Muammar al-Qaddafi (معمر القذافي) (7 June 1942 -
20 October 2011)
Brother Leader Colonel Muammar Alqaddafi;
the Dictator of
Libya; the Prophet of the Desert;
Supreme Commander of the Libyan Armed Forces;
the King of the Kings of Africa;
in year 42 and ruled Libya for 42 years.
Installed in year 69 and removed at the age of 69.
Childhood & Education
Full name: Muammar Abuminyar
Alqaddafi. His surname, often written in various forms including Gadhafi,
Qadhafi, Khadafi and Kadafi, refers to the Gdadfa (or Qadhadhfa)
tribe – an Arabised Berber tribe from the gulf of Sirte. His exact date
of birth cannot be confirmed, but some sources say he was born in a tent in
the Jaref village, 30km from Sirte, on the 7th of June 1942; while other sources
say he was born before 1940. His mother, Aisha, died in 1978; and his father,
Mhemmed Abdulsalam Binhamed (known as Abuminyar), died in 1985. Gaddafi attended
primary school in Sirte, where he slept in the local mosque for the week. In
the weekend Gaddafi walked 30km back to his parents tent. After primary school
Gaddafi's parents moved to Sabha, Fezzan, where Gaddafi attended secondary
school. After getting involved in a number of violent protests he was expelled
from Sabha and moved to Misrata, where he continued his secondary education.
He joined the Libyan Military Academy in Benghazi in 1961, after which he was
noticed, picked, trained, and reportedly
installed on the 1st of September 1969 at the age of 27.
Coup d'etat: 1969
Among the first actions taken by Gaddafi after
he was installed via a military coup on the 1st of September 1969 was to expel
the Italian, British and the American troops stationed in Libya. He then embarked
on his "Arabisation" program by introducing the word "Arab" into
Libya's official name while declaring the native Berbers the enemy of the
"white revolution". Gaddafi claimed he was only a "Brother-Leader
of the revolution" and that he holds no political role or presidential
position in the Libyan regime; yet he is the Supreme Commander of the Libyan
Armed Forces! Making all Libyans Arabs and Muslims by force, he openly
denyed the existence and the rights of all ethnic groups
all political parties in Libya, before imposing his "Green
the only way forward. He has formed armed groups known as "revolutionary
committees" that were licensed to "end lives on the spot", as they
spread fear across the country, implementing his rule and eliminating any opposition
on the way (to nowhere). He banned alcohol, closed down night clubs, casinos,
brothels, and turned churches into mosques. Soon afterwards people began to
tremble with fear upon hearing Gaddafi's name, especially after the ceremony
of hanging his opponents began to appear live on Libyan TV.
It is almost certain that Gaddafi was used and then removed by the bomb. The
tricky part is whether if he was installed to do a specific job or not! There
were a number of reports stating that Gaddafi was installed (by other powers),
and this was hinted at by the Saudi king in one of the Arab
summits in which Gaddafi accused Saudi Arabia of being an agent of "Satan",
to which the Saudi king replied
"men jaabek lilhokom, men jaabek lilhokom?" 'who brought
you to power'? (https://youtu.be/eYY_ws6axKo)
Of course, such covert operations are top secret and are designed to be undetected,
and therefore to demand a direct proof (say documents) to prove that Gaddafi
was installed defeats the point. How many people, for example, still believe
that the Arab Spring is not a foreign operation but a local spontaneous
Gaddafi completed his military training at the Royal Libyan
Military Academy, the Sandhurst of the Libyan army. The academy was set up
in 1957. Under king Idris the Libyan army was trained by the British military.
Gaddafi had also completed a four-month training course in the UK.
countless attempts to remove Gaddafi from power but somehow he had managed
to survive every one of them. When
the time arrived to unleash the arsenal he accumulated in 42 years Gaddafi
was removed by foreign powers in a seven-month bombing campaign in 2011, and
consequently was replaced by the installed NTC (knowing it was infiltrated
by "Qaida flicker" and fundamental elements).
Some argue that it was impossible for a group of young cadets to organise
such a coup for such a long time (between 1961 and 1969) without being noticed
by neither the British military (who were running the academy) nor the king's
forces. It is also strange that the
CIA had no knowledge of the coup despite its presence in Libya and
despite the fact that the Americans were said to have been watching the events
in Libya from Wheelus Base.
Some historians argue that subverting the military
communication network was top priority for the coup to succeed, and thus Gaddafi's
specialised subject at the Academy was "signals"; for which
he was sent to Britain on a course with the "British Royal Armoured Corps"
at Bovingdon. After his training Gaddafi took over the main Libyan army signals
centre in Benghazi, ready to remove the previously installed king Idris.
Libyan stamp showing the word "Arabic" as part of Libya's official
name for the first time in history.
Arabisation of Libya
Among the first changes to be affected by the coup was
the change of the name of the country from the Kingdom of Libya to the Libyan
Arab Republic, then to the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab
Jamahiriya ('The State of The Masses'); thereby bringing the term "Arab" into
the equation for the first time in the history of Libya. The term Jamahiriya was
coined by Colonel Mua'mmar al-Qaddafi and defined as: the state of
the masses governed by the populace via local councils elected by the
people of Libya. He also replaced Roman letters in street signs
and banners with Arabic letters.
This Arabisation trend, part of the colonial
independence saga, fuelled the notion of Arab Nationalism, or the idea
of creating the so-called "Arab World", characterised by installing dictators
under the disguise of revolution. Certain monarchies however were protected
Exiled Berberists and Libyan Arab refugees protested with all they could,
but unfortunately the world was then busy arming Gaddafi, and seemingly sowing
the seeds for the next phase – to arm every single Libyan household and
to spread Libyan weapons across the whole region under the pretext of "protection
of civilians" and "mistakes" respectively.
Month names as changed by Gaddafi
January: أي النار Ayy an-Nar (which
of the fire)
February: النوار an-Nuwwar (the enlightener or the morning)
March الربيع ar-Rabi'
April: الطير aṭ-Ṭayr (the bird)
May: الماء al-Ma (the water)
الصيف aṣ-Ṣayf (the summer)
July: ناصر Naṣer (victorious, also the surname of Gamal Abdulnaser)
هانيبال Hanibal (Hannibal)
September: الفاتح al-Fatiḥ (the opener, the initiator)
التمور at-Tumur (palm dates)
November: الحرث al-Ḥarth (the tillage)
Weaponising The People Program
The program to distribute arms to the Libyan people was part of
Gaddafi's Cultural Revolution (see next). Allegedly the program's goal is to
arm the Libyan people so that they can defend and protect Gaddafi's coup.
In reality however such program never existed, except forcing most
Libyans to attend military training camps across the country. Students had
to attend the camps during the summer holidays. No arms were given to the people
after completion of training. In fact even regular soldiers and military officers
in all military barracks across the country were either given blank ammunition
or else had no ammunition at all - just empty kalashinkov rifles. This move was
taken to eliminate the possibility of any coup against Gaddafi. Therefore
there never was any program called weaponising the people, and thus the
program should be renamed: "deweaponsing
the Libyan army".
The Cultural Revolution
On the 15th of April
1973 Gaddafi stormed the Berber coastal town of Zuwarah
to deliver his historic speech in which he declared his cultural revolution.
The revolution was organised around five points, after which the city of
Zuwarah was officially renamed "The Five Points". These points are:
Dissolving all existing laws and replacing them with a mixture of revolutionary
enactments and sharia law.
The removal of all the opponents of the revolution including communism,
capitalism, conservatism, atheists, the Muslim Brotherhood, and Berberists.
The distribution of arms to the people in his “weaponising
the people” program.
The creation of the People's Committees.
The cultural revolution to cleanse Libya of poisonous, foreign
Gaddafi's Obtuse Politics
Supposedly from dark imperialism to bright liberalism Libya quickly became
a new symbol of hope and justice, as the new regime immediately became a formidable
force that swept the country with euphoria and fear. The New government
promised the people freedom, greater social justice, wealth-sharing, and equality;
but in reality the people were subjugated, made poor, their lands confiscated,
their businesses destroyed (in the name of failed Public Markets), then subjected
to images of regular summary executions on TV. They were then imprisoned in
their own homes at night as his armed revolutionary squads turned livelihoods
into ghost towns –
in search of conspirators plotting to overthrow the brother-leader.
Law 20 (1991) of the new constitution stated that all Libyans are equal and
free, and, according to the principle of "Democracy is people's authority
and power and not public expression", all Libyan people have the right
to exercise authority and enjoy power. In reality however justice will always
remain a theoretical concept played to effect certain objectives, as the majority
of Libyans (including the native Berbers and other minorities) were persecuted
and punished for being who they are. They have to be somebody else; they have
to integrate; they have to conform, or else "disappear" as Gaddafi
(and later NTC's Abduljalil) had openly said.
Soon after the September coup, Gaddafi's striking personality
and aggressive ideological style brought him in direct confrontation with a
number of countries, and earned him front headlines from around the world –
Gaddafi began to do his job. His main objective was to challenge the imperial
superpowers, rule the Arab world by impersonating the ideals of Naser, liberate
Palestine, and unite the Arabs and mix the lot in one melting pot – a trap,
to say the least. Gaddafi wanted to do everything
except what needs to be done: steer Libya away from doomed politics.
After he was dragged to sponsor rebels and terror groups
from around the world and ignite a number of wars with neighbouring countries,
Libya's future began to suffer the dire consequences of confrontation.
Ronald Reagan earlier said the "Mad Dog of the Middle East"
has a goal of a world Muslim fundamental revolution. Sanctions imposed by the
hijacked UN literally brought the country to its knees, while typically leaving
the leadership and decision makers unaffected.
Even though he appeared a freedom fighter to many suffering
peoples from around the world, especially to many Africans (due to his
generosity), inside Libya however he had
proved to be a brutal dictator who oppressed his people and deprived them of
their own wealth while squandering Libya's income on rebel movements and terrorist
organisations from around the world. He even deprived people of their mental
faculty to function as "thinking
humans" by stifling free speech and burning many bookshops during his
so-called cultural revolution.
This, according to most Libyans, was his greatest mistake – the self-catalyst
that was built-in to turn the wheel. In fact this point was pointed out by
a number of analysts who said even though many dictators helped other freedom
fighters across the
globe they always oppressed their
own people and deprived them of the freedom they openly proclaim to support
If Gaddafi had introduced democracy, shared Libya's wealth amongst
the Libyans, allowed the
natives to live
as free humans, focused on building Libya, and steered away from Arab dictators
he would have been worshipped as a "prophet of the desert". He could
have used Libya's wealth and resources to sponsor freedom movements from around
the world in a peaceful way, away from violence and oppression. Such direction
was said to have been taken by his son Saifalislam, but unfortunately other
elements had prevented him from applying the final cut. Reportedly Gaddafi's
government was infiltrated by traitors whose main objective is to fail the
revolution and prepare Libya for the next disaster.
The West, of course, the reported seat of double-standards and deception,
was happy to do business with Gaddafi (as they still do with Arabia), and even
as recent as 2004 the British welcomed Gaddafi back into the international
community as the "great statesman", while sowing the seeds
for the next brutal government to wreak more havoc than
Gaddafi did in his entire 42 years. This latest bomb-installed government
would face the same fate saved for Gaddafi, unless they abandon their
foreign masters and apply radical changes to their outdated politics and
embrace freedom without any limitations.
Gaddafi's wife Safiya after Reagan's bombing of Libya in 1986.
Gaddafi's Economic Experiment
There is no doubt that it is safe to admit that Gaddafi had ruined
the Libyan economy by outlawing
business and free trade. Instead he introduced massive "public stores" (supermarkets)
that plunged the country into shortages of everything including bread. Changing
the Libyan currency repeatedly and confiscating land and property from those
who owned more than one property had brought the Libyan economy to a halt.
Unemployment in Libya reached nearly 40%, with most Libyans ending up having
nothing at all and nothing to do. As a result, people were given wages by the
government to stay at home, not because they are unemployed but because of "lack
of work", Gaddafi said,
despite Libya being one of the richest countries in the world that is
capable of propelling Libya into space . Imagine the possibilities
if Libyans truly take matters into their hands, one day?
From the 1970s Gaddafi imposed "exist visa" on all Libyans wishing
to travel abroad (except for the elite). The only way for any
Libyan to leave the "closed" country
was either via a student visa (for those studying abroad), on medical
visa (those seeking medical treatment that cannot be provided in Libya), or
using fake visa. Some Libyans resorted to crossing the land borders illegally
to neighbouring countries on foot. During that period (which continued until
early 2000s) the Libyans compared Libya to Albania. Crippled by international
sanctions and plighted with military tyranny the Libyans
were imprisoned on their own homes. Venturing out at night without having
the papers to prove you either had attended military training or else exempt
from service was very risky, as the revolutionary committee guards were patrolling
the ghost towns of Libya in search of "humans".
Gaddafi's main contribution to Libyan
There is no doubt that Gaddafi had transformed Libya in many ways. He embarked
on a massive development projects, building roads, homes, hospitals, schools
and universities; transforming arid land into farms;
creating factories; and built the largest engineering project in the world:
the Man Made
River across the Sahara desert.
However, he failed to eliminate
the poverty that flourished during the era of the corrupt monarchy despite
Libya's newly discovered wealth: oil and gas. Instead he began to bring immigrants
from the Arab world (and then the communist countries) while leaving the Libyans
out of work. He squandered Libya's wealth on rebel groups and terror cells
from around the world while the Libyans were left in deep poverty. He lacked
the cutting edge to transform Libya into a prosperous state.
Free education at home
Free education abroad
Free medical services & medicines
Loans to buy a car, lorry, taxi or a bus for work (paid back after
start of earning)
Free farming machinery
Creation of seed banks on a global scale
Agricultural revolution (Man-Made
Equal rights for women
The Green Book
The Third World Theory
The White Book
Spread chaos across Libya
Stifled free speech
Spoke about justice and freedom while oppressing the Libyans
Oppressing the native Berbers and Tebu as agents of foreign agenda
Oppressing opposition groups of all kinds
Corruption on a massive scale
Brutal military apparatus
The Brutal Revolutionary Committees
Wars (with Egypt, Chad,
Tunisia, America, and the Libyan people)
Squandering Libya's wealth abroad (on various terror groups and rebel movements)
Keeping Libyans jobless
Empty deserted shops
Demolishing free trade and business
Banning books and other publications
Closing down bars and taverns
Closing down night clubs and casinos
Introduction of super stores that soon became empty
Nuclear & chemical
Gaining African influences (with his cheque book)
Summary executions without fair trial
Spreading his photos and posters across Libya
Flooding Libya with immigrants and foreigners
Building massive arms bunkers across the country (409 bunkers
Collective punishment (Berbers, Tebu), such as depriving whole towns of
drinking water and hospitals
Imposing dictatorship which ultimately allowed foreign bombers to destroy
Libya's entire infrastructure under the pretext of protection
The Murder of Gaddafi: "extra judicially killed"
Even though Gaddafi was a dictator, just like
140 other dictators and semi-dictators still enjoying recognition at the UN,
his grotesque murder is a war crime the UN should investigate. The other crime
is destroying Libya's entire infrastructure for absolutely nothing but plunging
the whole country into complete anarchy and killing an "old
man" for something he never said (see the Speeches tab, above, for
more on this).
then NTC prime minister, Mr. Mahmoud Jibril, Gaddafi was killed by foreign
agents because he had many secrets. Foreign special forces, CIA operatives,
and war generals from several states including dictatorial countries
were among the rebels all over Libya, and there is no way to confirm anyone
of them did or did not commit the grotesque murder.
In fact according
to this report (http://tribune.com.pk/story/446155/french-spy-not-lynch-mob-killed-gaddafi-report/)
Gaddafi was murdered by a French spy who infiltrated the rebels, even though
the given motive appears to be no more than a distraction from the bigger storm
sweeping the whole region with destruction.
It was said that Gaddafi's convoy
was hit by a US drone and the French air force as the convoy was leaving Sirte
and therefore the attack is contrary to the Geneva convention. International
law prohibits the assassination of any head of state, as it is also illegal
under US law. Many of the forces involved in the bombing of Gaddafi's convoy
denied any knowledge of Gaddafi being among the passengers of the convoy – just
bomb anything without finding out what it is! Besides, killing without intent
is still charged as "manslaughter".
However, the NTC had reported around one week before the capture of Gaddafi
that his son Mutasim was captured by NTC rebels, and as it is widely known
that Mutasim was Gaddafi's main body guard and security advisor (and thus
is always with Gaddafi) it is possible that Gaddafi himself was captured a
week before the media
announced his capture in Sirte. The NTC never commented on its first report
after the capture of Gaddafi, just like they announced the murder of general
Abdulfattah Younis without even finding his body; and when Gaddafi was captured
he was captured together with Mutasim!
It was also reported that Gaddafi was captured hiding in a "large
drainage pipe", but to date there is not a single photo or video
showing Gaddafi being dragged from the pipe despite the abundance of mobile
phones. It was probably a faked response to Gaddafi calling the rebels "rats".
Nonetheless, regardless of how, when and where he was captured, according
to Libyan traditions it was totally inhuman to drag an old man like an animal,
shoot him in the belly, beat him on the head, then shoot him in the head, and
therefore it is very much doubtful that it was the Libyans who killed him.
released videos of his capture, none of which show
him being dragged out of a drainage pipe, are too horrific to be embedded here;
even though media outlets from around the world aired them
during "prime time".
The American Secretary of State at
the time even laughed about the news of Gaddafi's murder when she said: "We
came; we saw; he died"
What distinguishes a civilised
human from a barbarian savage is the former's recognition of basic human rights
and the basic principles of democracy: fair trial and the benefit of the doubt
until proven guilty. Hence, most Libyans preferred to see Gaddafi stand before
the courts of law to defend his case.
There is no doubt that the alleged objective of the UN's no-fly zone is
to protect the Libyan people (from an imaginary massacre, of course), but
the implied (and hidden objective), according to Lord
Dannatt, is "of course . . . the removal of Colonel Gaddafi".
The result however was "complete
destruction of Libya's infrastructure" as
well as pulverising Gaddafi's regime and ending in his grotesque murder.
The stench of
his rotting body, left in a meat locker with putrefied liquid trickling beneath,
had attracted onlookers to Misrata queuing for 20 Libyan Dinars;
and in a secret grave in the desert he was buried to disintegrate, allegedly
to avoid the contrasting conflict of his enemies' desecration and his loyalists
instigating a shrine for the world to see.
"This is when I understood"
This image was originally published by the Libyan online newspaper
run by Saifalislam's Alghad Media Services Company at www.oealibya.com/.
The image was published shortly after
the uprising began in Libya in 2011.
It says in Arabic: "this is when I understood".
Recalling memories of 1911,
when Libya was invaded by the colonial
intruders and Benghazi bombed more than 1000 times,
killing 100,000 Libyans
in the process.
Gaddafi and his wife Safiya
7 June 1942: Muammar Gaddafi was born in Sirte to the Arabised Berber
1942-1960: after school he attempted to study geography and history at
Benghazi University. After dropping out of Benghazi University he joined
1961-1966: he joined the Royal Libyan Military Academy in Benghazi in 1961
(other sources say 1963), where he was noticed, picked and trained
in Britain. The Libyan Military Academy, the Sandhurst of the
Libyan army, was set up in 1957.
1 September 1969: installed via a bloodless-coup (the so-called white
revolution). The previously installed king was sent abroad for medical
1970s: begins his role: the sponsor and support of terror groups from around
the world, while suppressing the Libyans and persecuting the natives at home.
Some of the groups he sponsored include the German Baader-Meinhof gang, the
Irish IRA, the Italian Red Brigades, and the Basque ETA.
1970: divorced Fatiha; married to Safiya.
1973: declaration of the "Cultural Revolution" (or the Popular
Revolution) in Zuwarah;
declares the Berber
identity as "the enemy of the revolution"; begins his
“weaponising the people”
program; and creates the "revolutionary committees".
1975: publishes the Green Book.
1977: renames Libya "the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya".
His short skirmishes with Egypt end in failure.
1978: provides support and arms to Chadian rebels.
1980s: begins his "Liquidation Program" (assassinating Libyan exiles worldwide);
terror activity in Europe (including the bombing
the La Belle nightclub in Berlin in 1986, which resulted in Ronald Reagan
bombing Libyan targets and Gaddafi being named "the mad
dog of the Middle East".
1984: controversial shooting of the British police officer Yvonne
Fletcher; Channel 4 broadcasts a program showing the possibility of
shooting coming from another building other than the Libyan embassy.
1987: Gaddafi was defeated in the Chad war.
1988: Libya was accused of being responsible for the bombing of
Pan Am flight 103. In 1999 Gaddafi handed over two Libyan suspects
for Scottish trial in the Netherlands; Abdelbasset
Almegrahi was convicted, released after the 2011 February Operation,
and dies in Libya of Cancer. Years later Scottish independent investigators
had concluded that Libya was not involved in the bombing. The case still
open and the victims' families still seek justice.
1989: the declaration of the Maghreb union between Libya, Tunisia, Algeria,
Morocco and Mauritania.
1990s: Gaddafi breaks away from the Arabs, expels Palestinian refugees
and immigrants, and turns to Africa for attention.
1992: the UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Libya after Libya
agreed to pay compensation for the victims of the Lockerbie bombing
1996: the creation of Aljazeera: Aljazeera was created after the closure
of the BBC's Arabic language television station. Much of the staff came from
the 250 journalists displaced by the closure of "the BBC World
Service's Saudi-co-owned Arabic language TV station" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al_Jazeera).
2002: the US launched the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MEPI).
The program supports reform efforts in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). According
to Wikipedia, "MEPI’s gradual, “bottom-up” public diplomacy approach
is a process to create conditions where the pressure for change will come
from Arabs themselves."
2003: after the invasion of Iraq and the subsequent hanging of Saddam Gaddafi
abandons his program to develop weapons of mass destruction and re-establishes
his relations with the West. On September 2003 the UN Security Council
votes unanimously to lift sanctions imposed on Libya in 1992. Tony Blair
began his program with Gaddafi to "bring him out of the cold"
- presumably "straight into hell".
2003: Musa Kusa (the chief of the Libyan Intelligence, the reported
double agent) arrives in the UK to begin talks with his
American and British counterparts. Staff at the Bay Tree Hotel (in Sheep
Street, Burford, UK) were stunned to learn
later that the hotel had been the meeting place of senior Libyan, American
and British spies on the 20th of November 2003. One of the issues discussed
was how to end Colonel Gaddafi’s chemical and biological weapons. According
to oxfordmail.co.uk (http://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/9337991.Noted_hotel_was_base_for_spy_talk/),
"The Cotswold connection with the intelligence world was unearthed
by a national newspaper journalist examining secret files in Tripoli after
the fall of the Gaddafi regime.”
December 2003: one month after the Musa Kusa meeting Gaddafi makes a deal
with the West and agreed to abandon his weapons of mass destruction programs,
and cooperate with the West on counter terrorism.
January 2004: first visit
by an American congressional delegation to Libya since Gaddafi came to power,
as lawmakers arrived to start the "integration" and
2004-2007: March 2004: Gaddafi re-established relations with the UK.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair meets Gaddafi, whom, according to British
reports, later became his investment advisor. Part of the deal was for Gaddafi
to fully cooperate with them in issues of terrorism and reintegration in
return for the British to fix his army and strengthen Gaddafi's security
and communication systems, including the plan to establish a special unit
in Libya to train Gaddafi's forces to combat riots. On 1st March 2011,
the Daily Mail wrote:
'dodgy deal' to arm Gaddafi: Leaked paper shows how ex-PM agreed to
supply military kit . . . The
SAS did train Libyan special forces and Britain approved export licences
for military kit, including rifles, ammunition and riot control equipment
. . . The
document detailing the defence deal has previously been published on a Foreign
Office wesbite, but has been removed. Yesterday it was leaked to the Daily
Mail. It summarises a defence co-operation agreement signed by Mr Blair and
Gaddafi in the Libyan town of Sirte on May 29, 2007. It mentions ‘the conduct
of joint exercises’, ‘training in operational planning processes, staff training,
and command and control’, and the ‘acquisition of equipment and defence systems’.
It spells out how the SAS would train Libyan special forces, which are now
keeping Gaddafi in power, and called for ‘co-operation in the training of
specialised military units, special forces and border security units.’ " [source:
The Rendition Business: the program to start handing over Gaddafi's Islamic
enemies began in full cooperation with British Intelligence, in a program
initiated by Tony Blair. "The
operation was arranged in 2004 at the time of Tony Blair's "deal in
the desert" with Gaddafi, after which UK intelligence services helped
track down and hand over his opponents" (http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/dec/13/libyan-dissident-mi6-aided-rendition).
One of these opponents later (after the 2011 operation) found himself the Military
Governor of Tripoli (see February 17 page for more on this).
2005: Gaddafi began amassing a massive fortune in the West. A report published
by Los Angeles Times (October 2011 (http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-kadafi-money-20111022,0,5740812.story)
shows that Gaddafi had secretly stashed away more than $200 billion in bank
accounts, real estate and corporate investments around the world before he
was killed. The report also says that, "Investigators believe Kadafi's
foreign investments accelerated in recent years. Almost all the assets and
accounts found in the United States were from the last four or five years."
May 2006: America announces that it will restore full diplomatic relations
with Gaddafi's Libya - presumably in preparation for the Libya Job.
2007: Democracy Now interviews US Presidential Candidate Wesley Clark,
March 2nd 2007. In the following video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pyEJ6Aja-UQ)
he says America had made the decision, on the 20th of September, after 9/11,
to go to war with seven countries: "Iraq, Syria, Libya, Lebanon,
Somalia, Sudan and Iran".
Mind you, though, oil has nothing to
do with it - just a good distraction to keep the flow going. Iran currently
being tamed for 2020, just
as Gaddafi was after Saddam. Also the remark that they are going to war because
they do not know what to do does not make sense, otherwise how could they
prepare a list of 7 countries to invade if they had no plan?
US General Wesley Clark says America will bomb Libya [soon]
September 2008: Condoleezza Rice meets Gaddafi in Tripoli, where Gaddafi
refuses to shake hands with her and instead he pointed to the sofa. This
was the first visit by a US Secretary of State since 1953.
2008: Africom: Africom was created in 2008. See "The imperial
agenda of the US's 'Africa Command' marches on With mission accomplished
in Libya, Africom now has few obstacles to its military ambitions on the
The bombing of Libya in 2011 was Africom's first war in Africa.
June 2009: Gaddafi visits Italy (for the first time). On March
the 24th 2009 the
US Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs, Janice L. Jacobs, cuts
the ribbon on the new consular section of the American Embassy in Tripoli.
Ambassador Gene A. Cretz.
2009: Gaddafi visits America for first time to give a lengthy speech at
the UN general assembly – lasting one hour and 30 minutes (see Speeches tab,
in the above menu). Still oblivious to . . .
2010: Libya complains to America about the US interference in Libya's
internal affairs, after embassy members visited Nafousa Mountain sites without
permission from the Libyan government. The diplomat was expelled, and tension
began to build between the two countries again.
February 2011: CIA agents arrive in Libya, after Obama authorised a secret
17 of March 2011: the UN Security Council authorised a no-fly zone
over Libya and military action to protect civilians against Gaddafi's army by "all
19 March 2011: the international bombing campaign of Libya began precisely
at 16:45 GMT on the 19th of March 2011. In total 18 countries
took part in the military operations against Libya, including Sweden, Denmark,
Norway, Holland, Canada, Belgium, Bulgaria, Romania, France, Spain, Italy,
Greece, Turkey, UK, USA, Qatar, Jordan and United Arab Emirates.
Even though the mission
under UNHCR 1973 is to protect the Libyan civilians (from an imaginary
massacre of Benghazi) the implied task, of course, is
the removal of Colonel Gaddafi. And even though the implied objective is
the removal of Gaddafi the actual results of the seven-month,
relentless bombing campaign was "complete
destruction of Libya's infrastructure" as
well as pulverising Gaddafi's regime and ending in his grotesque murder.
Mission accomplished. Libya was abandoned to the created militias and terror
groups from around the world, and chaos reigned.
The Green Book (الكتاب الأخضر)
The Green Book was first published in 1975
by Gaddafi. The book is a mixture of religious beliefs,
socialism and Mao Tse-tung's communism. The Green Book consists of three parts,
named Paert1, Part 2 and Part 3, and has 82 pages. The book was written in
Arabic and was translated to English by www.algathafi.org.
The book rejects capitalism and its impoverishing
power, and instead it attempts to introduce a new kind of democracy represented
by the General People's Committee (GPC), which oversees local committees representing
all towns and cities in Libya.
The people of each town, city or village visit
their local committee and express their views and present their demands which
the leaders of the local committee take to the GPC to discuss and endorse.
The principles defined in the Green Book
allegedly aim to outline Gaddafi's new form of democracy in which both wealth
and power are supposedly shared between all the people in a country for the
benefit of the people. In theory that is what most political crackpots
claim, but in practice there is no such country anywhere in the world that
truly upholds the power of people and shares its wealth with the people.
In 1973 Gaddafi declared the Cultural or Popular
Revolution, in which he outlined his revolutionary ideas to combat
bureaucracy, smite corruption, bring to attention the lack of public participation,
and urge the Libyan people to stand up and take over the corrupted
governmental institutions; and thus the "people's committees" were
created across Libya as regional administrations in what is known as "direct
democracy" as described in his Green Book.
Libya was complete chaos, drowned in corruption, and plighted with lack of
management. Projects never finished, laws never implemented, and recommendations
never left the drawing table.
to this cultural model, the Berbers of Libya were said by Gaddafi to
original Arabs", while at times they appeared either as "the agents
of foreign imperialism" or "the sons of Satan".
The "White Book" cl-aims to introduce peace to the turbulent
Middle East by presenting a workable solution to the problem
in which both the Jews and their brothers the Arabs can live in harmony.
This was a massive change from Gaddafi's early calls to liberate Jerusalem
instead. Both Jews and Arabs are the descendants of one ancestor; both languages
(Hebrew & Arabic)
are sister languages in the Semitic branch of the Afrasiatic family; and both
have similar religions.
Chemical Weapons & Covert Operations
Tarhuna Chemical Facility
Tarhunah Chemical Plant
According to 'Weapons of Mass Destruction' (Volume 2, edited by Eric Croddy,
James J. Wirtz):
the Tarhunah facility was built in the early 1990s inside a granite
the Tarhunah facility was described by the CIA as the "world's
largest underground chemical weapons plant"
Libya used chemical warfare
(CW) in Chad in late 1980s
the technology used to build the Rabta Plant (Pharma 150) was
acquired from West Germany
in 2003 Libya
engaged in negotiations with America and Britain over its WMD programs
Rabta Chemical plant, Nafousah Mountain (near Gharyan)
According to a number of sources, it has
been confirmed by the US in the past that Libya had already produced up to 100
tons of mustard blister agent and sarin nerve agent at the Rabta Chemical Plant
before the plant was mysteriously destroyed by fire in March 1990.
complex is located about 60 miles southwest of Tripoli, not far from Gharyan.
The complex still remains heavily guarded
by Gaddafi's forces at the time of the uprising. However, there are various stories
told as to the cause of fire including the possibility of a hoax, perpetrated
by Gaddafi after the US expressed its concern about the plant. America says satellite
imagery showed the Rabta fire was a hoax, with burn marks were painted on undamaged
buildings, and the fires were a result of flammable materials ignited to start
According to Washingtonpost.com:
"Experts believe that
Libya destroyed about 3,300 bombshells designed to carry mustard and sarin gas
chemicals years ago, as part of its deal to end decades of economic and diplomatic
isolation with the West. But some 10 metric tons of mustard sulfate and sarin
gas precursor remain stockpiled in barrels at three locations in the Libyan desert
south of Tripoli" [http://www.opcw.org/].
26 September 2011
The Yellow Cake
The discovery of a large quantity of yellowcake
(a concentrate of uranium ore) in the Libyan town of Sabha has shocked observers.
The radioactive material can be used in the production of nuclear
weapons, and was found unguarded. Tony Birtley toured the warehouse where the
milled powder is stored.
Nuclear material found at the same site, apparently unprotected
The Telegraph says British officials
were taken to visit a secret Libyan chemical weapons palnt in Tripoli months
before Tony Blair visited Libya, where he agreed a series of lucrative trade
deals with Gaddafi.
Oppenheimer, editor of Chemical and Biological Warfare Review,
"Libya clearly did develop chemical weapons. There was a load of mustard
gas and blistering agent that was being destroyed under the terms of the
Chemical Weapons Convention, but there are now fears that the Libyans are
lying and that they have stocks which haven't been declared. A spokesman
for the OPCW declined to comment on the leaked cable. Libya is estimated to have
13.6 metric tonnes of sulphur mustard and 556 metric
tonnes of CW precursor chemicals by the OPCW.
UK Visit To Rabta Chemical Weapons Production Facility:
Passed to the Telegraph by WikiLeaks 9:36PM GMT 31 Jan 2011
Libyan chemical weapons stockpile intact: inspectors:
04 November 2011:
"The Benghazi Massacre"
Published 17 March 2011 19:43
Muammar Gaddafi addressed the residents of Benghazi late on
Thursday, warning them of an impending military operation during which "no
mercy" will be shown
to any opposition fighters who refuse to lay down their weapons. He also said
that if citizens laid down their arms (at minute 03:33 of the video), then they
have his "amnesty" and protection. This was
interpreted to mean no mercy for the whole people of Benghazi – the "massacre
Muammar Gaddafi's speech; Thursday 17 March 2011.
Gaddafi addressed the residents of Benghazi late on
Thursday, warning them of an impending military operation during which "no
mercy" will be shown to rebel fighters who refused
to lay down their "weapons".
He also said that if they laid down their arms (at minute 03:33 of the video),
then they have his "amnesty" and
protection. This was interpreted to mean no mercy for the whole
city and thus the so-called "massacre of Benghazi".
There was no reference to killing unarmed civilians or massacring Benghazi
anywhere in his entire speech. Note that
he also urged the Libyans to not surrender their honour to Qatar.
year after Gaddafi's murder Libyans across the state of Libya were burning
Qatari flags, and by 2017 Saudi Arabia, Egypt and UAE cut all relations with
Qatar which they classified as terror-sponsoring
emerged later that Qatar and Turkey were funding militia groups aligned with
the Muslim Brotherhood and Qaida (see GNA for
more on this).
This is what al-Jazeera wrote on the screen during Gaddafi's speech: "Gaddafi
tells Benghazi residents "we are coming tonight & there will be no mercy"".
Now this sentence is misleading because it implies that there will be no mercy
for the whole residents of Benghazi, whereas, as we heard above, there
was no such threat to the people of Benghazi - he was specifically talking to
criminals and terrorists who are carrying illegal weapons according to Libyan
law at the time.
based on an imaginary situation from the future based on exaggerated allegations
should not warrant the total destruction of Libya's infrastructure without
an exit strategy. This
gross "misrepresentation" of truth
was pointed out by Alan J. Kuperman, a professor at the University of Texas,
in this interview: https://youtu.be/j02uvYMKbh4 . Hence, some political analysts
asked: "is this the "WMD" of Libya?"
In 2015, when the damage has been well established, questionable reports began
to emerge. For example, on the 28th of January 2015 The Washington
Times published an article titled: "Exclusive: Secret tapes undermine
Hillary Clinton on Libyan war", in which one learns that American
officials told The Washington Times "that Mrs. Clinton’s strong
advocacy for intervention against the Libyan regime rested more on speculative
arguments of what might happen to civilians than on facts reported from the
ground" . But wait a minute, haven't we been told that the
decision was the UN's decision to protect the Libyans by bombing them back
to the savage age? And good morning; why 2015?
Apparently, according to this report we are led to believe
that the American government was misled to effect war based on misguided information
propounded by 3 American women, despite the fact that many Libyans including
government officials were warning the UN and its military allies of the foreign
radicals being armed by some of the countries they authorised to bomb Libya.
that they were "misguided" is also questionable because
if like the report says that the Pentagon and the Intelligence Community were
worried that, "Mrs.
Clinton was selling the war on exaggerated pretenses" , why
then bomb a sovereign country without having the facts on the table, why
reject the exit strategy proposed in Istanbul, and why leave the country
so soon once destroyed and without protecting the
civilians the UN resolution called-for?
Why leave so soon without protecting the civilians
the country was destroyed for? In fact the reckless actions
of the UN had placed the Libyan civilians in greater danger than ever before
in Libya's entire history. This would lead to conclude that it is not easy
to reconcile this tragedy with simple misguided speculation;
and like the New York Times had said, "We
will probably never get to have a meaningful discussion about this, as long
as we are tantalized by theories about conspiracies or political malfeasance"
Gaddafi's speech at the UN, in which he pointed out a number of valid criticisms
of the organisation's role and its involvement in wars across the glob. For
example, Gaddafi says the charters says we are all equal; but he asks: are
we equal when it come to the veto or the permanent seats?
Even though the speech is very long, it is well-worth listening to
for those who really want to know what the UN is all about.
Gaddafi's 70 minute speech at the UN in September 2009,
where he attacked
the foundation of the UN and criticised its charter.
With English interpretation
According to the statistics
published by The Guardian a
staggering 409 "ammunition storage sites" were
attacked by the UN-authorised forces, including 41 sites in Zintan alone? Many
of these bunkers are massive, with roads inside them for lorries that once
brought in the endless stockpiles of western and eastern weapons supplied to
Gaddafi throughout his 42-year reign!?
According to local reports from Zuwarah, one storage facility near al-Assah
was attacked but left undamaged and unguarded. Rebels from
Zuwarah and, once the news leaked out, from Nafusa and Misrata were loading
their trucks and lorries with weapons and ammunition for three days, and three
nights, non-stop, before the storage rooms were emptied clean. Sites like these
were reported from all over Libya; and in fact the UN spoke of weapons and
missiles being smuggled out of Libya (presumably they saw them from the air)
and repeatedly "urged" the NTC to bring the situation under control. "Let
the pigeons loose and run beneath", one Libyan metaphor says.
But then how could the NTC be expected to control the bunkers or the spread
of weapons when the western and southern regions of Libya were then still under
Why attack such dangerous sites and leave them unguarded when Libya's government
is being destroyed and its borders are left wide open?
Where is the responsibility to protect the civilians from such dangers?
What about the terror groups that are allowed to establish control in the
the UN had evidence that weapons were then being sent out of the country why
then let them get away?
And why declare liberation when fighting and shelling
civilian homes were still going on across Libya – to this day?
Why did the various Libyan transitional governments leave the contents of such
dangerous dumps unguarded, while at the same time leaving the borders unsecured
and exploited by outlaws and mystery cells?
Are these questions for the elected
(and the so-called responsible) leaders to endorse before hand or are they
for ordinary people to needlessly endure afterwards?
Now we know that many of these weapons have somehow "crawled" their way into
Tunisia, Niger, Mali, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt, Gaza, Syria and beyond – presumably
a UN-kind-of-program to weaponise the whole region with free Libyan weapons,
by "mistake", of course!
final twist is that according to Reuters, who visited some of these sites after
the so-called liberation day (on November 2011), the bunkers were still unguarded
by the NTC:
One can also presume that it was (and still is) the sole duty of the UN to
protect and guard such places in order to guarantee the promised "protection
of civilians" because they constitute more danger than Gaddafi himself,
especially when such danger was non-existent before the imposed bombing campaign!
Nearly 2 years later, MI6 was reported by the Sunday
Times to have said that an estimated "one million
tons of weaponry" have turned Libya into a "Tesco for world
terrorists" – the Tesco of the world’s
illegal arms trade; and that this amount of weaponry is "more than
the entire arsenal of the British Army".
If such devastating data and damn dumps (in their hundreds) were known from
November 2011 (and even long before then, since they were targets), why has
no one done anything about them then and ever since?
Doing something about
them in advance would have been truly beneficial to Libya and to the whole
region – at least to prevent such sophisticated weapons from "crawling" into
the wrong countries.
See February 17 page for
more on the international operation to arm Libyan civilians and radical
groups with free Libyan weapons.
Was Gaddafi installed to build this so-called "Tesco" for later to use?
One striking feature of the Gaddafi regime is Gaddafi's posters.
Massive boards portraying stylish images of Gaddafi are to be
found across the country, almost everywhere.
The Berbers Under Gaddafi's Rule
The issue of human rights in Libya is best summarised by the Libyan constitution
itself, which clearly states under Article 1 of Chapter 1 [The State] that
“Libya is an Arab country” and that “the Libyan people
are part of the Arab nation.” This problem is affecting all Arab countries
and therefore is not limited to Gaddafi's regime alone.
The reality, of course, is that the native Libyans are not Arabs but are
Berbers (or Imazighen), who despite
being the natives of Libya still campaign to this day for their full human
and constitutional rights, the right to "identity" and the right to speak & write Tamazight –
denied to them by Article 2; which further declares “Arabic is its
official language”, just as it was denied to them by the recent NTC,
GNC, HoR and the UN-imposed PC's GNA.
Hence, the first demand of the Libyan
Tamazight Congress calls for “The
official inclusion of Tamazight constitutionally as part of the Libyan national
identity and national culture.”
In his speech in August
1971 Gaddafi declared those who did not believe the Berbers are "the
true and original Arabs" are “liars", and that the language called the
Berber language is a Himyaritic Language – very much like what the
IRCAM's agent was reported to have said last year in Yemen.
the Berbers are the indigenous inhabitants of North Africans, while the Arabs
invaded North Africa only in the seventh century AD, and it remains a fact
that Berber language is Hamitic in origin, and not Himyaritic. Hamitic languages
are the source of all Semitic languages including Hebrew and Arabic; and
hence Gaddafi himself was reported to have said: "Berber language
is the original Arabic language".
On the 15th of April 1973 Gaddafi arrived in the Berber coastal
town of Zuwarah to deliver his historic speech, in which he had declared the
Berber identity as "the enemy of the revolution", and distributed
weapons to the Arab people in his “weaponising the people” program.
Ever since, whenever a chance came his way he verbally attacked the Berbers
and the Berber identity as a relic of imperialism, instigated to divide and
rule the (newly-created) Arab world. In one speech, he said: "Berberism,
what is Berberism; there is no Berberism".
The Persecution of the Tebo People
Like the native Berbers, the Tebo were also persecuted by the Gaddafi regime.
According to the Office
of the High Commissioner for Human Rights , in December
2007 the Libyan Government withdrew citizenship from members of the Tebo
group because they were treated as
foreigners who came from Chad; and that the local authorities issued
decrees barring the Tebo from access to education and health care services.
The sufferings of the Tebo people under the dictatorial regime of Gaddafi
included bulldozing dozens of Tebo homes in 2009; the people who refused
to move from their houses were beaten by security officials. The report goes
on to state that no alternative housing was proposed to the victims of the
forced evictions. For more on the Tebo people of Libya please see our page
the Libyan people.
Saifalislam Alqaddafi was the man behind the promised reforms
to transform Libya into a new and democratic
country and open it for foreign investment and tourism. Improvements
in tourism, movements across the borders, free trade zones, and the media were
visible and seemed to had had a good start.
According to Saifalislam, as reported by The
Libya does not need a "great leader" and
that the Libyan military regime should give way to democracy. Instead
the people need elected managers and not kings or princes, he said.
It was also said that conservative members of the Libyan government had
openly opposed his reforms for democracy and thus his vision for New Libya
dragged on for years without ever seeing the light.
Unfortunately, according to the academician
who met Saif while he was studying democracy in London, Saif was met by
two choices: reforms or his father, and he chose his father. After the start
of the February Unrest he told journalists that:
"Plan A: live and die in Libya.
Plan B: live and die in Libya.
Plan C: live and die in Libya."
However, it emerged later that Gaddafi was always surrounded by foreign spies
(including Libyan double agents) whose duty, it seemed, was to sabotage his
vision of a new political model for free and democratic Libya. Libya's destiny,
it seemed, is dictated by foreign
intruders whose vision of Libya is that of violence, chaos and radical militias.
Unfortunately (for him and for the whole of Libya) Saifalislam continued
to talk about the reforms he had in mind for nearly ten years without being
able to break free from his father's dictatorship. In
2011 (when bombs fell) he realised that Libya was indeed a "piece
Libya Lifts Its Visa Ban On Americans:
5 May 2010
In the final years before the bombing of Libya began, a number of important
changes took place (see Timeline tab in the above green menu). One of these
changes is the restoration of Libyan visa for Americans. The government said
the changes would allow visitors
from many countries to visit Libya and see for themselves the new changes
planned ahead for "New Libya":
At the American University in Cairo
Saifalislam was reported to have said that “very,
very soon, it will be very easy for many people around the world to visit
Libyan officials at the time, like today's installed (moderate and radical)
leaders, appeared naive to believe politics anything other than deceit.
“But soon, very, very soon, it will be very easy for many people
around the world to visit Libya.”
The Gold Dinar
One of the ideas Gaddafi had was the introduction of an African single currency
called the "Gold Dinar". According to his plans Libya would seize
to trade in all other currencies (including the US dollar) and instead trade
in the gold dinar. Libya's staggering 143 tons of gold reserves would
be used to create the currency.
It was reported by various analysts that the gold dinar would greatly affect
the world's economy and make it harder for the superpowers to control emerging
economies, and therefore would benefit African nations out of poverty.
According to Gaddafi's idea African countries would use the gold dinar
to purchase oil and other commodities instead of using the US dollar and
other world currencies. Such an idea, according to some media outlets,
would shift the planet's economic balance.
Hence, it was reported that the reason for going to war against Libya
was not the protection of civilians but the protection of French (and other)
interests in the region because the Libyan gold dinar would pose
a threat to the French franc (CFA) currently used in many African countries.
On the other hand, other sources say the real reason for bombing
Libya (and destabilising many other countries in the region) has nothing to
do with neither oil nor gold, and that these reasons were fed into the media
to divert attention from the grand job to depopulate the planet.
The only way to find who is correct is to look around and see what is
going on. For a start the Libyan civilians are now placed in greater danger
than in any other time in Libya's entire history, and yet the UN says it ordered
the bombing of Libya to protect civilians.
It is not what people say that matters
but what they do and, of course, the results of their actions. How could they
hide the results when they were the implied objective? To get around this dilemma
is simple: the Libya job was a "unintended mistake", some
said. A "troubled
foray", others added. An "expedition" of the
British ; etc, etc.