The ministry said the clashes are a revolt against the
legitimate authority of the state. Like
many other incidents in the Kufra area, it is not clear how the trouble started
or who killed Abdulhamid Alkidwi, but according to one account Salih Mohamed
from the Arab Zwai tribe,
was killed by a Tebu group; and that according to Solidarity Press the Tebu have
handed over to the Libyan
authorities 4 people thought to have been responsible for his murder (presssolidarity.net/التبو-يسلمون-4-من-المتهمين-بقتل-صالح-بوغ/).
Reporters say Kufra is witnessing a "full resentment"
in the absence of government forces and that the city is in a state of emergency.
On the 18th of March 2013 another person, Baseth Saleh Boukhaled, was killed
in Kufra (presssolidarity.net/مقتل-شاب-في-الكفرة-تزامنا-مع-اعلان-حالة/). However,
government forces stationed in the area told Libya TV that the government is
doing its best to contain the situation.
21 February 2013: Bani
loyalist terror cell was caught in Bani Walid, after an accidental explosion
killed its leader, Yousif
Musbah Abdul Rahim Dabia, said to have been a member of one of Gaddafi’s Revolutionary
Committees, and two more of its members were wounded (Khaled Abdussalam Ali
Ramadan and Ibrahim Saleh Alhaj Abdussalam, who lost his hands to the blast).
It was thought the cell was planning a bombing campaign in Bani Walid and Tripoli
(Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/23/qaddafi-terrorist-bombers-caught-in-bani-walid-following-explosion/).
21 February 2013: Ejdabyah: a
Toyota vehicle carrying three officers from the Supreme Security Committee blew
up in Ejdabyah.
20 February 2013: Bani
members of the Bani Walid Local Council were abducted by an armed group, before
they were led away hands tied (presssolidarity.net/اختطاف-عضوين-من-المجلس-المحلي-لمدينة-ب/).
18 February 2013:Gharyan:
a house was destroyed by fire inGharyan after a gas cylinder exploded inside
the house. The owner of the house was reported to have said that he has lost
everything and that he is now "homeless" (presssolidarity.net/انفجار-منزل-في-غريان-دون-اصابات-بشرية/).
17 February 2013: Sirte:
the house of Salem Saleh' Lebz, the head of security affairs at Sirte's Supreme
Security Committee, was set on fire by "unknowns" (presssolidarity.net/منزل-مسؤول-باللجنة-الأمنية-العليا-بسر/).
15 February 2013: Benghazi:
the 4x4 Toyota of the commander of the Rapid Action Battalion of the
First Infantry Brigade in Benghazi, Ayman
Ahmed Saleh, was targeted by a home-made bomb outside
his home. The vehicle was destroyed, without causing any human casualties.
The battalion commander told reporters that he had previously received several
anonymous letters included threats to him and his family (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/14292/).
February 2013: Sebha:
three people were arrested in Sebha, after found to be cutting and stealing electrical
cables and electricity generators from farms, and selling the stolen material
for quick cash
13 February 2013: Tripoli:
the Ministry of Martyrs & Missing Persons had condemned the attack on the
President of the Fact-Finding Commission Ahmed Addinali by the guards of
the Prime Minister's Office (PMO), which took place during their meeting with
the Deputy Prime Minister Awad Barasi inside the PMO, in Tripoli (presssolidarity.net/وزارة-الشهداء-والمفقودين-تُصدر-بيانا/).
13 February 2013: Benghazi: two
officers of Benghazi's Immigration Department were abducted by "unknowns".
Miloud Faraj Alqatani and Naser Mahmoud Alwerfelli had disappeared after they
returned from a mission in Tripoli. It was said that they were travelling in
a military car equipped with GBPS device, used to track and follow vehicles and
individuals. Contact with them was lost at Sidi Abdul Ati check point,
just before Maqroun, and that through GBPS their vehicle was located in a farm
in the Qawarsh area, but no one was found in the vehicle. Apparently among the
equipment the two had brought with them from their mission in Tripoli was electronic
equipment and computers, which have also disappeared from the vehicle (presssolidarity.net/اختطاف-نقيب-وموظف-في-مصلحة-الجمارك-في-ب/).
The story indicates an inside job.
12 February 2013: Derna: a bomb
exploded in the Pearl (اللؤلؤة) Hotel, in Derna, in one of the side entrances
to the hotel. No human casualties were reported. The authorities
began collecting information to identify
the perpetrators and bring them to justice (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/14029/).
12 February 2013: Kufra:
Sleim Abubaher Sleim was assassinated in the New Kufra area, the Swayda,
after he was attacked by three Tebu gunmen while he was inside his vehicle. His
companion, Abdul Hamid Tayeb, is in critical condition in intensive
care. Solidarity's reporter told the news agency that the town of Kufra is witnessing
a state of emergency after the army was deployed to protect the town, and that
there is a state of high alert throughout the town (presssolidarity.net/الكفرة-تشهد-حالة-طوارئ-للجيش-اثر-مقتل-أ/).
12 February 2013: Tripoli: Mr.
Abdurrahman Abdullah Husseini, the chairman of the Arab Contracting Union, and
his Sudanese driver were abducted shortly after leaving his office in
Swani (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/12/deputy-fire-chief-kidnapped/).
11 February 2013: Tripoli: Pespi
Cola’s sugar warehouse in Tripoli (in Ghut-Shaal district) was destroyed
by a massive fire, thought to have been started deliberately (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/11/pepsi-fire-in-tripoli/).
It is not known if the incident is related to the recent Coca-Cola
commercial, which many Arabs found offending (reuters.com/article/2013/01/31/us-superbowl-ad-idUSBRE90U03T20130131).
10 February 2013: Tripoli: Colonel
Mahmoud Aljaber, deputy head
of the Fire Service & Civil Protection, was abducted
by an armed group od men from his office in Tripoli (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/12/deputy-fire-chief-kidnapped/).
07 February 2013: Tripoli:
Saleh Attunisi, Alassema TV journalist, and Sadeq Khdir, Fezzan
TV cameraman, were abducted today Thursday by an unknown group as they were leaving
Alassema's headquarter in Tripoli. Alassema's news editor told Solidarity Press
that they lost contact with the journalists since Wednesday (presssolidarity.net/اختطاف-إعلاميين-من-قناة-العاصمة-من-قبل/).
February 2013: Misrata:
the Qardabiya Market in Misrata was destroyed in a massive fire on the early
hours of the morning. Apparently, the Qardabiya market played an important role
during the war by supplying cheap food for the locals during the siege
(Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/05/misratas-hyper-market-burned-down/).
05 February 2013: Benghazi:
mirroring Tunisian Bouaziz's action, a man in Benghazi
set himself in fire in Suq Alarab. He was taken to Aljala Hospital where he
said to have sustained 85% burns. The man was later named Nasser Alamari
(Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/06/benghazi-self-immolation-victim-named/).
05 February 2013: Tripoli:
Libyan human rights activist Mona Albakkoush was abducted from outside the GNC
in the capital Tripoli, by unidentified gunmen in a car with opaque
glass. She told Solidarity Press she was taken to an undisclosed location in
the Gharghour area, in Tripoli, where she was beaten, threatened
and humiliated for a few hours, without disclose
any other details. She was released hours later (presssolidarity.net/الإفراج-عن-الناشطة-الحقوقية-منى-البكو/).
05 February 2013: Zawya: the son
of Zawya's GNC representative Mohamed Alkilani and two others were abducted
at a fake check point, apparently to trade in exchange for two
prisoners held in jail in Zawya (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/06/zawia-congresmans-son-kidnapped-report/). The report
says the Kilani family is negotiating with the kidnappers.
04 February 2013: Benghazi: 9 Syrian refugees
were arrested in Benghazi for possessing manuals for making explosives. No names
were given. One of the refugees (or terrorists) was said to be a Syrian army
officer (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/05/syrian-refugees-arrested-with-instructions-for-diy-explosives/).
03 February 2013: Tripoli:
Colonel Hamid Alhassi, head of the military wing of Cyrenaica Transitional
Council, has escaped an abduction attempt while he was staying in a hotel in
the capital Tripoli. He was besieged by an unnamed armed group trying
for more than five hours, before his bodyguards managed to get him out of
the hotel. According
to Libya Herald, there were no official statements regarding Alhassi's visit
to Tripoli, but reports suggest that he came to Tripoli "to talk
to about the possible replacement of Chief of Staff Yousef Mangoush and to present
himself as a potential successor" (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/04/cyrenaica-military-leader-hassi-in-tripoli-hotel-seige/). Libyan
herald also relates that on the evening of the same day the General National
Congress’ Facebook page reported that Alhassi "had been shot at" while
leaving the hotel, and that the story has
later disappeared from the page. It is indeed unsual for the GNC to report on
such matters, let alone on false alarm; which may indicate other factors at play,
left for people to guess, of course.
03 February 2013: Tripoli:
the head of the National Numbers Department, Dr Naji Bazena, was abducted by
armed men from his office, in Tripoli's Ras Hassan district. The department was
said to have re-activated the program established by Gaddafi to issue new biometric
Identity Cards (ID's) to every Libyan citizen (Libya Herald, article: /2013/02/03/id-card-chief-kidnapped-from-tripoli-office/).
February 2013: Tazirbu: one man was killed and two others
were injured in clashes with members of the Supreme Security Committee
near Tazirbu, after the driver of the vehicle in which they were travelling refused
to stop at a check point at a cross roads in Tazirbu. Three SSC officers were
also injured (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/12960/).
01 February 2013:Gharyan: a check
point inGharyan came under fire from two armed men, who were onboard a lorry
said to have been hijacked, forcing the driver to remain with them (presssolidarity.net/بوابة-غريان-تتعرض-لإطلاق-نار-من-قبل-مجه/).
31 January 2013: Benghazi:
a bomb exploded at Benghazi's
Birkah police station, casuing no casualties.
29 January 2013: Tripoli: a
bomb exploded at the United Nations Mission's unused compound, in Gurji Road,
Ghout Shaal, causing no damage. It was reported that two
explosive devices were thrown over the wall of the compound, but the second gelatina-bomb
was successfully removed by the
Libyan police (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/29/ied-attack-on-disused-un-compound/).
28January 2013: Gheryan: a
Libya Shield soldier was killed and another was injure, after they were shot
by an unknown two gunmen
26 January 2013: Tripoli:
the house of the commander of Tripoli's Support Unit 33 was hit by a rocket propelled
grenade (RPG) by "unknowns", causing no casualties and damaging the
26 January 2013: Misrata:
Chairman of the Communication Commission of Misrata's Local Council, Sheikh
Mohammed Bin Othman, was assassinated by unknown gunmen, as he was leaving
a mosque. Wide anger in Misrata resulted in the city's military council
calling on all Brigade Commanders for an emergency meeting. The local Supreme
Security Committee also called for a similar meeting, to discuss proposals for
implementing security and reducing such criminal acts from taking place
In what until then seemed a safe city, as opposed to turbulent Benghazi,
Libya Herald reported four significant killings in Misrata "in just
under a fortnight" (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/26/misrata-council-member-murdered/).
on the 21st of March 2013 LANA had reported that Mr. Jumaa Belhaj, the
President of Misrata's Supreme Security Committee, that the investigation
is closed, after investigators have found the
identity of the assassins of Sheikh Bin Othman and Sheikh Fakhrddin Jahan as
well as of the bombers of the church in Misrata. According to Mr. Jumaa, 6 criminals
were arrested, 3 of whom were involved in the assassination of Bin Othman. He
also said the motive behind the bombing
was "financial gains", and that there is a direct link between the
assassinations and the bombing (lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/17488/).
24 January 2013: Benghazi: Naji
Elhariri, a nephew of one of the original members of 1969 coup, was shot last
night, outside his house, in Benghazi's Laithi district (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/25/another-benghazi-assassination/).
22 January 2013: Benghazi:
a refugee camp for those displaced by the war, mostly from Ajdabiya, was set on
fire by unknown vandals, which according to one eyewitness was a deliberate act
of vandalism. The badly-destroyed camp was located close to the Military Police
headquarters in Bohdima district. Nine people were injured including 4 refugees
from the camp, 3 military police, and 2 firemen, who were taken to Alhawwari
22 January 2013: Tripoli:
the GNC was stormed a group of protesters from Zawya, and upon the head of the
GNC, Dr. Magarief, immediately coming out to meet them, they demanded from him
to determine when the GNC will handover power from parliament, and
the election of the 60-committee, as well as speed up "the
establishment of state institutions" and pay more attention to security,
health and educational issues. The protesters also called for a greater
role for the independent members of the GNC because they do not pledge legion
to any of the political parties, which many Libyans say are dictating the law
19 January 2013: Ghadames:
Under Siege One Week Before In Aminas: it was reported
by Libyan media, in quoting Ghadames' Local Council, that Zintani rebels laid
a temporary siege to Ghadames, preventing anyone
from either entering or leaving the oasis, and that there had been clashes by
the border point between revolutionaries from Ghadames and border guards (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/20/ghadames-clashe-with-zintanis-report/).
It was also reported that the number of militiamen controlling
the Libyan border with Algeria had significantly
increased in the weeks prior to the siege. One week later, terrorists struck
at In Aminas gas complex in Algeria - nearby the Libyan border and directly
on a road leading to the Ghadames border. More parallels emerged later when
Online reported that Hillary Clinton said that the American government was informed
by Algeria that the In Amenas attackers had weapons obtained from Libya; as
it also reported that the arms used by Ben Mokhtar
in In Amenas were bought from Libyan Zintan (echoroukonline.com/ara/articles/154954.html).
It might have been the work of coincidence, alone, to besiege Ghadames and increase
guards at its border with Algeria just one week before the In Aminas incident,
and moreover Zintani local and military councils had denied the claim (presssolidarity.net/الزنتان-تنفي-بيع-السلاح-للخارجين-عن-ال/). Who
knows, what else to emerge in "decades to come"; and with the
law absent, transparency
invisible, and lack of bureaucracy to document the history of the Spring
in the making, one might never know the full story, except "conspiracy" -
originally conjured to obscure the hideous face of sweet truth.
19 January 2013: Rebyana: 50
women and children suffered burn injuries when
a power cable reportedly
"fell" on a wedding tent occupied by women and children (presssolidarity.net/أكثر-من-50-حالة-حرق-أثر-سقوط-كابل-كهرباء-ع/).
It is not clear how the cable came to fall, presumably from the sky. One comment
left by one reader at the aforementioned source states that most of the victims
were Tebu women and children. Local sources blame most of the oil
companies nearby for not volunteering vehicles to take the injured to Jalo hospital
- a mere 600 kilometres away, while at the same time being grateful for the few
companies that did so. Some locals say government help was lacking, or too
17 January 2013:Benghazi:
a member of the eleventh unit of the Supreme
Security Committee support units, Hisham Saqr, was killed in Tripoli, after
he was kidnapped on Tuesday the 15th of January in Souq Aljumaa (presssolidarity.net/اغتيال-أحد-أفراد-سرايا-الدعم-والإسناد/). His
dead body was found in a mosque.
15 January 2013: Misrata:
the iman of Mesrath’s Omar Bin Khathab mosque, Sheikh
Fakhri Husein Jahani, was assassinated by "unknown" assailants.
Five other people were hurt in the grenade attack, including a child who lost
one eye (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/17/misrata-imam-murdered/).
15 January 2013: Benghazi:
a National Security officer, Mr. Salah Alwezri, was assassinated in a car bomb
outside his house in Allaithi district, in Benghazi (qurynanew.com/47526).
14 January 2013: Benghazi: one
police officer, Jamal Khalil, was killed in a bomb explosion. The bomb
at the police car he was driving in the Kish area by a group of youths travelling
in another passing car (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/14/police-car-bombed-in-benghazi-one-officer-reported-killed/).
12 January 2013: Benghazi:
the vehicle in which Italy’s General Consul, Guido de Sanctis, was travelling
came under fire by two unknown gunmen, LANA said. The consul was unhurt. Italy
has withdrew its diplomatic staff from Benghazi following the incident, followed
by Germany Netherlands and England urging all their
diplomats and nationals on the 24th of January 2013 to leave Benghazi immediately.
09 January 2013: Gharyan:
clashes between forces loyal to Libya Shield and an armed group at
Abu Shibah project in Gharyan. The armed group was said to be from Alja'afarh
tribe, who attempted to gain access to the project. A number of people were injured,
but no fatalities were reported (presssolidarity.net/اشتباكات-في-غريان-تسفر-عن-اصابة-5-جرحى/).
08 January 2013: Kufra:
clashes broke out at the university in Kufra, leaving 3 Tebus dead,
after a group of "unknown" armed men began firing "indiscriminately".
Libya Herald said that according to one Tebu account, given by Mr. Mohammed Bounaker,
the clashes first started inside the university between Zwai and Tebu
students, before the fight was transferred to the town, where the
three Tebu victims were killed (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/08/new-fatal-clashes-in-kufra/).
07 January 2013: Benghazi:
the brother of major Nasser Alobeidi (one of the officers killed
with Abdulfattah Younis), Khaled Almadkour, was killed accidentally as he was
attempting to plant a bomb in a
car belonging to the Islamist Ahmed Bukatela - the commander of "
Abi Obeida Bin Jarrah Brigade", which was reported to may have implicated
in the assassination of Abdulfattah Younis (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/07/man-killed-in-car-bomb-murder-attempt-against-benghazi-islamist/).
05 January 2013: Benghazi:
Col. Nasser Almoghrabi, of Benghazi’s Criminal
Investigation Department (CID), was killed by a single bullet to the head (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/05/benghazi-cid-officer-found-dead/).
03/04/05 January 2013:Sabha:
according to Libya For The Free, Dr. Magarief has escaped an assassination attempt
on Saturday. Dr. Magarief told reporters that armed men had attacked the hotel
he was staying in, in Sabha, and that the firing lasted for three hours, in which
3 of his bodyguards were injured (libya.tv/en/magarief-assassination-attempt-fails-in-sabha/).
According to Reuters, Dr. Magarief's residence in Sabha "came
under gunfire on Thursday evening" (reuters.com/article/2013/01/06/us-libya-parliament-attack-idUSBRE90507U20130106).
While according to Libya Herald, the Defence Ministry's spokesperson, Colonel
Adel Albarasi, believes the shooting did not target Dr. Magarief, but was an
armed clash between two local tribes (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/06/reports-emerge-of-magarief-assassination-attempt-in-sebha/).
Sabha was in fact suffering from violent clashes between a number of tribes at
the time of the president's visit.
The reports provided above do not seem to agree on the day the assassination
attempt supposedly to have taken place: Reuters said "Thursday", Wikipedia
thinks it was "Friday", and Libya TV said "Saturday". Solidarity
Press however, who also said "Friday", had reported the incident rather
differently: it said that Fezzan Hotel came under a "random shooting" by
unknown assailants, and that two "commandos" (قوات الصاعقة) died in
the attack. It also said that the president of the GNC was said to have been
staying at the hotel at the time of the random shooting (presssolidarity.net/مصدر-أمني-فندق-الفزان-يتعرض-لإطلاق-الن/). Shortly
afterwards, the GNC agreed to establish a Special Security Force to protect the
GNC and its members.
04 January 2013: Gheryan:
a fire broke out in Alwadi Petrol Station in Tghessat area, without causing
any human casualties. The fire was said to have started by a burning fuel
truck that was inside the station at the time, which was destroyed in the fire.
It took the city's civil defence department several hours to extinguish
the flames (presssolidarity.net/اندلاع-حريق-بمحطة-وقود-تغسات-في-غريان/).
03 January 2013: Benghazi:
a charred body found in the Buhedama area, in
Benghazi, was thought to be (pending medical examination) to be that of
the president of Benghazi's Criminal Investigation Department - who previously
was abducted. The mutilated body was said to have been burnt using "hydrochloric
02 January 2013: Sebha:
clashes broke out in Manshiya, in Sebha, between the Gadadfa and
Awlad Suleiman tribes, leaving 4 people dead from the Gadadfa tribe (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/03/renewed-sebha-clashes-leave-four-dead/).
It was reported that the clashes were caused by a dispute over the killing of
six people on Saturday - 3 from each tribe.
On the 4th of January 2013,
Solidarity Press said a peace deal was struck between the two tribal leaders
to cease hostility and "withdraw" armed fighters from both
Libya was hit by a major telecommunication disruptions to national and international
telephone and internet services, after a fire broke out at a fiber optic junction
box in Tripoli's Souq Althlat district. (Libya Herald, article: /2013/01/02/fire-causes-major-telecoms-disruption-in-and-outside-libya/).
Happy New Year
December 2012: [data
for December 2012 is currently being edited.] November 2012: [data
for November 2012 is currently being edited.]
25 October 2012: Bani
the Libyan transitional government declares the liberation of Bani Walid, a year
after Libya was declared liberated (presssolidarity.net/الحكومة-الانتقالية-تعلن-عن-تحرير-مدين/).
It emerged a week later that the liberation was as false as any other declared
liberation, and that fighting still goes on in Bani Walid.
21 October 2012: Bani Walid:
more that 20 people were killed
and 200 more were injured as a result of the recent clashes with
government forces (presssolidarity.net/اكثر-من-عشرون-قتيلا-ومئتي-جريح-في-معارك/).
16 October 2012: Benghazi:
Colonel Adel Baqramawi was assassinated in Benghazi. It was reported that a
"bomb was thrown at his Hyundai car from a pickup truck" (Libya Herald, article: /2012/10/16/another-military-assassination-in-benghazi/).
10 October 2012: Bani Walid:
indiscriminate shelling in Bani Walid was reported by New Quryna to have resulted
in killing 3 people including one "child" (qurynanew.com/43143).
The shelling was said to have lasted all day, and caused a state of panic and
fear among the civilian population of the besieged town.
09 October 2012: Bani Walid: news
of indiscriminate shelling of Bani Walid began to emerge. It was reported initially
that sources loyal to Libya Shield had confirmed reports that negotiations with
the residents had reached an agreement to enter the town peacefully, to arrest
some 300 suspects. The arrest warrant was issued by the GNC in its Decree 7
(2012) – widely condemned by human rights groups from around the world. Libya
Shield denied any clashes between its forces and the inhabitants of Bani Walid,
but according to Colonel Salim Alwa'er the shelling came from the area of Almardoum,
some 25 km on the road to Misrata, and that his forces were returning fire (qurynanew.com/43143).
03 October 2012: Apollonia
(Sousa): three security officers
were killed and another was injured when assailants attacked "one of the search
points" (إحدى نقاط التفتيش) in Sousa. Colonel Hamid Alhasi, apparently
the commander of Cyrenaica's Army (?), told New Quryna that the armed assailants
had earlier reported that their weapons and equipment were confiscated (qurynanew.com/42803).
25 September 2012: Tripoli: the
GNC had issued its Decree 7 (of 2012) regarding the abduction, torture and the
murder of Omran Juma'a Shaban, the martyr who was reported to have arrested
Colonel Gaddafi. Both the ministries of defence and interior were ordered to
implement Decree (7) by any necessary means including the use of force (if required)
to arrest those responsible for the murder and other wanted suspects and hand
them over to justice within ten days (presssolidarity.net/المؤتمر-الوطني-العام-يكلف-وزارتي-الدا/).
25 September 2012: Almerj: clashes
broke out between members of the National Army, leading to several casualties
(Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/25/national-army-infighting-leads-to-casualties-in-marj/). On
the following day, Almerj's member at the GNC, A'ezzeddin Alawwami, denied any
clashes to have taken place in the town (presssolidarity.net/العوامي-المرج-أمنة-ولا-صحة-لحدوث-اشتبا/).
24 September 2012: Derna:
a car exploded in Derna's Qendra street, near the house of Emhammed Bela'eed,
without casuing any casualties
22 September 2012: Benghazi:
Hawwary Hospital confirms that 6 people were killed and 28 people were injured
in the Benghazi clashes (presssolidarity.net/6-قتلي-و28-جريح-حصيلة-أشتباكات-بنغازي-الي/).
While according to LANA (lana-news.ly/ar/art.php?a=24619) 4 people
were killed and nearly 70 were wounded. According to the Guardian,
"The bodies of six militiamen
apparently executed after the storming of a base on the southern outskirts were
. . . found the day after crowds marched on
three militia bases"
21 September 2012: Benghazi:
"Rescue of Benghazi Friday": Protestors Attack
Militias' Headquarters: thousands of protestors
took to the streets of Benghazi on Friday to demand dismantling the "armed
the demonstration, hundreds of protestors attacked the headquarters of a number
of "militias". They were reported to have attacked the offices
of Abuslaim Martyrs Militia, then vandalised and burnt the headquarters
of Ansar Asharia,
before they attacked the headquarters of Rafallah Assah'h'ati – apparently
a licensed militia working for the Ministry of Defence, where armed clashes erupted
between the two sides. Initial reports state that at least six people died and
tens more were injured. The commander of Rafallah, Ismaeil Assalabi, was stabbed
during the attack (presssolidarity.net/عاجل-الدماء-تسيل-في-بنغازي-وسقوط-ضحايا/).
The president of the GNC was reported by LANA (lana-news.ly/ar/art.php?a=24626)
to have been pleased by the public reaction towards the armed
militias working outside the boundaries of the law, and urged protestors to withdraw
from the headquarters of the militias that are part of the government, such as
those of the 17th of February (led by Fawzi Abukatef), Libya Shield and Rafallah.
It is not known why government militias were attacked and had their storage of
weapons and munitions stolen; but some Libyans say the protestors were infiltrated
by either Gaddafi's Loyalists or/and Religious Extremists.
21 September 2012: Sabha:
armed clashes between members from the Supreme Committee
for Security and some individuals from the Magarha tribe have returned to Brak
Ashshathi; resulting in casualties
and injuries from both sides (presssolidarity.net/عودة-الاشتباكات-بمنطقة-براك-الشاطئ-بع/).
Security units taking part in the clashes have called for the ministries of interior
and defence to provide aid and ambulance vehicles to cope with the casualties.
They have also reported that Gaddafi's loyalists are killing the hostages they
took during the fight. It was reported that more than 20 people were killed so
far and tens more were injured (presssolidarity.net/أزلام-القذافي-يقتلون-أسرى-الكتائب-الأ/).
The Ministries of Defence and Interior were accused of negligence after they
failed to provide support for the fighting units in Sabha. When the government
security forces returned to Tripoli on the following day, they surrounded the
Rixos Hotel and threatened to "blow up" the hotel unless their demands
to meet with the minister of Interior, Fawzi Abdulal, and the minister of defence,
Osama Ajwaili, were met. It was reported that their initial demand to meet with
the two ministers were ignored after they returned from Brak Ashathi with some
of the bodies killed in the clashes in Sabha. The returned security forces wanted
to know why their demands for support and aid were ignored after they were sent
to Sabha to investigate the celebration of the September anniversary by Gaddafi's
18 September 2012: Zliten: four
tombs were destroyed by terrorists in Zliten, using explosive devices weighing
around 50 kg
17 September 2012: Sabha: the
president of Sabha's Military Council has survived an assassination attempt,
when his vehicle was attacked by an unknown armed assailants in the area of Almahdiya.
It was reported that his wife, who was travelling with him in the car, has died
during the attack. In another incident, one of Sabha's revolutionaries, Khaled
Mohammad Musbah, has also survived an assassination attempt
14 September 2012: Tripoli:
around 14 clothes-and-fireworks shops were engulfed in flames in Arrashid Street,
Tripoli. Solidarity Press said similar fires were reported from
Benghazi and Tripoli during the past few days (presssolidarity.net/اندلاع-النيران-بعدد-من-محلات-الملابس-ب/).
13 September 2012: Mizdah (Nafousa Mountain): clashes between
the Meshashiyah and Qenthrar tribes saw a number of shops being burnt, but no
casualties were reported (presssolidarity.net/مناوشات-في-مزدة-تسفر-عن-جرح-عدد-من-الأفر/).
11 September 2012: Sabha:
clashes erupted in a number of areas in Sabha between some members of the Gadadfa
tribe and local security forces; resulting in at least one casualty and a number
of injuries. The fighting was reported to have started after one member of the
Gadadfa tribe was brought to hospital showing signs of being tortured (presssolidarity.net/اشتباكات-بمدينة-سبها-تسفر-عن-اصابات/).
11 September 2012: Benghazi:
the attack on the American Embassy: about 33 Libyans and
Americans were wounded and four US diplomats were killed in two separate
incidents in Benghazi. Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens and 'information
officer' Sean Smith were
killed during the first incident, while Tyrone S. Woods
and Glen A. Doherty, both "former members of the Navy SEALs, were killed
during the second attack. Six weeks had passed since the attack and still
there is no confirmed information regarding the identity of the attackers.
Government officials in Libya and in the USA had contradicted themselves regarding
this matter; with conspirators blaming one foreign secret service to have been
behind the attack with the intent to manipulate the general elections in the
USA, while other sources blame either Islamist terrorists whose motive was to
avenge Al-Libi on the anniversary of 9/11, or Gaddafi's loyalists, as pointed
out by Libya's Interior Deputy Minister. With no formal investigation and without
any convictions at court the full truth may never be known. For further details
and videos please visit: temehu.com/news-Libya.htm
10 September 2012: Benghazi: Colonel Bader
Khamis Alobeidi (العقيد بدر خميس
امساعد العبيدي) was assassinated in Benghazi as he was leaving a mosque (lana-news.ly/ar/art.php?a=23879). It
is not known if he is related to Colonel Mohammad Khamis Alobeidi, who was also
assassinated with General Abdulfattah Younis!
10 September 2012: Bani
Walid & Tarhouna: the Communication
Ministry had confirmed that the power cuts in the areas of Tarhouna and Bani
Walid as well as the Southern region were due to "vandalism" (lana-news.ly/ar/art.php?a=23886).
On the 9th of September 2012 Libya's
General Electric Company reported a number of explosions affecting electricity
pylons near Wadi Mansour, resulting in cuts to the Man-Made River's power supply
(Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/11/electricity-pylons-attacked/).
09 September 2012: Sabha: a car exploded outside
the local offices of the Interior Ministry, causing some damage to
the building, but no casualties were reported (Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/09/blast-in-sebha/).
09 September 2012: Benghazi:
two bombs were thrown at the house of Colonel Wanis Bukhamada. It was reported
that one of the bombs had failed to explode. Colonel Wanis is the commander of
the army unit that was sent to the south to contain the violent clashes then
taking place between the Tebo and the Arabs (Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/09/military-commanders-house-in-benghazi-attacked/).
08 September 2012: Brak
Ashshathi (Fezzan): a group loyal to
Abdullah Assanousi was reported to have attacked the headquarters of the local
media station and of the local council. A member of the local council, who informed
Solidarity Press that they have reported suspicious activities to the security
services and to the authorities but no response was received, said the heavy
clashes resulted in five fatal casualties and a number of injuries, and that
the attackers had played some loyalist songs (in support of Gaddafi) and raised
the green flag. Wisam Abdulkarim, from the local council, informed Solidarity
Press that the situation was brought under control on the following day by the Libyan
08 September 2012: Arrujma (Benghazi): 3 people died and 10
wounded in clashes with "extremists" in Arrujma area, some 50 kilometres
It was reported that the extremists were attempting to demolish the shrine of
Sidi Allafi. The clashes were brought under control by Libya Shield
05 September 2012: Aziziya (Tripoli):
one man was killed and seven others were kidnapped by an armed group at a fake
checkpoint, set up at the Zahra Bridge, around ten kilometres west of the capital.
It was reported that the attackers are from the Warshefana tribe. Libya Herald
"reported that two other men were murdered at the checkpoint, one
from Qalaa and the other from Kabaw, although this has not been independently
verified" (Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/05/armed-group-commits-murder-at-fake-checkpoint-near-tripoli-airport/).
04 September 2012: Misrata:
a large market in Misrata was burnt by arsonists, around 6 am on Wednesday morning.
When firefighters arrived to fight the blaze, they were shot at by the terrorists,
before they fled in a
"white saloon car with tinted windows"
(Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/04/shootout-with-arsonists-follows-burning-of-major-misrata-market-to-the-ground/).
02 September 2012: Benghazi: a car "filled with explosives"
blew up in a busy shopping district in Benghazi, killing the driver and injuring
the passenger. One of Reuters' journalist "saw the remains of the driver
inside the wrecked car" (reuters.com/article/2012/09/02/libya-explosion-benghazi-idUSL6E8K21SR20120902).
02 September 2012: Benghazi:
two intelligence services officers were targeted in a car-bomb explosion in Benghazi’s
Jamal Abdunnasser Street. Colonel Juma's Alkadiki was reported to have "died
Captain Basit Agfiza Mabrouk was rushed to hospital. Eyewitnesses reported that
the bomb went off when captain Mabrouk slammed the
door shut (Libya Herald, article: /2012/09/02/dead-intelligence-officer-named/).
02 September 2012: Benghazi: two car-bombs exploded in Benghazi,
and another discovered outside Tibisti Hotel (alwatan-libya.com/more-23852-0-جريحين
في انفجار سيارة مفخخة ببنغازي ، واللجنة الامنية تحبط محاولة تفجير اخري أمام فندق
02 September 2012: Bani
Walid: in a manifesto published on the
1st of September, the local council of Bani Walid condemned the terror activities
taking place in the town, and stated that such acts of vandalism and "burning
homes" were carried out by "criminal infiltrators"
hiding in the Bani Walid area (qurynanew.com/40957).
1 September 2012: Sirte: a terror
cell was reported by the authorities to have been discovered in Sirte, with the
intention of destabilising Libya.
1 September 2012: Sabha: Gaddafi's
loyalists were reported to have celebrated the September anniversary in the area
of Brak Ashshathi, Tamenhent and Qira (presssolidarity.net/أزلام-القذافي-يقتلون-أسرى-الكتائب-الأ/). When
government units visited the area to investigate the claims, they were reported
to have seen green flags and found socialist slogans inscribed on walls.
31 August 2012: Benghazi: security
officers working for the Ministry of Defence discovered a home-made bomb, weighing
between 4 and 6 kilograms and triggered by mobile control, behind the Blood Bank
in Sidi Hussein area (presssolidarity.net/القوة-المشتركة-لحماية-بنغازي-تتمكن-من/).
29 August 2012: Tripoli: a
terror cell loyal to Col. Gaddafi was arrested in Abu Salim
29 August 2012: Tripoli:
suspected Salafists have struck again in the capital Tripoli, destroying 30 graves
at the "Othman Pasha Madrassa", and chopping down a tree inside the
'school' (thought to have been worshipped), before they made away with a number
of texts and nearly half of the books from the madrasa's library. It
was reported that the attackers were a group of 200 heavily-armed men
who arrived around 2 am at the site. Some of the graves are said to be of the
founder of the madrasa, Othman Pasha, and his family (Libya Herald, article: /?p=13436).
27 August 2012: Benghazi: the
air force commander Mahmoud Berhouma was shot in both legs by an unknown man,
who then stole the victim's car (Libya Herald, article: /2012/08/30/air-force-commander-shot-in-benghazi-hit-and-run-attack/).
27 August 2012: Benghazi:
the headquarters of the Criminal Investigation (البحث
الجنائي) in Benghazi was attacked by armed men, reportedly to steal the archive
of the criminal cases held at the centre, as well as to release a number of criminals
held at the site. According to New Quryna, the employees at the site had a prior
knowledge of the attack and were fully prepared to defend their offices. It was
reported that two of the assailants were arrested during the ensued gun fight.
This is the second time the offices of the Criminal Investigation in Benghazi
26 August 2012: Zliten: mass
removal of tombs in Zliten: locals
from Zliten, in coordination and agreement with local elders, were
reported to have removed a number of shrines and tombs in the town, but leaving
the actual graves intact. The reason is to protect them, they said. The graves
that were higher than the ground were leveled with the ground, as to appear
like other graves. It was reported that a number of objects believed to be used
in "magic" were found at some of the shrines. The operation was completed without
any issues, removing the following shrines on Sunday:
ضريح الشيخ مفتاح الصفراني, ضريح الشيخ علي البكو والطاهر البكو
وضريح الشيخ سالم بن سلمان وضريح الشيخ ابراهيم بن ناصر وضريح الشيخ عمر الصداعي
وضريح الذرعية التي تعرف بأنها والدة الشيخ عبدالسلام الأسمر
and on Monday the
following shrines were being removed: الشيخ يعقوب سليمان الفيتوري وقبور إخوته
الموجودة في مقبرة أولاد سليمان السبعة
26 August 2012: Tripoli:
the suspected Salafists who were involved
in the attack on al-Sha'ab Mosque (see below) were reported to have
beaten and kidnapped an Imam who was attempting to reason with them over the
destruction of the mosque. Some
people tried to protect the Imam as he was beaten, but confusion forced them
to flee the scene (Libya Herald, article: /?p=13314).
25 August 2012: Tripoli:
al-Sha’ab mosque and Sufi shrine was attacked
by a number of heavily-armed militias – just one day after the attack on Zliten's
mosque and library. Using a bulldozer the mosque was badly damaged, completely
breaking one corner of the mosque to rubble. Graves at the shrine were found
empty. Reuters said, "Government
officials said both attacks were launched by Islamists who found Salafi shrines
and practices idolatrous".
Reuters also said that a man who appeared overseeing the demolishing said that
the Interior Ministry authorised the move ;
while according to Libya Herald the
GNC's president, Dr. Mohammad Yousef Almagarief,
said that those responsible “are unfortunately aligned
with some in the Supreme Security Committee and some ex-revolutionaries”.
It was also reported that the attack took place while police and security forces
were watching and even blocking the road while the bulldozer was pulling down
the mosque. The GNC
condemned the attacks on Libya's heritage and integrity, and recalled
the ministers of Defence and Interior for questioning over the way they
handled the desecration of the mosques. The
Interior Minister Fawzi Abdela'al resigned on
the 26th of August, but later he withdrew his resignation request. Three journalists,
working for al-Assema TV, including the managing director Nabil Shebani, were
apparently arrested by the Supreme Security Committee (SSC) on the 25th of August
for their coverage of the mosque's demolition. As expected by most Libyans,
Libyan security officials had stunned the world by announcing that many official
security units are infiltrated by Gaddafi's supporters, after officials discovered
an entire military barracks was under the control of a loyalist cell, namely
Awfia Brigade – known by its members as ‘the Martyr Qaddafi’
Brigade. (See below, 21 August 2012
for more on this.)
23-24 August 2012: Zliten:
clashes erupted between two tribes in Zliten on Thursday, before it developed
into a battle involving heavily armed groups, using RPG's,
tank shells and anti-aircraft guns. Explosions were heard through the night,
while Salafists were reported to have been demolishing
the Sufi shrine of Sidi Aebdesslam Lasmer in the background (see next). Initially
it was said that 2 or 3 people died and about one dozen
injured, but later reports said between 12 and 16 people died and 35 more wounded.
It was reported that a petrol station was also destroyed
in the fight, and tanks were stationed by check points along the road to the
political capital. Way back on
the 31 December 2011 (see below) the secretary of the Libyan Security in Zliten
was reported by Libya.tv to have revealed a loyalist cell in Zliten with the
aim of destabilising the area, and that the loyalists were in contact with Saadi
Gaddafi in Niger, as well as with loyalists in other areas including Wershfana,
Bani Walid and in Tunisia. How such groups were allowed to operate since last
year remains a mystery.
23-24 August 2012: Zliten:
destruction of the Sufi shrine of Sidi Aebdesslam Lasmer: it is not known if
the attacks on the mosque were part of the clashes that went
on through the night or
were separate. Last March the media reported the Salafists' attempt to destroy
the same mosque, but armed rebels from Zliten and Misrata defended the shrine.
The attackers used a bulldozer to demolish parts of the mosque including the
front and the main dome. The shrine is more than 400 years old, originally built
for Sidi Aebdesslam – "an ascetic" and a "warrior" who
took up arms when Zliten was under attack (Libya Herald, article: /?p=13135).
The mosque's library was completely razed during the frenzy.
21 August 2012: Tarhouna:
a number of clashes were reported from Tarhouna between
armed groups and government security forces in the Sunday Market area (Souq Alah'ad),
resulting in 8 injuries and one death (said to be أكرم علي احمد الكيلاني, from
the security forces). Missiles and heavy weapons
were found at the site, including 100 tankes and 26 rocket launchers. The
clashes erupted after security forces attempted to arrest a group suspected
to have been related to the recent bombings in Tripoli (qurynanew.com/40448).
On the following day Libya Herald reported that the head of Tarhouna's military
council was temporarily captured, and that members of Tarhuna’s al-Awfia
which seized Tripoli International Airport in June, were involved
in the clashes (Libya Herald, article: /?p=13094). (See above, 25 August 2012
for more on this.)
20 August 2012: Benghazi: an Egyptian
diplomat's car was blown up by a home-made device, said to have been placed beneath
the vehicle (reuters.com/article/2012/08/20/libya-blast-idUSL6E8JKBIR20120820).
20 August 2012: Tripoli: a car
bomb was defused in the Mansoura district, Tripoli.
19 August 2012 (Eid): Tripoli:
two car bombs exploded in the capital, killing two people and injuring three
more. This is the first time civilians were killed by a car bomb since Libya
was declared liberated. Deputy Interior Minister, Ali Alkhadrawi, had confirmed
to Alwatan that the first bomb was remotely detonated in Midan Attahrir (Liberation
Square), while the second went off outside the Interior Ministry (alwatan-libya.com/more-23570-1-).
He also said that the bombing was carried out by Gaddafi's loyalists. According
to the BBC, "One blast
took place near the former military academy for women, while the other struck
close to the interior ministry" (bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-19310528).
However, Libya Herald said that two more unexploded bombs were found in the
capital: one near the Interior Ministry and the other at Alsreem street
(Libya Herald, article: /?p=12960).
19 August 2012 (Eid): Benghazi:
unknown gunmen fired indiscriminately near a petrol station (شيل بوكر)
at 6 o'clock Sunday morning, before they fled in their Toyota; which according
to the source of Solidarity Press (وكالة أنباء التضامن) carried the plate number
001208 and belonged to the National Security, while the second vehicle belonged
to the National Army (presssolidarity.net/مجهولون-يطلقون-النار-بشكل-عشوائي-في-بن/).
18 August 2012: Benghazi:
the local control centre of the General Company for Electicity in the western
Fwihat, in Benghazi, was attacked by three vandals. Fathi Alfituri, an engineer
at the centre, was attacked with an iron bar as he made his way into the centre.
The staff at the facility locked the centre, keeping the attackers outside. The
attackers said they will bomb the centre, before they embarked on destroying
the tyres of company vehicles parked outside the building. According to the head
of the media office at the Ministry of Electricity, the centre was attacked in
the past and still is under threat due to lack of protection from the security
18 August 2012: deputy president of Bani Walid's Local Council,
Said Younis Said, was kidnapped from his home. The kidnappers were said to have
arrived in a convoy of 15 cars. New Quryna said his wife and children were beaten
by the attackers (qurynanew.com/40329).
16 August 2012: Tripoli:
the headquarters of Albilad Newspaper (صحيفة البلاد) in the capital's Zenata
area was attacked by a group of armed assailants. It was reported that the attackers
forcibly closed the building (gate.ahram.org.eg/News/241721.aspx).
13 August 2012: Benghazi:
an unidentified gunmen attacked a patrol unit belonging to the National
Security in Benghazi. The unit was parked outside the police station that said
to house some detainees whom the attackers attempted to release. The spokesman
for the National Security in Benghazi, Majdi Alaurfi, told New Quryna the attackers
threw an explosive device at the patrol, but no casualties were reported. The
car of one of the police officers, parked outside his house, was also
attacked with an explosive device, making a hole under the seat (about 30 cm),
and damaging the front of the car and the front of the house (qurynanew.com/40101).
12 August 2012: Tripoli:
the president of the Libyan Businessmen Council, Abdullah Alfallah, was attacked
in the Dahra area by a group of four armed men. The attackers set up a fake check
point, ordered Mr. Alfallah out of the car, and made away with his car, leaving
him by the side of the road in the middle of the night (alwatan-libya.com/more-23498-1-).
10 August 2012: Benghazi:
the commander of the Libyan Army's Ammunition & Armament, Brigadier-General
Mohammed Hadiya Alfitouri, was assassinated in Benghazi by an unknown group
of assassins. He was shot after he was asked to show his ID by a group of four
men in a car ( qurynanew.com/39967).
10 August 2012: Sirte: a Jordanian male nurse, Ghazi Ali Owidat,
was attacked by a group of patients
inside the hospital. Despite being stabbed several
times, the nurse was said to be in a stable
condition (Libya Herald, article: /?p=12658).
10 August 2012: Tripoli:
repeated power cuts hit a number of areas in the capital Tripoli. Such power
cuts were previously reported to the authorities long before the start of Ramadan,
but it seems the problem is worsening instead of being resolved. One of the most
recent power cuts lasted for nearly 14 hours in many areas including Ain Zara,
Souq Aljuma'a, Salah Addin and Tajoura. Without power supply, fridges and large
storage facilities were affected, resulting in financial loss, as people and
businesses were unable to preserve the (expensive) food supplies they were stocking
for the month of Ramadan. It is not known why such repeated failures, but recent
reports from Bani Walid and other areas show a number of power plants were vandalised
(see 08 August 2012).
09 August 2012: Kufra:
members of Zwai tribe attempted to assassinate the Tebu leader Essa Abdulmajid.
The Tebu leader was in his way to Rebyana, when gunmen appeared and began shooting
at his car. No casualties were reported (Libya Herald, article: /?p=12543).
However, according to Solidarity Press (presssolidarity.net/تجدد-الاشتباكات-في-مدينة-الكفرة-ظهر-ال/), clashes
broke out once more on Thursday, after Tebu fighters attacked Point
3-3, which was manned by volunteer-revolutionaries.
Two Tebu vehicles were destroyed out of the 13 vehicles that took
part in the attack, and a number of fighters were injured from both sides, but
no fatalities were reported.
08 August 2012: Bani Walid:
two power stations in Bani Walid area were vandalised, resulting in power cuts
in a number of areas. One lorry carrying electrical equipment was attacked by
armed robbers while it was in its way to Traghen (qurynanew.com/39924).
07 August 2012: Tripoli:
of men attempted to kidnap the editor of New Quryna Mr. Musbah Alawami in Addahra
area, in the capital Tripoli. He was stopped by a group of four men in a white
Toyota after he left his hotel. The group attempted to get the journalist
in the car, but he was helped by locals and also by members of the Supreme Security
Committee who were nearby. The attackers fled the scene.
مسلحة تفشل في اختطاف الصحفي مصباح العوامي مدير تحرير صحيفة قورينا بطرابلس
07 August 2012: Tripoli: the office
of the Health Minister, Fatima Alhamroush, was attacked by a group of "wounded",
who say their requests for medical treatment were ignored by the government.
No casualties were reported.
07 August 2012: Wershfana: massacre
of entire family: according to New Quryna, the
Libyan Observatory for Human Rights condemned the murder of an entire
family, in their sleep, by the militia زوراً وبهتاناً, which claims
to belong to the Ministry of Defence (الإسناد الأمني التابعة لوزارة
الدفاع); and called for the NTC to bring to justice the Minister of Interior
Fawzi Abdulaa'l and dissolve the militia responsible for the atrocity. According
to this report, the family was asleep when armed men broke in and slaughtered
the head of the family, the 70-year old Alhaj Ramadan Bouameed, his wife and
their son. However, according to one comment left for the New Quryna report (qurynanew.com/39798),
five people were killed including Alhaj Ramadan Bouameed (70 years old), his
wife (more than 65 years old), Salah Ramadan Bouameed (son), Mahmoud Bouameed
(son), and Basheer Bouameed (son), adding that the wife of one of the sons was
badly injured. This incident was hardly reported by the media, and without a
full report from the government, it is difficult to know exactly
the full story. But reading through all the comments left by readers for the
above report, one learns that one of the killed sons was allegedly a pro-Gaddafi
operative, who refused to surrender when the government unit ordered him to do
so; while another reader says the father himself was also firing at the government
unit. In either case, the law must be respected and the accused must be brought
to justice and faced with the evidence.
06 August 2012: Tripoli: a group
of armed assailants attempted to attack a vehicle carrying
two American embassy officials, but the driver was able to evade the attackers.
It is not known if the attackers were specifically targeting US Embassy
officials, Libya Herlad reported.
Libya Herald, article: /?p=12381
2012: Aziziya: according to Libya Herald, two men and one woman were killed
in an operation by the SSC
against suspected pro-Qaddafi operatives near Aziziya. The suspects were
linked to a number of attempted terror attacks in the capital. The raid came
after the arrest of Khairi Aljermi in Ben Gashir,
who was thought to be a major fifth-column figure.
Libya Herald, article: /?p=12316 ; Libya Herald, article: /?p=12390
05 August 2012: Misrata:
unknown terrorist group had attacked the residential headquarters of the Red
Cross in Misrata, using a variety of heavy weapons. It was believed that
seven employees of the Red Cross were in the building, which was badly damaged,
but no casualties were reported. This is the filth time in less than three months
the Red Cross was attacked, leading the organisation to suspend its operations
in Misrata and Benghazi (qurynanew.com/39744). The head of the ICRC’s
delegation in Libya, Ishfaq Mohammed, told reporters that they are appalled
by the deliberate targeting of their staff, who risk their lives to help
the Libyan people, and that the ICRC has become extremely concerned about the
deterioration of the security
situation in Libya.
05 August 2012: Tripoli: a pilot
working for Buraq Air, Hamza Saleh Almismari, was kidnapped and tortured before
he was released. But it was reported that the kidnappers later followed
him to his sister's house and killed him in front of the family. Libya Herald, article: /?p=12295
04 August 2012: Mizdah:
seven people were killed after clashes returned to Mizdah on Saturday night:
six from the Mashasha tribe and one from the Qantar. The
situation was brought under control after elders from the Mashasha tribe intervened to
resolve the disagreement.
04 August 2012: Tripoli:
a small bomb exploded near the centre of Tripoli, destroying one vehicle. It
was reported that the bomb blast followed clashes between street traders
in Rasheed Street after a dispute on Friday
evening between two groups who were fighting over the same space. Guns and
home-made explosives were said to have been used in the clashes. It was beleived
that the exploded car contained explosive material, rather than an actual car
bomb (Libya Herald, article: /?p=12193). However, according to New Quryna
(qurynanew.com/39609), eyewitnesses say an unknown assailants threw
the home-made bomb at the offices of the military police in the capital Tripoli,
near Bourguiba Mosque, but instead it landed on the car.
04 August 2012: Benghazi:
a car-bomb was discovered in the basement of Tibesti Hotel in Benghazi. The bomb
was said to be between 40 and 60kg. The bomb had been disabled. The identity
of those who planted the bomb is not known.
03 August 2012: Mizdah:
five men were killed in clashes between members of the Mizdah Liberation Brigade
and a group of attackers thought to include some illegal immigrants. The attackers
were reported to have attacked the military base in an attempt to free a number
of illegal immigrants reportedly held inside the base. Libya Herald, article: /?p=12215
03 August 2012: Tripoli:
3 members of the Supreme Security Committee were killed in Addahra and Fashloum
areas, after they attempted to resolve clashes between fighters from Addahra
and Fashloum. Eyewitnesses told security officials that the armed clashes between
the two areas were drug related. qurynanew.com/39642
03 August 2012: Mahmoud
founder of the NFA, called for all Libyans to unite to protect the integrity
of Libya, and warned that if the bombings, the clashes and the assassinations
continue, Libya will become like Iraq or Somalia.
01 August 2012: Benghazi:
a building near Dubai Street
in Benghazi’s Fwihat district was damaged by an explosion in the early
hours of the morning. It was reported that the building was once occupied by
the military intelligence. An eyewitness said a man was seen putting a number
of bags against a wall, followed by an explosing a few minutes after he left
(Libya Herald, article: /?p=11965).
31 July 2012: Benghazi:
a delegation of seven members from the Iranian Red Crescent was kidnapped in
Benghazi, outside the
tax office. It was reported that a convoy of seven vehicle stopped the delegation
car and ordered the occupants to step out, before they were taken to an unknown
29 July 2012: Benghazi:
Major General Khalifa Heftar has survived a second assassination attempt in Benghazi.
It was reported by Alarabiya that the
General's car was shot at as he was driving home. Alarabiya also said that the
General had denied that the attempt on his life had anything to do with
the assassination of General Younis, and that he blames Gaddafi's loyalists instead.
The attempt on his life came just one day after the first anniversary of
General Younis' assassination (alarabiya.net/articles/2012/07/30/229190.html).
29 July 2012: Benghazi:
Military Intelligence Colonel Solaiman Bouzrida was assassinated in Benghazi.
He was shot in the head by assailants as they sped past him in their car. Source:
This latest assassination recalls the fears of the Libyan Observatory for Human
Rights (المرصد الليبى لحقوق الإنسان) in that the wave of 'assassinations' currently
plighting Benghazi may become the new dominant culture
and justice in the absence of the law.
27 July 2012: Benghazi: a number of small bombs were found inside
the building of the National Security in Benghazi. The total amount of explosives
was said to be 40 kg, divided into a number of devices, each of which had a "temporary
explosive device" ( جهاز مؤقت للتفجير). Apparently, the building was evacuated
and the bombs were defused (qurynanew.com/39128).
27 July 2012:Benghazi: a hand grenade was thrown at the building
of the Appeal Court in Benghazi, casuing a small hole in one of the wall.
26 July 2012: Benghazi:
X employee of the 'Internal Security', Mr. Abdalhamid Ali Qandouz, was killed
in a car bomb, in Benghazi. New Quryna reported
that according to the spokesman of the local National Security, Majdi Alarfi,
Mr. Qandouz left a mosque, got on the car, and turned on
the ignition key, which triggered the blast
(qurynanew.com/39048). New Quryna also said that Majdi Alarfi said
there were around 12 more of X employees of the Internal Security who
died in similar 'explosions' – all in Benghazi. While Alwatan (alwatan-libya.com/more-23158-1-إثر
انفجار قنبلة في سيارته : مقتل موظف سابق بجهاز الأمن الداخلي في بنغازي) reported
that the bomb was detonated by remote control about 2 km after Mr. Qandouz left
23 July 2012: according to 'Libya
the Libyan Islamic Affairs ministry said that most of Libya's
5000 mosques are under the control of 'Salafists'. The ministry source said that
the ministry lost control over these mosques during the February wars,
and that the ministry is gradually regaining
control over the
19 July 2012: Benghazi:
Tawerghans' refugee camp in Gar Younis, in Benghazi, was attacked by an unknown
group. The Libyan Observatory for Human Rights condemned the attack and urged
the authorities to resolve the disaster of Tawergha (qurynanew.com/38680).
15 July 2012: Tripoli: the
president of Libya's Olympic Committee, Nabil al-Alam, was abducted in Tripoli
after nine 'mystery' gunmen removed him from his car. Neither the army nor the
police were aware of the arrest. After he was released a week later, Mr. Alam
said that his kidnapping remains a mystery.
09 July 2012: Derna:
a bomb blew up in Derna's Sahaba Mosque, destroying to rubbles the walls around
the tomb of the 7th century Arab general Zuhayr Ibn Qais. Media reports
say locals say Salafists were behind the attack. The destruction of
Sufi tombs spread throughout North Africa and the Middle East since the so-called "Arab
Probably Mali's Timbuktu is the worst hit among all targets.
08 July 2012: Bani Walid:
two journalists, Yousef Salem Badi and Abdulqader Fsouk, working for Misrata's
"Tobacts Television & Radio", were kidnapped near the town of Bani
Walid, after returning from Mezdah, where they were covering the local elections.
Misrata's media workers urged the ministries of defence and interior to intervene
to bring about their release (qurynanew.com/38097).
7/7/2012: Cyrenaica: Election Day:
major security violations in Albaydaa, Ajdabya and Tobruk: all the polling centres
in Ajdabya were attacked and suffered from "total chaos"; polling
centres were attacked and voting process suspended in many polling centres. Voting
materials were stolen in Attaleah School centre. The following centres were attacked
by armed men who threatened the staff of the HNEC to stop the election process:
Annahdah School, Independence School, Omar Mukhtar School, Martyrs of the Damour
School, Ali Issa School, Wehdah School, and Tarek ibn Ziyad School. Khansaa School
centre in Albaydaa: total chaos reported, due to a "brawl
in the polling centre".
Marej: voting boxes were stolen and the centre was attacked. Ballot boxes were
stolen in centre No. (0100741) by a "group
of armed men with white guns". Ashbelieh centre in "Gryan":
the staff and women voters were attacked: shooting, chaos and stealing ballot
boxes. Alquba: Afreeqa centre was attacked by armed men. Ekhlas and Karameh School
centre: ballot boxes were stolen by armed
men. Benghazi: Freedom School: explosives (gelatin) were used in polling
centres: Ibraheem Jarari School centre was completely destroyed.
Brigades of Freedom School: attacked by a number of armed men who "detained
the staff", with "total chaos" and "shooting inside
the centre". Jamal Abdel Nasser School was "burned in Gmenes".
Ajdabya-Wehdah centre: ballot boxes were stolen.
Alabyar: the polling centre was burned.
Shohadaa Abo Eareeq centre: polling centre was burned.
Omar Mukhtar School centre: attacked and the voting process was suspended.
06 July 2012: Benghazi: a helicopter
carrying polling materials was shot down by "unknown" gunmen while
flying over Benghazi. One election commission worker, Abdullah Hosain Albura'si,
was killed, whom the HNEC in its website declared the first martyr of the election
5 July 2012: Oil Terminals:
armed Cyrenaicans shut down at least three major oil terminals, including Ras
Lanuf, Sidra and Brega. The protesters said the strike will continue for 48
hours, unless the government responds to their demands, which include equal numbers
at the General Assembly. The strike has reduced Libya's oil output by about 300,000
05 July 2012: Ajdabiya (Ejdabiya):
arsonists have burned down a building housing election
materials including ballot boxes, equipment and voting cards. However, the main
HNEC office in the centre of Ajdabiya was not affected. It was reported that an
official from the HNEC in Tripoli had pledged to replace all ballot slips destroyed
by the fire before the 7th of July – the election day.
01 July 2012: Tobruk & Benghazi:
the headquarters of the High Commission for Elections in Tobruk was attacked
and set on fire. The deputy head of the commission
(Moftaph Othman) was attacked as he was leaving the building. The attack came
after demonstrators met in Medina Square to announce their rejection of the coming
elections and opposition to the controversial seat-allocation within the National
Assembly. The violence came just three days after Mustafa Abdul Jalil
said it is "impossible"
to meet Benghazi's
demand for equal members at the National Congress.
Similar event also took place in Benghazi, where "protestors"
met outside Tibisti Hotel and declared their rejection of the elections. The
headquarters of the High Commission for Elections was
also attacked and the "ballot papers" were set on fire.
28 June 2012: Kufra: fierce fighting
erupted once more in Kufra between Arab and Tebu tribes, resulting in 18 people
killed and 82 wounded. Unlike any of the previous clashes, Tebu fighters claim
that the Arab Zwai tribe were fighting alongside government troops belonging
to Libya Shield. There is no official confirmation of this dangerous development,
with one Berber source saying the Libyan army had denied taking part in the fight,
while media reports state five soldiers from Libya Shield were killed
and 22 were wounded.
26 June 2012: Tripoli:
a home-made, TNT bomb exploded outside the Tunisian Consulate in Tripoli, damaging
the rear gate to the building, cracking a windscreen nearby, and leaving a
hole in the ground; no casualties were reported. An NTC official was reported
to have confirmed that the bomb was thrown from a single Toyota car, which
according to security camera was occupied by four men. The attack was said to
may have been motivated by the handover of Albaghdadi Almahmoudi, Gaddafi's Prime
Minister, who was recently extradited from Tunisia to Libya. If so, the
attack may be linked to "Loyalists".
18 June 2012: Benghazi:
the Tunisian consulate in Benghazi was stormed by an armed group of men, but no casualties were
reported. Reuters said the attack was a protest against an art exhibition in
Tunisia, which the attackers said had offended their religion. Libyan security forces recovered the building without any
resistance, it was said.
14 June 2012: Tripoli -
to a number of media reports, Zintan rebels
continue to add seized cars to their expensive vehicle collection, when they
brigade commander from Jadu, Sifaw Omar Hablee, along the airport road and attempted
to steal his Toyota Land Cruiser. The Berber commander was shot dead when he
refused to hand over his car. It is not known why the transitional government
is allowing, or not stopping, such criminal activities along such
strategic and important road. In
addition to the incidents reported earlier (see below), one of the most recent
victims was the governor of the Central Bank of Malta, Joseph Bonnici, whose
car was stolen when his official convoy was ambushed by Zintani rebels
at a checkpoint on the airport road.
13 June 2012: Benghazi:
a women’s beauty shop (Maraiya) was shot at by a group of terrorists as they
drove past the premises, causing some damage to the building but no
casualties were reported. The business owner was reported to have said she had
been threatened recently and was given a month to close down her business, which
apparently was said to ‘sexualise’ women.
12 June 2012: Tripoli:
clashes broke out outside the Ministry of Health
in Tripoli, when a group of "x-revolutionaries" from Benghazi attempted
to enter the offices of the ministry to demand medical treatment for the injuries
they sustained during the war. They were stopped by Zintani guards who fired
into the air to restore order. It was said that the protesters were unarmed,
and used stones and clubs.
12 June 2012: Misrata:
unknown terrorist group detonated a bomb at the offices of the Red
Misrata, injuring one person and damaging the building. The attack was
said to be a copy of the attack
on the Red Cross in Benghazi in late May 2012.
12 June 2012: Nafousa Mountain:
heavy fighting broke out in and around Mizdah between Zintan and Mashasha rebels,
killing at least 32 and injuring 162 people. The clashes were said to have
started after a Zintan military unit was stopped by Mashasha rebels at a road
block near Mizdah, killing one Zintani person. Heavy fighting ensued, using missiles
and rockets; resulting in damage to at least 40 homes and a number of sites
including the electricity station and telephone lines, and forcing some residents
to flee their homes. On the 14th of June the clashes spread to the town of
Shaqiqa, during which the Zintan forces said they have captured former Qaddafi
commander Mabrouk Sahban and Khamis Qaddafi's former deputy.
11 June 2012: Tripoli:
it was reported that Zintan rebels from Brigade 14 began seizing government
vehicles in the capital Tripoli including police cars; apparently because the
government failed to settle their "financial
entitlements", they claim.
Government sources say at least 33
vehicles were taken to the brigade’s
base close to the road leading to Tripoli Airport.
11 June 2012: Benghazi:
a British convoy carrying the British Ambassador was attacked
by a group of terrorists with rocket-propelled
grenade (RPG) in Benghazi, resulting in two injuries, but no fatalities. An
exchange of fire followed, before the attackers fled the scene. This attack
further signals a new wave of terrorist attacks (see below) against Western
targets, thereby making once-safe Libya yet another country in which terrorism
and chaos may become the usual hallmarks of imposed democracy. Many Libyans
still believe that one needs to prepare the soil before sowing the seeds; let
alone transplanting ready-made trees in mud!
09 June 2012: Kufra:
clashes between Tebu fighters and government forces returned to the area. Five
men were killed and ten more were injured, it was said. It is not clear yet how
the fighting started, and as before there are a number of conflicting stories,
with both sides accusing each other. One story states that
the clashes started after a 24-hour ultimatum to enter the town, given by the
Libya Shield forces to Tebu militiamen, was ignored. The Tebu say government
forces began shelling the Qaderfi and Ashouri districts and cut power supplies
to most areas in the town; while another source says the native Tebu began
firing on vehicles belonging to government forces as they were trying to enter
their town. The clashes continued on the following day (Sunday, 10/06/2012),
using heavy weapons, rockets and tanks, killing 13 and injuring 63 people. Tebu
outside the headquarters of the NTC in Tripoli, demanding the head of the Libyan
Army, Almanqoush, and the leader of Libya Shield be brought to justice. It was
also reported that the claims perpetuated by Libyan media in that Tebu fighters
from Chad arrived in Libya to fight along the Tebu of Kufra are false and were
instigated by some Libyan elements intent
in plunging the country into civil war. The important thing is that the
government has once more added another "investigation" to
its already rich collection of investigations;
and also continues to send medical aid for the wounded.
09 June 2012: Zuwarah -
Ras Ejdir - Abukammash:
clashes erupted between border guards from Zuwara and government forces belonging
to the Supreme Security Committee. No casualties were reported, but the
border point with Tunisia was closed (from the Tunisian side), apparently after
the arrest of 12 Tunisian suspected smugglers in Libya; while the Tunisians claim
the border was closed from the Libyan side as a precautionary measure – the
usual contradictions. According to Libyan sources armed men from Libya Shield
Brigade had taken control of the border from the Border Control Police.
A second incident developed in Abukammash, the fishing village just before Ras
Ejdir, when armed rebels were reported to have set up a fake check point and
confiscated machinery belonging to Libya Shield (qurynanew.com/36320).
The same source said Libya Shield had confirmed to them that they had taken
control of the border; but locals said they have been hearing similar claims
for the past nine months or so. After the violent events of April 2012 in the
Black Crescent area, the government said it had taken complete control of the
border area and that it will implement a final solution to the crisis in the
region, but there is no sign of this taking place as of June 2012. Smuggling
gangs from all surrounding areas (in both sides of the border) still active,
and according to a recent announcement by the Tunisian government the Libyan
embassy was communicating with the Tunisian Ministry of Interior regarding the
activities of some Libyans living in and around Bengerdan, Djerba and Zarzis.
The Tunisian source also said that more than 500,000 Libyans are now living in
Tunisia, many of whom are loyal to the old regime. The Libyan government needs
to present a final solution to this 9-month saga by taking complete control over
the border area, once and for all; stop blaming others; and put an end to the
smuggling activities and loyalists' attempts to sow division.
05 June 2012: Benghazi:
the American consulate building in Benghazi was attacked by a terrorist group,
using an improvised explosive device (IED). According to qurynanew.com/36069#comment-69879,
Omar Abdul Rahman brigade claimed the attack was in retaliation for the assassination
of Abu Yahah Al-Libi, Qaeda's second-in-command, but official sources declined
to confirm the link.
04 June 2012: Tripoli Airport:
armed rebels from al-Awfea Brigade militia, from Tarhouna, have surrounded Tripoli
airport with tanks, diverting flights to Tripoli's Mitiga airport,
and blocking access to the building. It
was reported that the rebels had driven their
armoured vehicles onto the runway and surrounded the planes. Their demand was
the release of their commander, Col. Abu Oegeila al-Hebshi, who they say
was being detained in the airport after he was arrested by the Tripoli
Security Committee on Sunday night. But according to Reuters, NTC's spokesman,
Mohammed al-Harizy, "said Hebshi was taken by unknown armed rebels while
travelling between Tarhouna and Tripoli last night". According to the
NTC's website, Mustafa Abdul Jalil met with Tarhouna's NTC member and agreed
on pulling the armed rebels from the airport and launch an investigation into
the disappearance of the militia's leader. Government forces have retaken
control of the airport, and all services are back to normal.
01 June 2012: Tripoli:
the Libyans have become accustomed to armed rebels stopping them at gunpoint
and taking their cars away from them. In some cases families with children were
left abandoned by the side of the road.
Now the practice is affecting Tripoli's expatriates living in wealthy areas of
the capital. One oil company complained that three of its staff had been targeted
in the past two months alone. Another company manager was robbed of his car outside
his house. There are a number of other cases reported to the police, even though
the NTC did say they will use force to stop such attacks on civilians!
27 May 2012: Tripoli:
shooting broke out in the 5th floor of Tripoli Tower, resulting in the security
system being damaged.
The workers at the tower staged a protest on the following day over the repeated
breaches of security at the tower, which they said were taking place from
time to time, and demanded proper protection from the Ministry of Interior.
27 May 2012: Tripoli:
clashes broke out in Addahra area in the capital Tripoli after a man was shot
in the head. To seek revenge for the murdered man, the assailants set shops belonging
to the attackers on fire in Addahra Street. The area was cordoned off and the
attackers were said to have been arrested by the authorities.
26 May 2012: Tripolitania:
assassination attempt: the president of the Western Region's Military Council,
Mukhtar Fernana, has survived an assassination attempt. It was beleived the attackers
were travelling in a convoy of five cars.
24 May 2012: Sirte:
a massive explosion hit the base of the Sirte Revolutionary Brigade, killing
seven people and wounding a number of others. It is not known how the blast started,
but it was said that either a "mystery unit" may have been behind the
attack, or else it could have been an accident that ignited the ammunition store.
22 May 2012: Benghazi:
just over two hours after the attack on the Red Cross, the Sahara Bank was
also hit by a rocket-propelled grenade; damaging the front of the building, but
no casualties were reported.
22 May 2012: Benghazi: "Mystery
Units" fired two rocket-propelled grenades at the offices of the
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Benghazi. The attack, once
again, took place in the early hours of the morning and therefore there were
no casualties. Very much like the earlier terrorist attack in Benghazi, the mystery
terrorists seem to have no intention of causing any casualties. On the 3rd of
June 2012, Libyaherald said the "Shaikh Omar Abdul Rahman Brigade"
claimed responsibility for the attack, and that the brigade accused the ICRC
of “evangelistic” operations in Libya and also objected to the use of the cross
as the ICRC’s logo (Libya Herald, article: /islamist-militants-claim-responsibility-for-icrc-shelling/).
20 May 2012: Tripoli:
an unarmed member of Bani Walid's delegation was hit by an NTC security guard
with the back of his gun, fracturing his head. The delegation travelled to Tripoli
to meet with NTC officials after the recent events in and around Bani Walid.
NTC's spokesman apologised for the incident, and said investigation will follow.
17 May 2012: Benghazi:
assassination attempt: a "mystery unit" had
attempted to assassinate NTC members Fathi al-Baaja and Khaled Saeh. The incident
took place at night at Benghazi Airport. Some media reports claim a local Cyrenaican
group was behind the attempt, but the group denied any links with the incident.
13 May 2012: Bani Walid:
clashes erupted around the town of Bani Walid between anti-NTC local fighters
and pro-NTC troops from Libya Shield. The locals say the troops were there to
control Bani Walid and protested their presence.
13 May 2012: Ubari - Murzuk:
Mr. Khaled Abusalaha, an election candidate from Murzuk, was assassinated by
an armed gang of men some 30 km from Ubari. Apparently the murder took place
shortly after Mr. Abusalaha registered his name with the electoral commission
for the June Election.
12 May 2012: Tarhouna & Bani
Walid: according to media reports clashes broke out near Bani Walid
between locals and NTC forces. On Friday the 11th government military units
from the Libyan Shield Brigade were sent to Tarhouna and to the area between
Tarhouna and Bani Walid.
16 May 2012: Ghadames:
Tuareg Disaster Continues: the
Berber Tuareg of Ghadames and its surroundings were once more at the heart of
the clashes plighting Ghadames and Daraj for some time. According to Adnan Maqoura,
a member of Ghadames Local Council, the town was attacked by a "mystery
unit" made up of 200 fighters.
He also said that the local council was aware of "suspicious" activity
in the area for some time and that even though they had informed the authorities
in Tripoli and the National Army, no help arrived. The
prime minister's office confirms (in
its website: pm.gov.ly/news/المتحدث-الرسمي-باسم-رئاسة-أركان-الجيش-الوطني-يؤكد-أن-الهجوم-الذي-تعرضت-له-غدامس-استعملت-خلاله-آليات-وبطاقات-للمجلس-العسكري-للمنطقة-الغربية.html) that the weapons and vehicles used in the attack carried the
signs of the military council of the western region and have the name "the
national army" written on them; and that an investigation will
follow. Col. Ali Alshikhy, the spokesperson of the National Army, said the military
council of the western region does not belong to the national army; making one
wonder who they belong to? [Ten days later, see above, the head
of this military council survived an assassination attempt.] The clashes lasted
for seven hours, but continued on and off for a number of days. Some sources
say at least fourteen people were killed, including commander
Issa Tlili, and at least 20 others were wounded from both sides. During the
last ten months or so Tuareg refugees used the border crossing with Algeria
as an escape route, but after the recent clashes the Debdeb crossing point
was closed on orders, according to one source, from the Libyan
government. Many of the Tuaregs of Libya were forced out of their homes, some
of which were knocked down to the ground, since last September (2011) when they
were hunted as "Gaddafi's loyalists" ( – even though they fought against
Gaddafi; liberated a number of towns in the region; handed over Saifalislam;
and had done so many other things to live a life of dignity). Thinking that the
situation in Ghadames and Daraj is now returning to normal, many of the Tuareg
refugees decided to return home, but unfortunately there are elements in Libya
that opposed the return (by all necessary means). Instead a large number of Tuareg
refugees found shelter in nearby Daraj, where some Tuareg were said to have staged
a protest against the Daraj branch of the National Commercial Bank in Ghadames,
because the bank is refusing to process their salaries. The situation of the
Tuareg was so severe that Musa al-Koni, NTC's Tuareg representative, was reported
to have resigned
"over the treatment his fellow Tuaregs in Ghadames", but the
NTC spokesman said no resignation notice had been received by the NTC.
Farther south, the Tuareg Advisory Council met on the 20th of May 2012 in Ubari
in an emergency meeting to declare support and collect aid
for the affected Tuareg families that were forced out of Ghadames and Wadi Awal.
They have also appointed an investigatory council to investigate the incidents
taking place in Daraj and Ghadames. On the 29th of May 2012 a special unit from
the National Army arrived in the town of Ghadames to keep the situation under
control. However, a source from Nafusa Mountain (as reported by Ossan)
stated that his eyewitness account tells a different story about the events in
Ghadames: he starts by saying that
when the revolutionaries of Jado handed over Ghadames airport to the revolutionaries
of Ghadames, two planes loaded with heavy and light weapons were landing at the
airport. The contents of the planes were given to groups from Ghadames, and then,
he adds, the Tuareg who were present at the Tunisian Company were attacked,
where nine Tuareg were killed; followed by a large group of women from Ghadames
attacking isolated citizens including elders and children, and burning 28 houses
and 18 cars. The situation was brought under control, the eyewitness says, when
the forces of Border Guards arrived from Jado and Zintan and took control of
the junction leading to Ghadames and to the airport; and that after taking over
the airport the Border Forces found a plane with 50 wounded, who are not from
Ghadames, and other armed groups from Ghadames. Some online sources say
the Berber Tuareg of Libya were subjected to an "ethnic cleansing" program
for the past six months, in which “illegal detention" in secret locations,
torture and murder were
practiced against them by military "mystery units"; while other Berberists
say the conspiracy against the Imazighen of Libya as a whole continues on schedule
to contain the Berbers' demands for constitutional recognition and a share of
independence before the elections
and the anticipated declaration of the new constitution. One comment left in
response to an online article states that Mohammad
Salem Adwib was involved in the recent clashes with the Tuareg of
Ghadames and Daraj. Of course, Mr. Adwib was the controversial and official military
man who was previously involved in the violent events in and around Zuwara and
Ras Ejdir, where he appeared in al-Jamil hospital comforting them that the NTC
and the Libyan Army is with them all the way.
08 May 2012: Tripoli:
clashes broke out outside the Prime Minister's office, resulting in one person
being killed and four injured. Media sources say the clashes started after militiamen
from Nafusa Mountain arrived to "demand cash from the government",
but one eyewitness said they attended to protest peacefully about a number of
demands including their injuries sustained during the war, for which to this
day they have not received any treatment; constitutional recognition of Berber
language; and an end to marginalisation. The government's spokesman
and the minister of defence came out and took these demands and went back inside,
the eyewitness said. Trouble started only after another
group arrived from Nafusa's Qala'a in a convoy of at least 50 cars mounted with
guns, and began firing in the air, he added. Official sources say the protestors
broke into the building, forcing the guards to call for help from Tripoli's militias
working for the ministry of interior. When the militias arrived, the eyewitness
said, fighting broke out between the three groups (two militia groups and the
ministerial guards). In a news conference these "demands" were mentioned
by the government spokesman Nasser el-Manee as "other demands", but
failed to elaborate; while other Libyans commented that these protestors are
in fact Gaddafi's loyalists who had such plans to foil the revolution long before
liberation. However, according to the transitional Prime Minister, the protestors
were not "revolutionaries" but
outlawed gunmen pretending to be revolutionaries. In a statement by the Prime
Minister's Office (pm.gov.ly/news/693.html), the spokesman said the "revolution" took
place against those who are using violence to impose their ideas and that "issues" can
only be resolved via
"dialogue". As in many earlier incidents, it is hard to conclude who
fired what, how and why; and echoing some statements from international media,
it seems that Gaddafi's loyalists are now blamed for anything that is "oppositional".
01 May 2012: Tripoli:
clashes broke out in three area in the capital Tripoli: in Souq al-Joma fighters
attacked a building belonging to the Foreign Ministry; in al-Hadba al-Khadra
members of Tripoli Revolutionary Brigade clashed with Shara Ajdabiya Revolutionary
Brigade; and in an area near the 24 December Street militiamen were firing indiscriminately
at the Interior Ministry and residential buildings. A number of arrests were
made, and there was no fatalities.
01 May 2012: Tripoli:
hundreds of armed fighters, said to be from the Union of Revolutionary Battalions,
had surrounded the National Transitional Council headquarters in the capital,
demanding greater participation in the interim government; seats in the new National
Congress; and an amnesty for the fighters who took some "actions"
during the war. Apparently, according to some sources, Mustafa Abdul Jalil agreed
to meet with some members of the group including "al-Azari", the leader,
"Abdurrahman al-Gaja", and even agreed to their first demand, refused
the second, and promised to consider the third. Other demands included an extension
to the election registration period; proper care for the injured; and proper
allocation of grants paid to the fighters.
27 April 2012: Benghazi: Terrorism
Begins in Free Libya: a massive blast punched a three-metre wide hole
in the walls of the court house in Meidan al-Shajara, Benghazi. NTC spokesman
Mohammed al-Harizi told AFP that investigators
found graffiti at the scene expressing support for Gaddafi. While
according to Reuters, there were three explosions at the building, wounding one
person and damaging nearby buildings. Apparently the early-morning explosion(s),
reporters said, came just hours after the arrival of NTC officials to hold their
regular monthly meeting.
The fact that the packages were detonated around 5 am (05:00) indicates that
the bombers had no intention of inflicting human casualties! A few days later,
official sources said five suspects from the Gadadfa tribe were arrested, but
no names were given!
26 April 2012: Benghazi:
one person was killed and four were injured in clashes sparked by
which security sources blamed "on radical Islamists".
20 April 2012: Kufra:
3 people died and 17 were injured in clashes between government forces and Tebu
locals. Tebu leader Issa Abdelmajid Mansour told AFP that the Tebu were attacked
on Friday the 20th of April 2012 by the "Libya Shield" brigade
– a peacekeeping military unit working for the Libyan Ministry of
Defence. The fighting started after a man from the Zwai tribe "shot dead
a Tebu man", to which the Tebu retaliated by firing at cars that went their
way, Libya Shield said.
10 April 2012: Benghazi:
bomb was thrown at a convoy carrying the head of the UN mission
to Libya. No one was hurt.
10 April 2012: Tripoli:
the headquarters of the Libyan government (the Council of Ministers) came under
attack by armed groups, who fired shots inside the Prime Minister's office. The
government denounced the attack as an attack on the sovereignty of Libya and
urged all armed groups to realise the dangers of employing "arms" and "blackmail" to
achieve one's goals. The motive apparently was no more than protesting against
the NTC's decision to stop the "financial grants" allocated to fighters.
Earlier reports published by the government showed wide-spread corruption regarding
the grants and the allocation of grants, where fighters's names were found to
be in more than one list; and therefore the decision was only temporary, to bring "fraud"
and "draining the country's resources" under control. One solution
presented was to transfer the grants directly to the bank accounts of those who
were found to be eligible.
31 March 2012: Zuwarah:
tension returned to the Black Crescent area after a group of
armed men from Alassa, Regdalin and Ejmeil attacked a group of officially-recognised
border guards from Zuwarah near Alassa (by the Tunisian border). According to
Abdulaziz Bousennouga, the local fighters came across a smuggling point at Zahert
Alkhos, via which smugglers smuggle illegal items including alcohol, petrol
and other "prohibited items". Doing their job, they closed the smuggling
point. The smugglers then went on to open another point, located around 20km
from Alassa, to continue their illegal activities. When the Zuwarah unit came
across the new smuggling point, they took over the point and confiscated a number
of goods. Some of the smugglers however managed to return to Ejmeil, reported
the takeover, and returned with a large force of 1000 men, mostly civilians,
and waited for the Zuwarah unit to return from Nalut. When the border guards
arrived at the site, they were attacked, kidnapped and taken to Regdalin, where
they were beaten and tortured, before they were transferred to Ejmeil for further
torture and abuse. It is not known exactly how many were kidnapped, with some
sources say 25 men, while others say 21, but according to Riyad Bushwashi, Zuwarah's
only member at the NTC, 22 men were arrested. One member of the Zuwarah group,
who had managed to escape, reported that some of the attackers were carrying
the green flag and called Zuwarah's fighters "Nato's agents". The hostages
were released on Sunday the 1st of April, with the help of Ejmeil's pro-NTC fighters
from "The Protection of Ejmeil Militia"; but when they reached Zuwarah,
and showed signs of being tortured, fighting broke out once more around 11 pm
on Sunday night. Using tanks, rockets, missiles and other heavy weapons, shells
from both sides began to hammer civilian areas indiscrimanately. The shelling
continued all night and for most of Monday, and is still going on as of today
the 3rd of April 2012. The casualties were taken to Sabratha's hospital, while
the more serious cases were taken to Tripoli, since most of the regional hospitals
are either not functioning at all or else are poorly equipped. However, it is
important to point out that a number of brigades from Zuwarah had refused to
take part in the fight against Libyans. The elders
of Zuwarah urged the fighters to stop shelling indiscriminately, but they were
told to disappear, just as they were told to go away about this time last year.
26 March 2012: Sabha:
(Monday): nearly 50 people were killed during the first three days of clashes
in Sabha between local militias and Tebu fighters, apparently after a local resident
was killed in a dispute over a car. However, as usually is the case, one can
never be sure of the facts, since one NTC's spokesperson told reporters that
the violence had begun from a dispute over payment for former fighters. By Sunday
100 more lost their lives, giving a total of 150, and nearly 475 were wounded. It
was reported that the Libyan army had sent 600 soldiers to help bring the situation
under control, while NTC spokesperson Nasser al-Manee said 3,000 soldiers had
been sent to Sebha. However, NTC's Abdulmajid Saif al-Nasser said he was resigning
in protest because the NTC was not doing enough to stop the violence . On
Wednesday the 28th of March 2012 representatives from both sides were reported
to have agreed a ceasefire, only for fighting to resume hours later. A second
ceasefire was announced by the NTC on Saturday the 31st of March 2012. The transitional
Prime Minister el-Keib flew to Sabha on Sunday in an attempt to defuse the tension.
According to Reuters , "Keib was then heckled by a man who was shouting
that the government was late in acting to stop the clashes and called on the
military to deal with the Tibu. Keib tried to talk to the heckler but his security
detail ushered him into a car to head onto his next meeting, with Tibu elders".
24 March 2012: Tripoli:
armed fighters stormed the Rixos Hotel, in Tripoli. The gunmen fired shots into
the air, breaking some items and punching a hole in the ceiling, but no one was
hurt. The armed men had detained the Turkish manager of the hotel, apparently,
when a Zintan member of the militia was asked to leave the hotel "over an
unpaid bill dating back to September", Reuters wrote.
18 March 2012: Tripoli:
clashes erupted in the capital between armed residents from Tripoli’s Abu Selim
area and an armed militia from Zintan. The two sides fired automatic rifles at
each other, leaving one Zintan fighter dead. The fight came to an end after the
local militia leaders secured a cease-fire, Mohammed Abu-Gheniya told reporters: washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/clashes-erupt-in-libyan-capital-between-militia-and-residents-of-pro-gadhafi-area-1-killed/2012/03/18/gIQAXpkaKS_story.html
10 March 2012: Tripoli:
Libyan Interior Minister Fawzi Abdel Aal has warned all armed fighters to lay
down their arms, or face the full force of the law. The minister said the police
force now includes 25,000 officers, and that the militias must now make themselves "legitimate" or
else the "lions" will face them. Fighters and tribal leaders
had defied a number of deadlines in the past few months. reuters.com/article/2012/03/10/us-libya-militias-idUSBRE8290DA20120310
07 March 2012: Eastern
Egyptian police believe thousands of weapons
are being smuggled monthly into Egypt from Libya across the desert borders, including
ammunition, assault rifles, machine-guns, RPG launchers, small caliber rockets,
and shoulder-fired anti-aircraft missiles. shabablibya.org/news/the-return-of-the-king
04 March 2012: Tripoli:
two British journalists, Nicholas Davies and Gareth Montgomery-Johnson, were
arrested by Misrata's Swehli Militia about two weeks ago. The two journalists,
working for Iran's English-language Press TV, were reportedly detained while
filming at 2:00 am in a "sensitive
the capital Tripoli. The commander reported that the journalists were initially "tracked" after
suspicious behaviour, and were arrested for entering Libya without a visa and
for "possible espionage".
[Update: the two journalist were later handed over to the interim government,
and then released and returned home on the 19th of March 2012.]
27-28 February 2012: Zuwarah-Ras
Ejdir: the land border with Tunisia was closed temporarily, due to a
small incident. Unlike what has been reported by the media, sources from Zuwarah
had confirmed there was no heavy fighting at the border, no casualties, and the
whole fight did not last 20 minutes. Apparently a unit
"claiming to belong" to the "Libyan military police" attempted
to take control of the border point from the forces of Zuwarah; but when local
commanders from Zuwarah contacted the NTC headquarters in Tripoli to confirm
the legality of the takeover, the NTC informed them that they knew nothing about
this "police unit" and that this unit had no orders from the NTC. Zuwarah's
forces then succeeded in expelling the "attacking unit" within 15
minutes, without any casualties from either side.
15 February 2012: Sabha: a cell
of ten loyalists was arrested in Sabha. Weapons and explosives were found with
the loyalists, said to be planning to destabilise Sabha and the surrounding areas
during the 17th of February anniversary.
15 February 2012: Tripoli: nearly
30,000 Libyan fighters took part in a military parade in the capital Tripoli,
in anticipation of the first anniversary of the 17th of February. The force included
fighters from the various militias of the western region and official units from
the Military Council. The Libyan Air Force is also
operational and now is patrolling the border areas as well as Libya's air space,
the NTC said.
15 February 2012: Benghazi:
Libyan Security Forces said they have discovered a number of Sam 7 missiles and
rockets hidden in a farm near Benghazi. They also said they are investigating
14 February 2012: Benghazi:
Tibesti Hotel in Benghazi was
attacked while the Prime Minister el-Keib was inside the building (libya.tv/مجموعات-مسلحة-تقتحم-فندق-تيبستي-ببنغا).
The armed group, firing in the air, entered the building and surrounded the wing
in which el-keib was staying in the first floor, and demanded from the prime
minster to integrate the unites they represent in the national army and grant
them monthly wages. Libya.tv says its source (Libya Today) said el-Keib have
signed the lists that were given to him by the fighters.
13 February 2012: Tripoli: Terror
Cell Arrested: Zintan fighters have arrested a "terror cell" in Ben
Gheshshir, Tripoli. The cell was made of immigrants from the "Eastern Sahara" who
"Egyptian dialect" and had fake documents. They were said to be trafficking
in drugs, alcohol and arms, and plotting to carry out a number of terrorist attacks
to destabilise the capital.
12 February 2012: Kufra: intermittent
fighting is also being reported from around the southeastern Kufra area. According
to the Chief of the Libyan Army, Yousef Manqoush, the situation will be brought
under control via peaceful means. It was said that the fighting still taking
place in Kufra is between the Zwai (or Azwaya) tribe and the Tebu. So far nearly
17 people were killed (9 Zwai and 8 Tebu) and 20 injured on Sunday and Monday.
Five more people died on Tuesday during the third day of clashes. According to
the same report, "Mohammed al-Harizi, spokesman for the NTC, confirmed
Tuesday's clashes but said they were of "low intensity and between smugglers
helped by foreign elements and thuwar (revolutionaries)."
10 February 2012: Tripoli: Zintan
fighters from Jihad Militia in Tripoli have arrested a "5th
Column sleeper cell" in the capital. The cell was reported to have
been buying weapons and rockets to use to attack civilians in Tripoli. Official
sources did warn of the possibility of terrorist attacks by the sleeper cells
during the forthcoming anniversary of 17th of February 2012.
25 January 2012: Tripoli: "Security
sector workers say theft, infighting and murder are on the rise . . . Last week,
two grenade attacks were reported in central Tripoli and gunfights occur on a
near-daily basis," Reuters wrote
22-23 January 2012: Bani
militias loyal to the NTC were driven out of Bani Walid in a gunbattle,
after locals refused to recognise the "imposed council", they said. Four
NTC fighters and eight residents were killed. The NTC now set up check points
around the city, with reports of planes flying overhead. Heavy presence of units
loyal to the new Libyan Army is noticeable in and around Bani Walid. People say
green flags were seen in the town, but Reuters said it found none when its reporters
visited the area, and that the locals said their protest has nothing to do with "loyalists".
Apparently, about 200 elders from the town decided to abolish an NTC-appointed
local council and appoint their own council instead. On Wednesday the NTC was
reported to have recognised the new local government nominated and dominated
by the tribes of Bani Walid.
21 January 2012: Zuwarah:
a gun fight broke out between two local militia groups in Zuwarah, after one
group refused to hand over one of their fighters who had attacked the border
point at Ras Ejdir. Heavy weapons were used during the fight, but eventually the
perpetrator was ordered to leave the unit (sheltering him) and fighting subsequently
20 January 2012: Benghazi:
protesters in Benghazi broke their way into the headquarters of the National
Transitional Government (NTG) in Benghazi. Smashing Abdul Jalil's parked Toyota
Land Cruiser, they threw
"stones", broke glass windows, and even threw a grenade,
as they stormed the building and demanded the resignation of the transitional "government". According
to Reuters, when protesters "hurled empty plastic bottles" at
the leader of the NTC, his security forces responded with firing "tear
13 January 2012: Nafousa
a fight broke out between Yefren and Assabia. Victims from Assabia spoke to Reuters
of severe torture and beating to death committed by the forces of Gharyan ( reuters.com/article/2012/01/25/us-libya-lawlessness-idUSTRE80O18P20120125 ).
4 January 2012: Tripoli:
Mustafa Abdel Jalil, the head of the NTC, warned Libyans of "civil
war" breaking out in Libya unless the armed militias are brought
under control. He said either the Libyans unite and end confrontation or split
and there will be a civil war. Exactly what the Libyans need to hear from the
leaders at this crucial stage!
3 January 2012: Tripoli:
a gun battle broke out between former fighters from Tripoli and dozens of fighters
from Misrata, ending with four dead. Smaller gun fights also broke out in Ejmeil
1 January 2012: Tripoli: the
NTC arrested a loyalist cell in Tripoli for plotting to blow up Tripoli's power
grid on New Year's eve, and for attempting to re-launch the state TV channel
Happy New Year
Summary: hundreds of armed groups, reported sleeper
cells, organised gangs, and armed "youngsters"
are still heavily armed, and fighting still breaks up here and there, now and
then, including along the initially presumed safe coast. It seems that the
NTC still is unable to bring the situation under control. Many liberated areas
are still surrounded by "sleeper loyalists" and "mystery
still are intent on destabilising the country, especially in the Black Crescent
area, Tawergha, Wershfana, Bani Walid, Sabha and around the Kufra area. Residents
and reporters speak of unexploded
bombs, rockets, missiles and landmines still littering war sites from across
Libya, including a park inside Tripoli itself. Travellers are strongly advised
to stay on the main roads, and keep away from sand where landmines may still
31 December 2011:Zuwarah:
an ongoing trouble between the Berbers of Zuwarah and the Arabs of Ejmeil and
Regdalin along the Black Crescent had resulted in a number of skirmishes and
fights. Whenever the Berbers attempted to reach their farms (located all around
these Arab villages), they were attacked, robed, and left to flee. The situation
was brought under control, but reports from Zuwara say clashes still take place.
On the 31st of December 2011, two weeks after the border was brought under control, Berbers
from Zuwarah were attacked again inside Tunisia.
31 December 2011: Zliten: the
secretary of the Libyan Security in Zliten was reported by Libya.tv to have revealed
a loyalist cell in Zliten with the aim of destabilising the area, and that the
loyalists were in contact with Saadi Gaddafi in Niger, as well as with loyalists
in other areas including Wershfana, Bani Walid and in Tunisia.
11 December 2011: Zintan (Nafousa
Mountain): clashes also broke out between Zintan and neighbouring Mashasha forces
in Wames (190 km from Tripoli) and Shaqiqa: the fight between the militias lasted
two days and was stopped after an intervention from the NTC. Houses in Wames
were damaged by rocket or/and artillery fire.
10 December 2011: Tripoli: a gun
battle broke out when armed men in vehicles belonging to the new Libyan national
army tried to take control of Tripoli's international airport. Mukhtar al-Akhdar,
commander of a militia unit from Zintan, contacted the NTC who said they knew
nothing about the men who attempted to take over the airport. Analysts said the
event may have been linked to the earlier (on the day) attempt on Haftar's life.
06 December 2011: Tripoli:
a small fight also broke out between Rujban and Tripoli fighters.
02 December 2011: Janzur:
a militia base reduced to ruin and an NTC official killed in Janzur (near Tripoli) by
fighters said to be loyal to Zintan forces. The local fighters in retaliation
burnt the headquarters of the Zintan forces in Janzur and destroyed their offices
31 October 2011:
The Bombing of Libya Stops: the United Nations announced
today an end to its military operations in Libya, "with
23 October 2011: Libya
was officially and prematurely declared liberated by the self-appointed leaders
of the NTC, while the country was still in a state
of war, and while civilian homes, villages and towns were still being shelled.
06 October 2011: Zuwarah:
clashes returned to the area when loyalists fired at least three missiles from
Regdalin. Two of the missiles landed in the sea and one hit an empty house in
Zuwarah. The clashes developed into a battle, using heavy weapons, rockets and
missiles, and lasted for three days. Reports from Zuwara said at least 15 Gaddafi
loyalist from the Black Crescent and two fighters from Zuwara were killed.
27 August 2011: Zuwarah:
the Black Crescent: on the 24th of August 2011 Gaddafi's loyalists still active
in and around al-Jamil and Regdalin began shelling the town of Zuwara with rockets.
Anees al Fonas, a member of the rebel media council from Zuwara, has reported
that rockets and mortars continued to be fired from the nearby towns of Zelten,
Regdalin and al-Jamil "for
the last 24 hours, nonstop". At least 8 civilians were killed and many more
were wounded. One civilian was killed on Monday by a rocket which landed on the
roof of his house, and four others were injured. The people of Zuwara say the
loyal units attacking them were initially commanded by Saadi Gaddafi (now in
Niger) and Alkhwildi Alhamidi from Lajilat (at the eastern tip of the crescent).
The forces of Zuwara eventually succeeded in seizing Mazraq al-Shams army base,
located between Zuwara and al-Jamil.
Federalism or Decentralisation!
Without immediate dialogue to simplify the promised "democratic process",
and without the law to implement the complicated democratic process, the Libyans
woke up locked against each other: federalists, Berberists, loyalists, true revolutionaries,
pretend revolutionaries, radicals, outlaw militias, mystery cells, and government
militias and officials, all blaming each other for others' mistakes, and for
failing to negotiate.
There are those who say federalism means dividing the country, in line with
those who insist that autonomy means breaking up the country. The NTC itself
said federalism is a "decentralisation"
that may lead to dividing the country. NTC chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil told reporters that: "I
regret to say that these (foreign) countries have financed and supported this
plot that has arisen in the east."
Other Libyans say dividing Libya will be a betrayal of the
martyrs' blood; while others rightly believe self-determination has nothing to
do with dividing anything at all; simply because federalism is nothing more than
an administrative system to share power within the central authority of
the capital, and not without. As to why the leaders falsely say otherwise, when
the country was in dire need of reconciliation and dialogue, is one of those
events associated with the mysterious NTC.
Of course, the fear of taking this a step further in the future, by declaring
total independence from central authority, is there; but the way to deal with
such fear has nothing to do with denial. Most Libyans believe that the
best way forward is to establish "security" first, then proper "government",
before dialogue can explain to people "what's going on", and
before final decisions can be discussed, let alone self-taken - with or without
Taking the law into one's hands by self-declaring regions autonomous is not the
right way to lead by example. Imagine the thought of other regions of Libya self-declaring
themselves "self-determined", without coordination with the law of
Libya, and without a Libyan referendum, and when Libya still does not have a
constitution, and when Libya is yet to elect a final government, and while most
Libyans still are armed, and while so many other core-issues concurrently breaking
Hence, the head of the Cyrenaican Transitional Congress (CTC), Mr. Ahmed Zubair
al-Senussi, was reported, early on, to have said that such federal decisions
can only be legally taken once the government is elected and once the constitution
is written. The federalists also say they want a referendum on the issue
of "federalism", and if people vote against them, the CTC will be "dissolved”.
Did any of these take place?
Declaration of Cyrenaica's Independence
Despite the earlier reported decision by the CTC to wait until an elected
government is in place, the head of the CTC, Mr. Senussi, was reported by Solidarity
Press  to have declared Cyrenaica a federalist region on the 1st of June 2013.
Likewise Sayyid Idris (who appointed himself the Emir of "The
Emirate of Cyrenaica" in 1949), Mr. Senussi declared himself the administrator
of Cyrenaica . He was also reported to have said that, he will activate
the 1951 constitution; form a parliament; form a defence force to defend Cyrenaica;
as well as demand from the GNC to fund Cyrenaica via Benghazi's Central Bank.
Libya Herald reported that Mr. Senussi said Cyrenaica was free from terror
events and fires when the NTC was stationed in Benghazi, and that the "events" began
to manifest only after the NTC was relocated to Tripoli .
On the following day of the announcement, LANA  reported that the GNC was
discussing Mr. Senussi's declaration. Five days later, New Quryna reported 
that the GNC spokesman, Mr. Omar Hamidan, said the declaration of Cyrenaica as
a federal region contradicts with the "legitimacy of the Libyan state" as
represented by the national congress (the GNC) and the transitional government
(the PMO); and decentralisation gains are sought and provided without the need
for "political stands" or political action?
 lana-news.ly/ara/news/view/23659/ (المؤتمرالوطني العام يعقد أول اجتماع له برئاسة جمعة اعتيقه بعد استقالة الدكتور محمد يوسف المقريف)
 Libya Herald, article: /2013/06/01/cyrenaica-federalists-declare-self-government-on-64th-anniversary-of-emirate-of-cyrenaica-independence/
The Creation of The Cyrenaican Transitional Council (CTC)
06 March 2012:
According to Reuters delegates
have announced plans for greater autonomy in Benghazi. Initial reports spoke
of the group creating a kind of federal council, but there was no official
confirmation from the council regarding the creation of the semi-autonomous region.
The meeting took place in Benghazi on Tuesday the 6th of March 2012, and was
attended by around 3,000 delegates including tribal leaders and militia commanders
from Cyrenaica. Mr. Ahmed Zubair al-Senussi, an NTC member and a relative of
king Idris al-Senussi, was appointed the head of the new council.
The same Reuters' report says "An eight-point declaration said the "Cyrenaica
Provincial Council is hereby established ... to administer the affairs of the
province and protect the rights of its people".
The main points emerged from the conference include the following:
The call for the unity of Libya.
The call for establishing federalism in Cyrenaica.
The call for the NTC to adopt a federal system in all the regions of Libya.
The call for re-introducing an updated version of 1951 Constitution.
The call for rejecting the unjust February Election Law.
The transitional prime minister had already rejected federal calls, saying
do not need federalism because that would lead to decentralisation, and urged
what he called "the silent majority" to act and help keep
the country united. However, the people of Benghazi have always complained
about the neglect and marginalisation they suffered during the previous government,
and about the long distance separating Tripoli from Benghazi, which they say
makes administrative work very difficult to accomplish.
All the people of Cyrenaica ask for, at this stage, is to hold a referendum
on the issue of "federalism" and let the people decide. But in response,
the transitional prime minister had announced today that the government is currently
establishing offices in Benghazi and Sabha to facilitate the "administrative
transactions" of the citizens of these regions.
The NTC was also reported to have said it will move the ministries of Economy
and Oil to Benghazi.
Early Calls For Federalism:
05 March 2012:
Libyan Amazigh Congress has condemned Benghazi's
call for semi-autonomy and declared that "federalism is not acceptable" in
Libya. The declaration came a day before the council's announcement on the 6th
of March. Members of the congress also rebuffed Benghazi's claims regarding "marginalisation",
stating that almost all towns in Libya had suffered from marginalisation in the
past, and if it were the case of marginalisation then the Berbers would have
more to say. They say the Berbers were far more marginalised, and that Tamazight
was "forbidden" during the previous government. They say the Berbers
still do not learn Tamazight in schools, and Tamazight is yet to be officially
constitutionalised by the constitution. The congress adds, there is no logical
reason to divide Libya under any circumstances.
07 March 2012: "Libya's new 'feds': The
call of Cyrenaica", by Dr Larbi Sadiki:
"Libya has had it revolution. What is next: federalism and devolution;
or political discord, schism and dissolution?
08 March 2012: in response to Reuters'
Andy Quinn's question regarding Benghazi's call for autonomy, Prime Minister
"Concerning the East, the issue of a group of not more than few thousand
trying to create a state, I can tell you this is democracy in practice; that
is simply that . . . I disagree with the approach not because it’s an opinion
that people are sharing with others but because it has to be toward a constitution
that we are about to create, that this issue should be raised."
09 March 2012: thousands of Libyans gathered
in both Tripoli and Benghazi to protest against Cyrenaica's call for "semi-autonomy".
It was reported that nearly 5,000 protesters attended the Tripoli march and over
3,000 in Benghazi. Their main concern, apparently, is that semi-autonomy will
lead to splitting the country, even though there are a number of united countries
that enjoy autonomy.
16 March 2012: Benghazi
Protesters Attacked: thousands of protesters rallying in Benghazi's
Freedom Square in support of the semi-autonomy came under attack by a group of
armed men carrying knives and guns. One protester told reporters that after the
armed gang attacked the crowd and opened fire the protesters panicked and fled
the square; while another protester said the armed men attacked an office belonging
to Libya Al-Ahrar to prevent the TV station from covering the event. Five people
were injured during the clashes, while the one fatality, reported initially,
was later said to have been unrelated to the clashes. A building reported as
being "a security structure" outside the courthouse in Benghazi was
set on fire. The NTC "urged" people to remain calm. For further information,
please see: google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5h4RMJS2DxGHIot6u_sCQVRDmrTxg
28 March 2012: "Libya
should embrace federalism": according to the Guardian, "The
transfer of power to Libya's regions is the best way forward, following a revolution
against stifling central control" (guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/mar/28/libya-federalism-regions-revolution).
Unites States Institute of Peace: Debating
Federalism in Libya: Libyans opposed to federalism say it will tear
the country apart. But if not responsibly handled, it may be the debate itself
which destroys the revolution's promise (usip.org/publications/debating-federalism-in-the-new-libya).
Al-Baida: the supporters of federalism in Cyrenaica have renewed their calls
for the region’s semi-autonomy. On the other hand a small group of anti-federalism
took to the streets of al-Baida calling for the unity of Libya. As stated previously,
federalism does not mean dividing Libya, but only transferring a share of "authority" to
local regions, where Cyrenaica, for example, will remain part of Libya but with
its own authority, functioning under the central authority in Tripoli.
And even though the backers of semi-autonomy stress that they are calling
for a "United Libya" in which authority is distributed evenly between
all the regions of Libya, opponents and the media rarely make this distinction! Due
to this, or to lack of any effort from the government to educate people about
federalism, people are left misinformed. Libya must and will remain united, no
doubt, and there is no one calling for dividing Libya. This is very similar to
the way the Berbers had ended up after Liberation: they were accused of "separatism" only
to hijack their legitimate demands for "identity",
"recognition" and "dignity".
It was reported previously that forces loyal to the federalist camp have established
a border control point at Hrawa, near Sirte, to mark Cyrenaica's western border.
This seemed to clash with the borders set up by the NTC to divide the country
into separate military regions, in that Sirte's military region ends at Benjawwad.
On the 19th of June 2012, it was reported that Cyrenaica's federalists have set
up a road block at Wadi al-Ahmar, between Sirte and Benjawwad, as a protest against
the NTC. The NTC continues to ignore their demands to equal representation
in the National Congress. Head of Cyrenaica Transitional Council’s military,
Mr. Hamed al-Hassi, was reported by Libya Herald to have said that if the NTC
did not accept the federalists’ demands, they would move on to the oil facilities
at Brega, Ras Lanouf and Zueitina to stop the flow of oil.
27 June 2012:
The government is ready to listen & talk:
The Libyan Transitional Government's spokesman says his government is ready
to listen and negotiate with Wadi al-Ahmar protesters. The government had
earlier said that some of the demands are negotiable, but other demands have
to wait until after the election so that they can be addressed by the elected
Read more at pm.gov.ly/news/المانع-يؤكد-اهتمام-الحكومة-الانتقالية-بمطالب-المعتصمين-بمنطقة-الوادي-الأحمر.html
However, according to Mustafa Abdul Jalil, it is "impossible" to
meet Benghazi's demand for equal numbers of members at the National Congress:
01 July 2012:
The headquarters of the HNEC in Tobruk & Benghazi
set on fire:
It appears that in response to Abdul Jalil's above announcement, New Quryna
(qurynanew.com/37549) reported that protesters had attacked and set on fire the
headquarters of the High Commission for Elections in Tobruk on Sunday the 1st
of July 2012, and that the deputy head of the commission (Moftaph Othman) was
attacked as he was leaving the building. The attack came after demonstrators
met in Medina Square to announce their rejection of the coming elections and
opposition to the controversial seat-allocation within the National Assembly.
Similar event also took place in Benghazi, where "protestors"
met outside Tibisti Hotel and declared their rejection of the elections. The
headquarters of the High Commission for Elections was also attacked and the files
were set on fire. The federalists, backed by some tribal leaders and former rebel
groups, have called for boycotting the 7th of July election, which government
sources fear may be disrupted. Some Tebu groups as well as the Libyan Amazigh
Congress have also called for boycotting the elections.
05 July 2012:
Armed Cyrenaicans Shut Down Oil Terminals:.
According to Reuters shippers said protesters demanding greater autonomy for
Cyrenaica have shut down half of Libya's oil exporting capacity by closing at
least three oil terminals on Thursday evening. Ras Lanuf, Sidra and Brega stopped
loading oil for 48 hours, unless the government responds to the protesters' demands.
Oil companies were warned that vessels "would not be able to berth or
load while the strike continued". The strike reduced Libya's output
by about 300,000 bpd, NOC Chairman Nuri Berruien told Reuters by telephone (reuters.com/article/2012/07/06/us-libya-oil-idUSBRE8650BG20120706).
06 July 2012:
Election Helicopter Carrying Polling Material Shot Down
A helicopter carrying polling materials was shot down by gunmen while flying
over the region of Hawari in Benghazi. One election commission worker, Abdullah
Hosain Albura'si, was killed, whom the HNEC in its website declared the first
martyr of the election campaign. The Libyan governemnt condemned the killing
as the work of the "enemies of the revolution". The identity of the
attackers is not known.
Zuwara & The Black Crescent
The Black Crescent: shown by the green flags representing
the Arab areas
in which Gaddafi's loyalists remain active as of April 2012.
The Black Crescent refers to the area surrounding Zuwara from all land sides
– east, south and west, from Lajilat to the Tunisian border. The only safe side
is the sea, if you can swim. In the 7th century the Berbers of Zwagha (nearby
Sabratha) fled to the sea, as their city was reduced to rubble before their eyes.
Most Libyans and international media outlets openly speak of Libya being
liberated some three months ago. But many Berbers from Zuwara say their city
is not liberated yet, because they still are being attacked (as of April 2012)
by Gaddafi's loyalists, who reportedly still fly the green flag. Libyans from
many other cities say the same, like Benghazi, Sabha, Kufra, Ghadames and Bani
Walid, to name only a few. Gaddafi's loyalists from Regdalin and al-Jamil (in
the Black Crescent) fought for Gaddafi all the way to the end of the regime and
right down to April 2012. While Zuwara's Berber rebels were on the move from
the first week of the uprising against the Brother-Leader who called them "Arabs".
The recent war between the two sides involved heavy weapons including rockets,
missiles and tanks, but once again it escaped the scrutiny of analysts and the
attention of the NTC – which Zuwarans say still is refusing to recognise the
issue, let alone intervene with help to end the attacks on civilians.
The Black Crescent: (August 2011 -
A number of armed clashes took place before and after the so-called "liberation
day", as they still take place today. After rebel forces from Zuwara,
Nafousa, Zawya and Misrata captured Tripoli, some of Gaddafi's remaining units
fled to the Black Crescent area, where they remained, practically unchallenged
by the NTC, despite the fact that the units included some influential figures
from the Gaddafi administration. The people of Zuwara say the loyal units attacking
them were initially commanded by Saadi Gaddafi (one of the colonel's sons, now
in Niger) and Alkhwildi Alhamidi (from Lajilat, at the eastern tip of the crescent),
who is one of the original 12 of the 1969 coup, and who later was reported to
have fled to Morocco, shortly after his house was reportedly bombed by the UN-authorised
On the 24th of August 2011 (just as they lost Tripoli) they began shelling
the town of Zuwara as well as its seaport. Anees al Fonas, a member of the rebel
media council from Zuwara, has reported that rockets and mortars continued to
be fired from the nearby Arab towns of Zelten, Regdalin and al-Jamil "for
the last 24 hours, nonstop". At least 8 civilians were killed and many
more were wounded. One civilian was killed on Monday by a rocket which landed
on the roof of his house, and four others were injured. The forces of Zuwara
eventually succeeded in seizing Mazraq al-Shams army base, located between Zuwara
and al-Jamil, and temporarily succeeded in keeping the loyalists at bay.
On the 27th of August 2011 Zuwara forces took control of Ras Ejdir border
with Tunisia, after fighting with x-government loyalists, who fled back to the
safe haven of the Black Crescent. Both the Berber and the Independence flags
were raised over the border point, in declaration of Free and United Libya.
On the 6th of October 2011 at least three more missiles hit Zuwara, two landed
in the sea, and the other on an empty house. The missiles were
fired from the Regdalin area. Three days later the battle was still raging, with
both sides sustaining more casualties. Early reports from Zuwara say at least
15 loyalists and two fighters from Zuwara were killed. On the 8th of October
2011 another rocket landed in Zuwara, but the occupants of the destroyed house
were in Tunisia at the time. Even after Liberation was prematurely declared on
the 23rd of October 2011, rockets and missiles continued to fall on civilian
homes in Zuwara, when others were celebrating liberation and the completion of
UN's military operations "with precision".
Many Berber revolutionaries and members of Zuwara's local council had openly
criticised both the UN-authorised forces and the installed NTC for not doing
enough to enforce the "protection of civilians" as called for by the
UN mandate itself. They have sent coordinates to the commanders of the operation,
Zuwara's NTC member said, but help never arrived.
Allied rebel reinforcements from nearby Sabratha and Zawya could not reach
Zuwara, because loyalist forces were then in control of some parts of the area
between Sabratha and Zuwara. To avoid the conflict escalating into a tribal war,
Arabs against Berbers, it was eventually decided to bring a bigger military force
from Misrata to keep the two sides apart. The Misrata force stayed in
place until the first week of January 2012, when they suddenly left the area;
thereby leaving Zuwara to defend itself, just it did before liberation.
Ever since, whenever the Berbers attempted to reach their farms (located all
around the Arab villages), they came under attack. Their cars were either smashed
or stolen; they were beaten up, robbed and left to flee home. With Misrata rebels
back at home – understandably they have so much to do elsewhere, one can only
continue to live in fear and terror when others are compiling glossy reports
at the Rixos hotel for the media to play at home.
Many Berbers left their homes for Tunisia, after living conditions in Libya
became impossible, due to a number of reasons including the UN harsh sanctions
and embargos (which always affect poor civilians more than anyone else), the
scorching heat of the Libyan summer sun, and the horrors of war itself.
With the shops empty, and the economy under siege, those who stayed in Zuwara
often drove to nearby Tunisia for shopping, but most often there too they get
attacked by loyalists living inside Tunisia (and by Tunisians as well). In the
way back to Zuwara they get ambushed just before Regdalin by Regdalin's armed
loyalists, and loose everything they bought in Tunisia (and their passports and
whatever cash they have left), and go back home empty handed once again. Strange
The frequent attacks took place near the border and near Bengerdan, in Zukra,
where they were stopped, their money taken, and their cars broken – almost the
exact revenge attacks seen at the heart of the crescent and farther east, while
the green flag was seen waving on top of lamp posts (inside Tunisia).
With no authority or law in sight, the Berbers of Zuwara said they decided
in early December 2011 to defend themselves, as they did before liberation. In
addition to defending Zuwara they were also doing the government's job by guarding
and defending Libya's border with Tunisia at Ras Ejdir. For the rich government
of Libya to leave such strategic borders unguarded and wide open for criminal
activity is something no sensible government on earth would dare contemplate.
Zuwara Media Centre
Zuwara Police Station, 31 December 2011.
The official reaction to all of this is perhaps summed up by Libya's new ambassador
in Tunis, who warned that there are those individuals who want to create divisions
between Libya and Tunisia – as if Libya and Tunisia were one and united country!
Both authorities eventually intervened and closed down the border point for two
weeks. On the 15th of December the border was reopened after an agreement was
reached between the Libyan and Tunisian authorities.
However, two weeks later, on the 31st of December 2011, Berber citizens from
Zuwara were once again under attack near Bengerdan (inside Tunisia) by both Tunisians
and loyalists. They were stopped while driving through, hit with stones, their
money and property taken, and their cars smashed or even taken. The victims now
have no option but to report the attacks to Zuwara's Police Station; the station
passes the reports to Tripoli; Tripoli goes silent (because it is "helpless",
it says); and no one hears anything anymore of the reports.
Some critics said the Libyan government had "failed" to secure the
border ever since the presumed "liberation" was prematurely declared;
while according to aawsat.com (الشرق الأوسط), Libya's interim president, Mustafa
Abduljalil, had pointed out that Gaddafi's loyalists are still attempting to
destabilise the country and sow the seeds of division across Libya. Probably
to divert attention away, Mustafa Abdul Jalil was reported by The New York Times
 to have:
"acknowledged that his government had failed to act quickly enough
to restore stability. His spokesman, Mohammed al-Hareizi, said Tuesday that security
officials in top posts must do more . . . warning that ministers could be replaced
Black Crescent Updates (1)
25 January 2012: the transitional prime minister had announced that the Libyan
Air Force was operational, and that the border areas were being patrolled from
the air. The Libyan government will be hosting a "regional security" meeting
in Tripoli on the 9th of March 2012, followed by a "ministerial meeting" on
the 11th of March 2012, over "border security".
01 February 2012: there is growing support for the NTC in al-Jamil area,
as more of its residents now seem supportive of the new transitional government
of Libya. Al-Jamil now has its own "Local Council", approved by the
NTC, and is headed by Mr. Fathi Ali Alhamrouni.
02 February 2012: a small incident took place at Ras Ejdir border with
Tunisia, leading to the border being temporarily closed.
28 February 2012: Ras Ejdir land border with Tunisia was closed once more,
due to fighting. Here is what Libya.tv reported at (libya.tv/?p=43958): it said
that Tunisian sources had confirmed that heavy fighting erupted on the 27th of
February 2012 between rebel fighters from Zuwara and Libyan police forces for
the control of the border point. Its source also confirmed that fighting did
not reach Tunisia, and spoke of rumours of casualties. The clashes, Libya.tv
says, returned after the Libyan police captured the border point from Zuwara's
rebels last Saturday (25/02/2012), but the rebel fighters did not accept the
takeover and returned on the 27th to "re-take the border from the Libyan
But according to confirmed sources from Zuwara, there was no heavy fighting,
no casualties, and the whole fight did not last 20 minutes. Apparently a unit
claiming to belong to the "Libyan military police" attempted to take
control of the border point from the forces of Zuwara. Local commanders from
Zuwara contacted the NTC headquarters in Tripoli to confirm the legality of the
takeover. The NTC replied by saying they knew nothing of this "police unit",
and that this unit had no orders from the NTC. Fake checkpoints also appeared
between Ras Ejdir and Zuwara (and also across Libya), confiscating people's belongings
including their passports, and in some cases kidnapping "human beings".
However, Zuwara's forces had succeeded in expelling the intruding unit within
15 minutes, without any casualties from either side. Some sources in Zuwara said
the unit appeared to include "unknown fighters" in addition
to the military police. These mystery fighters, or units, have also attacked
the Berbers' holy tomb at Sidi Said, and seem to be behind a number of similar
attacks on holy shrines across not only Libya but the whole region – from
Timbuktu to Baghdad. But like before, no one bothers to follow up the sequence
of (related) events; the news fade out (overshadowed by fresh content);
and then clashes re-erupt once again.
There is no doubt that locals can see that security issues are being ignored
in the west, where volunteers were left to defend themselves and Libya's borders
as well; and it is almost certain that there are those who would exploit such
tribal differences to their advantage. The good news is that many Libyans are
aware of these old games, as they were indeed exploited in the past (during the
countless wars of the previous century) – perhaps to the disappointment of some.
The only problem they have is that the government is either "unable"
to deal with the rebel opposition, the radical groups, and the "mystery
created during the liberation process.
Claims to Exterminate Zuwarah
According to "The New York Review of Books", Nicolas Pelham
wrote: "In what Riqdaleen fears is a precedent, Zwarans have evicted
some seven hundred Arab workers from the housing compound of their chemical factory,
Abu Kammash, saying the workers were complicit in Qaddafi’s plot to wipe their
Berber town off the map. Since its opening in the 1980s—atop what Zwarans say
is an old Amazigh graveyard—the plant employing these workers had spewed mercury
and acid into the sea, poisoning the Zwarans’ fishing waters and population" [nybooks.com/articles/archives/2012/jun/21/libya-cracking/].
Five months after the premature declaration of Libya's liberation, Gaddafi's
loyalists still free, well armed, and openly attacking Libyan government border
forces. The NTC was informed, time and again, members of Zuwara's NTC and local
council say, but again no one seemed the slightest bothered – probably because
they were busy creating hundreds of "political parties" in the capital,
on time for the July 2012 elections. Now we are publishing our second update
to clarify the confusion surrounding the Black Crescent events. Our main concern
is the misinformation perpetuated by the media regarding the latest fiascoes
to emerge from the Black Crescent. To allow both sides of the conflict an equal
opportunity we have included video interviews with the head of the kidnapped
government unit from Zuwara; an interview with the head of Zuwara's Military
Council; and two interviews with the head of al-Jamil's Militia.
How Did The March 2012 Clashes Start?
Tension returned to the Black Crescent after a large group of people of various
ages, ranging from 15 to 55 years old, from al-Jamil, Alassa and Regdalin attacked
a group of officially-recognised border guards near Alassa (by the Tunisian border).
This means that the latest attack was orchestrated against the Libyan government,
and has nothing to do with Zuwara as such. Again this distinction is rarely made
by established media, for some reason or another.
According to Abdulaziz Bousennouga , head of Zuwara's Military Council,
the local fighters whose duty is to protect Libya's western borders came across
a smuggling point at Zahert Alkhos, via which smugglers smuggle illegal
goods into Libya including alcohol, petrol and other "prohibited goods".
Doing their job, they closed the smuggling point. The smugglers then went on
to open another point, located around 20km from Alassa, to continue their illegal
activity. When the Zuwara unit came across the new smuggling point, they took
over the point and confiscated a number of goods, only to be accused of wanting
the spoils for themselves.
Some of the smugglers however managed to return to al-Jamil, reported the
takeover, and returned with a large force of 1000 men, mostly civilians including
teenagers and elders, and waited for the Zuwara unit to return from Nalut. As
soon as Zuwara's border guards arrived at the site, they were attacked, kidnapped
and taken to Regdalin, where they were beaten and tortured, before they were
transferred to al-Jamil for further abuse.
The attackers are mostly from Enwayel tribe, one of the hostages said, many
of whom are still openly loyal to the ousted regime. The incident led to a bloody
battle breaking out between Zuwara and al-Jamil and Regdalin, in which tanks,
rockets and missiles were used to shell civilian areas, indiscriminately, by
both sides. As usual the media was eager to jump into hasty conclusions; the
NTC blamed its forces while on duty protecting Libya's borders; and some Libyans,
if not many, typically hailed the banner of "division" as the only
excuse they have for their inability to grasp the betwixt truth – often lies
It is not known exactly how many were kidnapped, with one source saying 21
men, Reuters said 25, some said 29, and AP said 34, but according to Riyad Bushwashi,
Zuwara's only member at the NTC, 22 border guards were kidnapped. One lucky member
of the Zuwara group, who had managed to escape, reported that some of the attackers
were carrying the green flag and chanting pro-Gaddafi slogans.
The commander of the authorised unit says they were stopped and taken to Alassa's
council's office, where they were surrounded by a large number of people (most
of whom were hiding before the unit arrived), and subsequently attacked and beaten.
He ordered his men not to retaliate, after which, he says, were taken to Regdalin,
where they were subjected to more beating, tortured and even accused of being "traitors" and "Nato's
agents", with some openly proclaiming "Gaddafi is in their
blood". The attackers, he says, said they do not recognise the authority
of the NTC and as a result they tore the document he presented them with to prove
that they are employees of the ministry, saying they recognise no such authority.
From Regdalin they were then taken to al-Jamil, where they were subjected to
further abuse and torture.
NTC's Riyad Bushwashi says intelligence reports
continue to arrive in Zuwara ever since liberation day, warning of the border
being unprotected and used by Gaddafi's loyalists to move between Bengerdan (in
Tunisia) and Regdalin and al-Jamil (in Free Libya). He also said Zuwara still
is at "unease" ever since liberation. Another speaker, Esa Alhamisi,
said the government is "intentionally neglecting" this area.
Why should the people of Zuwara endanger their lives and their community to
do the government's job?
Why is the NTC still reluctant to protect Libya's borders under the pretext of
being "powerless" and
Libya's air force is fully operational, the government said, and yet it is no
where to be seen.
One of the first systems setup by the NTC shortly after liberation was the Libyan
Secret Service, whose job, they said, was to "root out Gaddafi's loyalists",
but instead mystery cells appeared everywhere, blasting civilian targets, assassinating
Libyans, desecrating holy shrines, attacking schools and hospitals, and sowing
the seeds of division – practically unchallenged by the installed authorities.
Zuwara's holy tomb of Sidi Said was attacked by one such unit in late February
01 April 2012 (Sunday): the kidnappers release the
The 22 hostages were released on Sunday the 1st of April 2012. Initially,
it was reported that officials from the Ministry of Defence and military officials
from the local councils of Zawya, Sabratha and Nalut had intervened and conducted
talks with the kidnappers over the release of the hostages. But since when is
the NTC conducting "negotiations" with Gaddafi's loyalists? They have
refused Gaddafi's offer (before his grotesque death) to settle the issue without
the need for war.
Then there was the news of a manifesto coming from Zuwara, stating that the
forces of Zuwara will attack al-Jamil to release the hostages and resolve the
issue, if the NTC does not intervene. But surprisingly, according to the statements
of the Berber hostages themselves, the release was masterminded and conducted
by a militia from al-Jamil itself, namely "The Protection of al-Jamil
Militia"; for which the hostages were very grateful.
One of the hostages (in the above interview) praised al-Jamil's militia for
their heroic efforts to protect them. The problem with this militia, the hostage
said, is that they are very small in number, to stand up to the majority loyalists
in their area – just as the NTC itself was (when its members' identity were kept
secret, for security reasons, they said).
The hostages were quickly bungled in their cars, smuggled out, and
taken to a farm nearby – driving through the night with the lights off. They
were taken to a safe house, counted (to make sure none were left behind), and
treated very well. This clearly shows that there is no such thing as "racial
tension" between the nearby Arabs and Berbers
of Zuwara, as propagated by various media outlets including some Libyan "ones".
Only the atrocities of troublesome outlaws whose actions were hijacked to create a civil war. Give it up warmongering vultures; leave the people alone.
01 April 2012: fighting erupts once more
It is not clear yet at this stage how the battle began, and only a professional
investigation will lead to establishing the facts. When the released hostages
reached Zuwara, and showed signs of being tortured, fighting broke out around
11 pm on Sunday night. Confirmed reports from Zuwara, supported by the statements
of many of the inhabitants of Zuwara, say hardly any fighting took place between
al-Jamil and Zuwara (as was reported by the media), and that most of the fighting
actually took place between Regdalin and Zuwara; and that it was Regdalin that
initiated the shelling of Zuwara.
Using tanks, rockets, missiles and other heavy spoils of war, shells from
both sides began to hammer civilian areas, indiscriminately. The shelling continued
all night and for the most of Monday, and still is going on as of today (the
3rd of April 2012). Moreover, this is not to say that the Berbers of Zuwara as
a whole are involved in this latest battle, since a number of brigades from Zuwara
had refused to take part in the fight against Libyans. The elders of Zuwara urged
the fighters to stop hostility, but they were told to disappear, just as they
were told to go away about this time last year. [Even a year later, Berber leaders
and GNC members still say they will fight if Berber language is excluded from
the expected draft constitution, while the older generation as always strive
to avoid conflict at all costs, simply because they know conflict never builds
anything but destruction.]
The Berbers of Zuwara blame the Arab "loyalists" and the NTC. The
Arab loyalists blame the Berbers and the NTC. While the NTC blames both Arab
and Berber militias, while urging the youth to respect the law they do not have.
It seems that both the NTC and the Libyans are locked against each other, blaming
each other, fighting each other, without anyone of them being able to reason
and attend positively to the job of rebuilding the destroyed infrastructure of
Libya. Were resolutions 1970 and 1973 ever been implemented? How long before
the "protection of civilians" is fully implemented in Libya?
What is al-Jamil saying regarding this latest incident?
According to this report nearly 12,000 Libyans fled to Tunisia in the past
few days, due to the recent conflict. When Nasr Addin was asked to give his side
of the story regarding the shelling of Zuwara with rockets, he replied that these
claims are not true. When the presenter replied: "how", he said the
Zuwara unit entered al-Jamil without any legal permission. And when she asked
him: why did they enter al-Jamil? He replied "for personal reasons .
. . I do not know . . . they are smugglers . . . and for other reasons."
And when she asked him to elaborate and explain how Zuwara's hospital is
unable to cope with the casualties, he said: when the hostages were released
and handed over to Zuwara, they began shelling al-Jamil, and "as we
speak", he adds, there is a committee from the government right here
and they were shelled from Zuwara.
Who owns the land in and around al-Jamil
and Regdalin and beyond?
In the above video Mr. Nasr Addin Allafy denies the existence of any Gaddafi
loyalists in al-Jamil and Regdalin; and even said the fighting was between "the
Libyan army" and some people from Zuwara involved with "drugs".
When he was asked to elaborate on stopping the Berbers of Zuwara from reaching
their farms, he denied that they were stopped from entering their farms.
As some of you may already know, the whole of Libya originally belonged to
the Berbers before the Arabs' arrival from Arabia, and therefore many of the
farms in and around al-Jamil and Regdalin and even beyond still belong to the
Berbers of Zuwara to this day. Gaddafi's policy to confiscate Berber land had
achieved some success, but the Berbers of today hope the new government of free
Libya will assist them to reclaim their lands, and property.
Throughout the past six months the people of Zuwara were attacked, beaten
and robbed whenever they attempted to reach their farms; probably in an attempt
by (some of) the Arabs of al-Jamil and Regdalin to exploit the effected chaos
and lawlessness to seize these farms. A 70-year old Berber man from Zuwara was
attacked and beaten when he tried to reach his farm. This is what happens during
war all over the world: entire communities get displaced, refugee crisis, and
loss of land, possessions and almost everything - depending on the severity of
the war. See the following interview for how administrative
offices and bank documents were transferred from Zuwara to al-Jamil and Regdalin
by such outlaw militias.
Head of Zuwara's Military Council, Abdulaziz Bousennouga, recalls the land issue:
This is our English translation of the Arabic interview:
Q: did the army establish control over the area or not?
A: some areas are under control and the clashes have stopped since last night.
We have stopped firing before the government's intervention.
Q: will the army prevent the recurrence of the clashes in the future?
A. we hope so, we hope so.
Q: did the army manage to collect the weapons from Zuwara's fighters?
A: this is not possible.
A: if the government decides to collect all the weapons from all Libyan areas
then we will accept this, but collecting weapons from Zuwara alone is not reasonable.
Q: but if weapons are not collected then the clashes will continue between Zuwara
and al-Jamil and Regdalin.
A: the clashes will not continue if Zuwara's rights are met.
Q: what are these rights?
A: we have demanded from the government, over and over again, to return our rights
robbed from us: first of all the inhabitants of Zuwara cannot reach their farms
in and around al-Jamil and Regdalin: is it okay for the people of Zuwara not
to set foot on their farms? There are other rights robbed from Zuwara during
the existence of the kataeb ('Gaddafi's militias') in Zuwara, like the
transfer of administrative offices and bank documents to al-Jamil and Regdalin,
and there are documents and files to prove these actions; all these rights must
be returned to Zuwara.
Q: what will your response be if the army used force?
A: wisdom is required to resolve issues, not force.
The Response of The NTC And The Foreign Media
To the surprise of the locals, NTC officials said the incident happened at
a checkpoint outside al-Jamil, and not by the Tunisian border, without providing
any evidence for this. They even accused the forces of Zuwara of acting aggressively
towards the people of al-Jamil, and that they were "exaggerating" the
The manager of Libya For The Free Channel, Sadeq Solthan Dehan, was reported
to have resigned because of the channel's inability to report the events properly
in Zuwara, Sabha, Kufra and elsewhere. While Reuters provided a third story,
which illustrates the usual contradictions coming from the NTC, on which foreign
media outlets seem to depend. Here is how Reuters  reported the incident:
"Fighters from the nearby town of Al-Jumail had detained 25 members
of the Zuwara local militia, leading to a tense stand-off between the two groups,
a representative of the Zuwara council and an Interior Ministry official told
Reuters. "The origin of the problem was that there was a group from Zuwara
hunting in the area near Al-Jumail and they shot and killed someone from Al-Jumail
by mistake," the Interior Ministry official said."
Reuters, obviously as they had stated, are quoting others for such "hunting
adventure", widely repeated by both Libyan and Arab media, but isn't it
the duty of the media to investigate and report what others fail to see or want
to hide? Why no one bothers to listen to the victims themselves and see what
they have to say?
One speaker says that they have informed the Libyan media, Reuters and Aljazeera
about what had happened, and yet they went and took NTC's version of the event.
He asked: why is this marginalisation and denial of the incident? There were
similar cases in the past, where men from Zuwara were captured, tortured and
even killed, and yet the transitional government, according to one Zuwara NTC
member, has no clear policy regarding the protection of civilians in and around
the Black Crescent, nor any strategy to effectively protect its borders.
Initially, as reported in the previous update, a unit from Misrata was brought to the area
to keep the two sides apart, but the unit left the area soon afterwards (on the
first week of January 2012) – probably feeling fed up with it all.
The people of Zuwara have been calling for help from Libya's transitional
government ever since, but the NTC as usual only "promises" and "urges" all
parties to respect the law they do not have. Libya.tv presenter, Sana Almansouri,
asked a number of politicians from Zuwara if these promises will ever stop, and
one speaker responded by saying the NTC is "weak" and has no power
over the militia groups and therefore their inability to do anything to end this
problem for good. She also pointed out that the kidnappers showed no respect
for Zuwara nor for the law, because they had attacked officially-appointed guards
who have been assigned to the area by the ministry.
Fighting has stopped, before the NTC sent a "peace committee" to
negotiate a ceasefire. The NTC was criticised for not acting to stop the war
during the first 3 days, and Mustafa Abduljalil did admit the NTC had not acted
It is not clear yet the exact number of confirmed casualties, but the reported
number of people killed is 20 people, and the number
of people injured is 147.
Confirmed reports from Zuwara say 15 people
died and more than 200 were injured from Zuwara
alone. Most of the injured were treated in Zuwara, some were flown to the
capital, and 30 seriously wounded were flown abroad.
(Some of the names are published in this list: facebook.com/notes/أسود-زوارة/اسماء-الشهداء-والجرحي-من-ابطال-مدينة-زوارة/266012583486009)
Black Crescent Update (3): Saturday, 07 April 2012:
In this update Libya's Minister of Defence, Col. Osama Juwaili, confirms
Zuwara's side of the story regarding the above incident. Temehu.com has translated
the interviews into English, so that our English readers can have the opportunity
to find out the truth, seemingly denied to them by their media.
Libya.tv's interview with the Minister of Defence, Col. Osama
To allow fair coverage, the program presenter interviewed representatives
from all three sides: Osama Juwaili (from the NTC), Nasr Addin Allafy (president
of al-Jamil's military council), and Subhi Juma (the spokesman of Zuwara's military
The presenter starts with asking the Minister
Q: what are the official details
of the events in western Libya?
A: at the start there were
a number of revolutionaries from Zuwara returning from Nalut and were intercepted
by a group, "somewhere near" Alassa, where they were "seized"
and taken to Regdalin. We heard the news immediately and appointed a committee
to investigate the incident. First of all, we were told there was one person
killed in Regdalin, but then thankfully we learnt that he was only injured. On
the following day we were assured by Regdalin's council that "they" will
be released and we thought the issue was resolved. But then complications developed
after they were released, and subsequently fighting began.
Q: you said they were taken
to Regdalin, although the correct term here is not clear whether it was "hostages" or "they",
but then almost all Facebook pages say they were taken to al-Jamil and were later
released from al-Jamil. What is your opinion here?
A: naturally, the committee
we appointed to follow up the incident, which included one person from Regdalin
and another from Zuwara, told us they were taken to Regdalin, and so I suppose
it was Regdalin, but "I do not know exactly"
if it was Regdalin or al-Jamil!
Q: the point in question is
that the hostages were tortured in al-Jamil, their weapons were confiscated,
and that they were released from al-Jamil. Anyway, we shall proceed with the
next question: Zuwara says the hostages had official permission from the Ministry
of Defence to patrol this area, is this true?
A: as a Minister of Defence
I cannot know about all the appointed and official militias across Libya, but
a few days later I have examined the document and I
can confirm that it does officially appoint one person by name from Unit
15 to patrol the area and this document is signed by the Border
Security, and that according to military law such assignments are often appointed
by name to the person in question.
A copy of the official document authorising Unit 15 to secure and guard the Libyan-Tunisian
Q: after the events, can you confirm
the Zuwara revolutionaries belong to the Ministry of Defence or not? A: these "letters of assignment" or "letters
of appointment" are temporary, but officially they are not the same as "military
. . .
Q: are you saying they do not belong
to the Ministry of Defence? A: well, it seems that you are
paying attention to details, and yourself you can confirm these things . . .
minister, the people of al-Jamil say these people are "gangs", while the hostages
say they are official guards working for the Ministry of Defence, and the Libyan
people need to know the truth, since this is a "big problem".
A: to be honest this is not a "big
problem"; if these people are from the military, then the case should be followed, but
I do not know what "unit 15" is, as I told you.
Q: another question
honourable minister regarding Mohammad Salem Adwib, who was involved in a number
of incidents in this area: the Libyans need to know if this person is officially
entrusted by the Ministry to carry out his activity.
A: no, he is not officially appointed
("ghayer mokhawwel") by the NTC.
[Temehu's note: this person is now wanted by the government.
He was reported to be hiding somewhere around al-Jamil (see end of this update
for video). Months later, he was reported to have been involved in the incidents
around Ghadames too.]
Q: the question
is that this person, Mohammad Salem Adwib, who stated that the Libyan government
is supporting and fully behind al-Jamil, appeared in a number of incidents in
and around Ras Ejdir border, and even appeared in Libyan official TV channels,
and therefore does he officially represent the ministry or not?
A: no, he does not; and anyone
in their right mind would know that the government will not take sides.
Q: okay, another question: do you
think that the conflict between Zuwara and al-Jamil can be considered resolved? A: we cannot say that we can confirm
that ceasefire had been implemented. But efforts are underway to establish a
final solution to this issue.
Q: but we had
a number of confrontations in the past in this area and on each time we were
told a permanent solution will be implemented, and therefore what is your opinion
regarding the "final solution", and when will this final solution be effected?
A: all concerned
parties are expected to take part in this, and everyone is positively seeking
a solution, but do not expect a solution from the government under
the current circumstances. We are in a country that has no name, no constitution
and no law, and therefore this is a transitional period similar to a state of
war, during which the received criticism is mainly a criticism of the failure
of the Libyan people to establish a country.
The presenter then asks Subhi Juma, the spokesman of Zuwara's
military council about his opinion:
Q: what is the latest?
A: well, fighting
has stopped since the day before yesterday around 7pm, and then the "country
of Libya" announced, even though a bit late, the ceasefire at 10:00pm.
It was us, Zuwara's Military Council, that ordered the ceasefire. Regarding the
events, he went on to say: "I would like to reply to the honourable Minister" that
the arrest took place in Alassa, even though he said he did not know where exactly,
and that the hostages were kept in al-Jamil and not in Regdalin as the Minister
said. It has been six days now and the Minister still says he does not know much
about the incident; he still does not know who was appointed and who was not;
and why avoid responsibility regarding the official appointment of the border
unit from Zuwara. It is this confusion that led to us being where we are now.
The presenter then returned to ask the honourable minister
about Subhi Juma's statement:
Q: minister, did you hear what
Subhi has just said? A: yes.
Q: what is your opinion?
A: well, all I
said is that the arrest occurred somewhere near Alassa [by the Tunisian border]
but I am not an expert on the area; and that all I remember is that the committee
appointed to investigate included one from Zuwara and another from al-Jamil,
and therefore I thought they will find out all the details relating to the issue.
One cannot be aware of all the details from all areas of Libya, he added.
Q: minister, if the Ministry of
Defence claims it does not know the details of a big incident like this, then
who is expected to know?
A: . . . . (silence).
Q: minister, are you still listening? A: the line cut off.
Q: I repeat the question: if the
Ministry of Defence claims it does not know the details of a big incident like
this, then who is expected to know?
A: the minister
may not be aware of all the details, but there are certain assigned committees
that should know, and if they ask me where the "points" (or locations) of the
Libyan army then I do not know; I cannot tell you where these points are,
naturally I am not aware of all the details.
The presenter then moves on to speak with
Nasr Addin Allafy, president of al-Jamil's Military Council:
Q: hello Nasr Addin Allafy, are
you there? A: hello.
Q: you heard the minister and the
spokesperson of Zuwara's Military Council. What is your opinion? A: there was a ceasefire, which
was respected by both al-Jamil and Regdalin, but some fighters from Zuwara did
not respect the agreement.
Q: how? A: someone from Zuwara breached
a check point in Regdalin and fired a "106 missile". He was arrested.
[Back to the Minister of Defence]
Q: minister, are you aware of such
incident in which the revolutionaries of Zuwara did not respect the ceasefire?
A: we do not say
there was a "breach"
or not, as we should not concentrate on these issues, and instead we ought to
focus on resolving the issue; but yes I am aware of this incident and the people
responsible were arrested. We do not wish to cover these issues in the media; these
issues need not be covered by the media.
The presenter replied to the honourable minister, saying the
media will always attempt to understand what is going on in the whole of Libya,
before he returned to Subhi Juma, and asked him his opinion on the "breach" incident:
Subhi Juma speaking:
A: I would like
to say something regarding the "breach" incident, and that is if it did take
place, then the law should take its course; but honourable minister what was
happening all day yesterday was that fighters from Regdalin were firing
at Libyan government forces in "Sbikha", about
4km beyond the front line inside Regdalin's territory. Who fired at the Libyan
army? Why is the Ministry of Defence always avoiding its responsibility? If the
ministry does not wish to exaggerate the issue then it needs to investigate the
issue and refer the perpetrators to justice. It was you (the government) who
were late to intervene.
Q: is it true that Gaddafi's loyalists
are still in the area of al-Jamil and Regdalin?
A: it is not us
who confirmed this, we were left to fight the loyalists alone without any government
help, and we regret to say that the Libyan government had abandoned us, except
the NTC's spokesperson whom we thank for his courage, and who said the day before
yesterday that there was no tribal war between the "Arabs" and
the "Amazigh", as claimed by the Minister of Defence
himself four days ago, but now, six days later, the minister says he does not
know the details of the incident, even though we have met with him (the Minister
of Defence) in Tripoli and explained everything to him, and yet all we hear from
him right now is: "I do not know", "I have no details",
"I cannot tell", and so on. How can this be possible?
The presenter returned to the minister:
Q: what is your opinion honourable
minister regarding the incident in Sbikha where government
forces were attacked by fighters from Regdalin. A: well, as I said, there is an "operation
room" and the committee did not mention this incident. There was firing
from different directions, he added, but at the end there was a ceasefire.
Q: but firing from where? Who was
firing? A: we have no confirmation of this
from the "operations room".
Q: you heard the speaker from Zuwara
talking about al-Jamil and Regdalin harbouring loyalists to this day, and that
the speaker had mentioned that Mustafa Abduljalil had already acknowledged this.
What would you say? A: if Mustafa Abduljalil
mentioned this, then surely there are loyalists in the area, if you meant
Gaddafi's loyalists. I am sure there are Gaddafi loyalists in many
areas but not in the open. If however he or any other person knows of any such
loyalists then their names should be determined and brought to justice.
The presenter presents the same question to al-Jamil's Nasr Addin Allafy:
A: my brother,
I would like to mention that the first person who was martyred in the "Western
Mountain" was one person from al-Jamil in Zintan. There are no "Gaddafi
loyalists" neither in al-Jamil nor in Regdalin . . . I would like to say
that the "media" should not "incite", and instead should visit the areas
where fighting is going on and report; come here and listen to the wise people.
The presenter replied saying: we think today we have invited
all the three sides to speak, before he asked another speaker from Zuwara, a
woman this time, about her opinion regarding this issue:
A: I would like
to say that not all the people in al-Jamil and Regdalin are loyalists, in fact
many of them are not. But I would like to ask why cannot they admit there are
some loyalists among them and invite the ministry of defence to deal with them?
Q: what is the evidence for this? A: the evidence is that the people
of al-Jamil and Regdalin themselves say there are loyalists among them. There
is one teacher in al-Jamil saying things I cannot repeat.
Finally, the speaker returns to Nasr Addin Allafy for the
Q: Nasr Addin, what is your opinion:
are there any Gaddafi's loyalists in al-Jamil and Regdalin? A: I tell you right now Gaddafi's
loyalists exist in every town in Libya.
Q: are there any loyalists in Zuwara,
for example? A: they exist among all the tribes.
Q: the question is specific: are
there any loyalists in Zuwara? A: the son of the tyrant, Saadi,
where was he? He was in Zuwara.
Q: he may have been in Zuwara,
but my question is simple: are there any loyalists in Zuwara now? A: yes, there are loyalists in Zuwara now.
[Temehu's note: Saadi [the son of Gaddafi] had indeed
a place in Zuwara, since he was the head of Zuwara's Free Trade Zone project,
and therefore he was in Zuwara on official business. Also, in the video interview
(included in the last update) Nasr Addin Allafy denied the existence of any loyalists
in al-Jamil and Regdalin.]
That was the summary of the above interview.
The Defence Minister at least confirms the incident took place near Alassa
before the kidnapped were taken to Regdalin. The NTC and the media said
the fight was started in al-Jamil after Zuwara's hunters killed a person from
al-Jamil in al-Jamil by mistake.
The Minister of Defence does not complete the story by saying they were taken
to al-Jamil from Regdalin, (probably) like he said because the media should not
Regarding the attack on the Libyan army, originally reported by the media
to have been initiated by Zuwara fighters, he said the Ministry of Defence has
no confirmation of this and the "operations room" did not file a report regarding
this incident, but then in the same answer he said "There was firing
from different directions"; and when he was asked to elaborate
and say who was firing, he repeated the same answer: the operations room did
not report such incident. If there was no report then how did he know there
was firing from different directions?
This compels one to ask: what was the media's source for the allegations
made against Zuwara?
Who is this Mohammad Salem Adwib and what did he exactly
Appearing official and in military uniform, Mr. Mohammad visited a hospital
in al-Jamil, only to tell the staff and the injured that the "Libyan government
is with them", "the Libyan army is with them", and that
"all Libya is with them". He also stated that those responsible will
be punished. Anyone in their right mind would instantly know that such claims
can never be official, because the government will not and ought not take sides
in such a critical stage. The video has angered viewers from Zuwara and elsewhere,
and complained to the Ministry of Defence. Some sources from Zuwara say Khamis
Gaddafi, presumably killed five times during the official war (when the UN was
still involved) is currently hiding in or around Regdalin.
And although the NTC said all along that it is
"powerless" against the militias wreaking havoc across Libya, this is the first
time Mustafa Abduljalil informs the media in Tripoli that he will use "force"
if needed (youtube.nocookie.com/watch?v=eHUxMYESiAo).
The NTC needs to intervene and effect a permanent solution to this war, once
and for all. All Libyans need to halt all hostilities against each other. The
leaders of Libya and the local leaders of Zuwara, Regdalin and al-Jamil must
meet and agree a permanent solution to this 13-month-old war. No matter what the UN (and its military allies) did violence is not the answer.
Berber mothers from Zuwara asking the same question many Libyans,
and others, have been asking for some time: where is the UN now?
Well, the UN left nearly a year ago, having completed its mission "with
precision" (it said), when civilians were still being blasted across
the ruined country, and just 11 days after they said Gaddafi's convoy was bombed
before the old man himself was shot dead. Didn't the Libyans uprise
against tyranny to implement justice and observe the rule of law? Did it ever
occur to them that igniting revenge will only erupt more fires to scorch whatever
is left? The Libyans need to know that even though the UN had authorised violence
to send the country back to square one it does not mean that violence is the
answer. National reconciliation is what your enemies fear most from you, and
the only way to defeat the anonymous enemy, regardless of who that is and regardless
of how smart it is, is not to fight each other. Peace upon you all.